Lao - Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey - 2017

Publication date: 2017

1 II The Lao Social Indicator Survey II (LSIS II) was carried out in 2017 by Lao Statistics Bureau (LSB) in collaboration with Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education and Sport, as part of the Global Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) Programme. Technical support was provided by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), with government funding and financial support of UNICEF and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), European Union (EU), Luxembourg Government, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), World Food Programme (WFP), and United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP), World Health Organisation (WHO) and Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA). USAID provided technical support for the data collection and analysis on anaemia. The Global MICS Programme was developed by UNICEF in the 1990s as an international multi-purpose household survey programme to support countries in collecting internationally comparable data on a wide range of indicators on the situation of children and women. MICS surveys measure key indicators that allow countries to generate data for use in policies, programmes, and national development plans, and to monitor progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and other internationally agreed upon commitments. The LSIS II presents up-to date information for assessing the situation of children, women and men as well as to provide data for monitoring progress towards existing strategies and action plans including the 8th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP) 2016-2020, update the status of the provincial social development indicators and track the graduation of the country from the category of Least Developed Country by 2020. The objective of this report is to facilitate the timely dissemination and use of results from the LSIS II. The report contains detailed information on the methodology of the survey, and tables following MICS standard and templates. For more information on the Global MICS Programme, please go to mics.unicef.org. Suggested citation: Lao Statistics Bureau. 2018. Lao Social Indicator Survey II 2017, Survey Findings Report. Vientiane, Lao PDR: Lao Statistics Bureau and UNICEF. P a g e | iii Summary table of survey implementation and the survey population, Lao Social Indicator Survey II, 2017 Survey sample and implementation Sample frame - Updated 2015 Population and Housing Census December, 2016 to February, 2017 Questionnaires Household Women (age 15-49) Men (age 15-49) Children under five Children age 5-17 Water Quality Testing Interviewer training June-July, 2017 Fieldwork July-November, 2017 Survey sample Households - Sampled - Occupied - Interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 23,299 22,443 22,287 99.3 Children under five - Eligible - Mothers/caretakers interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 11,812 11,720 99.2 Women (age 15-49) - Eligible for interviews - Interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 26,103 25,305 96.9 Children age 5-17 - Eligible - Mothers/caretakers interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 15,494 15,435 99.6 Men (age 15-49) - Eligible for interviews - Interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 12,694 12,017 94.7 Water Quality Testing - Eligible - Interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 3,495 3,346 95.7 Survey population Average household size 4.7 Percentage of population living in - Urban areas - Rural areas - Rural with road - Rural without road 32.4 67.6 86.0 14.0 Percentage of population under: - Age 5 - Age 18 10.8 39.4 Percentage of women age 15-49 years with at least one live birth in the last 2 years 16.7 III The Lao Social Indicator Survey II (LSIS II) was carried out in 2017 by Lao Statistics Bureau (LSB) in collaboration with Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education and Sport, as part of the Global Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) Programme. Technical support was provided by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), with government funding and financial support of UNICEF and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), European Union (EU), Luxembourg Government, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), World Food Programme (WFP), and United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP), World Health Organisation (WHO) and Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA). USAID provided technical support for the data collection and analysis on anaemia. The Global MICS Programme was developed by UNICEF in the 1990s as an international multi-purpose household survey programme to support countries in collecting internationally comparable data on a wide range of indicators on the situation of children and women. MICS surveys measure key indicators that allow countries to generate data for use in policies, programmes, and national development plans, and to monitor progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and other internationally agreed upon commitments. The LSIS II presents up-to date information for assessing the situation of children, women and men as well as to provide data for monitoring progress towards existing strategies and action plans including the 8th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP) 2016-2020, update the status of the provincial social development indicators and track the graduation of the country from the category of Least Developed Country by 2020. The objective of this report is to facilitate the timely dissemination and use of results from the LSIS II. The report contains detailed information on the methodology of the survey, and tables following MICS standard and templates. For more information on the Global MICS Programme, please go to mics.unicef.org. Suggested citation: Lao Statistics Bureau. 2018. Lao Social Indicator Survey II 2017, Survey Findings Report. Vientiane, Lao PDR: Lao Statistics Bureau and UNICEF. P a g e | iii Summary table of survey implementation and the survey population, Lao Social Indicator Survey II, 2017 Survey sample and implementation Sample frame - Updated 2015 Population and Housing Census December, 2016 to February, 2017 Questionnaires Household Women (age 15-49) Men (age 15-49) Children under five Children age 5-17 Water Quality Testing Interviewer training June-July, 2017 Fieldwork July-November, 2017 Survey sample Households - Sampled - Occupied - Interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 23,299 22,443 22,287 99.3 Children under five - Eligible - Mothers/caretakers interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 11,812 11,720 99.2 Women (age 15-49) - Eligible for interviews - Interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 26,103 25,305 96.9 Children age 5-17 - Eligible - Mothers/caretakers interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 15,494 15,435 99.6 Men (age 15-49) - Eligible for interviews - Interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 12,694 12,017 94.7 Water Quality Testing - Eligible - Interviewed - Response rate (Per cent) 3,495 3,346 95.7 Survey population Average household size 4.7 Percentage of population living in - Urban areas - Rural areas - Rural with road - Rural without road 32.4 67.6 86.0 14.0 Percentage of population under: - Age 5 - Age 18 10.8 39.4 Percentage of women age 15-49 years with at least one live birth in the last 2 years 16.7 IV Table of contents Summary table of survey implementation and the survey population, . iii Table of contents . iv List of abbreviations………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. xi Foreword . xiii Acknowledgements . xiv I. Introduction . 1 1.1 Background . .1 1.2 Survey objectives . 1 II. Sample and survey methodology . 3 2.1 Sample design . 3 2.2 Questionnaires . 3 2.3 Training and fieldwork . 5 2.4 Data collection method .6 III. Indicators and definitions . 8 IV. Sample coverage and characteristics of respondents . 23 SR.1. Results of interviews . 23 Table SR.1.1: Results of household, women's, men's, under-5's and children age 5-17's interviews . 24 SR.2. Housing and household characteristics . 26 Table SR.2.1: Housing characteristics . 26 Table SR.2.2: Household and personal assets . 28 Table SR.2.3: Wealth quintiles . 30 SR.3. Household composition . 30 Table SR.3.1: Household composition . 31 SR.4. Age structure of household population . 32 Table SR.4.1: Age distribution of household population by sex . 32 SR.5. Respondents’ background characteristics . 32 Table SR.5.1W: Women's background characteristics . 33 Table SR.5.1M: Men's background characteristics . 34 Table SR.5.2: Children under 5's background characteristics . 35 Table SR.5.3: Children age 5-17's background characteristics . 37 SR.6. Literacy . 38 Table SR.6.1W: Literacy (women) . 39 Table SR.6.1M: Literacy (men) . 40 SR.7. Migratory status . 41 Table SR.7.1W: Migratory status of women . 42 Table SR.7.1M: Migratory status of men . 46 SR.10. Mass media and ICT . 50 Table SR.9.1W: Exposure to mass media (women) . 50 Table SR.9.1M: Exposure to mass media (men) . 51 Table SR.9.2: Household ownership of ICT equipment and access to internet . 52 V Table of contents Summary table of survey implementation and the survey population, . iii Table of contents . iv List of abbreviations………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. xi Foreword . xiii Acknowledgements . xiv I. Introduction . 1 1.1 Background . .1 1.2 Survey objectives . 1 II. Sample and survey methodology . 3 2.1 Sample design . 3 2.2 Questionnaires . 3 2.3 Training and fieldwork . 5 2.4 Data collection method .6 III. Indicators and definitions . 8 IV. Sample coverage and characteristics of respondents . 23 SR.1. Results of interviews . 23 Table SR.1.1: Results of household, women's, men's, under-5's and children age 5-17's interviews . 24 SR.2. Housing and household characteristics . 26 Table SR.2.1: Housing characteristics . 26 Table SR.2.2: Household and personal assets . 28 Table SR.2.3: Wealth quintiles . 30 SR.3. Household composition . 30 Table SR.3.1: Household composition . 31 SR.4. Age structure of household population . 32 Table SR.4.1: Age distribution of household population by sex . 32 SR.5. Respondents’ background characteristics . 32 Table SR.5.1W: Women's background characteristics . 33 Table SR.5.1M: Men's background characteristics . 34 Table SR.5.2: Children under 5's background characteristics . 35 Table SR.5.3: Children age 5-17's background characteristics . 37 SR.6. Literacy . 38 Table SR.6.1W: Literacy (women) . 39 Table SR.6.1M: Literacy (men) . 40 SR.7. Migratory status . 41 Table SR.7.1W: Migratory status of women . 42 Table SR.7.1M: Migratory status of men . 46 SR.10. Mass media and ICT . 50 Table SR.9.1W: Exposure to mass media (women) . 50 Table SR.9.1M: Exposure to mass media (men) . 51 Table SR.9.2: Household ownership of ICT equipment and access to internet . 52 Table SR.9.3W: Use of ICT (women) . 53 Table SR.9.3M: Use of ICT (men) . 55 Table SR.9.4W: ICT skills (women) . 57 Table SR.9.4M: ICT skills (men) . 59 SR.10. Tobacco and alcohol use . 61 Table SR.10.1W: Current and ever use of tobacco (women) . 62 Table SR.10.1M: Current and ever use of tobacco (men) . 64 Table SR.10.2W: Age at first use of cigarettes and frequency of use (women) . 66 Table SR.10.2M: Age at first use of cigarettes and frequency of use (men) . 67 Table SR.10.3W: Use of alcohol (women) . 68 Table SR.10.3M: Use of alcohol (men) . 69 SR.11. Children's living arrangements . 70 Table SR.11.1: Children's living arrangements and orphanhood . 71 Table SR.11.2: Children's living arrangements and co-residence with parents . 72 Table SR.11.3: Children not in parental care . 73 V. Survive . 76 Table CS.1: Early childhood mortality rates . 76 Table CS.2: Early childhood mortality rates by socioeconomic characteristics . 77 Table CS.3: Early childhood mortality rates by demographic characteristics . 78 Table CS.1: Children ever born, children surviving and proportion dead . 76 Table CS.2: Infant and under-5 mortality rates by time since first birth groups of women. 77 Table CS.3: Infant and under-5 mortality rates by background characteristics . 78 Figure CS.1: Trend in under-5 mortality rates . 79 VI. Thrive – Reproductive and maternal health . 81 TM.1. Fertility . 81 Table TM.1.1: Fertility rates. .81 TM.2. Early childbearing . 82 Table TM.2.1: Adolescent birth rate and total fertility rate . 82 Table TM.2.2W: Early childbearing (young women) . 84 Table TM.2.2M: Early fatherhood (young men) . 85 Table TM.2.3W: Trends in early childbearing (women) . 86 Table TM.2.3M: Trends in early fatherhood (men) . 88 TM.3. Family planning . 90 Table TM.3.1: Use of contraception (currently married/in union) . 91 Table TM.3.2: Use of contraception (currently unmarried/not in union) . 93 Table TM.3.3: Need for contraception (currently married/in union) . 95 Table TM.3.4: Need for contraception (currently unmarried/not in union) . 97 TM.4. Antenatal care . 99 Table TM.4.1: Antenatal care coverage . 100 Table TM.4.2: Number of antenatal care visits and timing of first visit . 101 Table TM.4.3: Content of antenatal care . 103 TM.5. Neonatal tetanus . 104 Table TM.5.1: Neonatal tetanus protection . 105 TM.6. Delivery care . 106 Table TM.6.1: Place of delivery . 106 Table TM.6.2: Assistance during delivery and caesarean section . 108 TM.7. Birthweight. 110 Table TM.7.1: Infants weighed at birth . 110 TM.8. Postnatal care . 112 Table TM.8.1: Post-partum stay in health facility . 113 Table TM.8.2: Post-natal health checks for newborns . 114 VI Table TM.8.3: Post-natal care visits for newborns within one week of birth. 116 Table TM.8.4: Thermal care for newborns . 118 Table TM.8.5: Cord cutting and care . 120 Table TM.8.6: Content of postnatal care for newborns . 122 Table TM.8.7: Post-natal health checks for mothers . 124 Table TM.8.8: Post-natal care visits for mothers within one week of birth . 126 Table TM.8.9: Post-natal health checks for mothers and newborns . 127 TM.10. Sexual behaviour . 129 Table TM.10.1W: Sex with multiple partners (women) . 129 Table TM.10.1M: Sex with multiple partners (men) . 131 Table TM.10.2W: Key sexual behaviour indicators (young women) . 132 Table TM.10.2M: Key sexual behaviour indicators (young men) . 134 TM.11. HIV . 136 Table TM.11.1W: Knowledge about HIV transmission, misconceptions about HIV, and comprehensive knowledge about HIV transmission (women) . 137 Table TM.11.1M: Knowledge about HIV transmission, misconceptions about HIV, and comprehensive knowledge about HIV transmission (men) . 139 Table TM.11.2W: Knowledge of mother-to-child HIV transmission (women) . 141 Table TM.11.2M: Knowledge of mother-to-child HIV transmission (men) . 143 Table TM.11.3W: Attitudes towards people living with HIV (women) . 145 Table TM.11.3M: Attitudes towards people living with HIV (men) . 147 Table TM.11.4W: Knowledge of a place for HIV testing (women) . 149 Table TM.11.4M: Knowledge of a place for HIV testing (men) . 151 Table TM.11.5: HIV counselling and testing during antenatal care . 153 Table TM.11.6W: Key HIV and AIDS indicators (young women) . 155 Table TM.11.6M: Key HIV and AIDS indicators (young men) . 157 TM.13. Anemia . 159 Table TM.13.1: Women's coverage of hemoglobin testing. 160 Table TM.13.2: Prevalence of anemia in women . 162 TM.14. Abortion . 164 Table TM.14.1: Induced abortion rates . 164 Table TM.14.2: Pregnancy Outcomes . 165 Table TM.14.3: Method of Abortion, Lao PDR, 2017 . 167 VII. Thrive – Child health, nutrition and development . 172 TC.1. Immunisation . 172 Table TC.1.1: Vaccinations in the first years of life . 173 Table TC.1.2: Vaccinations by background characteristics . 174 TC.2. Disease episodes . 176 Table TC.2.1: Reported disease episodes . 177 TC.3. Diarrhoea . 178 Table TC.3.1: Care-seeking during diarrhoea . 179 Table TC.3.2: Feeding practices during diarrhoea . 180 Table TC.3.3: Oral rehydration solutions, government-recommended homemade fluid and zinc … . 182 Table TC.3.4: Oral rehydration therapy with continued feeding and other treatments . 183 Table TC.3.5: Source of ORS and zinc . 185 TC.4. Household energy use . 186 Table TC.4.1: Primary reliance on clean fuels and technologies for cooking . 187 Table TC.4.2: Primary reliance on solid fuels for cooking . 189 Table TC.4.3: Polluting fuels and technologies for cooking by type and characteristics of cookstove and place of cooking . 191 VII Table TM.8.3: Post-natal care visits for newborns within one week of birth. 116 Table TM.8.4: Thermal care for newborns . 118 Table TM.8.5: Cord cutting and care . 120 Table TM.8.6: Content of postnatal care for newborns . 122 Table TM.8.7: Post-natal health checks for mothers . 124 Table TM.8.8: Post-natal care visits for mothers within one week of birth . 126 Table TM.8.9: Post-natal health checks for mothers and newborns . 127 TM.10. Sexual behaviour . 129 Table TM.10.1W: Sex with multiple partners (women) . 129 Table TM.10.1M: Sex with multiple partners (men) . 131 Table TM.10.2W: Key sexual behaviour indicators (young women) . 132 Table TM.10.2M: Key sexual behaviour indicators (young men) . 134 TM.11. HIV . 136 Table TM.11.1W: Knowledge about HIV transmission, misconceptions about HIV, and comprehensive knowledge about HIV transmission (women) . 137 Table TM.11.1M: Knowledge about HIV transmission, misconceptions about HIV, and comprehensive knowledge about HIV transmission (men) . 139 Table TM.11.2W: Knowledge of mother-to-child HIV transmission (women) . 141 Table TM.11.2M: Knowledge of mother-to-child HIV transmission (men) . 143 Table TM.11.3W: Attitudes towards people living with HIV (women) . 145 Table TM.11.3M: Attitudes towards people living with HIV (men) . 147 Table TM.11.4W: Knowledge of a place for HIV testing (women) . 149 Table TM.11.4M: Knowledge of a place for HIV testing (men) . 151 Table TM.11.5: HIV counselling and testing during antenatal care . 153 Table TM.11.6W: Key HIV and AIDS indicators (young women) . 155 Table TM.11.6M: Key HIV and AIDS indicators (young men) . 157 TM.13. Anemia . 159 Table TM.13.1: Women's coverage of hemoglobin testing. 160 Table TM.13.2: Prevalence of anemia in women . 162 TM.14. Abortion . 164 Table TM.14.1: Induced abortion rates . 164 Table TM.14.2: Pregnancy Outcomes . 165 Table TM.14.3: Method of Abortion, Lao PDR, 2017 . 167 VII. Thrive – Child health, nutrition and development . 172 TC.1. Immunisation . 172 Table TC.1.1: Vaccinations in the first years of life . 173 Table TC.1.2: Vaccinations by background characteristics . 174 TC.2. Disease episodes . 176 Table TC.2.1: Reported disease episodes . 177 TC.3. Diarrhoea . 178 Table TC.3.1: Care-seeking during diarrhoea . 179 Table TC.3.2: Feeding practices during diarrhoea . 180 Table TC.3.3: Oral rehydration solutions, government-recommended homemade fluid and zinc … . 182 Table TC.3.4: Oral rehydration therapy with continued feeding and other treatments . 183 Table TC.3.5: Source of ORS and zinc . 185 TC.4. Household energy use . 186 Table TC.4.1: Primary reliance on clean fuels and technologies for cooking . 187 Table TC.4.2: Primary reliance on solid fuels for cooking . 189 Table TC.4.3: Polluting fuels and technologies for cooking by type and characteristics of cookstove and place of cooking . 191 Table TC.4.4: Primary reliance on clean fuels and technologies for space heating . 193 Table TC.4.5: Type of space heater mainly used and presence of chimney . 195 Table TC.4.6: Primary reliance on clean fuels and technologies for lighting . 197 Table TC.4.7: Primary reliance on clean fuels and technologies for cooking, space heating, and lighting . 199 TC.5. Symptoms of acute respiratory infection . 201 Table TC.5.1: Care-seeking for and antibiotic treatment of symptoms of acute respiratory infection (ARI) . 202 TC.6. Malaria . 203 Table TC.6.1: Household possession of mosquito nets . 204 Table TC.6.2: Source of mosquito nets . 205 Table TC.6.3: Access to an insecticide-treated net (ITN) – number of household members . 207 Table TC.6.4: Access to an insecticide-treated net (ITN) – background characteristics . 208 Table TC.6.5: Use of mosquito nets by the household population . 209 Table TC.6.6: Use of existing ITNs . 210 Table TC.6.7: Use of mosquito nets by children . 211 Table TC.6.8: Use of mosquito nets by pregnant women . 213 Table TC.6.9: Use of Intermittent Preventive Treatment for malaria (IPTp by women during pregnancy . 215 Table TC.6.10: Care-seeking during fever . 216 Table TC.6.11: Treatment of children with fever . 217 Table TC.6.12: Diagnostics and anti-malarial treatment of children . 219 Table TC.6.13: Source of anti-malarial . 221 TC.7. Infant and young child feeding . 222 Table TC.7.1: Initial breastfeeding . 224 Table TC.7.2: Newborn feeding . 226 Table TC.7.3: Breastfeeding status . 229 Table TC.7.4: Duration of breastfeeding . 230 Table TC.7.5: Age-appropriate breastfeeding . 231 Table TC.7.6: Introduction of solid, semi-solid, or soft foods . 232 Table TC.7.7: Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices . 233 Table TC.7.8: Bottle feeding . 235 TC.8. Malnutrition . 236 Table TC.8.1: Nutritional status of children . 238 TC.9. Salt iodisation . 240 Table TC.9.1: Iodized salt consumption . 240 TC.10. Early childhood home environment . 241 Table TC.10.1: Support for learning . 242 Table TC.10.2: Learning materials . 244 Table TC.10.3: Inadequate supervision . 245 TC.11. Early childhood development index . 247 Table TC.11.1: Early child development index . 248 TC.12. Anemia of children . 249 Table TC.12.1: Children's coverage of hemoglobin testing . 250 Table TC.12.2: Prevalence of anemia in children . 252 VIII VIII. Learn . 255 LN.1. Early childhood education . 255 Table LN.1.1: Early childhood education . 256 Table LN.1.2: Participation rate in organised learning . 257 LN.2. Attendance . 258 Table LN.2.1: School readiness . 259 Table LN.2.2: Primary school entry . 260 Table LN.2.3: Primary school attendance and out of school children . 261 Table LN.2.4: Lower secondary school attendance and out of school adolescents . 263 Table LN.2.5: Age for grade . 265 Table LN.2.6: Upper secondary school attendance and out of school youth . 268 Table LN.2.7: Gross intake, completion and effective transition rates . 269 Table LN.2.8: Parity indices . 272 LN.3. Parental involvement . 274 Table LN.3.1: Support for child learning at school . 275 Table LN.3.2: School-related reasons for inability to attend class . 277 Table LN.3.3: Learning environment at home . 279 IX. Protection from violence and exploitation . 283 PR.1. Birth registration . 283 Table PR.1.1: Birth registration . 284 PR.2. Child discipline . 285 Table PR.2.1: Child discipline . 286 Table PR.2.2: Attitudes toward physical punishment . 287 PR.3. Child labour . 288 Table PR.3.1: Children's involvement in economic activities . 289 Table PR.3.2: Children's involvement in household chores . 291 Table PR.3.3: Child labour . 292 PR.4. Child marriage . 293 Table SR.4.1W: Child marriage and polygyny (women) . 294 Table SR.4.1M: Child marriage and polygyny (men) . 296 Table SR.4.2W: Trends in child marriage (women) . 298 Table SR.4.2M: Trends in child marriage (men) . 299 Table SR.4.3: Spousal age difference . 300 PR.8. Attitudes toward domestic violence . 301 Table PR.8.1W: Attitudes toward domestic violence (women) . 301 Table PR.8.1M: Attitudes toward domestic violence (men) . 302 X. Live in a safe and clean environment . 306 WS.1 Drinking water . 306 Table WS.1.1: Use of improved and unimproved water sources . 307 Table WS.1.2: Use of basic and limited drinking water services . 309 Table WS.1.3: Person collecting water . 310 Table WS.1.4: Time spent collecting water . 312 Table WS.1.5: Availability of sufficient drinking water when needed . 313 Table WS.1.6: Quality of source drinking water . 314 Table WS.1.7: Quality of household drinking water . 315 Table WS.1.8: Safely managed drinking water services . 316 Table WS.1.9: Household water treatment . 317 WS.2 Handwashing . 318 Table WS.2.1: Handwashing facility with soap and water on premises . 319 IX VIII. Learn . 255 LN.1. Early childhood education . 255 Table LN.1.1: Early childhood education . 256 Table LN.1.2: Participation rate in organised learning . 257 LN.2. Attendance . 258 Table LN.2.1: School readiness . 259 Table LN.2.2: Primary school entry . 260 Table LN.2.3: Primary school attendance and out of school children . 261 Table LN.2.4: Lower secondary school attendance and out of school adolescents . 263 Table LN.2.5: Age for grade . 265 Table LN.2.6: Upper secondary school attendance and out of school youth . 268 Table LN.2.7: Gross intake, completion and effective transition rates . 269 Table LN.2.8: Parity indices . 272 LN.3. Parental involvement . 274 Table LN.3.1: Support for child learning at school . 275 Table LN.3.2: School-related reasons for inability to attend class . 277 Table LN.3.3: Learning environment at home . 279 IX. Protection from violence and exploitation . 283 PR.1. Birth registration . 283 Table PR.1.1: Birth registration . 284 PR.2. Child discipline . 285 Table PR.2.1: Child discipline . 286 Table PR.2.2: Attitudes toward physical punishment . 287 PR.3. Child labour . 288 Table PR.3.1: Children's involvement in economic activities . 289 Table PR.3.2: Children's involvement in household chores . 291 Table PR.3.3: Child labour . 292 PR.4. Child marriage . 293 Table SR.4.1W: Child marriage and polygyny (women) . 294 Table SR.4.1M: Child marriage and polygyny (men) . 296 Table SR.4.2W: Trends in child marriage (women) . 298 Table SR.4.2M: Trends in child marriage (men) . 299 Table SR.4.3: Spousal age difference . 300 PR.8. Attitudes toward domestic violence . 301 Table PR.8.1W: Attitudes toward domestic violence (women) . 301 Table PR.8.1M: Attitudes toward domestic violence (men) . 302 X. Live in a safe and clean environment . 306 WS.1 Drinking water . 306 Table WS.1.1: Use of improved and unimproved water sources . 307 Table WS.1.2: Use of basic and limited drinking water services . 309 Table WS.1.3: Person collecting water . 310 Table WS.1.4: Time spent collecting water . 312 Table WS.1.5: Availability of sufficient drinking water when needed . 313 Table WS.1.6: Quality of source drinking water . 314 Table WS.1.7: Quality of household drinking water . 315 Table WS.1.8: Safely managed drinking water services . 316 Table WS.1.9: Household water treatment . 317 WS.2 Handwashing . 318 Table WS.2.1: Handwashing facility with soap and water on premises . 319 WS.3 Sanitation . 321 Table WS.3.1: Use of improved and unimproved sanitation facilities . 322 Table WS.3.2: Use basic and limited sanitation services . 324 Table WS.3.3: Emptying and removal of excreta from improved pit latrines and septic tanks . 326 Table WS.3.4: Management of excreta from household sanitation facilities . 328 Table WS.3.5: Disposal of child's faeces . 329 Table WS.3.6: Drinking water, sanitation and handwashing ladders . 330 WS.4 Menstrual hygiene . 332 Table WS.4.1: Menstrual hygiene management . 333 XI. Equitable chance in life . 337 EQ.1 Child functioning . 337 Table EQ.1.1: Child functioning (children age 2-4 years) . 338 Table EQ.1.3: Use of assistive devices (children age 2-17 years) . 340 EQ.2 Social transfers . 342 Table EQ.2.1W: Health insurance coverage (women) . 343 Table EQ.2.1M: Health insurance coverage (men) . 345 Table EQ.2.2: Health insurance coverage (children age 5-17 years) . 347 Table EQ.2.3: Health insurance coverage (children under age 5) . 349 Table EQ.2.4: Awareness and ever use of external economic support . 351 Table EQ.2.5: Coverage of social transfers and benefits: All household members . 352 Table EQ.2.6: Coverage of social transfers and benefits: Households in the lowest two quintiles . 354 Table EQ.2.7: Coverage of social transfers and benefits: Children in all households . 359 Table EQ.2.8: Coverage of school support programmes: Members age 5-24 in all households . 360 Appendices: Appendix A. Sample design . 363 Table SD.1: Distribution of Villages and households in sampling frame . 364 Table SD.2: Sample allocation. 366 Appendix B. List of personnel involved in the survey . 372 Appendix C. Estimates of sampling errors . 383 Table SE.1: Sampling errors: Total sample . 384 Table SE.2: Sampling errors: Urban . 386 Table SE.3: Sampling errors: Rural . 388 Table SE.4: Sampling errors: Rural with road . 390 Table SE.5: Sampling errors: Rural without road . 392 Table SE.6: Sampling errors: North . 394 Table SE.7: Sampling errors: Central . 396 Table SE.8: Sampling errors: South . 398 Table SE.9: Sampling errors: Vientiane Capital . 400 Table SE.10: Sampling errors: Phongsaly . 402 Table SE.11: Sampling errors: Luangnamtha . 404 Table SE.12: Sampling errors: Oudomxay . 406 Table SE.13: Sampling errors: Bokeo . 408 Table SE.14: Sampling errors: Luangprabang . 410 Table SE.15: Sampling errors: Huaphanh . 412 Table SE.16: Sampling errors: Xayabury . 414 Table SE.17: Sampling errors: Xiengkhuang . 416 Table WS.4.2: Exclusion from activities during menstruation. 334 X Table SE.18: Sampling errors: Vientiane . 418 Table SE.19: Sampling errors: Borikhamxay . 420 Table SE.20: Sampling errors: Khammuane . 422 Table SE.21: Sampling errors: Savannakhet . 424 Table SE.22: Sampling errors: Saravane . 426 Table SE.23: Sampling errors: Sekong . 428 Table SE.24: Sampling errors: Champasack . 430 Table SE.25: Sampling errors: Attapeu . 432 Table SE.26: Sampling errors: Xaysomboun . 434 Appendix D. Data quality tables . 436 DQ.1. Age distribution . 438 Table DQ.1.1: Age distribution of household population . 437 Table DQ.1.2W: Age distribution of eligible and interviewed women . 438 Table DQ.1.2M: Age distribution of eligible and interviewed men . 439 Table DQ.1.3: Age distribution of young children in households and under-5 questionnaires . 439 Table DQ.1.4: Age distribution of children age 3-20 in households and 5-17 questionnaires . 440 DQ.2. Birth date reporting . 441 Table DQ.2.1: Birth date reporting (household population) . 441 Table DQ.2.2W: Birth date and age reporting (women) . 442 Table DQ.2.2M: Birth date and age reporting (men) . 443 Table DQ.2.3: Birth date reporting (first and last births) . 444 Table DQ.2.4: Birth date and age reporting (children under age 5 years) . 445 Table DQ.2.5: Birth date reporting (children age 5-17 years) . 446 DQ.3 Completeness and measurements . 447 Table DQ.3.1: Completeness of salt iodisation testing . 447 Table DQ.3.2: Completeness and quality of information of water quality testing . 448 Table DQ.3.3W: Completeness of information on dates of marriage/union and sexual intercourse (women) . 448 Table DQ.3.3M: Completeness of information on dates of marriage/union and sexual intercourse (men) . 449 Table DQ.3.4: Completeness of information for anthropometric indicators: Underweight . 449 Table DQ.3.5: Completeness of information for anthropometric indicators: Stunting . 448 Table DQ.3.6: Completeness of information for anthropometric indicators: Wasting and overweight . 450 Table DQ.3.7: Heaping in anthropometric measurements . 451 DQ.4. Observations . 452 Table DQ.4.1: Observation of bednets . 452 Table DQ.4.2: Observation of handwashing facility . 453 Table DQ.4.3: Observation of birth certificates . 454 Table DQ.4.4: Observation of vaccination records . 456 DQ.5. School attendance . 457 Table DQ.5.1: School attendance by single age . 457 DQ.6. Birth history . 458 Table DQ.6.1: Sex ratio at birth among children ever born and living . 458 Table DQ.6.2: Births by periods preceding the survey . 459 Table DQ.6.3: Reporting of age at death in days . 460 Table DQ.6.4: Reporting of age at death in months . 461 Appendix E. Questionnaires . 463 XI Table SE.18: Sampling errors: Vientiane . 418 Table SE.19: Sampling errors: Borikhamxay . 420 Table SE.20: Sampling errors: Khammuane . 422 Table SE.21: Sampling errors: Savannakhet . 424 Table SE.22: Sampling errors: Saravane . 426 Table SE.23: Sampling errors: Sekong . 428 Table SE.24: Sampling errors: Champasack . 430 Table SE.25: Sampling errors: Attapeu . 432 Table SE.26: Sampling errors: Xaysomboun . 434 Appendix D. Data quality tables . 436 DQ.1. Age distribution . 438 Table DQ.1.1: Age distribution of household population . 437 Table DQ.1.2W: Age distribution of eligible and interviewed women . 438 Table DQ.1.2M: Age distribution of eligible and interviewed men . 439 Table DQ.1.3: Age distribution of young children in households and under-5 questionnaires . 439 Table DQ.1.4: Age distribution of children age 3-20 in households and 5-17 questionnaires . 440 DQ.2. Birth date reporting . 441 Table DQ.2.1: Birth date reporting (household population) . 441 Table DQ.2.2W: Birth date and age reporting (women) . 442 Table DQ.2.2M: Birth date and age reporting (men) . 443 Table DQ.2.3: Birth date reporting (first and last births) . 444 Table DQ.2.4: Birth date and age reporting (children under age 5 years) . 445 Table DQ.2.5: Birth date reporting (children age 5-17 years) . 446 DQ.3 Completeness and measurements . 447 Table DQ.3.1: Completeness of salt iodisation testing . 447 Table DQ.3.2: Completeness and quality of information of water quality testing . 448 Table DQ.3.3W: Completeness of information on dates of marriage/union and sexual intercourse (women) . 448 Table DQ.3.3M: Completeness of information on dates of marriage/union and sexual intercourse (men) . 449 Table DQ.3.4: Completeness of information for anthropometric indicators: Underweight . 449 Table DQ.3.5: Completeness of information for anthropometric indicators: Stunting . 448 Table DQ.3.6: Completeness of information for anthropometric indicators: Wasting and overweight . 450 Table DQ.3.7: Heaping in anthropometric measurements . 451 DQ.4. Observations . 452 Table DQ.4.1: Observation of bednets . 452 Table DQ.4.2: Observation of handwashing facility . 453 Table DQ.4.3: Observation of birth certificates . 454 Table DQ.4.4: Observation of vaccination records . 456 DQ.5. School attendance . 457 Table DQ.5.1: School attendance by single age . 457 DQ.6. Birth history . 458 Table DQ.6.1: Sex ratio at birth among children ever born and living . 458 Table DQ.6.2: Births by periods preceding the survey . 459 Table DQ.6.3: Reporting of age at death in days . 460 Table DQ.6.4: Reporting of age at death in months . 461 Appendix E. Questionnaires . 463 List of abbreviations ACT Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ARI Acute Respiratory Infection ASFR Age Specific Fertility Rates BCG Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (Tuberculosis) C-section Caesarean section CAPI Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing CBR Crude Birth Rate CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child CSPro Census and Survey Processing System DTP Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis E. coli Escherichia coli ECDI Early Child Development Index FCT Field Check Tables GAM Global AIDS Monitoring GFR General Fertility Rate GPI Gender Parity Index Hib Haemophilus influenzae type B HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus ICT Information and Communication Technology IDD Iodine Deficiency Disorders IFSS Internet File Streaming System IPTp Intermittent Preventive Treatment for malaria in pregnancy IPV Inactivated Polio Vaccine ITN Insecticide-Treated Net IYCF Infant and Young Child Feeding JMP WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene LLECE The Latin American Laboratory for Assessment of the Quality of Education LSB Lao Statistics Bureau LSIS Lao Social Indicator Survey LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas MDG Millennium Development Goals MICS Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey MICS6 Sixth global round of Multiple Indicator Clusters Surveys programme MMR Measles, Mumps, and Rubella NSEDP National Socio-Economic Development Plan ORS Oral Rehydration Salt Solution OPV Oral Polio Vaccine ORT Oral Rehydration Therapy PASEC The Programme for the Analysis of Education Systems PNC Post-natal Care ppm Parts Per Million SDGs Sustainable Development Goals SP Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine SPSS Statistical Package for Social Sciences TFR Total Fertility Rate UN United Nations UNGASS United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund USAID-ICF United States Agency for International Development – Inner City Fund WASH Water, Sanitation and Hygiene WG Washington Group on Disability Statistics WHO World Health Organization XII Foreword The Lao Social Indicator Survey (LSIS) II conducted in 2017 is a nation-wide household based survey with a sample size of 23,400, covering all 18 provinces. It aims to generate data at provincial level disaggregated by age, residence, sex, wealth quantile and ethnic groups. LSIS II followed the Sixth global round of the Multiple Cluster Indicator Survey programme (MICS6) platform and modules focusing to generate the new data requirements of the SDGs. LSIS II includes 6 questionnaires: 1 for household including salt testing; 1 for women 15-49 years of age; 1 for men 15-49 years of age; 1 for children 5-17 years of age; 1 for children under five (administered to their mothers or care takers) including anthropometry; and 1 for water quality testing of source and household drinking water. The specific add-on questionnaires of abortion have been included in the women questionnaires as well as anemia testing for children 6 to 59 months and women 15-49 years. LSIS II provides up-to-date information needed for the selection of data on key social development indicators to monitor the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) especially key inputs for the ongoing Voluntary National Report on SDG, 2018. This will provide a baseline for the 8th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP) and provincial development plans including the inputs for upcoming Mid-Term Review of the 8th NSEDP, and support the country’s graduation from Least Developed Country by 2020. On this occasion, on behalf of the Lao Government and, in particular, the Steering Committee, I would like to express my sincere thanks to all government agencies, international organizations for their valuable support to the conduct of the LSIS II. We hope this report will serve as a useful source of information and data for evidence based planning policies, decision-making and in-depth research and also hope that it will be contribution of ideas and suggestion of feedback to further improve in the next survey and to provide appropriate needs of orientations for decision making and policy planning and to serve for user’s need of using data both inside and outside of the country. ______________________ Dr. Samaychan Boupha Vice Minister, Head of Lao Statistics Bureau Ministry of Planning and Investment Acknowledgements On behalf of the Steering Committee of the survey, we would like to extend our sincere thanks to all organizations and individuals who have contributed to making this survey a success, especially the Lao Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education and Sports for leading and implementing the entire survey. We would also like to express our special thanks to the LSIS II Steering Committee for their leadership and guidance of the survey, the Technical Task Force for advising and supporting the survey, and the Secretariat Group for organizing and dealing with day-to-day work. We acknowledge the great contribution of the MICS Global and Regional team and USAID – ICF for overall technical support throughout the survey. Special thanks are extended to 175 enumerators, measurers and supervisors especially from the Provincial Statistics Centers, Provincial Health Offices in each province for being intensively involved in field data collection and monitoring. All Committees at all levels have played a very critical role in the successful achievement of the survey, and its high standard of quality. We would like to also extend our sincere appreciation to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Global MICS Team, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and USAID - ICF International for their support that made the survey possible. Special thanks to European Union (EU), Luxembourg Government, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP), World Food Programme (WFP), World Health Organization (WHO), and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). XIII Acknowledgements On behalf of the Steering Committee of the survey, we would like to extend our sincere thanks to all organizations and individuals who have contributed to making this survey a success, especially the Lao Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education and Sports for leading and implementing the entire survey. We would also like to express our special thanks to the LSIS II Steering Committee for their leadership and guidance of the survey, the Technical Task Force for advising and supporting the survey, and the Secretariat Group for organizing and dealing with day-to-day work. We acknowledge the great contribution of the MICS Global and Regional team and USAID – ICF for overall technical support throughout the survey. Special thanks are extended to 175 enumerators, measurers and supervisors especially from the Provincial Statistics Centers, Provincial Health Offices in each province for being intensively involved in field data collection and monitoring. All Committees at all levels have played a very critical role in the successful achievement of the survey, and its high standard of quality. We would like to also extend our sincere appreciation to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Global MICS Team, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and USAID - ICF International for their support that made the survey possible. Special thanks to European Union (EU), Luxembourg Government, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP), World Food Programme (WFP), World Health Organization (WHO), and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). 1 1 I. Introduction 1.1 Background The Lao Social Indicator Survey (LSIS) II provides a set of single national figure on social indicators. It combines the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) and the Demographic and Health Survey modules to maximise government resources for a nationally representative sample survey. LSIS II follows the first LSIS I survey which was carried out in 2011-12 jointly by the Ministry of Health (MoH) and the Lao Statistics Bureau (LSB) of the Ministry of Planning and Investment in collaboration with other line ministries. The LSIS I provided baseline data for the 7th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP) and the Millennium Development Goals. 1.2 Survey Objectives The LSISII 2017 of Lao PDR has as its primary objectives: • To provide up-to-date information that will assist with the selection of data on key social development indicators to support the monitoring of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); • To establish a baseline for national development plans and priorities including the 8th National Socio- Economic Development Plan (NSEDP), provincial core social development indicators data, as well as supporting the data for Least Developed Country Graduation; • To produce a range of population and social indicators that are statistically sound and based on internationally comparable methodology and best practices; and • To continue reinforcing coordination mechanisms on supporting and strengthening social statistics in Lao PDR and making use of its findings to formulate and advocate for policies, programme formulation and monitoring. The financial and technical support for LSIS II was provided by the Government of Lao PDR, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Global MICS Team, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), European Union (EU), Luxembourg Government, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), World Food Programme (WFP), World Health Organization (WHO) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). This report presents the results on all of the indicators and topics covered in the survey. 2 3 2 SURVEY METHODOLOGY This chapter provides a brief description of the survey methodology. It provides information on the sample design and other steps of the survey implementation from questionnaires, ethical protocol, data processing, training, fieldwork implementation, data quality measures, analysis and data sharing. How to read tables The tables in this report present data collected through the LSIS II, 2017, intuitively easy to understand. However, the reader should be aware of the following: Values in parenthesis indicate that the percentage or proportion is based on 25–49 unweighted cases and should be treated with caution. An asterisk in table cells indicate that the percentage or proportion has been suppressed because it is based on fewer than 25 unweighted cases while a dash denotes shown no unweighted cases. 2.1 SAMPLE DESIGN The sample for the Lao Social Indicator Survey, 2017 was designed to provide estimates for a large number of indicators on the situation of children and women at the national level, for urban and rural areas, including rural with roads and rural without roads, for three regions including: North, Central and South and 18 provinces including: Vientiane Capital, Phongsaly, Luangnamtha, Oudomxay, Bokeo, Luangprabang, Huaphanh, Xayabury, Xiengkhuang, Vientinae, Borikhamxay, Khammuane, Savannakhet, Saravane, Sekong, Champasack, Attapeu and Xaysomboun . The urban and rural areas within each province were identified as the main sampling strata and the sample of households was selected in two stages. Within each stratum, a specified number of census enumeration areas were selected systematically with probability proportional to size. After a household listing was carried out within the selected enumeration areas, a systematic sample of 20 households was drawn from each sample enumeration area. Five out of the 1,170 selected enumeration areas were not visited because of the reasons listed below: - Clusters inaccessible due to extremely poor road conditions requiring long time for travel; - After the listing exercise, households moved out due to infrastructure development project; - Merging of village to neighbouring villages during the fieldwork period. The LSIS II sample is not self-weighting and for reporting survey results, sample weights are used. A more detailed description of the sample design and computation of sample weights can be found in Appendix A: Sample Design. 2.2 QUESTIONNAIRES Six questionnaires were used in the survey: 1) a household questionnaire which was used to collect basic demographic information on all de jure household members (usual residents), the household, and the dwelling; 2) a water quality testing questionnaire administered in three households in each cluster of the sample; 3) a questionnaire for individual women administered in each household to all women age 15-49 years; 4) a questionnaire for individual men administered in every second household to all men age 15-49 years; 5) an under-5 questionnaire, administered to mothers (or caretakers) of all children under 5 living in the household; and 6) a questionnaire for children age 5-17 years, administered to the mother (or caretaker) of one randomly selected child age 5-17 years living in the household. Questionnaires to capture anthropometry measurements among children under 5 years and to record anaemia test results for children under 5 years and women age 15-19 years also form part of the LSIS II questionnaires. The LSIS II 2017 included the following modules: 2 4 The LSIS II questionnaires were based on the MICS6 model questionnaire1. From the MICS6 model English version, the questionnaires were customised and translated into Lao language and were pre-tested in Vientiane Capital and Vientiane Province. Based on the results of the pre-test, modifications were made to the wording and translation of the questionnaires. A copy of the LSIS II, 2017 questionnaires is provided in Appendix E. In addition to the administration of questionnaires, fieldwork teams tested the salt used for cooking in the households for iodine content, observed the place for handwashing, and measured the weights and heights of children age under 5 years, as well as tested household and source water for E. coli levels. A separate test for Anaemia levels was performed for children age 6-59 months and women age 15-49 years in every second household. Details and findings of these observations and measurements are provided in the respective sections of this report. 2.3 ETHICAL PROTOCOL The survey protocol was approved by Lao Statistics Bureau (LSB) in May 2016. The protocol included a Protection Protocol which outlines the potential risks during the life cycle of the survey and management strategies to mitigate these. Verbal consent was obtained for each respondent participating and, for children age 15-17 years individually interviewed, adult consent was obtained in advance of the child’s assent. All respondents were informed of the voluntary nature of participation and the confidentiality and anonymity of information. Additionally, respondents were informed of their right to refuse answering all or particular questions, as well as to stop the interview at any time. Additionally, the adult consent for Anaemia testing was obtained for children under 5 years. An Anaemia brochure was compiled in advance which was distributed to the participants during the fieldwork. The results of Anaemia test were 1 The model MICS6 questionnaires can be found at http://mics.unicef.org/tools#survey-design. Household Questionnaire Questionnaire for Individual Women / Men Questionnaire for Children Under 5 List of Household Members Education Household Characteristics Social Transfers Household Energy Use Insecticide Treated Nets Water and Sanitation Handwashing Salt Iodisation Woman’s Background [M] Mass Media and ICT [M] Fertility [M]/Birth History Desire for Last Birth Maternal and Newborn Health Post-natal Health Checks Contraception Unmet Need Attitudes Toward Domestic Violence [M] Marriage/Union [M] Sexual Behaviour [M] HIV/AIDS [M] Tobacco and Alcohol Use [M] Anaemia Child’s Background Child Labour Child Discipline Child Functioning Parental Involvement Questionnaire for Children Age 5-17 Years Under-Five’s Background Birth Registration Early Childhood Development Child Discipline Breastfeeding and Dietary Intake Immunisation Care of Illness Anthropometry Anaemia Water Quality Testing Questionnaire [M] The individual Questionnaire for Men only included those modules indicated. 2 5 The LSIS II questionnaires were based on the MICS6 model questionnaire1. From the MICS6 model English version, the questionnaires were customised and translated into Lao language and were pre-tested in Vientiane Capital and Vientiane Province. Based on the results of the pre-test, modifications were made to the wording and translation of the questionnaires. A copy of the LSIS II, 2017 questionnaires is provided in Appendix E. In addition to the administration of questionnaires, fieldwork teams tested the salt used for cooking in the households for iodine content, observed the place for handwashing, and measured the weights and heights of children age under 5 years, as well as tested household and source water for E. coli levels. A separate test for Anaemia levels was performed for children age 6-59 months and women age 15-49 years in every second household. Details and findings of these observations and measurements are provided in the respective sections of this report. 2.3 ETHICAL PROTOCOL The survey protocol was approved by Lao Statistics Bureau (LSB) in May 2016. The protocol included a Protection Protocol which outlines the potential risks during the life cycle of the survey and management strategies to mitigate these. Verbal consent was obtained for each respondent participating and, for children age 15-17 years individually interviewed, adult consent was obtained in advance of the child’s assent. All respondents were informed of the voluntary nature of participation and the confidentiality and anonymity of information. Additionally, respondents were informed of their right to refuse answering all or particular questions, as well as to stop the interview at any time. Additionally, the adult consent for Anaemia testing was obtained for children under 5 years. An Anaemia brochure was compiled in advance which was distributed to the participants during the fieldwork. The results of Anaemia test were 1 The model MICS6 questionnaires can be found at http://mics.unicef.org/tools#survey-design. Household Questionnaire Questionnaire for Individual Women / Men Questionnaire for Children Under 5 List of Household Members Education Household Characteristics Social Transfers Household Energy Use Insecticide Treated Nets Water and Sanitation Handwashing Salt Iodisation Woman’s Background [M] Mass Media and ICT [M] Fertility [M]/Birth History Desire for Last Birth Maternal and Newborn Health Post-natal Health Checks Contraception Unmet Need Attitudes Toward Domestic Violence [M] Marriage/Union [M] Sexual Behaviour [M] HIV/AIDS [M] Tobacco and Alcohol Use [M] Anaemia Child’s Background Child Labour Child Discipline Child Functioning Parental Involvement Questionnaire for Children Age 5-17 Years Under-Five’s Background Birth Registration Early Childhood Development Child Discipline Breastfeeding and Dietary Intake Immunisation Care of Illness Anthropometry Anaemia Water Quality Testing Questionnaire [M] The individual Questionnaire for Men only included those modules indicated. shared with respondents who were informed on their deficiency level of haemoglobin. In cases of severe levels of deficiencies identified (less than 7.0 g/dl), a letter for referral to medical facility was issued. 2.4 DATA COLLECTION METHOD MICS surveys utilise Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI). The data collection application was based on the CSPro (Census and Survey Processing System) software, Version 6.3, including a MICS dedicated data management platform. Procedures and standard programs2 developed under the global MICS programme and adapted to the LSIS II, 2017 questionnaire were used throughout. The CAPI application was tested in Vientiane Capital and Vientiane Province. Based on the results of the CAPI-test, modifications were made to the questionnaires and application. 2.5 TRAINING Training for the fieldwork was conducted for 31 days during June and July, 2017. Training included lectures on interviewing techniques and the contents of the questionnaires, and mock interviews between trainees to gain practice in asking questions. Participants were trained to collecting data using paper questionnaires as well as tablets/CAPI application. The trainees spent three days in field practise and one day on a full pilot survey in Vientiane province. The standard MICS training agenda was customized for LSIS II training.3 Measurers received dedicated training on anthropometric measurements and water quality testing for a total of 9 days, including three days in field practise and pilot survey. Field Supervisors attended additional training on the duties of team supervision and responsibilities. 2.6 FIELDWORK The data were collected by 25 teams; each was comprised of four interviewers, one driver, two measurers and a supervisor. Fieldwork began in July, 2017 and concluded in November, 2017. Data was collected using tablet computers running the Windows 10 operating system, utilising a Bluetooth data transfer application for field operations, enabling transfer of assignments and completed questionnaires between supervisor’s and interviewer’s tablets. 2.7 FIELDWORK QUALITY CONTROL MEASURES Team supervisors were responsible for daily monitoring of the fieldwork. Forced re-interviewing was implemented on one randomly selected household per cluster. Daily observations of interviewer skills and performance was conducted. During the fieldwork period, each team was visited multiple times by survey management team members and field visits were arranged for UNICEF MICS Team members. The Field check tables (FCTs) were being produced for analysis and action with field teams.4 2.8 DATA MANAGEMENT, EDITING AND ANALYSIS Data were received at the LSB via Internet File Streaming System (IFSS) integrated into the management application on the supervisors’ tablets. The central office communicated application updates through this system to field teams. 2 The standard MICS6 data collection application can be found at http://mics.unicef.org/tools#data-processing. 3 The template training agenda can be found at http://mics.unicef.org/tools#survey-design. 4 The standard field check tables can be found at http://mics.unicef.org/tools#data-collection 2 6 During data collection and following completion of fieldwork, data were edited according to editing process described in detail in the Guidelines for Secondary Editing, a customised version of the standard MICS6 documentation.5 Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, Version 23. Model syntax and tabulation plans developed by UNICEF were customized and used for this purpose.6 2.9 DATA SHARING Unique identifiers such as location and names collected during interviews were removed from datasets to ensure privacy. These anonymised data files are made available on the MICS website7 and can be freely downloaded for legitimate research purposes. Users are required to submit final research to entities listed in the included readme file, strictly for information purposes. Archiving of data and survey tools was done throughout the process of implementation of the survey. Full datasets, SPSS syntaxes and other corresponding survey documentation have been archived within the LSB and shared with MICS Global team. 5 The standard guidelines can be found at http://mics.unicef.org/tools#data-processing. 6 The standard tabulation plan and syntax files can be found at http://mics.unicef.org/tools#analysis. 7 The survey datasets can be found at http://mics.unicef.org/surveys 2 7 3 8 3 IN D IC A TO R S A N D D EF IN IT IO N S M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e SA M PL E CO VE RA G E AN D C H AR AC TE RI ST IC S O F TH E RE SP O N D EN TS SR .1 Ac ce ss to e le ct ric ity 7. 1. 1 H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a cc es s to e le ct ric ity 93 .0 SR .2 Li te ra cy ra te (a ge 1 5- 24 y ea rs ) W B Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho a re a bl e to re ad a s ho rt s im pl e st at em en t a bo ut e ve ry da y lif e or w ho at te nd ed s ec on da ry o r h ig he r e du ca tio n (a ) w om en (b ) m en 76 .5 84 .7 SR .3 Ex po su re to m as s m ed ia M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho , a t l ea st o nc e a w ee k, re ad a n ew sp ap er o r m ag az in e, li st en to th e ra di o, a nd w at ch te le vi si on (a ) w om en (b ) m en 3. 2 4. 4 SR .4 H ou se ho ld s w ith a ra di o H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e a ra di o 20 .6 SR .5 H ou se ho ld s w ith a te le vi si on H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e a te le vi si on 79 .3 SR .6 H ou se ho ld s w ith a te le ph on e H C – M T Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e a te le ph on e (f ix ed li ne o r m ob ile p ho ne ) 92 .6 SR .7 H ou se ho ld s w ith a c om pu te r H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e a co m pu te r 13 .5 SR .8 H ou se ho ld s w ith in te rn et H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e ac ce ss to th e in te rn et b y an y de vi ce fr om h om e 1. 7 SR .9 U se o f c om pu te r M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho u se d a co m pu te r d ur in g th e la st 3 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 8. 5 12 .6 SR .1 0 O w ne rs hi p of m ob ile p ho ne 5. b. 1 M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho o w n a m ob ile p ho ne (a ) w om en (b ) m en 73 .1 84 .3 1 S us ta in ab le D ev el op m en t G oa l ( SD G ) I nd ic at or s, h tt p: // un st at s. un .o rg /s dg s/ in di ca to rs /i nd ic at or s- lis t/ . T he In te r- ag en cy W or ki ng G ro up o n SD G In di ca to rs is c on tin uo us ly u pd at in g th e m et ad at a of m an y SD G in di ca to rs a nd ch an ge s ar e be in g m ad e to th e lis t o f S D G in di ca to rs . M IC S co ve rs m an y SD G in di ca to rs w ith a n ex ac t m at ch o f t he ir de fin iti on s, w hi le s om e in di ca to rs a re o nl y pa rt ia lly c ov er ed b y M IC S. T he la tt er c as es a re in cl ud ed h er e as lo ng a s th e cu rr en t i nt er na tio na l m et ho do lo gy a llo w s fo r o nl y th e w ay th at th e M IC S in di ca to r i s de fin ed , a nd /o r a s ig ni fic an t p ar t o f t he S D G in di ca to r c an b e ge ne ra te d by th e M IC S in di ca to r. Fo r m or e in fo rm at io n on th e m et ad at a of th e SD G in di ca to rs , s ee h tt p: // un st at s. un .o rg /s dg s/ m et ad at a/ 2 S om e in di ca to rs a re c on st ru ct ed b y us in g qu es tio ns in s ev er al m od ul es in th e M IC S qu es tio nn ai re s. In s uc h ca se s, o nl y th e m od ul e( s) w hi ch c on ta in s m os t o f t he n ec es sa ry in fo rm at io n is in di ca te d. 3 Al l M IC S in di ca to rs a re d is ag gr eg at ed , w he re re le va nt , b y w ea lth q ui nt ile s, s ex , a ge , e th ni ci ty , m ig ra to ry s ta tu s, d is ab ili ty a nd g eo gr ap hi c lo ca tio n (a s pe r t he re po rt in g do m ai ns ), or o th er c ha ra ct er is tic s, a s re co m m en de d by th e In te r- ag en cy E xp er t G ro up o n SD G In di ca to rs : h tt p: // un st at s. un .o rg /s dg s/ in di ca to rs /O ff ic ia l% 20 Li st % 20 of % 20 Pr op os ed % 20 SD G % 20 In di ca to rs .p df M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e SR .1 1 U se o f m ob ile p ho ne M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 w ho u se d a m ob ile te le ph on e du rin g th e la st 3 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 79 .6 87 .1 SR .1 2a U se o f i nt er ne t (d ur in g la st 3 m on th s) 17 .8 .1 M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho u se d th e in te rn et d ur in g th e la st 3 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 27 .9 28 .5 SR .1 2b U se o f i nt er ne t (a t l ea st o nc e a w ee k du rin g th e la st 3 m on th s) M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho u se d th e in te rn et a t l ea st o nc e a w ee k du rin g th e la st 3 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 26 .6 26 .2 SR .1 3 IC T sk ill s 4. 4. 1 M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h av e ca rr ie d ou t a t l ea st o ne o f n in e sp ec ifi c co m pu te r r el at ed a ct iv iti es (a ) w om en (b ) m en 7. 3 11 .9 SR .1 4 U se o f t ob ac co 3. a. 1 TA Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s m ok ed c ig ar et te s or u se d sm ok ed o r s m ok el es s to ba cc o pr od uc ts a t a ny ti m e du rin g th e la st o ne m on th (a ) w om en (b ) m en 7. 2 43 .5 SR .1 5 Sm ok in g be fo re a ge 1 5 TA Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s m ok ed a w ho le c ig ar et te b ef or e ag e 15 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 2. 1 12 .7 SR .1 6 U se o f a lc oh ol TA Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h ad a t l ea st o ne a lc oh ol ic d rin k at a ny ti m e du rin g th e la st o ne m on th (a ) w om en (b ) m en 31 .0 65 .4 SR .1 7 U se o f a lc oh ol b ef or e ag e 15 TA Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h ad a t l ea st o ne a lc oh ol ic d rin k be fo re a ge 1 5 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 11 .6 15 .6 SR .1 8 Ch ild re n’ s liv in g ar ra ng em en ts H L Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 17 y ea rs li vi ng w ith n ei th er b io lo gi ca l p ar en t 7. 5 SR .1 9 Pr ev al en ce o f c hi ld re n w ith o ne or b ot h pa re nt s de ad H L Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 17 y ea rs w ith o ne o r b ot h bi ol og ic al p ar en ts d ea d 4. 8 SR .2 0 Ch ild re n w ith a t l ea st o ne p ar en t liv in g ab ro ad H L Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 17 y ea rs w ith a t l ea st o ne b io lo gi ca l p ar en t l iv in g ab ro ad 2. 9 3 9 3 IN D IC A TO R S A N D D EF IN IT IO N S M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e SA M PL E CO VE RA G E AN D C H AR AC TE RI ST IC S O F TH E RE SP O N D EN TS SR .1 Ac ce ss to e le ct ric ity 7. 1. 1 H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a cc es s to e le ct ric ity 93 .0 SR .2 Li te ra cy ra te (a ge 1 5- 24 y ea rs ) W B Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho a re a bl e to re ad a s ho rt s im pl e st at em en t a bo ut e ve ry da y lif e or w ho at te nd ed s ec on da ry o r h ig he r e du ca tio n (a ) w om en (b ) m en 76 .5 84 .7 SR .3 Ex po su re to m as s m ed ia M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho , a t l ea st o nc e a w ee k, re ad a n ew sp ap er o r m ag az in e, li st en to th e ra di o, a nd w at ch te le vi si on (a ) w om en (b ) m en 3. 2 4. 4 SR .4 H ou se ho ld s w ith a ra di o H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e a ra di o 20 .6 SR .5 H ou se ho ld s w ith a te le vi si on H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e a te le vi si on 79 .3 SR .6 H ou se ho ld s w ith a te le ph on e H C – M T Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e a te le ph on e (f ix ed li ne o r m ob ile p ho ne ) 92 .6 SR .7 H ou se ho ld s w ith a c om pu te r H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e a co m pu te r 13 .5 SR .8 H ou se ho ld s w ith in te rn et H C Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s th at h av e ac ce ss to th e in te rn et b y an y de vi ce fr om h om e 1. 7 SR .9 U se o f c om pu te r M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho u se d a co m pu te r d ur in g th e la st 3 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 8. 5 12 .6 SR .1 0 O w ne rs hi p of m ob ile p ho ne 5. b. 1 M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho o w n a m ob ile p ho ne (a ) w om en (b ) m en 73 .1 84 .3 1 S us ta in ab le D ev el op m en t G oa l ( SD G ) I nd ic at or s, h tt p: // un st at s. un .o rg /s dg s/ in di ca to rs /i nd ic at or s- lis t/ . T he In te r- ag en cy W or ki ng G ro up o n SD G In di ca to rs is c on tin uo us ly u pd at in g th e m et ad at a of m an y SD G in di ca to rs a nd ch an ge s ar e be in g m ad e to th e lis t o f S D G in di ca to rs . M IC S co ve rs m an y SD G in di ca to rs w ith a n ex ac t m at ch o f t he ir de fin iti on s, w hi le s om e in di ca to rs a re o nl y pa rt ia lly c ov er ed b y M IC S. T he la tt er c as es a re in cl ud ed h er e as lo ng a s th e cu rr en t i nt er na tio na l m et ho do lo gy a llo w s fo r o nl y th e w ay th at th e M IC S in di ca to r i s de fin ed , a nd /o r a s ig ni fic an t p ar t o f t he S D G in di ca to r c an b e ge ne ra te d by th e M IC S in di ca to r. Fo r m or e in fo rm at io n on th e m et ad at a of th e SD G in di ca to rs , s ee h tt p: // un st at s. un .o rg /s dg s/ m et ad at a/ 2 S om e in di ca to rs a re c on st ru ct ed b y us in g qu es tio ns in s ev er al m od ul es in th e M IC S qu es tio nn ai re s. In s uc h ca se s, o nl y th e m od ul e( s) w hi ch c on ta in s m os t o f t he n ec es sa ry in fo rm at io n is in di ca te d. 3 Al l M IC S in di ca to rs a re d is ag gr eg at ed , w he re re le va nt , b y w ea lth q ui nt ile s, s ex , a ge , e th ni ci ty , m ig ra to ry s ta tu s, d is ab ili ty a nd g eo gr ap hi c lo ca tio n (a s pe r t he re po rt in g do m ai ns ), or o th er c ha ra ct er is tic s, a s re co m m en de d by th e In te r- ag en cy E xp er t G ro up o n SD G In di ca to rs : h tt p: // un st at s. un .o rg /s dg s/ in di ca to rs /O ff ic ia l% 20 Li st % 20 of % 20 Pr op os ed % 20 SD G % 20 In di ca to rs .p df M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e SR .1 1 U se o f m ob ile p ho ne M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 w ho u se d a m ob ile te le ph on e du rin g th e la st 3 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 79 .6 87 .1 SR .1 2a U se o f i nt er ne t (d ur in g la st 3 m on th s) 17 .8 .1 M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho u se d th e in te rn et d ur in g th e la st 3 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 27 .9 28 .5 SR .1 2b U se o f i nt er ne t (a t l ea st o nc e a w ee k du rin g th e la st 3 m on th s) M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho u se d th e in te rn et a t l ea st o nc e a w ee k du rin g th e la st 3 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 26 .6 26 .2 SR .1 3 IC T sk ill s 4. 4. 1 M T Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h av e ca rr ie d ou t a t l ea st o ne o f n in e sp ec ifi c co m pu te r r el at ed a ct iv iti es (a ) w om en (b ) m en 7. 3 11 .9 SR .1 4 U se o f t ob ac co 3. a. 1 TA Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s m ok ed c ig ar et te s or u se d sm ok ed o r s m ok el es s to ba cc o pr od uc ts a t a ny ti m e du rin g th e la st o ne m on th (a ) w om en (b ) m en 7. 2 43 .5 SR .1 5 Sm ok in g be fo re a ge 1 5 TA Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s m ok ed a w ho le c ig ar et te b ef or e ag e 15 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 2. 1 12 .7 SR .1 6 U se o f a lc oh ol TA Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h ad a t l ea st o ne a lc oh ol ic d rin k at a ny ti m e du rin g th e la st o ne m on th (a ) w om en (b ) m en 31 .0 65 .4 SR .1 7 U se o f a lc oh ol b ef or e ag e 15 TA Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h ad a t l ea st o ne a lc oh ol ic d rin k be fo re a ge 1 5 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 11 .6 15 .6 SR .1 8 Ch ild re n’ s liv in g ar ra ng em en ts H L Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 17 y ea rs li vi ng w ith n ei th er b io lo gi ca l p ar en t 7. 5 SR .1 9 Pr ev al en ce o f c hi ld re n w ith o ne or b ot h pa re nt s de ad H L Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 17 y ea rs w ith o ne o r b ot h bi ol og ic al p ar en ts d ea d 4. 8 SR .2 0 Ch ild re n w ith a t l ea st o ne p ar en t liv in g ab ro ad H L Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 17 y ea rs w ith a t l ea st o ne b io lo gi ca l p ar en t l iv in g ab ro ad 2. 9 3 10 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e SU RV IV E 4 CS .1 N eo na ta l m or ta lit y ra te 3. 2. 2 BH Pr ob ab ili ty o f d yi ng w ith in th e fir st m on th o f l ife 18 CS .2 Po st -n eo na ta l m or ta lit y ra te BH D iff er en ce b et w ee n in fa nt a nd n eo na ta l m or ta lit y ra te s 22 CS .3 In fa nt m or ta lit y ra te CM / B H Pr ob ab ili ty o f d yi ng b et w ee n bi rt h an d th e fir st b irt hd ay 40 CS .4 Ch ild m or ta lit y ra te BH Pr ob ab ili ty o f d yi ng b et w ee n th e fir st a nd th e fif th b irt hd ay s 6 CS .5 U nd er -f iv e m or ta lit y ra te 3. 2. 1 CM / B H Pr ob ab ili ty o f d yi ng b et w ee n bi rt h an d th e fif th b irt hd ay 46 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TH RI VE - RE PR O D U CT IV E AN D M AT ER N AL H EA LT H TM .1 Ad ol es ce nt b irt h ra te 3. 7. 2 CM / B H Ag e- sp ec ifi c fe rt ili ty ra te fo r w om en a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs 83 TM .2 Ea rly c hi ld be ar in g CM / B H Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 2 0- 24 y ea rs w ho h av e ha d a liv e bi rt h be fo re a ge 1 8 18 .4 TM .3 Co nt ra ce pt iv e pr ev al en ce ra te CP Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs c ur re nt ly m ar rie d or in u ni on w ho a re u si ng (o r w ho se p ar tn er is u si ng ) a (m od er n or tr ad iti on al ) c on tr ac ep tiv e m et ho d 54 .1 TM .4 N ee d fo r f am ily p la nn in g sa tis fie d w ith m od er n co nt ra ce pt io n5 3. 7. 1 & 3 .8 .1 U N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs c ur re nt ly m ar rie d or in u ni on w ho h av e th ei r n ee d fo r f am ily p la nn in g sa tis fie d w ith m od er n co nt ra ce pt iv e m et ho ds 71 .7 TM .5 a TM .5 b TM .5 c An te na ta l c ar e co ve ra ge 3. 8. 1 M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e at te nd ed d ur in g th ei r l as t p re gn an cy th at le d to a li ve b irt h (a ) at le as t o nc e by s ki lle d he al th p er so nn el (b ) at le as t f ou r t im es b y an y pr ov id er (c ) at le as t e ig ht ti m es b y an y pr ov id er 78 .4 62 .2 15 .3 TM .6 Co nt en t o f a nt en at al c ar e M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho h ad th ei r b lo od p re ss ur e m ea su re d an d ga ve ur in e an d bl oo d sa m pl es d ur in g th e la st p re gn an cy th at le d to a li ve b irt h 29 .2 TM .7 N eo na ta l t et an us p ro te ct io n M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e gi ve n at le as t t w o do se s of te ta nu s to xo id va cc in e w ith in th e ap pr op ria te in te rv al 6 p rio r t o th e m os t r ec en t b irt h 48 .9 TM .8 In st itu tio na l d el iv er ie s M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho se m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h w as d el iv er ed in a he al th fa ci lit y 64 .5 4 M or ta lit y in di ca to rs a re c al cu la te d fo r t he la st 5 -y ea r p er io d. 5 Se e th e M IC S ta bu la tio n pl an fo r a d et ai le d de sc rip tio n 6 Se e th e M IC S ta bu la tio n pl an fo r a d et ai le d de sc rip tio n M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TM .9 Sk ill ed a tt en da nt a t d el iv er y 3. 1. 2 M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e at te nd ed b y sk ill ed h ea lth p er so nn el du rin g th ei r m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h 64 .4 TM .1 0 Ca es ar ea n se ct io n M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho se m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h w as d el iv er ed b y ca es ar ea n se ct io n 5. 8 TM .1 1 Ch ild re n w ei gh ed a t b irt h M N Pe rc en ta ge o f m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e w ei gh ed a t b irt h 67 .4 TM .1 2 Po st -p ar tu m s ta y in h ea lth fa ci lit y PN Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho s ta ye d in th e he al th fa ci lit y fo r 1 2 ho ur s or m or e af te r t he d el iv er y of th ei r m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h 72 .4 TM .1 3 Po st -n at al h ea lth c he ck fo r t he ne w bo rn PN Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho re ce iv ed a h ea lth c he ck w hi le in fa ci lit y or a t h om e fo llo w in g de liv er y, o r a po st -n at al c ar e vi si t w ith in 2 d ay s af te r d el iv er y 47 .1 TM .1 4 N ew bo rn s dr ie d M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e ne w bo rn w as d rie d af te r b irt h 86 .1 TM .1 5 Sk in -t o- sk in c ar e M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e ne w bo rn w as p la ce d on th e m ot he r’s b ar e ch es t a ft er b irt h 16 .8 TM .1 6 D el ay ed b at hi ng M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e ne w bo rn w as b at he d m or e th an 2 4 ho ur s af te r b irt h 41 .3 TM .1 7 Co rd c ut w ith c le an in st ru m en t M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs d el iv er ed o ut si de a fa ci lit y in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e um bi lic al c or d w as c ut w ith a n ew b la de or b oi le d in st ru m en t 22 .6 TM .1 8 N ot hi ng h ar m fu l a pp lie d to c or d M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re n ot hi ng h ar m fu l w as a pp lie d to th e co rd 81 .0 TM .1 9 Po st na ta l s ig na l c ar e fu nc tio ns 7 PN Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e ne w bo rn re ce iv ed a le as t 2 s ig na l p os tn at al c ar e fu nc tio ns w ith in 2 da ys a ft er b irt h 16 .4 TM .2 0 Po st -n at al h ea lth c he ck fo r t he m ot he r PN Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho re ce iv ed a h ea lth c he ck w hi le in fa ci lit y or a t ho m e fo llo w in g de liv er y, o r a p os t- na ta l c ar e vi si t w ith in 2 d ay s af te r d el iv er y of th ei r m os t r ec en t l iv e 47 .2 TM .2 2 M ul tip le s ex ua l p ar tn er sh ip s SB Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h ad s ex w ith m or e th an o ne p ar tn er in th e la st 1 2 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 0. 5 8. 5 TM .2 3 Co nd om u se a t l as t s ex a m on g pe op le w ith m ul tip le s ex ua l pa rt ne rs hi ps SB Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s re po rt ed h av in g ha d m or e th an o ne s ex ua l p ar tn er in th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ho a ls o re po rt ed th at a c on do m w as u se d th e la st ti m e th ey h ad s ex (a ) w om en (b ) m en 27 .2 26 .3 TM .2 4 Se x be fo re a ge 1 5 am on g yo un g pe op le SB Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho h ad s ex b ef or e ag e 15 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 5. 5 2. 8 7 S ig na l f un ct io ns a re 1 ) C he ck in g th e co rd , 2 ) C ou ns el in g on d an ge r s ig ns , 3 ) A ss es si ng te m pe ra tu re ,4 ) O bs er vi ng /c ou ns el in g on b re as tf ee di ng , a nd 5 ) W ei gh in g th e ba by (w he re a pp lic ab le ). 3 11 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e SU RV IV E 4 CS .1 N eo na ta l m or ta lit y ra te 3. 2. 2 BH Pr ob ab ili ty o f d yi ng w ith in th e fir st m on th o f l ife 18 CS .2 Po st -n eo na ta l m or ta lit y ra te BH D iff er en ce b et w ee n in fa nt a nd n eo na ta l m or ta lit y ra te s 22 CS .3 In fa nt m or ta lit y ra te CM / B H Pr ob ab ili ty o f d yi ng b et w ee n bi rt h an d th e fir st b irt hd ay 40 CS .4 Ch ild m or ta lit y ra te BH Pr ob ab ili ty o f d yi ng b et w ee n th e fir st a nd th e fif th b irt hd ay s 6 CS .5 U nd er -f iv e m or ta lit y ra te 3. 2. 1 CM / B H Pr ob ab ili ty o f d yi ng b et w ee n bi rt h an d th e fif th b irt hd ay 46 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TH RI VE - RE PR O D U CT IV E AN D M AT ER N AL H EA LT H TM .1 Ad ol es ce nt b irt h ra te 3. 7. 2 CM / B H Ag e- sp ec ifi c fe rt ili ty ra te fo r w om en a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs 83 TM .2 Ea rly c hi ld be ar in g CM / B H Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 2 0- 24 y ea rs w ho h av e ha d a liv e bi rt h be fo re a ge 1 8 18 .4 TM .3 Co nt ra ce pt iv e pr ev al en ce ra te CP Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs c ur re nt ly m ar rie d or in u ni on w ho a re u si ng (o r w ho se p ar tn er is u si ng ) a (m od er n or tr ad iti on al ) c on tr ac ep tiv e m et ho d 54 .1 TM .4 N ee d fo r f am ily p la nn in g sa tis fie d w ith m od er n co nt ra ce pt io n5 3. 7. 1 & 3 .8 .1 U N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs c ur re nt ly m ar rie d or in u ni on w ho h av e th ei r n ee d fo r f am ily p la nn in g sa tis fie d w ith m od er n co nt ra ce pt iv e m et ho ds 71 .7 TM .5 a TM .5 b TM .5 c An te na ta l c ar e co ve ra ge 3. 8. 1 M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e at te nd ed d ur in g th ei r l as t p re gn an cy th at le d to a li ve b irt h (a ) at le as t o nc e by s ki lle d he al th p er so nn el (b ) at le as t f ou r t im es b y an y pr ov id er (c ) at le as t e ig ht ti m es b y an y pr ov id er 78 .4 62 .2 15 .3 TM .6 Co nt en t o f a nt en at al c ar e M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho h ad th ei r b lo od p re ss ur e m ea su re d an d ga ve ur in e an d bl oo d sa m pl es d ur in g th e la st p re gn an cy th at le d to a li ve b irt h 29 .2 TM .7 N eo na ta l t et an us p ro te ct io n M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e gi ve n at le as t t w o do se s of te ta nu s to xo id va cc in e w ith in th e ap pr op ria te in te rv al 6 p rio r t o th e m os t r ec en t b irt h 48 .9 TM .8 In st itu tio na l d el iv er ie s M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho se m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h w as d el iv er ed in a he al th fa ci lit y 64 .5 4 M or ta lit y in di ca to rs a re c al cu la te d fo r t he la st 5 -y ea r p er io d. 5 Se e th e M IC S ta bu la tio n pl an fo r a d et ai le d de sc rip tio n 6 Se e th e M IC S ta bu la tio n pl an fo r a d et ai le d de sc rip tio n M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TM .9 Sk ill ed a tt en da nt a t d el iv er y 3. 1. 2 M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e at te nd ed b y sk ill ed h ea lth p er so nn el du rin g th ei r m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h 64 .4 TM .1 0 Ca es ar ea n se ct io n M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho se m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h w as d el iv er ed b y ca es ar ea n se ct io n 5. 8 TM .1 1 Ch ild re n w ei gh ed a t b irt h M N Pe rc en ta ge o f m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e w ei gh ed a t b irt h 67 .4 TM .1 2 Po st -p ar tu m s ta y in h ea lth fa ci lit y PN Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho s ta ye d in th e he al th fa ci lit y fo r 1 2 ho ur s or m or e af te r t he d el iv er y of th ei r m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h 72 .4 TM .1 3 Po st -n at al h ea lth c he ck fo r t he ne w bo rn PN Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho re ce iv ed a h ea lth c he ck w hi le in fa ci lit y or a t h om e fo llo w in g de liv er y, o r a po st -n at al c ar e vi si t w ith in 2 d ay s af te r d el iv er y 47 .1 TM .1 4 N ew bo rn s dr ie d M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e ne w bo rn w as d rie d af te r b irt h 86 .1 TM .1 5 Sk in -t o- sk in c ar e M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e ne w bo rn w as p la ce d on th e m ot he r’s b ar e ch es t a ft er b irt h 16 .8 TM .1 6 D el ay ed b at hi ng M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e ne w bo rn w as b at he d m or e th an 2 4 ho ur s af te r b irt h 41 .3 TM .1 7 Co rd c ut w ith c le an in st ru m en t M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs d el iv er ed o ut si de a fa ci lit y in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e um bi lic al c or d w as c ut w ith a n ew b la de or b oi le d in st ru m en t 22 .6 TM .1 8 N ot hi ng h ar m fu l a pp lie d to c or d M N Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re n ot hi ng h ar m fu l w as a pp lie d to th e co rd 81 .0 TM .1 9 Po st na ta l s ig na l c ar e fu nc tio ns 7 PN Pe rc en ta ge o f l as t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w he re th e ne w bo rn re ce iv ed a le as t 2 s ig na l p os tn at al c ar e fu nc tio ns w ith in 2 da ys a ft er b irt h 16 .4 TM .2 0 Po st -n at al h ea lth c he ck fo r t he m ot he r PN Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho re ce iv ed a h ea lth c he ck w hi le in fa ci lit y or a t ho m e fo llo w in g de liv er y, o r a p os t- na ta l c ar e vi si t w ith in 2 d ay s af te r d el iv er y of th ei r m os t r ec en t l iv e 47 .2 TM .2 2 M ul tip le s ex ua l p ar tn er sh ip s SB Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h ad s ex w ith m or e th an o ne p ar tn er in th e la st 1 2 m on th s (a ) w om en (b ) m en 0. 5 8. 5 TM .2 3 Co nd om u se a t l as t s ex a m on g pe op le w ith m ul tip le s ex ua l pa rt ne rs hi ps SB Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s re po rt ed h av in g ha d m or e th an o ne s ex ua l p ar tn er in th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ho a ls o re po rt ed th at a c on do m w as u se d th e la st ti m e th ey h ad s ex (a ) w om en (b ) m en 27 .2 26 .3 TM .2 4 Se x be fo re a ge 1 5 am on g yo un g pe op le SB Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho h ad s ex b ef or e ag e 15 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 5. 5 2. 8 7 S ig na l f un ct io ns a re 1 ) C he ck in g th e co rd , 2 ) C ou ns el in g on d an ge r s ig ns , 3 ) A ss es si ng te m pe ra tu re ,4 ) O bs er vi ng /c ou ns el in g on b re as tf ee di ng , a nd 5 ) W ei gh in g th e ba by (w he re a pp lic ab le ). 3 12 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TM .2 5 Yo un g pe op le w ho h av e ne ve r ha d se x SB Pe rc en ta ge o f n ev er m ar rie d yo un g pe op le a ge 1 5- 24 y ea rs w ho h av e ne ve r h ad s ex (a ) w om en (b ) m en 88 .8 70 .3 TM .2 6 Ag e- m ix in g am on g se xu al pa rt ne rs SB Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 24 y ea rs w ho h ad s ex in th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ith a p ar tn er w ho w as 1 0 or m or e ye ar s ol de r 11 .5 TM .2 7 Se x w ith n on -r eg ul ar p ar tn er s SB Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho h ad s ex in th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ith a n on -m ar ita l, no n- co ha bi ta tin g pa rt ne r (a ) w om en (b ) m en 6. 3 21 .4 TM .2 8 Co nd om u se w ith n on -r eg ul ar pa rt ne rs SB Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho h ad s ex w ith a n on -m ar ita l, no n- co ha bi tin g pa rt ne r i n th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ho a ls o re po rt ed th at a c on do m w as u se d th e la st ti m e th ey h ad s ex (a ) w om en (b ) m en 52 .9 59 .7 TM .2 9 Kn ow le dg e ab ou t H IV p re ve nt io n am on g yo un g pe op le H A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho c or re ct ly id en tif y w ay s of p re ve nt in g th e se xu al tr an sm is si on o f H IV 8 , an d w ho re je ct m aj or m is co nc ep tio ns a bo ut H IV tr an sm is si on (a ) w om en (b ) m en 19 .3 22 .2 TM .3 0 Kn ow le dg e of m ot he r- to -c hi ld tr an sm is si on o f H IV H A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho c or re ct ly id en tif y al l t hr ee m ea ns 9 o f m ot he r- to -c hi ld tr an sm is si on o f H IV (a ) w om en (b ) m en 41 .7 50 .0 TM .3 1 D is cr im in at or y at tit ud es to w ar ds pe op le li vi ng w ith H IV H A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 w ho h av e he ar d of H IV re po rt in g di sc rim in at or y at tit ud es 10 to w ar d pe op le li vi ng w ith H IV (a ) w om en (b ) m en 45 .8 52 .0 TM .3 2 Pe op le w ho k no w w he re to b e te st ed fo r H IV H A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s ta te k no w le dg e of a p la ce to b e te st ed fo r H IV (a ) w om en (b ) m en 24 .0 31 .4 TM .3 3 Pe op le w ho h av e be en te st ed fo r H IV a nd k no w th e re su lts H A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h av e be en te st ed fo r H IV in th e la st 1 2 m on th s an d w ho k no w th ei r r es ul ts (a ) w om en (b ) m en 2. 6 2. 0 8 U si ng c on do m s an d lim iti ng s ex to o ne fa ith fu l, un in fe ct ed p ar tn er 9 T ra ns m is si on d ur in g pr eg na nc y, d ur in g de liv er y, a nd b y br ea st fe ed in g 10 W om en w ho a ns w er ed n o to e ith er o f t he fo llo w in g tw o qu es tio ns : 1 ) W ou ld y ou b uy fr es h ve ge ta bl es fr om a s ho pk ee pe r o r v en do r if yo u kn ew th at th is p er so n ha d H IV ? 2) D o yo u th in k ch ild re n liv in g w ith H IV s ho ul d be ab le to a tt en d sc ho ol w ith c hi ld re n w ho a re H IV n eg at iv e? M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TM .3 4 Se xu al ly a ct iv e yo un g pe op le w ho ha ve b ee n te st ed fo r H IV a nd kn ow th e re su lts H A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho h av e ha d se x in th e la st 1 2 m on th s, w ho h av e be en te st ed fo r H IV in th e la st 12 m on th s an d w ho k no w th ei r r es ul ts (a ) w om en (b ) m en 4. 1 1. 9 TM .3 5a TM .3 5b H IV c ou ns el lin g du rin g an te na ta l ca re H A Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ho h ad a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs a nd re ce iv ed a nt en at al c ar e du rin g th e pr eg na nc y of th ei r m os t r ec en t b irt h, re po rt in g th at d ur in g an A N C vi si t t he y re ce iv ed (a ) co un se lli ng o n H IV (b ) in fo rm at io n or c ou ns el lin g on H IV a ft er re ce iv in g th e H IV te st re su lts 9. 9 7. 5 TM .3 6 H IV te st in g du rin g an te na ta l c ar e H A Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ho h ad a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs a nd re ce iv ed a nt en at al c ar e du rin g th e pr eg na nc y of th ei r m os t r ec en t b irt h, re po rt in g th at th ey w er e of fe re d an d ac ce pt ed a n H IV te st d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e an d re ce iv ed th ei r r es ul ts 13 .5 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TH RI VE - CH IL D H EA LT H , N U TR IT IO N A N D D EV EL O PM EN T TC .1 Tu be rc ul os is im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed B CG c on ta in in g va cc in e at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 81 .5 TC .2 Po lio im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed a t l ea st o ne d os e of In ac tiv at ed P ol io V ac ci ne (I PV ) a nd th e th ird d os e of e ith er IP V or O ra l P ol io V ac ci ne (O PV ) v ac ci ne s at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 69 .0 TC .3 D ip ht he ria , t et an us , a nd p er tu ss is an d (D TP ) i m m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 3. b. 1 & 3 .8 .1 IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e th ird d os e of D TP c on ta in in g va cc in e (D PT 3) a t a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 60 .8 TC .4 H ep at iti s B im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e th ird /f ou rt h do se o f H ep at iti s B co nt ai ni ng v ac ci ne (H ep B3 ) a t a ny tim e be fo re th e su rv ey 60 .8 TC .5 H ae m op hi lu s in flu en za e ty pe B (H ib ) i m m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e th ird d os e of H ib c on ta in in g va cc in e (H ib 3) a t a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 60 .8 TC .6 Pn eu m oc oc ca l ( Co nj ug at e) im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 3. b. 1 IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e th ird d os e of P ne um oc oc ca l ( Co nj ug at e) v ac ci ne (P CV 3) a t a ny tim e be fo re th e su rv ey 47 .6 TC .8 Ru be lla im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed ru be lla c on ta in in g va cc in e at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 66 .0 TC .1 0 M ea sl es im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 11 11 IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e fir st m ea sl es c on ta in in g va cc in e at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 66 .0 11 Su rv ey s pe ci fic in di ca to r- th e da ta p re se nt ed fo r t he M R1 a s th e pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e fir st m ea sl es c on ta in in g va cc in e at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey . T hi s is n ot a s ta nd ar d M IC S TC .1 0 in di ca to r ( an d no re fe re nc e to th e SD G in di ca to r) w hi ch m ea su re s fo r t he s ec on d m ea sl es d os e. 3 13 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TM .2 5 Yo un g pe op le w ho h av e ne ve r ha d se x SB Pe rc en ta ge o f n ev er m ar rie d yo un g pe op le a ge 1 5- 24 y ea rs w ho h av e ne ve r h ad s ex (a ) w om en (b ) m en 88 .8 70 .3 TM .2 6 Ag e- m ix in g am on g se xu al pa rt ne rs SB Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 24 y ea rs w ho h ad s ex in th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ith a p ar tn er w ho w as 1 0 or m or e ye ar s ol de r 11 .5 TM .2 7 Se x w ith n on -r eg ul ar p ar tn er s SB Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho h ad s ex in th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ith a n on -m ar ita l, no n- co ha bi ta tin g pa rt ne r (a ) w om en (b ) m en 6. 3 21 .4 TM .2 8 Co nd om u se w ith n on -r eg ul ar pa rt ne rs SB Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho h ad s ex w ith a n on -m ar ita l, no n- co ha bi tin g pa rt ne r i n th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ho a ls o re po rt ed th at a c on do m w as u se d th e la st ti m e th ey h ad s ex (a ) w om en (b ) m en 52 .9 59 .7 TM .2 9 Kn ow le dg e ab ou t H IV p re ve nt io n am on g yo un g pe op le H A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho c or re ct ly id en tif y w ay s of p re ve nt in g th e se xu al tr an sm is si on o f H IV 8 , an d w ho re je ct m aj or m is co nc ep tio ns a bo ut H IV tr an sm is si on (a ) w om en (b ) m en 19 .3 22 .2 TM .3 0 Kn ow le dg e of m ot he r- to -c hi ld tr an sm is si on o f H IV H A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho c or re ct ly id en tif y al l t hr ee m ea ns 9 o f m ot he r- to -c hi ld tr an sm is si on o f H IV (a ) w om en (b ) m en 41 .7 50 .0 TM .3 1 D is cr im in at or y at tit ud es to w ar ds pe op le li vi ng w ith H IV H A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 w ho h av e he ar d of H IV re po rt in g di sc rim in at or y at tit ud es 10 to w ar d pe op le li vi ng w ith H IV (a ) w om en (b ) m en 45 .8 52 .0 TM .3 2 Pe op le w ho k no w w he re to b e te st ed fo r H IV H A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s ta te k no w le dg e of a p la ce to b e te st ed fo r H IV (a ) w om en (b ) m en 24 .0 31 .4 TM .3 3 Pe op le w ho h av e be en te st ed fo r H IV a nd k no w th e re su lts H A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h av e be en te st ed fo r H IV in th e la st 1 2 m on th s an d w ho k no w th ei r r es ul ts (a ) w om en (b ) m en 2. 6 2. 0 8 U si ng c on do m s an d lim iti ng s ex to o ne fa ith fu l, un in fe ct ed p ar tn er 9 T ra ns m is si on d ur in g pr eg na nc y, d ur in g de liv er y, a nd b y br ea st fe ed in g 10 W om en w ho a ns w er ed n o to e ith er o f t he fo llo w in g tw o qu es tio ns : 1 ) W ou ld y ou b uy fr es h ve ge ta bl es fr om a s ho pk ee pe r o r v en do r if yo u kn ew th at th is p er so n ha d H IV ? 2) D o yo u th in k ch ild re n liv in g w ith H IV s ho ul d be ab le to a tt en d sc ho ol w ith c hi ld re n w ho a re H IV n eg at iv e? M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TM .3 4 Se xu al ly a ct iv e yo un g pe op le w ho ha ve b ee n te st ed fo r H IV a nd kn ow th e re su lts H A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho h av e ha d se x in th e la st 1 2 m on th s, w ho h av e be en te st ed fo r H IV in th e la st 12 m on th s an d w ho k no w th ei r r es ul ts (a ) w om en (b ) m en 4. 1 1. 9 TM .3 5a TM .3 5b H IV c ou ns el lin g du rin g an te na ta l ca re H A Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ho h ad a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs a nd re ce iv ed a nt en at al c ar e du rin g th e pr eg na nc y of th ei r m os t r ec en t b irt h, re po rt in g th at d ur in g an A N C vi si t t he y re ce iv ed (a ) co un se lli ng o n H IV (b ) in fo rm at io n or c ou ns el lin g on H IV a ft er re ce iv in g th e H IV te st re su lts 9. 9 7. 5 TM .3 6 H IV te st in g du rin g an te na ta l c ar e H A Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ho h ad a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs a nd re ce iv ed a nt en at al c ar e du rin g th e pr eg na nc y of th ei r m os t r ec en t b irt h, re po rt in g th at th ey w er e of fe re d an d ac ce pt ed a n H IV te st d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e an d re ce iv ed th ei r r es ul ts 13 .5 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TH RI VE - CH IL D H EA LT H , N U TR IT IO N A N D D EV EL O PM EN T TC .1 Tu be rc ul os is im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed B CG c on ta in in g va cc in e at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 81 .5 TC .2 Po lio im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed a t l ea st o ne d os e of In ac tiv at ed P ol io V ac ci ne (I PV ) a nd th e th ird d os e of e ith er IP V or O ra l P ol io V ac ci ne (O PV ) v ac ci ne s at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 69 .0 TC .3 D ip ht he ria , t et an us , a nd p er tu ss is an d (D TP ) i m m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 3. b. 1 & 3 .8 .1 IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e th ird d os e of D TP c on ta in in g va cc in e (D PT 3) a t a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 60 .8 TC .4 H ep at iti s B im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e th ird /f ou rt h do se o f H ep at iti s B co nt ai ni ng v ac ci ne (H ep B3 ) a t a ny tim e be fo re th e su rv ey 60 .8 TC .5 H ae m op hi lu s in flu en za e ty pe B (H ib ) i m m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e th ird d os e of H ib c on ta in in g va cc in e (H ib 3) a t a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 60 .8 TC .6 Pn eu m oc oc ca l ( Co nj ug at e) im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 3. b. 1 IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e th ird d os e of P ne um oc oc ca l ( Co nj ug at e) v ac ci ne (P CV 3) a t a ny tim e be fo re th e su rv ey 47 .6 TC .8 Ru be lla im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed ru be lla c on ta in in g va cc in e at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 66 .0 TC .1 0 M ea sl es im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 11 11 IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e fir st m ea sl es c on ta in in g va cc in e at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 66 .0 11 Su rv ey s pe ci fic in di ca to r- th e da ta p re se nt ed fo r t he M R1 a s th e pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed th e fir st m ea sl es c on ta in in g va cc in e at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey . T hi s is n ot a s ta nd ar d M IC S TC .1 0 in di ca to r ( an d no re fe re nc e to th e SD G in di ca to r) w hi ch m ea su re s fo r t he s ec on d m ea sl es d os e. 3 14 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TC .1 1 Fu ll im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed a ll va cc in at io ns re co m m en de d in th e na tio na l i m m un iz at io n sc he du le at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 48 .1 TC .1 2 Ca re -s ee ki ng fo r d ia rr ho ea CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith d ia rr ho ea in th e la st 2 w ee ks fo r w ho m a dv ic e or tr ea tm en t w as s ou gh t f ro m a h ea lth fa ci lit y or p ro vi de r 49 .1 TC .1 3a TC .1 3b D ia rr ho ea tr ea tm en t w ith o ra l re hy dr at io n sa lts (O RS ) a nd z in c CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith d ia rr ho ea in th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed (a ) O RS (b ) O RS a nd z in c 56 .1 12 .5 TC .1 4 D ia rr ho ea tr ea tm en t w ith o ra l re hy dr at io n th er ap y (O RT ) a nd co nt in ue d fe ed in g CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith d ia rr ho ea in th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed O RT (O RS p ac ke t, pr e- pa ck ag ed O RS fl ui d, re co m m en de d ho m em ad e flu id o r i nc re as ed fl ui ds ) a nd c on tin ue d fe ed in g du rin g th e ep is od e of d ia rr ho ea 61 .1 TC .1 5 Pr im ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r c oo ki ng EU Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith p rim ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r c oo ki ng (l iv in g in h ou se ho ld s th at re po rt ed c oo ki ng ) 6. 5 TC .1 6 Pr im ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r s pa ce he at in g EU Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith p rim ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r s pa ce h ea tin g (li vi ng in ho us eh ol ds th at re po rt ed th e us e of s pa ce h ea tin g) 6. 8 TC .1 7 Pr im ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r l ig ht in g EU Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith p rim ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r l ig ht in g (li vi ng in h ou se ho ld s th at re po rt ed th e us e of li gh tin g) 96 .6 TC .1 8 Pr im ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r c oo ki ng , sp ac e he at in g an d lig ht in g 7. 1. 2 EU Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith p rim ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r c oo ki ng , s pa ce h ea tin g an d lig ht in g1 2 6. 3 TC .1 9 Ca re -s ee ki ng fo r c hi ld re n w ith ac ut e re sp ira to ry in fe ct io n (A RI ) sy m pt om s 3. 8. 1 CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith A RI s ym pt om s in th e la st 2 w ee ks fo r w ho m a dv ic e or tr ea tm en t w as s ou gh t f ro m a he al th fa ci lit y or p ro vi de r 39 .8 TC .2 0 An tib io tic tr ea tm en t f or c hi ld re n w ith A RI s ym pt om s CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith A RI s ym pt om s in th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed a nt ib io tic s 44 .8 TC .2 1a TC .2 1b H ou se ho ld a va ila bi lit y of in se ct ic id e- tr ea te d ne ts (I TN s) 13 TN Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s w ith (a ) at le as t o ne IT N (b ) at le as t o ne IT N fo r e ve ry tw o pe op le 61 .2 38 .0 TC .2 2 Po pu la tio n th at s le pt u nd er a n IT N 3. 8. 1 TN Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ho s pe nt th e pr ev io us n ig ht in th e in te rv ie w ed h ou se ho ld s an d sl ep t u nd er a n IT N 50 .8 12 H ou se ho ld m em be rs li vi ng in h ou se ho ld s th at re po rt n o co ok in g, n o sp ac e he at in g, o r n o lig ht in g ar e no t e xc lu de d fr om th e nu m er at or 13 A n IT N is (a ) a c on ve nt io na lly tr ea te d ne t w hi ch h as b ee n so ak ed w ith a n in se ct ic id e w ith in th e pa st 1 2 m on th s, (b ) f ac to ry tr ea te d ne t w hi ch d oe s no t r eq ui re a ny tr ea tm en t ( LL IN ), (c ) a p re tr ea te d ne t o bt ai ne d w ith in th e la st 1 2 m on th s, o r ( d) a n et th at h as b ee n so ak ed w ith o r d ip pe d in in se ct ic id e w ith in th e la st 1 2 m on th s M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TC .2 3 Ch ild re n un de r a ge 5 w ho s le pt un de r a n IT N TN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho s pe nt th e pr ev io us n ig ht in th e in te rv ie w ed h ou se ho ld s an d sl ep t u nd er a n IT N 49 .8 TC .2 4 Pr eg na nt w om en w ho s le pt un de r a n IT N TN – C P Pe rc en ta ge o f p re gn an t w om en w ho s pe nt th e pr ev io us n ig ht in th e in te rv ie w ed h ou se ho ld s an d sl ep t u nd er a n IT N 52 .4 TC .2 5 In te rm itt en t p re ve nt iv e tr ea tm en t f or m al ar ia d ur in g pr eg na nc y1 4 M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho to ok th re e or m or e do se s of S P/ Fa ns id ar to pr ev en t m al ar ia d ur in g th ei r l as t p re gn an cy th at le d to a li ve b irt h 1. 0 TC .2 6 Ca re -s ee ki ng fo r f ev er CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith fe ve r i n th e la st 2 w ee ks fo r w ho m a dv ic e or tr ea tm en t w as s ou gh t f ro m a h ea lth fa ci lit y or p ro vi de r 58 .4 TC .2 7 M al ar ia d ia gn os tic s us ag e CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith fe ve r i n th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho h ad a fi ng er o r h ee l s tic k fo r m al ar ia te st in g 8. 5 TC .2 8 An ti- m al ar ia l t re at m en t o f ch ild re n un de r a ge 5 CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith fe ve r i n th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed a ny a nt im al ar ia l t re at m en t 8. 2 TC .2 9 Tr ea tm en t w ith A rt em is in in - ba se d Co m bi na tio n Th er ap y (A CT ) a m on g ch ild re n w ho re ce iv ed a nt i-m al ar ia l t re at m en t CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith fe ve r i n th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed a nt i-m al ar ia l d ru gs a nd re ce iv ed A CT (o r o th er fir st -li ne tr ea tm en t a cc or di ng to n at io na l p ol ic y) 47 .7 TC .3 0 Ch ild re n ev er b re as tf ed M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho b re as tf ed th ei r l as t l iv e- bo rn c hi ld a t a ny ti m e 97 .0 TC .3 1 Ea rly in iti at io n of b re as tf ee di ng M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho p ut th ei r l as t n ew bo rn to th e br ea st w ith in o ne h ou r o f b irt h 50 .1 TC .3 2 Ex cl us iv e br ea st fe ed in g un de r 6 m on th s BD Pe rc en ta ge o f i nf an ts u nd er 6 m on th s of a ge w ho a re e xc lu si ve ly b re as tf ed 15 44 .9 TC .3 3 Pr ed om in an t b re as tf ee di ng u nd er 6 m on th s BD Pe rc en ta ge o f i nf an ts u nd er 6 m on th s of a ge w ho re ce iv ed b re as t m ilk a s th e pr ed om in an t s ou rc e of n ou ris hm en t1 6 d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 59 .5 TC .3 4 Co nt in ue d br ea st fe ed in g at 1 ye ar BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -1 5 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed b re as t m ilk d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 64 .9 TC .3 5 Co nt in ue d br ea st fe ed in g at 2 ye ar s BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 20 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed b re as t m ilk d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 27 .2 TC .3 6 D ur at io n of b re as tf ee di ng BD Th e ag e in m on th s w he n 50 p er ce nt o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 35 m on th s di d no t r ec ei ve b re as t m ilk d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 15 .7 14 O nl y w om en w ho re ce iv ed A N C w er e as ke d ab ou t i nt er m itt en t p re ve nt iv e tr ea tm en t f or m al ar ia d ur in g pr eg na nc y. 15 In fa nt s re ce iv in g br ea st m ilk , a nd n ot re ce iv in g an y ot he r f lu id s or fo od s, w ith th e ex ce pt io n of o ra l r eh yd ra tio n so lu tio n, v ita m in s, m in er al s up pl em en ts a nd m ed ic in es 16 In fa nt s w ho re ce iv e br ea st m ilk a nd c er ta in fl ui ds (w at er a nd w at er -b as ed d rin ks , f ru it ju ic e, ri tu al fl ui ds , o ra l r eh yd ra tio n so lu tio n, d ro ps , v ita m in s, m in er al s, a nd m ed ic in es ), bu t d o no t r ec ei ve a ny th in g el se (i n pa rt ic ul ar , no n- hu m an m ilk a nd fo od -b as ed fl ui ds ) 3 15 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TC .1 1 Fu ll im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge IM Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed a ll va cc in at io ns re co m m en de d in th e na tio na l i m m un iz at io n sc he du le at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey 48 .1 TC .1 2 Ca re -s ee ki ng fo r d ia rr ho ea CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith d ia rr ho ea in th e la st 2 w ee ks fo r w ho m a dv ic e or tr ea tm en t w as s ou gh t f ro m a h ea lth fa ci lit y or p ro vi de r 49 .1 TC .1 3a TC .1 3b D ia rr ho ea tr ea tm en t w ith o ra l re hy dr at io n sa lts (O RS ) a nd z in c CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith d ia rr ho ea in th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed (a ) O RS (b ) O RS a nd z in c 56 .1 12 .5 TC .1 4 D ia rr ho ea tr ea tm en t w ith o ra l re hy dr at io n th er ap y (O RT ) a nd co nt in ue d fe ed in g CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith d ia rr ho ea in th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed O RT (O RS p ac ke t, pr e- pa ck ag ed O RS fl ui d, re co m m en de d ho m em ad e flu id o r i nc re as ed fl ui ds ) a nd c on tin ue d fe ed in g du rin g th e ep is od e of d ia rr ho ea 61 .1 TC .1 5 Pr im ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r c oo ki ng EU Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith p rim ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r c oo ki ng (l iv in g in h ou se ho ld s th at re po rt ed c oo ki ng ) 6. 5 TC .1 6 Pr im ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r s pa ce he at in g EU Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith p rim ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r s pa ce h ea tin g (li vi ng in ho us eh ol ds th at re po rt ed th e us e of s pa ce h ea tin g) 6. 8 TC .1 7 Pr im ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r l ig ht in g EU Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith p rim ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r l ig ht in g (li vi ng in h ou se ho ld s th at re po rt ed th e us e of li gh tin g) 96 .6 TC .1 8 Pr im ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r c oo ki ng , sp ac e he at in g an d lig ht in g 7. 1. 2 EU Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith p rim ar y re lia nc e on c le an fu el s an d te ch no lo gi es fo r c oo ki ng , s pa ce h ea tin g an d lig ht in g1 2 6. 3 TC .1 9 Ca re -s ee ki ng fo r c hi ld re n w ith ac ut e re sp ira to ry in fe ct io n (A RI ) sy m pt om s 3. 8. 1 CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith A RI s ym pt om s in th e la st 2 w ee ks fo r w ho m a dv ic e or tr ea tm en t w as s ou gh t f ro m a he al th fa ci lit y or p ro vi de r 39 .8 TC .2 0 An tib io tic tr ea tm en t f or c hi ld re n w ith A RI s ym pt om s CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith A RI s ym pt om s in th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed a nt ib io tic s 44 .8 TC .2 1a TC .2 1b H ou se ho ld a va ila bi lit y of in se ct ic id e- tr ea te d ne ts (I TN s) 13 TN Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s w ith (a ) at le as t o ne IT N (b ) at le as t o ne IT N fo r e ve ry tw o pe op le 61 .2 38 .0 TC .2 2 Po pu la tio n th at s le pt u nd er a n IT N 3. 8. 1 TN Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ho s pe nt th e pr ev io us n ig ht in th e in te rv ie w ed h ou se ho ld s an d sl ep t u nd er a n IT N 50 .8 12 H ou se ho ld m em be rs li vi ng in h ou se ho ld s th at re po rt n o co ok in g, n o sp ac e he at in g, o r n o lig ht in g ar e no t e xc lu de d fr om th e nu m er at or 13 A n IT N is (a ) a c on ve nt io na lly tr ea te d ne t w hi ch h as b ee n so ak ed w ith a n in se ct ic id e w ith in th e pa st 1 2 m on th s, (b ) f ac to ry tr ea te d ne t w hi ch d oe s no t r eq ui re a ny tr ea tm en t ( LL IN ), (c ) a p re tr ea te d ne t o bt ai ne d w ith in th e la st 1 2 m on th s, o r ( d) a n et th at h as b ee n so ak ed w ith o r d ip pe d in in se ct ic id e w ith in th e la st 1 2 m on th s M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TC .2 3 Ch ild re n un de r a ge 5 w ho s le pt un de r a n IT N TN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho s pe nt th e pr ev io us n ig ht in th e in te rv ie w ed h ou se ho ld s an d sl ep t u nd er a n IT N 49 .8 TC .2 4 Pr eg na nt w om en w ho s le pt un de r a n IT N TN – C P Pe rc en ta ge o f p re gn an t w om en w ho s pe nt th e pr ev io us n ig ht in th e in te rv ie w ed h ou se ho ld s an d sl ep t u nd er a n IT N 52 .4 TC .2 5 In te rm itt en t p re ve nt iv e tr ea tm en t f or m al ar ia d ur in g pr eg na nc y1 4 M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho to ok th re e or m or e do se s of S P/ Fa ns id ar to pr ev en t m al ar ia d ur in g th ei r l as t p re gn an cy th at le d to a li ve b irt h 1. 0 TC .2 6 Ca re -s ee ki ng fo r f ev er CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith fe ve r i n th e la st 2 w ee ks fo r w ho m a dv ic e or tr ea tm en t w as s ou gh t f ro m a h ea lth fa ci lit y or p ro vi de r 58 .4 TC .2 7 M al ar ia d ia gn os tic s us ag e CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith fe ve r i n th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho h ad a fi ng er o r h ee l s tic k fo r m al ar ia te st in g 8. 5 TC .2 8 An ti- m al ar ia l t re at m en t o f ch ild re n un de r a ge 5 CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith fe ve r i n th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed a ny a nt im al ar ia l t re at m en t 8. 2 TC .2 9 Tr ea tm en t w ith A rt em is in in - ba se d Co m bi na tio n Th er ap y (A CT ) a m on g ch ild re n w ho re ce iv ed a nt i-m al ar ia l t re at m en t CA Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ith fe ve r i n th e la st 2 w ee ks w ho re ce iv ed a nt i-m al ar ia l d ru gs a nd re ce iv ed A CT (o r o th er fir st -li ne tr ea tm en t a cc or di ng to n at io na l p ol ic y) 47 .7 TC .3 0 Ch ild re n ev er b re as tf ed M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho b re as tf ed th ei r l as t l iv e- bo rn c hi ld a t a ny ti m e 97 .0 TC .3 1 Ea rly in iti at io n of b re as tf ee di ng M N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho p ut th ei r l as t n ew bo rn to th e br ea st w ith in o ne h ou r o f b irt h 50 .1 TC .3 2 Ex cl us iv e br ea st fe ed in g un de r 6 m on th s BD Pe rc en ta ge o f i nf an ts u nd er 6 m on th s of a ge w ho a re e xc lu si ve ly b re as tf ed 15 44 .9 TC .3 3 Pr ed om in an t b re as tf ee di ng u nd er 6 m on th s BD Pe rc en ta ge o f i nf an ts u nd er 6 m on th s of a ge w ho re ce iv ed b re as t m ilk a s th e pr ed om in an t s ou rc e of n ou ris hm en t1 6 d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 59 .5 TC .3 4 Co nt in ue d br ea st fe ed in g at 1 ye ar BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -1 5 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed b re as t m ilk d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 64 .9 TC .3 5 Co nt in ue d br ea st fe ed in g at 2 ye ar s BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 20 -2 3 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed b re as t m ilk d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 27 .2 TC .3 6 D ur at io n of b re as tf ee di ng BD Th e ag e in m on th s w he n 50 p er ce nt o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 35 m on th s di d no t r ec ei ve b re as t m ilk d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 15 .7 14 O nl y w om en w ho re ce iv ed A N C w er e as ke d ab ou t i nt er m itt en t p re ve nt iv e tr ea tm en t f or m al ar ia d ur in g pr eg na nc y. 15 In fa nt s re ce iv in g br ea st m ilk , a nd n ot re ce iv in g an y ot he r f lu id s or fo od s, w ith th e ex ce pt io n of o ra l r eh yd ra tio n so lu tio n, v ita m in s, m in er al s up pl em en ts a nd m ed ic in es 16 In fa nt s w ho re ce iv e br ea st m ilk a nd c er ta in fl ui ds (w at er a nd w at er -b as ed d rin ks , f ru it ju ic e, ri tu al fl ui ds , o ra l r eh yd ra tio n so lu tio n, d ro ps , v ita m in s, m in er al s, a nd m ed ic in es ), bu t d o no t r ec ei ve a ny th in g el se (i n pa rt ic ul ar , no n- hu m an m ilk a nd fo od -b as ed fl ui ds ) 3 16 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TC .3 7 Ag e- ap pr op ria te b re as tf ee di ng BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s ap pr op ria te ly fe d1 7 d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 51 .0 TC .3 8 In tr od uc tio n of s ol id , s em i-s ol id or s of t f oo ds BD Pe rc en ta ge o f i nf an ts a ge 6 -8 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed s ol id , s em i-s ol id o r s of t f oo ds d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 86 .7 TC .3 9a TC .3 9b M in im um a cc ep ta bl e di et BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 6– 23 m on th s w ho h ad a t l ea st th e m in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty a nd th e m in im um m ea l f re qu en cy du rin g th e pr ev io us d ay (a ) br ea st fe d ch ild re n (b ) no n- br ea st fe d ch ild re n 25 .7 27 .3 TC .4 0 M ilk fe ed in g fr eq ue nc y fo r n on - br ea st fe d ch ild re n BD Pe rc en ta ge o f n on -b re as tf ed c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed a t l ea st 2 m ilk fe ed in gs d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 56 .7 TC .4 1 M in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 6– 23 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed fo od s fr om 4 o r m or e fo od g ro up s1 8 d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 45 .3 TC .4 2 M in im um m ea l f re qu en cy BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed s ol id , s em i-s ol id a nd s of t f oo ds (p lu s m ilk fe ed s fo r n on -b re as tf ed ch ild re n) th e m in im um n um be r o f t im es 19 o r m or e du rin g th e pr ev io us d ay 69 .7 TC .4 3 Bo tt le fe ed in g BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s w ho w er e fe d w ith a b ot tle d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 35 .1 TC .4 4a TC .4 4b U nd er w ei gh t p re va le nc e AN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho fa ll be lo w (a ) m in us tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (m od er at e an d se ve re ) (b ) m in us th re e st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (s ev er e) of th e m ed ia n w ei gh t f or a ge o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d 21 .1 4. 9 TC .4 5a TC .4 5b St un tin g pr ev al en ce 2. 2. 1 AN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho fa ll be lo w (a ) m in us tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (m od er at e an d se ve re ) (b ) m in us th re e st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (s ev er e) of th e m ed ia n he ig ht fo r a ge o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d 33 .0 12 .7 TC .4 6a TC .4 6b W as tin g pr ev al en ce 2. 2. 2 AN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho fa ll be lo w (a ) m in us tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (m od er at e an d se ve re ) (b ) m in us th re e st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (s ev er e) of th e m ed ia n w ei gh t f or h ei gh t o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d 9. 0 3. 0 TC .4 7a TC .4 7b O ve rw ei gh t p re va le nc e AN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho a re a bo ve (a ) tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (m od er at e an d se ve re ) (b ) th re e st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (s ev er e) of th e m ed ia n w ei gh t f or h ei gh t o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d 3. 5 1. 5 17 In fa nt s ag e 0- 5 m on th s w ho a re e xc lu si ve ly b re as tf ed , a nd c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho a re b re as tf ed a nd a te s ol id , s em i-s ol id o r s of t f oo ds 18 T he in di ca to r i s ba se d on c on su m pt io n of a ny a m ou nt o f f oo d fr om a t l ea st 5 o ut o f t he 8 fo llo w in g fo od g ro up s: 1 ) b re as tm ilk , 2 ) g ra in s, ro ot s an d tu be rs , 3 ) l eg um es a nd n ut s, 4 ) d ai ry p ro du ct s (m ilk , i nf an t f or m ul a, y og ur t, ch ee se ), 5) fl es h fo od s (m ea t, fis h, p ou ltr y an d liv er /o rg an m ea ts ), 6) e gg s, 7 ) v ita m in -A ri ch fr ui ts a nd v eg et ab le s, a nd 8 ) o th er fr ui ts a nd v eg et ab le s 19 B re as tf ee di ng c hi ld re n: S ol id , s em i-s ol id , o r s of t f oo ds , t w o tim es fo r i nf an ts a ge 6 -8 m on th s, a nd th re e tim es fo r c hi ld re n 9- 23 m on th s; N on -b re as tf ee di ng c hi ld re n: S ol id , s em i-s ol id , o r s of t f oo ds , o r m ilk fe ed s, fo ur ti m es fo r ch ild re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TC .4 8 Io di ze d sa lt co ns um pt io n SA Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s w ith s al t t es tin g po si tiv e fo r a ny io da te a m on g ho us eh ol ds in w hi ch s al t w as te st ed o r w he re th er e w as n o sa lt 93 .6 TC .4 9a TC .4 9b TC .4 9c Ea rly s tim ul at io n an d re sp on si ve ca re EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 24 -5 9 m on th s en ga ge d in fo ur o r m or e ac tiv iti es to p ro vi de e ar ly s tim ul at io n an d re sp on si ve c ar e in th e la st 3 d ay s w ith (a ) An y ad ul t h ou se ho ld m em be r (b ) Fa th er (c ) M ot he r 29 .8 7. 4 13 .5 TC .5 0 Av ai la bi lit y of c hi ld re n’ s bo ok s EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho h av e th re e or m or e ch ild re n’ s bo ok s 4. 2 TC .5 1 Av ai la bi lit y of p la yt hi ng s EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho p la y w ith tw o or m or e ty pe s of p la yt hi ng s 61 .2 TC .5 2 In ad eq ua te s up er vi si on EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 le ft a lo ne o r u nd er th e su pe rv is io n of a no th er c hi ld y ou ng er th an 1 0 ye ar s of a ge fo r m or e th an o ne h ou r a t l ea st o nc e in th e la st w ee k 12 .4 TC .5 3 Ea rly c hi ld d ev el op m en t i nd ex 4. 2. 1 EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 36 -5 9 m on th s w ho a re d ev el op m en ta lly o n tr ac k in a t l ea st th re e of th e fo llo w in g fo ur d om ai ns : lit er ac y- nu m er ac y, p hy si ca l, so ci al -e m ot io na l, an d le ar ni ng 89 .1 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e LE AR N LN .1 At te nd an ce to e ar ly c hi ld ho od ed uc at io n U B Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 36 -5 9 m on th s w ho a re a tt en di ng a n ea rly c hi ld ho od e du ca tio n pr og ra m m e 32 .1 LN .2 Pa rt ic ip at io n ra te in o rg an is ed le ar ni ng (a dj us te d) 4. 2. 2 ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n in th e re le va nt a ge g ro up (o ne y ea r b ef or e th e of fic ia l p rim ar y sc ho ol e nt ry a ge ) w ho a re a tt en di ng a n ea rly c hi ld ho od e du ca tio n pr og ra m m e or p rim ar y sc ho ol 73 .9 LN .3 Sc ho ol re ad in es s ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n at te nd in g th e fir st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol w ho a tt en de d ea rly c hi ld ho od e du ca tio n pr og ra m m e du rin g th e pr ev io us s ch oo l y ea r 55 .1 LN .4 N et in ta ke ra te in p rim ar y ed uc at io n ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n of s ch oo l-e nt ry a ge w ho e nt er th e fir st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol 73 .1 LN .5 a LN .5 b LN .5 c N et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n of (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol a ge c ur re nt ly a tt en di ng p rim ar y or s ec on da ry s ch oo l (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l a ge c ur re nt ly a tt en di ng lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l o r h ig he r (c ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l a ge c ur re nt ly a tt en di ng u pp er s ec on da ry s ch oo l o r h ig he r 89 .6 60 .5 38 .1 LN .6 a LN .6 b LN .6 c O ut -o f- sc ho ol ra te ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n of (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol a ge w ho a re n ot a tt en di ng p rim ar y or lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l a ge w ho a re n ot a tt en di ng p rim ar y sc ho ol , l ow er o r u pp er s ec on da ry s ch oo l o r h ig he r (c ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l a ge w ho a re n ot a tt en di ng p rim ar y sc ho ol , l ow er o r u pp er s ec on da ry s ch oo l o r h ig he r 10 .4 16 .6 38 .1 3 17 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TC .3 7 Ag e- ap pr op ria te b re as tf ee di ng BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s ap pr op ria te ly fe d1 7 d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 51 .0 TC .3 8 In tr od uc tio n of s ol id , s em i-s ol id or s of t f oo ds BD Pe rc en ta ge o f i nf an ts a ge 6 -8 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed s ol id , s em i-s ol id o r s of t f oo ds d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 86 .7 TC .3 9a TC .3 9b M in im um a cc ep ta bl e di et BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 6– 23 m on th s w ho h ad a t l ea st th e m in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty a nd th e m in im um m ea l f re qu en cy du rin g th e pr ev io us d ay (a ) br ea st fe d ch ild re n (b ) no n- br ea st fe d ch ild re n 25 .7 27 .3 TC .4 0 M ilk fe ed in g fr eq ue nc y fo r n on - br ea st fe d ch ild re n BD Pe rc en ta ge o f n on -b re as tf ed c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed a t l ea st 2 m ilk fe ed in gs d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 56 .7 TC .4 1 M in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 6– 23 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed fo od s fr om 4 o r m or e fo od g ro up s1 8 d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 45 .3 TC .4 2 M in im um m ea l f re qu en cy BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed s ol id , s em i-s ol id a nd s of t f oo ds (p lu s m ilk fe ed s fo r n on -b re as tf ed ch ild re n) th e m in im um n um be r o f t im es 19 o r m or e du rin g th e pr ev io us d ay 69 .7 TC .4 3 Bo tt le fe ed in g BD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s w ho w er e fe d w ith a b ot tle d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay 35 .1 TC .4 4a TC .4 4b U nd er w ei gh t p re va le nc e AN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho fa ll be lo w (a ) m in us tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (m od er at e an d se ve re ) (b ) m in us th re e st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (s ev er e) of th e m ed ia n w ei gh t f or a ge o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d 21 .1 4. 9 TC .4 5a TC .4 5b St un tin g pr ev al en ce 2. 2. 1 AN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho fa ll be lo w (a ) m in us tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (m od er at e an d se ve re ) (b ) m in us th re e st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (s ev er e) of th e m ed ia n he ig ht fo r a ge o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d 33 .0 12 .7 TC .4 6a TC .4 6b W as tin g pr ev al en ce 2. 2. 2 AN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho fa ll be lo w (a ) m in us tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (m od er at e an d se ve re ) (b ) m in us th re e st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (s ev er e) of th e m ed ia n w ei gh t f or h ei gh t o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d 9. 0 3. 0 TC .4 7a TC .4 7b O ve rw ei gh t p re va le nc e AN Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho a re a bo ve (a ) tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (m od er at e an d se ve re ) (b ) th re e st an da rd d ev ia tio ns (s ev er e) of th e m ed ia n w ei gh t f or h ei gh t o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d 3. 5 1. 5 17 In fa nt s ag e 0- 5 m on th s w ho a re e xc lu si ve ly b re as tf ed , a nd c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho a re b re as tf ed a nd a te s ol id , s em i-s ol id o r s of t f oo ds 18 T he in di ca to r i s ba se d on c on su m pt io n of a ny a m ou nt o f f oo d fr om a t l ea st 5 o ut o f t he 8 fo llo w in g fo od g ro up s: 1 ) b re as tm ilk , 2 ) g ra in s, ro ot s an d tu be rs , 3 ) l eg um es a nd n ut s, 4 ) d ai ry p ro du ct s (m ilk , i nf an t f or m ul a, y og ur t, ch ee se ), 5) fl es h fo od s (m ea t, fis h, p ou ltr y an d liv er /o rg an m ea ts ), 6) e gg s, 7 ) v ita m in -A ri ch fr ui ts a nd v eg et ab le s, a nd 8 ) o th er fr ui ts a nd v eg et ab le s 19 B re as tf ee di ng c hi ld re n: S ol id , s em i-s ol id , o r s of t f oo ds , t w o tim es fo r i nf an ts a ge 6 -8 m on th s, a nd th re e tim es fo r c hi ld re n 9- 23 m on th s; N on -b re as tf ee di ng c hi ld re n: S ol id , s em i-s ol id , o r s of t f oo ds , o r m ilk fe ed s, fo ur ti m es fo r ch ild re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e TC .4 8 Io di ze d sa lt co ns um pt io n SA Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s w ith s al t t es tin g po si tiv e fo r a ny io da te a m on g ho us eh ol ds in w hi ch s al t w as te st ed o r w he re th er e w as n o sa lt 93 .6 TC .4 9a TC .4 9b TC .4 9c Ea rly s tim ul at io n an d re sp on si ve ca re EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 24 -5 9 m on th s en ga ge d in fo ur o r m or e ac tiv iti es to p ro vi de e ar ly s tim ul at io n an d re sp on si ve c ar e in th e la st 3 d ay s w ith (a ) An y ad ul t h ou se ho ld m em be r (b ) Fa th er (c ) M ot he r 29 .8 7. 4 13 .5 TC .5 0 Av ai la bi lit y of c hi ld re n’ s bo ok s EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho h av e th re e or m or e ch ild re n’ s bo ok s 4. 2 TC .5 1 Av ai la bi lit y of p la yt hi ng s EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho p la y w ith tw o or m or e ty pe s of p la yt hi ng s 61 .2 TC .5 2 In ad eq ua te s up er vi si on EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 le ft a lo ne o r u nd er th e su pe rv is io n of a no th er c hi ld y ou ng er th an 1 0 ye ar s of a ge fo r m or e th an o ne h ou r a t l ea st o nc e in th e la st w ee k 12 .4 TC .5 3 Ea rly c hi ld d ev el op m en t i nd ex 4. 2. 1 EC Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 36 -5 9 m on th s w ho a re d ev el op m en ta lly o n tr ac k in a t l ea st th re e of th e fo llo w in g fo ur d om ai ns : lit er ac y- nu m er ac y, p hy si ca l, so ci al -e m ot io na l, an d le ar ni ng 89 .1 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e LE AR N LN .1 At te nd an ce to e ar ly c hi ld ho od ed uc at io n U B Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 36 -5 9 m on th s w ho a re a tt en di ng a n ea rly c hi ld ho od e du ca tio n pr og ra m m e 32 .1 LN .2 Pa rt ic ip at io n ra te in o rg an is ed le ar ni ng (a dj us te d) 4. 2. 2 ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n in th e re le va nt a ge g ro up (o ne y ea r b ef or e th e of fic ia l p rim ar y sc ho ol e nt ry a ge ) w ho a re a tt en di ng a n ea rly c hi ld ho od e du ca tio n pr og ra m m e or p rim ar y sc ho ol 73 .9 LN .3 Sc ho ol re ad in es s ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n at te nd in g th e fir st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol w ho a tt en de d ea rly c hi ld ho od e du ca tio n pr og ra m m e du rin g th e pr ev io us s ch oo l y ea r 55 .1 LN .4 N et in ta ke ra te in p rim ar y ed uc at io n ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n of s ch oo l-e nt ry a ge w ho e nt er th e fir st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol 73 .1 LN .5 a LN .5 b LN .5 c N et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n of (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol a ge c ur re nt ly a tt en di ng p rim ar y or s ec on da ry s ch oo l (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l a ge c ur re nt ly a tt en di ng lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l o r h ig he r (c ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l a ge c ur re nt ly a tt en di ng u pp er s ec on da ry s ch oo l o r h ig he r 89 .6 60 .5 38 .1 LN .6 a LN .6 b LN .6 c O ut -o f- sc ho ol ra te ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n of (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol a ge w ho a re n ot a tt en di ng p rim ar y or lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l a ge w ho a re n ot a tt en di ng p rim ar y sc ho ol , l ow er o r u pp er s ec on da ry s ch oo l o r h ig he r (c ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l a ge w ho a re n ot a tt en di ng p rim ar y sc ho ol , l ow er o r u pp er s ec on da ry s ch oo l o r h ig he r 10 .4 16 .6 38 .1 3 18 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e LN .7 a LN .7 b G ro ss in ta ke ra te to th e la st g ra de ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n of c om pl et io n ag e (a ge a pp ro pr ia te to fi na l g ra de ) a tt en di ng th e la st g ra de (e xc lu di ng re pe at er s) (a ) Pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) Lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l 10 5. 0 71 .8 LN .8 a LN .8 b LN .8 c Co m pl et io n ra te ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 3- 5 ye ar s ab ov e th e in te nd ed a ge fo r t he la st g ra de w ho h av e co m pl et ed th at g ra de (a ) Pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) Lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (c ) U pp er s ec on da ry s ch oo l 83 .4 53 .5 31 .1 LN .9 Ef fe ct iv e tr an si tio n ra te to lo w er se co nd ar y sc ho ol ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n at te nd in g th e la st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol d ur in g th e pr ev io us s ch oo l y ea r w ho a re n ot re pe at in g th e la st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol a nd in th e fir st g ra de o f l ow er s ec on da ry s ch oo l d ur in g th e cu rr en t s ch oo l y ea r 92 .6 LN .1 0a LN .1 0b O ve r- ag e fo r g ra de ED Pe rc en ta ge o f s tu de nt s at te nd in g in e ac h gr ad e w ho a re 2 o r m or e ye ar s ol de r t ha n th e of fic ia l s ch oo l a ge fo r g ra de (a ) Pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) Lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l 9. 0 10 .0 LN .1 1a LN .1 1b LN .1 1c Ed uc at io n Pa rit y In di ce s (a ) G en de r (b ) W ea lth (c ) Ar ea 4. 5. 1 ED N et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r g irl s di vi de d by n et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r b oy s (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (c ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l N et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r t he p oo re st q ui nt ile d iv id ed b y ne t a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r t he ri ch es t q ui nt ile (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (c ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l N et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r r ur al re si de nt s di vi de d by n et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r u rb an re si de nt s (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (a ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l 0. 99 1. 04 1. 03 0. 80 0. 30 0. 11 0. 92 0. 64 0. 47 LN .1 2 Av ai la bi lit y of in fo rm at io n on ch ild re n' s sc ho ol p er fo rm an ce PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 y ea rs a tt en di ng s ch oo ls w ho p ro vi de d st ud en t r ep or t c ar ds to p ar en ts 19 .3 LN .1 3 O pp or tu ni ty to p ar tic ip at e in Sc ho ol M an ag em en t PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 y ea rs a tt en di ng s ch oo ls w ho se s ch oo l g ov er ni ng b od y is o pe n to p ar en ta l p ar tic ip at io n, a s re po rt ed b y re sp on de nt s 34 .6 LN .1 4 Pa rt ic ip at io n in s ch oo l m an ag em en t PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l f or w ho m a n ad ul t h ou se ho ld m em be r p ar tic ip at ed in s ch oo l g ov er ni ng b od y m ee tin gs 17 .5 LN .1 5 Ef fe ct iv e pa rt ic ip at io n in s ch oo l m an ag em en t PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l f or w ho m a n ad ul t h ou se ho ld m em be r a tt en de d a sc ho ol g ov er ni ng b od y m ee tin g in w hi ch k ey e du ca tio n/ fin an ci al is su es w er e di sc us se d 12 .1 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e LN .1 6 D is cu ss io n w ith te ac he rs re ga rd in g ch ild re n’ s pr og re ss PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l f or w ho m a n ad ul t h ou se ho ld m em be r d is cu ss ed c hi ld ’s p ro gr es s w ith te ac he rs 15 .9 LN .1 7 Co nt ac t w ith s ch oo l c on ce rn in g te ac he r a bs en ce 20 PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l w ho c ou ld n ot a tt en d cl as s du e to te ac he r a bs en ce a nd fo r w ho m a n ad ul t ho us eh ol d m em be r c on ta ct ed s ch oo l r ep re se nt at iv es w he n ch ild c ou ld n ot a tt en d cl as s 16 .0 LN .1 8 Av ai la bi lit y of b oo ks a t h om e PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 y ea rs w ho h av e th re e or m or e bo ok s to re ad a t h om e 13 .1 LN .2 1 Su pp or t w ith h om ew or k PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l w ho h av e ho m ew or k an d re ce iv ed h el p w ith h om ew or k 52 .7 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e PR O TE CT ED F RO M V IO LE N CE A N D E XP LO IT AT IO N PR .1 Bi rt h re gi st ra tio n 16 .9 .1 BR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho se b irt hs a re re po rt ed re gi st er ed w ith a c iv il au th or ity (i nc lu di ng re gi st ra tio n in th e fa m ily b oo k) 73 .0 PR .2 Vi ol en t d is ci pl in e 16 .2 .1 U CD – F CD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 1- 14 y ea rs w ho e xp er ie nc ed a ny p hy si ca l p un is hm en t a nd /o r p sy ch ol og ic al a gg re ss io n by ca re gi ve rs in th e pa st o ne m on th 69 .0 PR .3 Ch ild la bo ur 8. 7. 1 CL Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 5- 17 y ea rs w ho a re in vo lv ed in c hi ld la bo ur 21 42 .5 PR .4 a Ea rly m ar ria ge (b ef or e ag e 15 ) 5. 3. 1 M A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 20 -2 4 ye ar s w ho w er e fir st m ar rie d or in u ni on b ef or e ag e 15 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 7. 1 1. 8 PR .4 b Ea rly m ar ria ge (b ef or e ag e 18 ) 5. 3. 1 M A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 20 -2 4 ye ar s w ho w er e fir st m ar rie d or in u ni on b ef or e ag e 18 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 32 .7 10 .8 PR .5 Yo un g pe op le a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs cu rr en tly m ar rie d or in u ni on M A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -1 9 ye ar s w ho a re m ar rie d or in u ni on (a ) w om en (b ) m en 23 .5 5. 9 PR .6 Po ly gy ny M A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho a re in a p ol yg yn ou s un io n (a ) w om en (b ) m en 3. 5 2. 1 20 T he in di ca to r n am e ha s be en c ha ng ed fr om th e st an da rd “ M IC S in di ca to r L N .1 7 - C on ta ct w ith s ch oo l c on ce rn in g te ac he r s tr ik e or a bs en ce ” si nc e te ac he r s tr ik e is n ot a pp lic ab le fo r L ao P D R. 21 C hi ld re n in vo lv ed in c hi ld la bo ur a re d ef in ed a s ch ild re n in vo lv ed in e co no m ic a ct iv iti es a bo ve th e ag e- sp ec ifi c th re sh ol ds , c hi ld re n in vo lv ed in h ou se ho ld c ho re s ab ov e th e ag e- sp ec ifi c th re sh ol ds , a nd c hi ld re n in vo lv ed in ha za rd ou s w or k. S ee th e M IC S ta bu la tio n pl an fo r m or e de ta ile d in fo rm at io n on th re sh ol ds a nd c la ss ifi ca tio ns 3 19 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e LN .7 a LN .7 b G ro ss in ta ke ra te to th e la st g ra de ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n of c om pl et io n ag e (a ge a pp ro pr ia te to fi na l g ra de ) a tt en di ng th e la st g ra de (e xc lu di ng re pe at er s) (a ) Pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) Lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l 10 5. 0 71 .8 LN .8 a LN .8 b LN .8 c Co m pl et io n ra te ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 3- 5 ye ar s ab ov e th e in te nd ed a ge fo r t he la st g ra de w ho h av e co m pl et ed th at g ra de (a ) Pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) Lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (c ) U pp er s ec on da ry s ch oo l 83 .4 53 .5 31 .1 LN .9 Ef fe ct iv e tr an si tio n ra te to lo w er se co nd ar y sc ho ol ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n at te nd in g th e la st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol d ur in g th e pr ev io us s ch oo l y ea r w ho a re n ot re pe at in g th e la st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol a nd in th e fir st g ra de o f l ow er s ec on da ry s ch oo l d ur in g th e cu rr en t s ch oo l y ea r 92 .6 LN .1 0a LN .1 0b O ve r- ag e fo r g ra de ED Pe rc en ta ge o f s tu de nt s at te nd in g in e ac h gr ad e w ho a re 2 o r m or e ye ar s ol de r t ha n th e of fic ia l s ch oo l a ge fo r g ra de (a ) Pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) Lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l 9. 0 10 .0 LN .1 1a LN .1 1b LN .1 1c Ed uc at io n Pa rit y In di ce s (a ) G en de r (b ) W ea lth (c ) Ar ea 4. 5. 1 ED N et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r g irl s di vi de d by n et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r b oy s (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (c ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l N et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r t he p oo re st q ui nt ile d iv id ed b y ne t a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r t he ri ch es t q ui nt ile (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (c ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l N et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r r ur al re si de nt s di vi de d by n et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r u rb an re si de nt s (a ) pr im ar y sc ho ol (b ) lo w er s ec on da ry s ch oo l (a ) up pe r s ec on da ry s ch oo l 0. 99 1. 04 1. 03 0. 80 0. 30 0. 11 0. 92 0. 64 0. 47 LN .1 2 Av ai la bi lit y of in fo rm at io n on ch ild re n' s sc ho ol p er fo rm an ce PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 y ea rs a tt en di ng s ch oo ls w ho p ro vi de d st ud en t r ep or t c ar ds to p ar en ts 19 .3 LN .1 3 O pp or tu ni ty to p ar tic ip at e in Sc ho ol M an ag em en t PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 y ea rs a tt en di ng s ch oo ls w ho se s ch oo l g ov er ni ng b od y is o pe n to p ar en ta l p ar tic ip at io n, a s re po rt ed b y re sp on de nt s 34 .6 LN .1 4 Pa rt ic ip at io n in s ch oo l m an ag em en t PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l f or w ho m a n ad ul t h ou se ho ld m em be r p ar tic ip at ed in s ch oo l g ov er ni ng b od y m ee tin gs 17 .5 LN .1 5 Ef fe ct iv e pa rt ic ip at io n in s ch oo l m an ag em en t PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l f or w ho m a n ad ul t h ou se ho ld m em be r a tt en de d a sc ho ol g ov er ni ng b od y m ee tin g in w hi ch k ey e du ca tio n/ fin an ci al is su es w er e di sc us se d 12 .1 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e LN .1 6 D is cu ss io n w ith te ac he rs re ga rd in g ch ild re n’ s pr og re ss PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l f or w ho m a n ad ul t h ou se ho ld m em be r d is cu ss ed c hi ld ’s p ro gr es s w ith te ac he rs 15 .9 LN .1 7 Co nt ac t w ith s ch oo l c on ce rn in g te ac he r a bs en ce 20 PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l w ho c ou ld n ot a tt en d cl as s du e to te ac he r a bs en ce a nd fo r w ho m a n ad ul t ho us eh ol d m em be r c on ta ct ed s ch oo l r ep re se nt at iv es w he n ch ild c ou ld n ot a tt en d cl as s 16 .0 LN .1 8 Av ai la bi lit y of b oo ks a t h om e PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 y ea rs w ho h av e th re e or m or e bo ok s to re ad a t h om e 13 .1 LN .2 1 Su pp or t w ith h om ew or k PR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 7- 14 a tt en di ng s ch oo l w ho h av e ho m ew or k an d re ce iv ed h el p w ith h om ew or k 52 .7 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e PR O TE CT ED F RO M V IO LE N CE A N D E XP LO IT AT IO N PR .1 Bi rt h re gi st ra tio n 16 .9 .1 BR Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 w ho se b irt hs a re re po rt ed re gi st er ed w ith a c iv il au th or ity (i nc lu di ng re gi st ra tio n in th e fa m ily b oo k) 73 .0 PR .2 Vi ol en t d is ci pl in e 16 .2 .1 U CD – F CD Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 1- 14 y ea rs w ho e xp er ie nc ed a ny p hy si ca l p un is hm en t a nd /o r p sy ch ol og ic al a gg re ss io n by ca re gi ve rs in th e pa st o ne m on th 69 .0 PR .3 Ch ild la bo ur 8. 7. 1 CL Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 5- 17 y ea rs w ho a re in vo lv ed in c hi ld la bo ur 21 42 .5 PR .4 a Ea rly m ar ria ge (b ef or e ag e 15 ) 5. 3. 1 M A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 20 -2 4 ye ar s w ho w er e fir st m ar rie d or in u ni on b ef or e ag e 15 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 7. 1 1. 8 PR .4 b Ea rly m ar ria ge (b ef or e ag e 18 ) 5. 3. 1 M A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 20 -2 4 ye ar s w ho w er e fir st m ar rie d or in u ni on b ef or e ag e 18 (a ) w om en (b ) m en 32 .7 10 .8 PR .5 Yo un g pe op le a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs cu rr en tly m ar rie d or in u ni on M A Pe rc en ta ge o f y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -1 9 ye ar s w ho a re m ar rie d or in u ni on (a ) w om en (b ) m en 23 .5 5. 9 PR .6 Po ly gy ny M A Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho a re in a p ol yg yn ou s un io n (a ) w om en (b ) m en 3. 5 2. 1 20 T he in di ca to r n am e ha s be en c ha ng ed fr om th e st an da rd “ M IC S in di ca to r L N .1 7 - C on ta ct w ith s ch oo l c on ce rn in g te ac he r s tr ik e or a bs en ce ” si nc e te ac he r s tr ik e is n ot a pp lic ab le fo r L ao P D R. 21 C hi ld re n in vo lv ed in c hi ld la bo ur a re d ef in ed a s ch ild re n in vo lv ed in e co no m ic a ct iv iti es a bo ve th e ag e- sp ec ifi c th re sh ol ds , c hi ld re n in vo lv ed in h ou se ho ld c ho re s ab ov e th e ag e- sp ec ifi c th re sh ol ds , a nd c hi ld re n in vo lv ed in ha za rd ou s w or k. S ee th e M IC S ta bu la tio n pl an fo r m or e de ta ile d in fo rm at io n on th re sh ol ds a nd c la ss ifi ca tio ns 3 20 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e PR .7 a PR .7 b Sp ou sa l a ge d iff er en ce M A Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en w ho a re m ar rie d or in u ni on a nd w ho se s po us e is 1 0 or m or e ye ar s ol de r, (a ) am on g w om en a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs , (b ) am on g w om en a ge 2 0- 24 y ea rs 11 .3 9. 8 PR .1 5 At tit ud es to w ar ds d om es tic vi ol en ce D V Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s ta te th at a h us ba nd is ju st ifi ed in h itt in g or b ea tin g hi s w ife in a t l ea st o ne o f t he fo llo w in g ci rc um st an ce s: (1 ) s he g oe s ou t w ith ou t t el lin g hi m , ( 2) s he n eg le ct s th e ch ild re n, (3 ) s he a rg ue s w ith h im , ( 4) s he re fu se s se x w ith h im , ( 5) s he b ur ns th e fo od (a ) w om en (b ) m en 29 .5 16 .2 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e LI VE IN A S AF E AN D C LE AN E N VI RO N M EN T W S. 1 U se o f i m pr ov ed d rin ki ng w at er so ur ce s W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s ou rc es o f d rin ki ng w at er 83 .9 W S. 2 U se o f b as ic d rin ki ng w at er se rv ic es 1. 4. 1 W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s ou rc es o f d rin ki ng w at er e ith er in th ei r d w el lin g/ ya rd /p lo t o r w ith in 3 0 m in ut es ro un d tr ip c ol le ct io n tim e 78 .1 W S. 3 Av ai la bi lit y of d rin ki ng w at er W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a w at er s ou rc e th at is a va ila bl e w he n ne ed ed 96 .4 W S. 4 Fa ec al c on ta m in at io n of s ou rc e w at er W Q Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ho se s ou rc e w at er w as te st ed a nd w ith E . c ol i c on ta m in at io n in s ou rc e w at er 83 .1 W S. 5 Fa ec al c on ta m in at io n of ho us eh ol d dr in ki ng w at er W Q Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ho se h ou se ho ld d rin ki ng w at er w as te st ed a nd w ith E . c ol i c on ta m in at io n in h ou se ho ld dr in ki ng w at er 86 .3 W S. 6 U se o f s af el y m an ag ed d rin ki ng w at er s er vi ce s 6. 1. 1 W S – W Q Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a n im pr ov ed d rin ki ng w at er s ou rc e on p re m is es , w ho se s ou rc e w at er w as te st ed a nd fr ee o f E . c ol i a nd a va ila bl e w he n ne ed ed 14 .8 W S. 7 H an dw as hi ng fa ci lit y w ith w at er an d so ap 1. 4. 1 & 6 .2 .1 H W Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a h an dw as hi ng fa ci lit y w he re w at er a nd s oa p or d et er ge nt a re p re se nt 54 .1 W S. 8 U se o f i m pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s 3. 8. 1 W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s 73 .8 W S. 9 U se o f b as ic s an ita tio n se rv ic es 1. 4. 1 & 6 .2 .1 W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s w hi ch a re n ot s ha re d 71 .0 W S. 10 Sa fe d is po sa l i n si tu o f e xc re ta fr om o n- si te s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a n im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit y th at d oe s no t f lu sh to a s ew er a nd e ve r e m pt ie d 89 .6 W S. 11 Re m ov al o f e xc re ta fo r t re at m en t of f- si te 6. 2. 1 W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a n im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit y th at d oe s no t f lu sh to a s ew er a nd w ith w as te di sp os ed in -s itu o r r em ov ed 7. 4 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e W S. 12 M en st ru al h yg ie ne m an ag em en t U N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs re po rt in g m en st ru at in g in th e la st 1 2 m on th s an d us in g m en st ru al h yg ie ne m at er ia ls w ith a p riv at e pl ac e to w as h an d ch an ge w hi le a t h om e 72 .7 W S. 13 Ex cl us io n fr om a ct iv iti es d ur in g m en st ru at io n U N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs re po rt in g m en st ru at in g in th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ho d id n ot p ar tic ip at e in s oc ia l a ct iv iti es , sc ho ol o r w or k du e to th ei r l as t m en st ru at io n 11 .8 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e EQ U IT AB LE C H AN CE IN L IF E EQ .1 Ch ild re n w ith fu nc tio na l d iff ic ul ty U CF – F CF Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 2- 4 ye ar s re po rt ed w ith fu nc tio na l d iff ic ul ty in a t l ea st o ne d om ai n 2. 0 EQ .2 a EQ .2 b EQ .2 c H ea lth in su ra nc e co ve ra ge [M ] W B CB U B Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en , m en , a nd c hi ld re n co ve re d by h ea lth in su ra nc e (a ) w om en a ge 1 5- 49 (b ) ch ild re n ag e 5- 17 (c ) ch ild re n un de r a ge 5 15 .4 10 .4 13 .7 EQ .3 Po pu la tio n co ve re d by s oc ia l tr an sf er s 1. 3. 1 ST Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs th at re ce iv ed a ny ty pe o f s oc ia l t ra ns fe rs a nd b en ef its in th e la st 3 m on th s 12 .4 EQ .4 Ex te rn al e co no m ic s up po rt to th e po or es t h ou se ho ld s ST Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s in th e tw o lo w es t w ea lth q ui nt ile s th at re ce iv ed a ny ty pe o f s oc ia l t ra ns fe rs in th e la st 3 m on th s 9. 2 EQ .5 Ch ild re n in th e ho us eh ol ds th at re ce iv ed a ny ty pe o f s oc ia l tr an sf er s ST Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 1 8 liv in g in th e ho us eh ol ds th at re ce iv ed a ny ty pe o f s oc ia l t ra ns fe rs in th e la st 3 m on th s 12 .4 EQ .6 Sc ho ol -r el at ed s up po rt ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n an d yo un g pe op le a ge 5 -2 4 ye ar s cu rr en tly a tt en di ng s ch oo l t ha t r ec ei ve d an y ty pe o f s ch oo l-r el at ed su pp or t i n th e cu rr en t/ m os t r ec en t a ca de m ic y ea r 4. 7 3 21 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e PR .7 a PR .7 b Sp ou sa l a ge d iff er en ce M A Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en w ho a re m ar rie d or in u ni on a nd w ho se s po us e is 1 0 or m or e ye ar s ol de r, (a ) am on g w om en a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs , (b ) am on g w om en a ge 2 0- 24 y ea rs 11 .3 9. 8 PR .1 5 At tit ud es to w ar ds d om es tic vi ol en ce D V Pe rc en ta ge o f p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s ta te th at a h us ba nd is ju st ifi ed in h itt in g or b ea tin g hi s w ife in a t l ea st o ne o f t he fo llo w in g ci rc um st an ce s: (1 ) s he g oe s ou t w ith ou t t el lin g hi m , ( 2) s he n eg le ct s th e ch ild re n, (3 ) s he a rg ue s w ith h im , ( 4) s he re fu se s se x w ith h im , ( 5) s he b ur ns th e fo od (a ) w om en (b ) m en 29 .5 16 .2 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e LI VE IN A S AF E AN D C LE AN E N VI RO N M EN T W S. 1 U se o f i m pr ov ed d rin ki ng w at er so ur ce s W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s ou rc es o f d rin ki ng w at er 83 .9 W S. 2 U se o f b as ic d rin ki ng w at er se rv ic es 1. 4. 1 W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s ou rc es o f d rin ki ng w at er e ith er in th ei r d w el lin g/ ya rd /p lo t o r w ith in 3 0 m in ut es ro un d tr ip c ol le ct io n tim e 78 .1 W S. 3 Av ai la bi lit y of d rin ki ng w at er W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a w at er s ou rc e th at is a va ila bl e w he n ne ed ed 96 .4 W S. 4 Fa ec al c on ta m in at io n of s ou rc e w at er W Q Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ho se s ou rc e w at er w as te st ed a nd w ith E . c ol i c on ta m in at io n in s ou rc e w at er 83 .1 W S. 5 Fa ec al c on ta m in at io n of ho us eh ol d dr in ki ng w at er W Q Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ho se h ou se ho ld d rin ki ng w at er w as te st ed a nd w ith E . c ol i c on ta m in at io n in h ou se ho ld dr in ki ng w at er 86 .3 W S. 6 U se o f s af el y m an ag ed d rin ki ng w at er s er vi ce s 6. 1. 1 W S – W Q Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a n im pr ov ed d rin ki ng w at er s ou rc e on p re m is es , w ho se s ou rc e w at er w as te st ed a nd fr ee o f E . c ol i a nd a va ila bl e w he n ne ed ed 14 .8 W S. 7 H an dw as hi ng fa ci lit y w ith w at er an d so ap 1. 4. 1 & 6 .2 .1 H W Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a h an dw as hi ng fa ci lit y w he re w at er a nd s oa p or d et er ge nt a re p re se nt 54 .1 W S. 8 U se o f i m pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s 3. 8. 1 W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s 73 .8 W S. 9 U se o f b as ic s an ita tio n se rv ic es 1. 4. 1 & 6 .2 .1 W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s w hi ch a re n ot s ha re d 71 .0 W S. 10 Sa fe d is po sa l i n si tu o f e xc re ta fr om o n- si te s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a n im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit y th at d oe s no t f lu sh to a s ew er a nd e ve r e m pt ie d 89 .6 W S. 11 Re m ov al o f e xc re ta fo r t re at m en t of f- si te 6. 2. 1 W S Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs w ith a n im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit y th at d oe s no t f lu sh to a s ew er a nd w ith w as te di sp os ed in -s itu o r r em ov ed 7. 4 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e W S. 12 M en st ru al h yg ie ne m an ag em en t U N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs re po rt in g m en st ru at in g in th e la st 1 2 m on th s an d us in g m en st ru al h yg ie ne m at er ia ls w ith a p riv at e pl ac e to w as h an d ch an ge w hi le a t h om e 72 .7 W S. 13 Ex cl us io n fr om a ct iv iti es d ur in g m en st ru at io n U N Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs re po rt in g m en st ru at in g in th e la st 1 2 m on th s w ho d id n ot p ar tic ip at e in s oc ia l a ct iv iti es , sc ho ol o r w or k du e to th ei r l as t m en st ru at io n 11 .8 M IC S IN D IC AT O R SD G 1 M od ul e2 D ef in iti on 3 Va lu e EQ U IT AB LE C H AN CE IN L IF E EQ .1 Ch ild re n w ith fu nc tio na l d iff ic ul ty U CF – F CF Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 2- 4 ye ar s re po rt ed w ith fu nc tio na l d iff ic ul ty in a t l ea st o ne d om ai n 2. 0 EQ .2 a EQ .2 b EQ .2 c H ea lth in su ra nc e co ve ra ge [M ] W B CB U B Pe rc en ta ge o f w om en , m en , a nd c hi ld re n co ve re d by h ea lth in su ra nc e (a ) w om en a ge 1 5- 49 (b ) ch ild re n ag e 5- 17 (c ) ch ild re n un de r a ge 5 15 .4 10 .4 13 .7 EQ .3 Po pu la tio n co ve re d by s oc ia l tr an sf er s 1. 3. 1 ST Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs th at re ce iv ed a ny ty pe o f s oc ia l t ra ns fe rs a nd b en ef its in th e la st 3 m on th s 12 .4 EQ .4 Ex te rn al e co no m ic s up po rt to th e po or es t h ou se ho ld s ST Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s in th e tw o lo w es t w ea lth q ui nt ile s th at re ce iv ed a ny ty pe o f s oc ia l t ra ns fe rs in th e la st 3 m on th s 9. 2 EQ .5 Ch ild re n in th e ho us eh ol ds th at re ce iv ed a ny ty pe o f s oc ia l tr an sf er s ST Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r a ge 1 8 liv in g in th e ho us eh ol ds th at re ce iv ed a ny ty pe o f s oc ia l t ra ns fe rs in th e la st 3 m on th s 12 .4 EQ .6 Sc ho ol -r el at ed s up po rt ED Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n an d yo un g pe op le a ge 5 -2 4 ye ar s cu rr en tly a tt en di ng s ch oo l t ha t r ec ei ve d an y ty pe o f s ch oo l-r el at ed su pp or t i n th e cu rr en t/ m os t r ec en t a ca de m ic y ea r 4. 7 4 23 4 SAMPLE COVERAGE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF RESPONDENTS This report is based on the Lao Social Indicator Survey II (LSIS II), conducted in 2017 by the Lao Statistics Bureau, which was implemented based on the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 6 (MICS6) platform. The survey provides statistically sound and internationally comparable data essential for developing evidence-based policies and programmes, and monitoring progress toward the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The LSIS II intends to support the generation of high quality data on children, women and men, contributing to improved programme quality and accountability of duty bearers and right holders. The findings of the survey are an important source of information for monitoring the implementation of the 8th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP). They will be extremely useful for the upcoming Mid Term Review, and to support the monitoring of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Voluntary National Review. Moreover, the survey findings will serve to supplement available administrative data and official statistics. Lao PDR’s localization of the SDGs from early 2016 laid a firm base for this Voluntary National Review (VNR). Lao PDR was among the first countries in the world to conduct the localization exercise and integrate SDGs into national planning. Lao PDR’s national planning process converged with the SDG launch, providing the opportunity to integrate the SDGs into the Eighth National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP) 2016-20. By September 2017, the Government, supported by development partners, had developed a provisional list of SDG indicators adapted to Lao PDR’s context, and in the process, identified key issues in moving forward with SDGs. Many of these indicators are expecting to fulfill by the Lao Social Indicator Survey II. 4.1 RESULTS OF INTERVIEWS Of the 23,299 households selected for the sample, 22,443 were found to be occupied. Of these, 22,287 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 99 percent. The Water Quality Testing Questionnaire was administered to 3,495 randomly selected households, three from each cluster. Of these, 3,346 were successfully tested for household drinking water yielding a response rate of 96 percent. Also, 3,292 were successfully tested for source drinking water quality yielding a response rate of 94 percent. In the interviewed households, 26,103 women (age 15-49 years) were identified. Of these, 25,305 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 97 percent within the interviewed households. The survey also sampled men (age 15-49), but required only a subsample. All men (age 15-49) were identified in every other household. 12,694 men (age 15-49 years) were listed in the household questionnaires. Questionnaires were completed for 12,017 eligible men, which corresponds to a response rate of 95 percent within eligible interviewed households. There were 11,812 children under age five listed in the household questionnaires. Questionnaires were completed for 11,720 of these children, which corresponds to a response rate of 99 percent within interviewed households. A sub-sample of children 5-17 years was used to administer the questionnaire for children of 5-17 years. Only one child has been selected randomly in each household interviewed, and there were 31,339 children (5-17 years) listed in the household questionnaires. Of these, 15,494 children (5-17 years) were selected, and questionnaires were completed for 15,435 which correspond to a response rate of 99.6 percent within the interviewed households. Overall response rates of 96, 94, 99, and 99 are calculated for the individual interviews of women, men, under-5s, and children age 5-17 years questionnaires respectively (Table SR. 1.1). 4 24 Table SR.1.1: Results of household, women's, men's, under-5's and children age 5-17's interviews Number of households, women, men, children under 5, and children age 5-17 by interview results, Lao PDR, 2017 Total Area Region Urban Rural Rural with road Rural without road North Central South Households Sampled 23,299 7,380 15,919 13,539 2,380 8,699 9,660 4,940 Occupied 22,443 7,065 15,378 13,066 2,312 8,444 9,278 4,721 Interviewed 22,287 7,000 15,287 12,985 2,302 8,416 9,167 4,704 Household completion rate 95.7 94.9 96.0 95.9 96.7 96.7 94.9 95.2 Household response rate 99.3 99.1 99.4 99.4 99.6 99.7 98.8 99.6 Water quality testing , Eligible 3,495 1,107 2,388 2,031 357 1,305 1,449 741 Household water quality test Completed 3,346 1,055 2,291 1,945 346 1,262 1,379 705 Response rate 95.7 95.3 95.9 95.8 96.9 96.7 95.2 95.1 Source water quality test Completed 3,292 1,044 2,248 1,913 335 1,238 1,372 682 Response rate 94.2 94.3 94.1 94.2 93.8 94.9 94.7 92.0 Women age 15-49 years Eligible 26,103 8,546 17,557 14,956 2,601 9,469 10,993 5,641 Interviewed 25,305 8,225 17,080 14,525 2,555 9,292 10,544 5,469 Women's response rate 96.9 96.2 97.3 97.1 98.2 98.1 95.9 97.0 Women's overall response rate 96.3 95.4 96.7 96.5 97.8 97.8 94.8 96.6 Men age 15-49 years Number of men in interviewed households 25,994 8,166 17,828 15,130 2,698 9,732 10,770 5,492 Eligible 12,694 3967 8,727 7413 1,314 4,783 5,259 2,652 Interviewed 12,017 3720 8,297 7020 1,277 4,618 4,882 2,517 Men's response rate 94.7 93.8 95.1 94.7 97.2 96.6 92.8 94.9 Men's overall response rate 94.0 92.9 94.5 94.1 96.8 96.2 91.7 94.6 Children under 5 years Eligible 11,812 3,153 8,659 7,125 1,534 4,211 4,884 2,717 Mothers/caretakers interviewed 11,720 3,118 8,602 7071 1,531 4,189 4,833 2,698 Under-5's response rate 99.2 98.9 99.3 99.2 99.8 99.5 99.0 99.3 Under-5's overall response rate 98.5 98.0 98.8 98.6 99.4 99.1 97.8 98.9 Children age 5-17 years Number of children in interviewed households 31,339 7,979 23,360 19,485 3,875 11,126 12,680 7,533 Eligible 15,494 4,450 11,044 9,332 1,712 5,730 6,347 3,417 Mothers/caretakers interviewed 15,435 4,428 11,007 9,301 1,706 5,713 6,311 3,411 Children age 5-17's response rate 99.6 99.5 99.7 99.7 99.6 99.7 99.4 99.8 Children age 5-17's overall response rate 98.9 98.6 99.1 99.0 99.2 99.4 98.2 99.5 (Continued…) 4 25 Table SR.1.1: Results of household, women's, men's, under-5's and children age 5-17's interviews Number of households, women, men, children under 5, and children age 5-17 by interview results, Lao PDR, 2017 Total Area Region Urban Rural Rural with road Rural without road North Central South Households Sampled 23,299 7,380 15,919 13,539 2,380 8,699 9,660 4,940 Occupied 22,443 7,065 15,378 13,066 2,312 8,444 9,278 4,721 Interviewed 22,287 7,000 15,287 12,985 2,302 8,416 9,167 4,704 Household completion rate 95.7 94.9 96.0 95.9 96.7 96.7 94.9 95.2 Household response rate 99.3 99.1 99.4 99.4 99.6 99.7 98.8 99.6 Water quality testing , Eligible 3,495 1,107 2,388 2,031 357 1,305 1,449 741 Household water quality test Completed 3,346 1,055 2,291 1,945 346 1,262 1,379 705 Response rate 95.7 95.3 95.9 95.8 96.9 96.7 95.2 95.1 Source water quality test Completed 3,292 1,044 2,248 1,913 335 1,238 1,372 682 Response rate 94.2 94.3 94.1 94.2 93.8 94.9 94.7 92.0 Women age 15-49 years Eligible 26,103 8,546 17,557 14,956 2,601 9,469 10,993 5,641 Interviewed 25,305 8,225 17,080 14,525 2,555 9,292 10,544 5,469 Women's response rate 96.9 96.2 97.3 97.1 98.2 98.1 95.9 97.0 Women's overall response rate 96.3 95.4 96.7 96.5 97.8 97.8 94.8 96.6 Men age 15-49 years Number of men in interviewed households 25,994 8,166 17,828 15,130 2,698 9,732 10,770 5,492 Eligible 12,694 3967 8,727 7413 1,314 4,783 5,259 2,652 Interviewed 12,017 3720 8,297 7020 1,277 4,618 4,882 2,517 Men's response rate 94.7 93.8 95.1 94.7 97.2 96.6 92.8 94.9 Men's overall response rate 94.0 92.9 94.5 94.1 96.8 96.2 91.7 94.6 Children under 5 years Eligible 11,812 3,153 8,659 7,125 1,534 4,211 4,884 2,717 Mothers/caretakers interviewed 11,720 3,118 8,602 7071 1,531 4,189 4,833 2,698 Under-5's response rate 99.2 98.9 99.3 99.2 99.8 99.5 99.0 99.3 Under-5's overall response rate 98.5 98.0 98.8 98.6 99.4 99.1 97.8 98.9 Children age 5-17 years Number of children in interviewed households 31,339 7,979 23,360 19,485 3,875 11,126 12,680 7,533 Eligible 15,494 4,450 11,044 9,332 1,712 5,730 6,347 3,417 Mothers/caretakers interviewed 15,435 4,428 11,007 9,301 1,706 5,713 6,311 3,411 Children age 5-17's response rate 99.6 99.5 99.7 99.7 99.6 99.7 99.4 99.8 Children age 5-17's overall response rate 98.9 98.6 99.1 99.0 99.2 99.4 98.2 99.5 (Continued…) Ta b le S R .1 .1 ( co n ti n u ed ): R es u lt s o f h o u se h o ld , w o m en 's , m en 's , u n d er -5 's a n d c h ild re n a ge 5 -1 7 's in te rv ie w s N u m b er o f h o u se h o ld s, w o m en , m en , c h ild re n u n d er 5 , a n d c h ild re n a ge 5 -1 7 b y in te rv ie w r es u lt s, L ao P D R , 2 01 7 P ro vi n ce Vientiane Capital Phongsaly Luangnamtha Oudomxay Bokeo Luangprabang Huaphanh Xayabury Xiengkhuang Vientiane Borikhamxay Khammuane Savannakhet Saravane Sekong Champasack Attapeu Xaysomboune H o u se h o ld s Sa m p le d 1, 68 0 1, 07 9 1, 10 0 1, 26 0 1, 08 0 1, 52 0 1, 20 0 1, 46 0 1, 12 0 1, 52 0 1, 18 0 1, 46 0 1, 64 0 1, 38 0 1, 08 0 1, 38 0 1, 10 0 1, 06 0 O cc u p ie d 1, 60 6 1, 04 9 1, 07 3 1, 22 3 1, 04 5 1, 45 8 1, 16 4 1, 43 2 1, 11 9 1, 43 1 1, 14 2 1, 38 0 1, 56 5 1, 32 7 1, 05 7 1, 33 1 1, 00 6 1, 03 5 In te rv ie w ed 1, 57 5 1, 04 5 1, 07 1 1, 22 0 1, 04 3 1, 44 5 1, 16 3 1, 42 9 1, 11 5 1, 41 4 1, 13 2 1, 35 6 1, 55 1 1, 32 3 1, 05 6 1, 32 5 1, 00 0 1, 02 4 H o u se h o ld c o m p le ti o n r at e 93 .8 96 .8 97 .4 96 .8 96 .6 95 .1 96 .9 97 .9 99 .6 93 .0 95 .9 92 .9 94 .6 95 .9 97 .8 96 .0 90 .9 96 .6 H o u se h o ld r es p o n se r at e 98 .1 99 .6 99 .8 99 .8 99 .8 99 .1 99 .9 99 .8 99 .6 98 .8 99 .1 98 .3 99 .1 99 .7 99 .9 99 .5 99 .4 98 .9 W at er q u al it y te st in g El ig ib le 25 2 16 2 16 5 18 9 16 2 22 8 18 0 21 9 16 8 22 8 17 7 21 9 24 6 20 7 16 2 20 7 16 5 15 9 H o u se h o ld w at er q u al it y te st C o m p le te d 23 6 15 8 15 9 17 7 15 7 22 0 17 7 21 4 16 8 21 5 17 1 20 4 23 0 20 0 15 4 19 9 15 2 15 5 R es p o n se r at e 93 .7 97 .5 96 .4 93 .7 96 .9 96 .5 98 .3 97 .7 10 0. 0 94 .3 96 .6 93 .2 93 .5 96 .6 95 .1 96 .1 92 .1 97 .5 S o u rc e w at er q u al it y te st C o m p le te d 23 6 14 6 15 8 17 7 15 4 21 6 17 6 21 1 16 7 21 3 17 1 20 4 22 8 19 7 14 0 19 3 15 2 15 3 R es p o n se r at e 93 .7 90 .1 95 .8 93 .7 95 .1 94 .7 97 .8 96 .3 99 .4 93 .4 96 .6 93 .2 92 .7 95 .2 86 .4 93 .2 92 .1 96 .2 W o m en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs El ig ib le 1, 94 7 1, 06 6 1, 21 6 1, 56 6 1, 23 8 1, 54 5 1, 34 3 1, 49 5 1, 40 4 1, 65 7 1, 36 4 1, 51 3 1, 80 8 1, 62 1 1, 27 1 1, 51 5 1, 23 4 1, 30 0 In te rv ie w ed 1, 82 0 1, 05 9 1, 17 7 1, 54 8 1, 17 7 1, 51 2 1, 32 9 1, 49 0 1, 39 4 1, 57 3 1, 35 0 1, 41 9 1, 77 4 1, 58 6 1, 24 7 1, 48 2 11 54 1, 21 4 W o m en 's r es p o n se r at e 93 .5 99 .3 96 .8 98 .9 95 .1 97 .9 99 .0 99 .7 99 .3 94 .9 99 .0 93 .8 98 .1 97 .8 98 .1 97 .8 93 .5 93 .4 W o m en 's o ve ra ll re sp o n se r at e 91 .7 99 .0 96 .6 98 .6 94 .9 97 .0 98 .9 99 .5 98 .9 93 .8 98 .1 92 .2 97 .2 97 .5 98 .0 97 .4 93 .0 92 .4 M en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs N u m b er o f m en in in te rv ie w ed h o u se h o ld s 1, 81 6 1, 19 3 1, 28 9 1, 49 0 1, 20 5 1, 57 8 1, 52 5 1, 45 2 1, 41 7 1, 62 8 1, 29 4 1, 41 4 1, 82 0 1, 59 1 1, 28 7 1, 46 2 1, 15 2 1, 38 1 El ig ib le 85 7 57 7 62 9 72 0 58 2 79 0 75 5 73 0 70 0 79 9 62 8 67 9 91 7 77 2 62 1 70 4 55 5 67 9 In te rv ie w ed 77 9 57 5 57 9 71 4 54 3 75 4 72 9 72 4 68 4 71 8 61 6 59 2 89 5 75 7 60 9 68 3 46 8 59 8 M en 's r es p o n se r at e 90 .9 99 .7 92 .1 99 .2 93 .3 95 .4 96 .6 99 .2 97 .7 89 .9 98 .1 87 .2 97 .6 98 .1 98 .1 97 .0 84 .3 88 .1 M en 's o ve ra ll re sp o n se r at e 89 .1 99 .3 91 .9 98 .9 93 .1 94 .6 96 .5 99 .0 97 .4 88 .8 97 .2 85 .7 96 .7 97 .8 98 .0 96 .6 83 .8 87 .1 C h ild re n u n d er 5 y ea rs El ig ib le 59 5 49 5 53 1 72 0 57 1 71 9 66 2 51 3 71 3 71 8 60 1 62 6 81 2 82 3 71 7 65 1 52 6 81 9 M o th er s/ ca re ta ke rs in te rv ie w ed 58 1 49 4 52 7 71 9 55 6 71 9 66 2 51 2 71 0 71 3 59 9 61 5 80 6 82 1 71 6 64 8 51 3 80 9 U n d er -5 's r es p o n se r at e 97 .6 99 .8 99 .2 99 .9 97 .4 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .8 99 .6 99 .3 99 .7 98 .2 99 .3 99 .8 99 .9 99 .5 97 .5 98 .8 U n d er -5 's o ve ra ll re sp o n se r at e 95 .8 99 .4 99 .1 99 .6 97 .2 99 .1 99 .9 99 .6 99 .2 98 .1 98 .8 96 .5 98 .4 99 .5 99 .8 99 .1 96 .9 97 .7 C h ild re n a ge 5 -1 7 ye ar s N u m b er o f ch ild re n in in te rv ie w ed h o u se h o ld s 14 ,5 5 1, 36 9 1, 53 5 1, 74 5 1, 38 0 1, 89 0 1, 78 9 1, 41 8 1, 66 0 1, 96 8 1, 47 2 1, 75 9 2, 36 3 2, 19 9 1, 94 7 1, 82 3 1, 56 4 2, 00 3 El ig ib le 92 6 67 8 77 9 84 2 70 9 98 0 83 6 90 6 78 7 1, 02 0 76 8 89 6 11 23 97 6 78 7 92 4 73 0 82 7 M o th er s/ ca re ta ke rs in te rv ie w ed 91 3 67 8 77 7 83 9 70 1 97 7 83 5 90 6 78 6 1, 01 2 76 8 88 6 11 21 97 6 78 6 92 3 72 6 82 5 C h ild re n a ge 5 -1 7' s re sp o n se r at e 98 .6 10 0. 0 99 .7 99 .6 98 .9 99 .7 99 .9 10 0. 0 99 .9 99 .2 10 0. 0 98 .9 99 .8 10 0. 0 99 .9 99 .9 99 .5 99 .8 C h ild re n a ge 5 -1 7' s o ve ra ll re sp o n se ra te 96 .7 99 .6 99 .6 99 .4 98 .7 98 .8 99 .8 99 .8 99 .5 98 .0 99 .1 97 .2 98 .9 99 .7 99 .8 99 .4 98 .9 98 .7 4 26 4.2 HOUSING AND HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS Tables SR.2.1, SR.2.2, and SR.2.3 provide further details on household level characteristics obtained in the Household Questionnaire. Most of the information collected on these housing characteristics have been used in the construction of the wealth index. Table SR.2.1 presents characteristics of housing, disaggregated by area and region, distributed by whether the dwelling has electricity, energy used for cooking, internet access, the main materials of the flooring, roof, and exterior walls, as well as the number of rooms used for sleeping. Table SR.2.1: Housing characteristics Percent distribution of households by selected housing characteristics, according to area of residence and regions, Lao PDR, 2017 Total Area Region Urban Rural Rural with road Rural without road North Central South Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Electricity Yes, interconnected grid 89.7 99.3 85.1 89.7 56.9 82.2 94.2 90.8 Yes, off-grid 3.9 0.2 5.7 3.3 20.5 9.6 1.4 0.9 No 6.3 0.5 9.1 6.9 22.6 8.2 4.3 8.3 Energy use for cookingA Clean fuels and technologies 7.4 17.6 2.5 2.9 0.6 5.5 10.6 2.5 Other fuels 92.3 82.1 97.2 96.9 99.2 94.3 89.0 97.4 No cooking done in the household 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1 Internet access at home Yes 1.7 3.7 0.7 0.7 0.3 1.6 2.0 1.1 No 98.2 96.1 99.2 99.2 99.5 98.3 97.9 98.9 Missing/DK 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 Main material of flooring Natural floor 6.3 2.9 7.9 7.3 11.7 13.4 3.7 0.9 Rudimentary floor 36.9 15.4 47.2 44.1 65.8 34.3 25.9 69.5 Finished floor 56.6 81.6 44.7 48.3 22.4 51.9 70.2 29.5 Other 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.1 Main material of roof Natural roofing 2.7 0.8 3.6 3.3 5.7 5.9 1.2 1.4 Rudimentary roofing 0.8 0.1 1.2 1.1 1.9 1.4 0.7 0.3 Finished roofing 96.3 99.0 95.1 95.5 92.3 92.6 98.0 98.2 Other 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 Main material of exterior wallsB Natural walls 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.5 Rudimentary walls 15.4 7.0 19.4 18.2 27.0 21.8 12.5 12.2 Finished walls 83.8 92.2 79.8 81.0 72.4 77.8 86.7 86.4 Other 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 1.0 Rooms used for sleeping 1 42.7 29.3 49.1 47.8 57.0 48.2 37.3 47.3 2 34.1 36.5 32.9 33.7 28.2 32.4 35.7 33.0 3 or more 23.2 34.1 18.0 18.5 14.8 19.4 27.1 19.7 Number of households 22,287 7,214 15,073 12,964 2,109 7,131 10,919 4,237 Mean number of persons per room used for sleeping 3.0 2.4 3.3 3.2 3.7 3.1 2.8 3.3 Household members with access to electricity in the household1 93.0 99.5 90.1 92.7 75.3 91.6 95.0 90.3 Number of household members 104,851 32,178 72,674 61,970 10,704 32,908 51,211 20,732 (Continued…) Ta b le S R .2 .1 ( co n ti n u ed ): H o u si n g ch ar ac te ri st ic s P er ce n t d is tr ib u ti o n o f h o u se h o ld s b y se le ct ed h o u si n g ch ar ac te ri st ic s, a cc o rd in g to P ro vi n ce , L ao P D R , 2 01 7 P ro vi n ce Vientiane Capital Phongsaly Luangnamtha Oudomxay Bokeo Luangprabang Huaphanh Xayabury Xiengkhuang Vientiane Borikhamxay Khammuane Savannakhet Saravane Sekong Champasack Attapeu Xaysomboune To ta l 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 El ec tr ic it y Ye s, in te rc o n n ec te d g ri d 99 .6 66 .1 87 .2 83 .2 96 .2 77 .2 65 .4 97 .1 93 .6 99 .2 99 .5 93 .4 85 .3 80 .9 81 .1 97 .6 93 .7 94 .9 Ye s, o ff -g ri d 0. 2 23 .5 4. 4 6. 9 0. 5 9. 6 26 .8 0. 1 2. 6 0. 2 0. 2 0. 1 4. 1 1. 4 4. 2 0. 2 0. 6 0. 2 N o 0. 2 10 .4 8. 4 9. 9 3. 3 13 .2 7. 8 2. 7 3. 8 0. 6 0. 3 6. 6 10 .6 17 .8 14 .7 2. 2 5. 7 4. 9 M is si n g/ D K 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 En er gy u se f o r co o ki n gA C le an f u el s an d t ec h n o lo gi es 28 .5 4. 6 6. 0 4. 5 14 .5 4. 5 4. 3 4. 4 4. 0 6. 2 8. 7 2. 9 1. 8 1. 9 1. 8 2. 7 3. 9 6. 4 O th er f u el s 71 .1 95 .3 93 .8 95 .3 85 .2 95 .1 95 .7 95 .6 96 .0 93 .6 91 .1 95 .8 97 .8 98 .1 98 .0 97 .2 95 .9 93 .6 N o c o o ki n g d o n e in t h e h o u se h o ld 0. 3 0. 1 0. 3 0. 2 0. 4 0. 4 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 3 0. 2 1. 3 0. 4 0. 0 0. 2 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 In te rn et a cc es s at h o m e Ye s 4. 4 1. 1 6. 8 1. 0 0. 4 1. 7 1. 0 0. 8 0. 3 0. 8 0. 7 0. 8 0. 6 1. 0 0. 8 1. 1 1. 4 13 .2 N o 95 .4 98 .7 93 .2 98 .8 99 .2 98 .2 99 .0 99 .1 99 .5 99 .1 99 .3 99 .2 99 .3 99 .0 99 .1 98 .9 98 .6 86 .8 M is si n g/ D K 0. 3 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 0. 4 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 0. 3 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 M ai n m at er ia l o f fl o o ri n g N at u ra l f lo o r 0. 5 31 .8 8. 2 12 .7 8. 6 10 .5 23 .3 6. 6 17 .0 7. 1 3. 2 1. 3 0. 5 0. 9 1. 2 0. 2 4. 2 27 .4 R u d im en ta ry f lo o r 8. 8 42 .0 52 .9 46 .2 27 .6 29 .3 39 .4 18 .8 29 .4 19 .7 25 .1 58 .2 30 .3 75 .6 80 .5 70 .0 40 .8 18 .7 Fi n is h ed f lo o r 90 .5 26 .2 38 .9 40 .6 63 .6 59 .2 37 .3 74 .5 53 .5 73 .3 70 .3 40 .4 69 .3 23 .4 17 .9 29 .6 55 .0 53 .9 O th er 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 5 0. 2 1. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 1. 4 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 0. 4 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 M ai n m at er ia l o f ro o f N at u ra l r o o fi n g 0. 4 1. 3 5. 7 11 .7 4. 2 3. 6 8. 1 5. 5 5. 0 0. 6 2. 0 0. 4 0. 9 2. 6 3. 1 0. 5 1. 1 5. 8 R u d im en ta ry r o o fi n g 0. 0 0. 3 1. 4 1. 3 4. 1 1. 3 2. 2 0. 4 0. 6 1. 7 0. 7 1. 3 0. 4 0. 1 0. 5 0. 4 0. 1 1. 9 Fi n is h ed r o o fi n g 99 .5 98 .4 92 .9 86 .9 91 .5 94 .8 89 .6 94 .0 94 .4 97 .2 97 .3 98 .2 98 .6 97 .2 96 .1 99 .1 98 .9 92 .3 O th er 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 3 0. 3 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 4 0. 0 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 3 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 M ai n m at er ia l o f ex te ri o r w al ls A N at u ra l w al ls 0. 2 1. 1 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 3 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 4. 0 0. 3 0. 4 0. 1 0. 5 0. 6 0. 2 R u d im en ta ry w al ls 5. 4 16 .8 24 .8 37 .2 22 .4 25 .3 16 .8 10 .4 1. 4 20 .3 13 .0 15 .4 15 .2 17 .4 19 .0 7. 1 16 .1 31 .4 Fi n is h ed w al ls 94 .0 81 .4 74 .9 62 .6 77 .4 74 .5 82 .8 89 .4 98 .6 79 .6 87 .0 80 .5 84 .4 80 .2 80 .3 91 .8 82 .9 68 .4 O th er 0. 5 0. 7 0. 2 0. 1 0. 2 0. 1 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 1 2. 0 0. 6 0. 6 0. 3 0. 0 R o o m s u se d f o r sl ee p in g 1 24 .2 43 .6 61 .1 65 .2 36 .6 54 .7 42 .2 33 .7 24 .6 34 .8 36 .3 33 .3 56 .7 53 .1 53 .6 42 .8 46 .8 42 .4 2 38 .5 37 .9 22 .4 22 .9 35 .3 30 .3 31 .4 42 .7 32 .2 41 .4 37 .1 40 .8 28 .1 31 .9 26 .9 34 .1 35 .6 34 .0 3 o r m o re 37 .3 18 .5 16 .4 12 .0 28 .1 14 .9 26 .3 23 .5 43 .1 23 .8 26 .6 25 .9 15 .2 14 .9 19 .5 23 .0 17 .7 23 .6 N u m b er o f h o u se h o ld s 2, 90 6 70 6 62 4 11 22 62 3 1, 64 0 93 0 1, 48 6 84 3 1, 52 9 96 3 1, 42 9 2, 96 9 1, 26 6 36 6 2, 15 1 45 3 28 1 M ea n n u m b er o f p er so n s p er r o o m u se d f o r sl ee p in g 2. 1 2. 9 3. 5 3. 8 2. 8 3. 3 3. 2 2. 5 2. 7 2. 8 2. 8 2. 5 3. 6 3. 7 3. 7 3. 0 3. 3 3. 7 P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld m em b er s w it h a cc es s to el ec tr ic it y in t h e h o u se h o ld 1 w it h a cc es s to e le ct ri ci ty in t h e h o u se h o ld 1 99 .8 88 .9 92 .1 89 .9 97 .0 86 .6 92 .6 97 .1 95 .9 99 .6 99 .8 92 .7 87 .6 79 .4 84 .8 97 .6 94 .4 95 .3 N u m b er o f h o u se h o ld m em b er s 12 ,6 33 3, 16 6 2, 95 2 5, 52 5 3, 02 5 7, 42 7 4, 69 7 6, 11 6 4, 31 4 7, 25 7 4, 52 1 6, 34 6 14 ,5 35 6, 55 4 1, 93 1 10 ,0 43 2, 20 4 1, 60 6 1 M IC S in d ic at o r SR .1 - A cc es s to e le ct ri ci ty ; S D G In d ic at o r 7. 1. 1 A P le as e re fe r to T ab le T C .4 .1 in S ec ti o n T h ri ve - C h ild h ea lt h , n u tr it io n a n d d ev el o p m en t B P le as e re fe r H o u se h o ld Q u es ti o n n ai re in A p p en d ix E , q u es ti o n s H C 4, H C 5 an d H C 6 fo r d ef in it io n s o f n at u ra l, ru d im en ta ry , f in is h ed a n d o th er 4 27 Ta b le S R .2 .1 ( co n ti n u ed ): H o u si n g ch ar ac te ri st ic s P er ce n t d is tr ib u ti o n o f h o u se h o ld s b y se le ct ed h o u si n g ch ar ac te ri st ic s, a cc o rd in g to P ro vi n ce , L ao P D R , 2 01 7 P ro vi n ce Vientiane Capital Phongsaly Luangnamtha Oudomxay Bokeo Luangprabang Huaphanh Xayabury Xiengkhuang Vientiane Borikhamxay Khammuane Savannakhet Saravane Sekong Champasack Attapeu Xaysomboune To ta l 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 El ec tr ic it y Ye s, in te rc o n n ec te d g ri d 99 .6 66 .1 87 .2 83 .2 96 .2 77 .2 65 .4 97 .1 93 .6 99 .2 99 .5 93 .4 85 .3 80 .9 81 .1 97 .6 93 .7 94 .9 Ye s, o ff -g ri d 0. 2 23 .5 4. 4 6. 9 0. 5 9. 6 26 .8 0. 1 2. 6 0. 2 0. 2 0. 1 4. 1 1. 4 4. 2 0. 2 0. 6 0. 2 N o 0. 2 10 .4 8. 4 9. 9 3. 3 13 .2 7. 8 2. 7 3. 8 0. 6 0. 3 6. 6 10 .6 17 .8 14 .7 2. 2 5. 7 4. 9 M is si n g/ D K 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 En er gy u se f o r co o ki n gA C le an f u el s an d t ec h n o lo gi es 28 .5 4. 6 6. 0 4. 5 14 .5 4. 5 4. 3 4. 4 4. 0 6. 2 8. 7 2. 9 1. 8 1. 9 1. 8 2. 7 3. 9 6. 4 O th er f u el s 71 .1 95 .3 93 .8 95 .3 85 .2 95 .1 95 .7 95 .6 96 .0 93 .6 91 .1 95 .8 97 .8 98 .1 98 .0 97 .2 95 .9 93 .6 N o c o o ki n g d o n e in t h e h o u se h o ld 0. 3 0. 1 0. 3 0. 2 0. 4 0. 4 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 3 0. 2 1. 3 0. 4 0. 0 0. 2 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 In te rn et a cc es s at h o m e Ye s 4. 4 1. 1 6. 8 1. 0 0. 4 1. 7 1. 0 0. 8 0. 3 0. 8 0. 7 0. 8 0. 6 1. 0 0. 8 1. 1 1. 4 13 .2 N o 95 .4 98 .7 93 .2 98 .8 99 .2 98 .2 99 .0 99 .1 99 .5 99 .1 99 .3 99 .2 99 .3 99 .0 99 .1 98 .9 98 .6 86 .8 M is si n g/ D K 0. 3 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 0. 4 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 0. 3 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 M ai n m at er ia l o f fl o o ri n g N at u ra l f lo o r 0. 5 31 .8 8. 2 12 .7 8. 6 10 .5 23 .3 6. 6 17 .0 7. 1 3. 2 1. 3 0. 5 0. 9 1. 2 0. 2 4. 2 27 .4 R u d im en ta ry f lo o r 8. 8 42 .0 52 .9 46 .2 27 .6 29 .3 39 .4 18 .8 29 .4 19 .7 25 .1 58 .2 30 .3 75 .6 80 .5 70 .0 40 .8 18 .7 Fi n is h ed f lo o r 90 .5 26 .2 38 .9 40 .6 63 .6 59 .2 37 .3 74 .5 53 .5 73 .3 70 .3 40 .4 69 .3 23 .4 17 .9 29 .6 55 .0 53 .9 O th er 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 5 0. 2 1. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 1. 4 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 0. 4 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 M ai n m at er ia l o f ro o f N at u ra l r o o fi n g 0. 4 1. 3 5. 7 11 .7 4. 2 3. 6 8. 1 5. 5 5. 0 0. 6 2. 0 0. 4 0. 9 2. 6 3. 1 0. 5 1. 1 5. 8 R u d im en ta ry r o o fi n g 0. 0 0. 3 1. 4 1. 3 4. 1 1. 3 2. 2 0. 4 0. 6 1. 7 0. 7 1. 3 0. 4 0. 1 0. 5 0. 4 0. 1 1. 9 Fi n is h ed r o o fi n g 99 .5 98 .4 92 .9 86 .9 91 .5 94 .8 89 .6 94 .0 94 .4 97 .2 97 .3 98 .2 98 .6 97 .2 96 .1 99 .1 98 .9 92 .3 O th er 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 3 0. 3 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 4 0. 0 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 3 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 M ai n m at er ia l o f ex te ri o r w al ls A N at u ra l w al ls 0. 2 1. 1 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 3 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 4. 0 0. 3 0. 4 0. 1 0. 5 0. 6 0. 2 R u d im en ta ry w al ls 5. 4 16 .8 24 .8 37 .2 22 .4 25 .3 16 .8 10 .4 1. 4 20 .3 13 .0 15 .4 15 .2 17 .4 19 .0 7. 1 16 .1 31 .4 Fi n is h ed w al ls 94 .0 81 .4 74 .9 62 .6 77 .4 74 .5 82 .8 89 .4 98 .6 79 .6 87 .0 80 .5 84 .4 80 .2 80 .3 91 .8 82 .9 68 .4 O th er 0. 5 0. 7 0. 2 0. 1 0. 2 0. 1 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 1 2. 0 0. 6 0. 6 0. 3 0. 0 R o o m s u se d f o r sl ee p in g 1 24 .2 43 .6 61 .1 65 .2 36 .6 54 .7 42 .2 33 .7 24 .6 34 .8 36 .3 33 .3 56 .7 53 .1 53 .6 42 .8 46 .8 42 .4 2 38 .5 37 .9 22 .4 22 .9 35 .3 30 .3 31 .4 42 .7 32 .2 41 .4 37 .1 40 .8 28 .1 31 .9 26 .9 34 .1 35 .6 34 .0 3 o r m o re 37 .3 18 .5 16 .4 12 .0 28 .1 14 .9 26 .3 23 .5 43 .1 23 .8 26 .6 25 .9 15 .2 14 .9 19 .5 23 .0 17 .7 23 .6 N u m b er o f h o u se h o ld s 2, 90 6 70 6 62 4 11 22 62 3 1, 64 0 93 0 1, 48 6 84 3 1, 52 9 96 3 1, 42 9 2, 96 9 1, 26 6 36 6 2, 15 1 45 3 28 1 M ea n n u m b er o f p er so n s p er r o o m u se d f o r sl ee p in g 2. 1 2. 9 3. 5 3. 8 2. 8 3. 3 3. 2 2. 5 2. 7 2. 8 2. 8 2. 5 3. 6 3. 7 3. 7 3. 0 3. 3 3. 7 P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld m em b er s w it h a cc es s to el ec tr ic it y in t h e h o u se h o ld 1 w it h a cc es s to e le ct ri ci ty in t h e h o u se h o ld 1 99 .8 88 .9 92 .1 89 .9 97 .0 86 .6 92 .6 97 .1 95 .9 99 .6 99 .8 92 .7 87 .6 79 .4 84 .8 97 .6 94 .4 95 .3 N u m b er o f h o u se h o ld m em b er s 12 ,6 33 3, 16 6 2, 95 2 5, 52 5 3, 02 5 7, 42 7 4, 69 7 6, 11 6 4, 31 4 7, 25 7 4, 52 1 6, 34 6 14 ,5 35 6, 55 4 1, 93 1 10 ,0 43 2, 20 4 1, 60 6 1 M IC S in d ic at o r SR .1 - A cc es s to e le ct ri ci ty ; S D G In d ic at o r 7. 1. 1 A P le as e re fe r to T ab le T C .4 .1 in S ec ti o n T h ri ve - C h ild h ea lt h , n u tr it io n a n d d ev el o p m en t B P le as e re fe r H o u se h o ld Q u es ti o n n ai re in A p p en d ix E , q u es ti o n s H C 4, H C 5 an d H C 6 fo r d ef in it io n s o f n at u ra l, ru d im en ta ry , f in is h ed a n d o th er 4 28 In Table SR.2.2 households are distributed according to ownership of assets by households and by individual household members. This also includes ownership of dwelling. Table SR.2.2: Household and personal assets Percentage of households by ownership of selected household and personal assets, and percent distribution by ownership of dwelling, according to area of residence and regions, Lao PDR, 2017 Total Area Region Urban Rural Rural with road Rural without road North Central South Percentage of households that own a Television 79.3 94.1 72.2 75.9 49.4 70.7 85.0 79.0 Refrigerator 65.4 90.1 53.6 58.2 25.4 48.3 76.8 64.7 Fan 71.9 93.1 61.7 65.8 37.0 55.9 83.4 69.0 Water pump 38.8 41.3 37.6 40.7 18.8 11.4 51.9 51.4 Air-conditioner 10.1 25.9 2.5 2.8 0.3 3.6 16.1 5.5 Washing machine 26.4 53.2 13.5 15.1 3.3 18.3 35.4 16.5 CD/DVD player / Home theatre 30.2 41.2 24.9 26.1 17.6 32.8 32.0 21.0 Iron 33.3 63.2 19.0 21.0 6.2 18.5 45.3 27.1 Rice cooker / Steamed cooker 54.7 83.2 41.0 44.6 19.2 37.9 68.9 46.3 Percentage of households that own Agricultural land 72.7 53.6 81.8 81.0 86.5 82.4 63.9 78.8 Farm animals/Livestock 78.3 63.6 85.3 84.7 89.1 81.9 75.8 78.5 Percentage of households where at least one member owns or has a Wristwatch 34.0 53.5 24.6 25.9 16.7 28.5 41.2 24.5 Bicycle 35.7 47.3 30.2 32.6 15.5 27.1 43.7 29.5 Motorcycle or scooter 83.7 92.7 79.4 81.0 69.3 78.7 87.2 83.1 Animal-drawn cart 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.4 Car, truck, or van 20.4 37.5 12.2 13.4 4.8 13.6 27.3 13.7 Boat with a motor 5.4 2.9 6.6 4.9 17.3 4.4 4.0 11.0 Tak Tak 38.3 21.6 46.4 47.9 37.0 28.3 41.0 48.3 Computer or tablet 13.5 31.0 5.2 5.7 1.7 9.3 18.3 8.2 Mobile telephone 90.1 97.5 86.6 88.2 76.7 88.0 92.1 88.6 Bank account 31.9 57.7 19.5 21.0 10.3 27.6 39.0 20.8 Ownership of dwelling Owned by a household member 98.0 95.7 99.0 98.9 99.6 98.6 97.3 98.4 Not owned 2.0 4.3 1.0 1.1 0.4 1.4 2.7 1.6 Rented 1.0 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.7 1.4 0.5 Other 1.0 1.8 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.6 1.3 1.1 Number of households 22,287 7,214 15,073 12,964 2,109 7,131 10,919 4,237 (Continued…) Ta b le S R .2 .2 ( co n ti n u ed ): H o u se h o ld a n d p er so n al a ss et s P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld s b y o w n er sh ip o f se le ct ed h o u se h o ld a n d p er so n al a ss et s, a n d p er ce n t d is tr ib u ti o n b y o w n er sh ip o f d w e lli n g, a cc o rd in g to P ro vi n ce , L ao P D R , 2 01 7 P ro vi n ce Vientiane Capital Phongsaly Luangnamtha Oudomxay Bokeo Luangprabang Huaphanh Xayabury Xiengkhuang Vientiane Borikhamxay Khammuane Savannakhet Saravane Sekong Champasack Attapeu Xaysomboune P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld s th at o w n a Te le vi si o n 95 .9 66 .0 73 .8 68 .2 78 .8 64 .8 58 .6 84 .5 81 .2 88 .9 89 .8 83 .3 74 .5 66 .8 62 .2 89 .2 78 .7 66 .3 R ef ri ge ra to r 96 .3 32 .6 49 .5 34 .2 67 .3 46 .4 29 .7 71 .7 56 .2 77 .8 86 .1 76 .7 61 .9 46 .6 40 .6 81 .2 56 .6 58 .6 Fa n 99 .2 34 .8 50 .8 46 .9 78 .8 55 .7 42 .0 74 .2 55 .6 89 .1 91 .3 82 .8 72 .8 60 .0 40 .0 79 .8 66 .4 61 .7 W at er p u m p 58 .4 4. 8 10 .0 7. 3 35 .2 6. 4 4. 0 18 .3 36 .0 56 .0 66 .9 52 .8 46 .1 30 .8 14 .9 71 .1 44 .9 13 .9 A ir -c o n d it io n er 40 .8 1. 0 2. 5 2. 8 6. 7 4. 7 1. 2 4. 8 1. 6 8. 4 11 .3 7. 8 6. 8 4. 5 3. 0 5. 7 9. 1 2. 4 W as h in g m ac h in e 66 .6 6. 2 14 .3 11 .7 37 .4 12 .6 9. 0 34 .9 17 .3 32 .2 40 .4 22 .9 18 .4 10 .6 12 .7 20 .3 17 .9 11 .6 C D /D V D p la ye r / H o m e th ea tr e 47 .0 37 .4 27 .3 36 .7 33 .0 26 .0 35 .6 35 .7 63 .8 30 .4 26 .0 24 .0 15 .0 17 .4 17 .0 22 .6 26 .3 30 .5 Ir o n 76 .3 12 .6 17 .2 15 .3 25 .6 16 .7 10 .8 28 .4 42 .2 36 .0 46 .6 33 .5 27 .6 17 .7 18 .1 34 .9 23 .1 27 .3 R ic e co o ke r / St ea m ed c o o ke r 93 .9 29 .4 38 .2 29 .7 58 .9 37 .8 19 .9 50 .8 65 .7 68 .6 76 .9 57 .2 49 .5 31 .8 24 .8 59 .7 40 .7 57 .2 P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld s th at o w n A gr ic u lt u ra l l an d 36 .4 90 .6 84 .5 81 .5 75 .7 79 .9 81 .1 84 .8 79 .3 70 .9 77 .5 69 .0 75 .2 84 .4 83 .5 73 .8 83 .4 70 .9 Fa rm a n im al s/ Li ve st o ck 52 .1 82 .9 82 .8 79 .3 86 .3 71 .6 91 .4 86 .4 90 .8 82 .8 86 .9 82 .7 82 .9 85 .7 77 .2 73 .3 84 .1 90 .3 P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld s w h er e at le as t o n e m em b er o w n s o r h as a W ri st w at ch 64 .7 33 .3 27 .7 25 .2 43 .1 28 .8 18 .5 29 .0 51 .7 40 .4 35 .8 25 .6 25 .7 19 .6 21 .4 28 .8 20 .4 33 .3 B ic yc le 49 .1 7. 9 30 .3 22 .4 39 .6 22 .7 12 .3 47 .0 27 .3 48 .9 48 .1 53 .9 35 .6 23 .0 13 .6 35 .5 32 .5 29 .3 M o to rc yc le o r sc o o te r 93 .3 77 .7 86 .3 71 .8 80 .0 71 .7 88 .0 82 .3 93 .3 85 .4 90 .5 78 .9 83 .1 78 .5 74 .4 87 .7 81 .4 89 .0 A n im al -d ra w n c ar t 0. 3 0. 1 0. 4 0. 5 0. 5 0. 5 2. 3 0. 4 0. 7 0. 3 0. 3 0. 1 0. 2 1. 0 0. 7 0. 2 0. 0 0. 9 C ar , t ru ck , o r va n 46 .5 10 .3 16 .3 14 .0 18 .9 11 .6 9. 2 16 .6 28 .3 19 .4 29 .3 16 .4 18 .4 13 .6 9. 3 14 .9 12 .4 13 .4 B o at w it h a m o to r 3. 4 3. 4 2. 7 1. 6 7. 1 7. 9 0. 7 4. 8 2. 3 4. 6 10 .9 6. 2 1. 0 0. 6 3. 3 19 .6 5. 4 7. 0 Ta k Ta k 15 .5 26 .0 18 .5 21 .2 37 .7 11 .6 38 .8 46 .6 42 .2 43 .2 46 .8 53 .6 57 .1 55 .0 33 .2 48 .7 40 .2 35 .6 C o m p u te r o r ta b le t 37 .5 8. 1 8. 8 13 .9 17 .3 8. 3 7. 1 5. 9 14 .3 11 .1 16 .9 9. 5 9. 6 8. 1 8. 8 7. 3 12 .4 12 .0 M o b ile t el ep h o n e 99 .0 91 .4 89 .2 84 .2 89 .9 84 .5 85 .7 93 .3 96 .1 94 .4 95 .5 88 .4 83 .6 80 .8 84 .3 93 .8 88 .8 92 .9 B an k ac co u n t 59 .5 25 .7 37 .6 32 .1 38 .3 20 .6 21 .2 28 .2 41 .4 29 .9 42 .2 26 .2 30 .1 16 .3 19 .4 21 .0 33 .2 18 .8 O w n er sh ip o f d w el lin g O w n ed b y a h o u se h o ld m em b er 93 .3 98 .0 98 .7 97 .6 98 .2 98 .3 99 .4 99 .8 99 .7 98 .5 98 .8 98 .2 99 .1 98 .6 98 .3 98 .4 98 .0 98 .2 N o t o w n ed 6. 7 2. 0 1. 3 2. 4 1. 8 1. 7 0. 6 0. 2 0. 3 1. 5 1. 2 1. 8 0. 9 1. 4 1. 7 1. 6 2. 0 1. 8 R en te d 3. 9 1. 6 0. 5 1. 0 1. 0 0. 9 0. 3 0. 2 0. 3 0. 6 0. 4 0. 7 0. 4 0. 6 0. 4 0. 2 1. 4 0. 7 O th er 2. 8 0. 5 0. 8 1. 4 0. 9 0. 8 0. 3 0. 0 0. 1 0. 9 0. 7 1. 1 0. 5 0. 8 1. 2 1. 4 0. 6 1. 1 N u m b er o f h o u se h o ld s 2, 90 6 70 6 62 4 1, 12 2 62 3 1, 64 0 93 0 1, 48 6 84 3 1, 52 9 96 3 1, 42 9 2, 96 9 1, 26 6 36 6 2, 15 1 45 3 28 1 4 29 In Table SR.2.2 households are distributed according to ownership of assets by households and by individual household members. This also includes ownership of dwelling. Table SR.2.2: Household and personal assets Percentage of households by ownership of selected household and personal assets, and percent distribution by ownership of dwelling, according to area of residence and regions, Lao PDR, 2017 Total Area Region Urban Rural Rural with road Rural without road North Central South Percentage of households that own a Television 79.3 94.1 72.2 75.9 49.4 70.7 85.0 79.0 Refrigerator 65.4 90.1 53.6 58.2 25.4 48.3 76.8 64.7 Fan 71.9 93.1 61.7 65.8 37.0 55.9 83.4 69.0 Water pump 38.8 41.3 37.6 40.7 18.8 11.4 51.9 51.4 Air-conditioner 10.1 25.9 2.5 2.8 0.3 3.6 16.1 5.5 Washing machine 26.4 53.2 13.5 15.1 3.3 18.3 35.4 16.5 CD/DVD player / Home theatre 30.2 41.2 24.9 26.1 17.6 32.8 32.0 21.0 Iron 33.3 63.2 19.0 21.0 6.2 18.5 45.3 27.1 Rice cooker / Steamed cooker 54.7 83.2 41.0 44.6 19.2 37.9 68.9 46.3 Percentage of households that own Agricultural land 72.7 53.6 81.8 81.0 86.5 82.4 63.9 78.8 Farm animals/Livestock 78.3 63.6 85.3 84.7 89.1 81.9 75.8 78.5 Percentage of households where at least one member owns or has a Wristwatch 34.0 53.5 24.6 25.9 16.7 28.5 41.2 24.5 Bicycle 35.7 47.3 30.2 32.6 15.5 27.1 43.7 29.5 Motorcycle or scooter 83.7 92.7 79.4 81.0 69.3 78.7 87.2 83.1 Animal-drawn cart 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.4 Car, truck, or van 20.4 37.5 12.2 13.4 4.8 13.6 27.3 13.7 Boat with a motor 5.4 2.9 6.6 4.9 17.3 4.4 4.0 11.0 Tak Tak 38.3 21.6 46.4 47.9 37.0 28.3 41.0 48.3 Computer or tablet 13.5 31.0 5.2 5.7 1.7 9.3 18.3 8.2 Mobile telephone 90.1 97.5 86.6 88.2 76.7 88.0 92.1 88.6 Bank account 31.9 57.7 19.5 21.0 10.3 27.6 39.0 20.8 Ownership of dwelling Owned by a household member 98.0 95.7 99.0 98.9 99.6 98.6 97.3 98.4 Not owned 2.0 4.3 1.0 1.1 0.4 1.4 2.7 1.6 Rented 1.0 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.7 1.4 0.5 Other 1.0 1.8 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.6 1.3 1.1 Number of households 22,287 7,214 15,073 12,964 2,109 7,131 10,919 4,237 (Continued…) Ta b le S R .2 .2 ( co n ti n u ed ): H o u se h o ld a n d p er so n al a ss et s P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld s b y o w n er sh ip o f se le ct ed h o u se h o ld a n d p er so n al a ss et s, a n d p er ce n t d is tr ib u ti o n b y o w n er sh ip o f d w e lli n g, a cc o rd in g to P ro vi n ce , L ao P D R , 2 01 7 P ro vi n ce Vientiane Capital Phongsaly Luangnamtha Oudomxay Bokeo Luangprabang Huaphanh Xayabury Xiengkhuang Vientiane Borikhamxay Khammuane Savannakhet Saravane Sekong Champasack Attapeu Xaysomboune P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld s th at o w n a Te le vi si o n 95 .9 66 .0 73 .8 68 .2 78 .8 64 .8 58 .6 84 .5 81 .2 88 .9 89 .8 83 .3 74 .5 66 .8 62 .2 89 .2 78 .7 66 .3 R ef ri ge ra to r 96 .3 32 .6 49 .5 34 .2 67 .3 46 .4 29 .7 71 .7 56 .2 77 .8 86 .1 76 .7 61 .9 46 .6 40 .6 81 .2 56 .6 58 .6 Fa n 99 .2 34 .8 50 .8 46 .9 78 .8 55 .7 42 .0 74 .2 55 .6 89 .1 91 .3 82 .8 72 .8 60 .0 40 .0 79 .8 66 .4 61 .7 W at er p u m p 58 .4 4. 8 10 .0 7. 3 35 .2 6. 4 4. 0 18 .3 36 .0 56 .0 66 .9 52 .8 46 .1 30 .8 14 .9 71 .1 44 .9 13 .9 A ir -c o n d it io n er 40 .8 1. 0 2. 5 2. 8 6. 7 4. 7 1. 2 4. 8 1. 6 8. 4 11 .3 7. 8 6. 8 4. 5 3. 0 5. 7 9. 1 2. 4 W as h in g m ac h in e 66 .6 6. 2 14 .3 11 .7 37 .4 12 .6 9. 0 34 .9 17 .3 32 .2 40 .4 22 .9 18 .4 10 .6 12 .7 20 .3 17 .9 11 .6 C D /D V D p la ye r / H o m e th ea tr e 47 .0 37 .4 27 .3 36 .7 33 .0 26 .0 35 .6 35 .7 63 .8 30 .4 26 .0 24 .0 15 .0 17 .4 17 .0 22 .6 26 .3 30 .5 Ir o n 76 .3 12 .6 17 .2 15 .3 25 .6 16 .7 10 .8 28 .4 42 .2 36 .0 46 .6 33 .5 27 .6 17 .7 18 .1 34 .9 23 .1 27 .3 R ic e co o ke r / St ea m ed c o o ke r 93 .9 29 .4 38 .2 29 .7 58 .9 37 .8 19 .9 50 .8 65 .7 68 .6 76 .9 57 .2 49 .5 31 .8 24 .8 59 .7 40 .7 57 .2 P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld s th at o w n A gr ic u lt u ra l l an d 36 .4 90 .6 84 .5 81 .5 75 .7 79 .9 81 .1 84 .8 79 .3 70 .9 77 .5 69 .0 75 .2 84 .4 83 .5 73 .8 83 .4 70 .9 Fa rm a n im al s/ Li ve st o ck 52 .1 82 .9 82 .8 79 .3 86 .3 71 .6 91 .4 86 .4 90 .8 82 .8 86 .9 82 .7 82 .9 85 .7 77 .2 73 .3 84 .1 90 .3 P er ce n ta ge o f h o u se h o ld s w h er e at le as t o n e m em b er o w n s o r h as a W ri st w at ch 64 .7 33 .3 27 .7 25 .2 43 .1 28 .8 18 .5 29 .0 51 .7 40 .4 35 .8 25 .6 25 .7 19 .6 21 .4 28 .8 20 .4 33 .3 B ic yc le 49 .1 7. 9 30 .3 22 .4 39 .6 22 .7 12 .3 47 .0 27 .3 48 .9 48 .1 53 .9 35 .6 23 .0 13 .6 35 .5 32 .5 29 .3 M o to rc yc le o r sc o o te r 93 .3 77 .7 86 .3 71 .8 80 .0 71 .7 88 .0 82 .3 93 .3 85 .4 90 .5 78 .9 83 .1 78 .5 74 .4 87 .7 81 .4 89 .0 A n im al -d ra w n c ar t 0. 3 0. 1 0. 4 0. 5 0. 5 0. 5 2. 3 0. 4 0. 7 0. 3 0. 3 0. 1 0. 2 1. 0 0. 7 0. 2 0. 0 0. 9 C ar , t ru ck , o r va n 46 .5 10 .3 16 .3 14 .0 18 .9 11 .6 9. 2 16 .6 28 .3 19 .4 29 .3 16 .4 18 .4 13 .6 9. 3 14 .9 12 .4 13 .4 B o at w it h a m o to r 3. 4 3. 4 2. 7 1. 6 7. 1 7. 9 0. 7 4. 8 2. 3 4. 6 10 .9 6. 2 1. 0 0. 6 3. 3 19 .6 5. 4 7. 0 Ta k Ta k 15 .5 26 .0 18 .5 21 .2 37 .7 11 .6 38 .8 46 .6 42 .2 43 .2 46 .8 53 .6 57 .1 55 .0 33 .2 48 .7 40 .2 35 .6 C o m p u te r o r ta b le t 37 .5 8. 1 8. 8 13 .9 17 .3 8. 3 7. 1 5. 9 14 .3 11 .1 16 .9 9. 5 9. 6 8. 1 8. 8 7. 3 12 .4 12 .0 M o b ile t el ep h o n e 99 .0 91 .4 89 .2 84 .2 89 .9 84 .5 85 .7 93 .3 96 .1 94 .4 95 .5 88 .4 83 .6 80 .8 84 .3 93 .8 88 .8 92 .9 B an k ac co u n t 59 .5 25 .7 37 .6 32 .1 38 .3 20 .6 21 .2 28 .2 41 .4 29 .9 42 .2 26 .2 30 .1 16 .3 19 .4 21 .0 33 .2 18 .8 O w n er sh ip o f d w el lin g O w n ed b y a h o u se h o ld m em b er 93 .3 98 .0 98 .7 97 .6 98 .2 98 .3 99 .4 99 .8 99 .7 98 .5 98 .8 98 .2 99 .1 98 .6 98 .3 98 .4 98 .0 98 .2 N o t o w n ed 6. 7 2. 0 1. 3 2. 4 1. 8 1. 7 0. 6 0. 2 0. 3 1. 5 1. 2 1. 8 0. 9 1. 4 1. 7 1. 6 2. 0 1. 8 R en te d 3. 9 1. 6 0. 5 1. 0 1. 0 0. 9 0. 3 0. 2 0. 3 0. 6 0. 4 0. 7 0. 4 0. 6 0. 4 0. 2 1. 4 0. 7 O th er 2. 8 0. 5 0. 8 1. 4 0. 9 0. 8 0. 3 0. 0 0. 1 0. 9 0. 7 1. 1 0. 5 0. 8 1. 2 1. 4 0. 6 1. 1 N u m b er o f h o u se h o ld s 2, 90 6 70 6 62 4 1, 12 2 62 3 1, 64 0 93 0 1, 48 6 84 3 1, 52 9 96 3 1, 42 9 2, 96 9 1, 26 6 36 6 2, 15 1 45 3 28 1 4 30 Table SR.2.3 shows how the household populations in areas and regions are distributed according to household wealth quintiles. Table SR.2.3: Wealth quintiles Percent distribution of the household population by wealth index quintile, according to area of residence, regions and Province, Lao PDR, 2017 Wealth index quintile Total Number of household members Poorest Second Middle Fourth Richest Total 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 100.0 104,851 Area Urban 2.1 7.0 14.9 28.0 48.0 100.0 32,178 Rural 27.9 25.8 22.2 16.5 7.6 100.0 72,674 Rural with road 23.2 26.2 23.6 18.2 8.8 100.0 61,970 Rural without road 55.2 23.1 14.4 6.5 0.8 100.0 10,704 Region North 29.7 23.5 18.8 16.9 11.2 100.0 32,908 Central 13.4 15.8 18.2 23.3 29.3 100.0 51,211 South 20.9 24.8 26.5 16.6 11.1 100.0 20,732 Province Vientiane Capital 0.3 1.1 7.6 26.4 64.6 100.0 12,633 Phongsaly 56.3 21.1 12.2 6.5 4.0 100.0 3,166 Luangnamtha 23.2 29.8 22.1 15.5 9.4 100.0 2,952 Oudomxay 34.2 30.0 15.0 11.3 9.6 100.0 5,525 Bokeo 17.1 15.6 21.5 26.3 19.5 100.0 3,025 Luangprabang 30.2 21.0 20.9 17.2 10.7 100.0 7,427 Huaphanh 42.1 34.1 13.0 6.3 4.5 100.0 4,697 Xayabury 10.9 14.7 24.4 31.2 18.8 100.0 6,116 Xiengkhuang 16.9 26.1 23.4 22.1 11.5 100.0 4,314 Vientiane 8.7 16.3 25.0 29.4 20.6 100.0 7,257 Borikhamxay 4.0 14.6 23.0 25.6 32.7 100.0 4,521 Khammuane 14.5 26.5 23.6 19.6 15.8 100.0 6,346 Savannakhet 27.6 19.1 17.1 20.3 15.8 100.0 14,535 Saravane 36.8 30.1 16.2 9.8 7.0 100.0 6,554 Sekong 36.5 36.1 12.7 9.0 5.7 100.0 1,931 Champasack 7.6 18.1 36.9 23.3 14.2 100.0 10,043 Attapeu 20.9 30.0 22.2 13.4 13.5 100.0 2,204 Xaysomboune 22.1 32.6 30.5 10.6 4.2 100.0 1,606 4.3 HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION Table SR.3.1, as well as Tables SR.5, provide basic information on the households, female respondents age 15-49, male respondents 15-49, children age 5-17, and children under-5. Both unweighted and weighted numbers are presented. Such information is essential for the interpretation of findings presented later in the report and provide background information on the representativeness of the survey sample. The remaining tables in this report are presented only with weighted numbers.1 Table SR.3.1 provides basic background information on the households, including the sex of the household head, region, area, Province, number of household members, education of household head, and ethno-linguistic group 2 of the household head are shown in the table. These background characteristics are used in subsequent tables in this report; the figures in the table are also intended to show the numbers of observations by major categories of analysis in the report. The weighted and unweighted total number of households are equal, since sample weights were normalized.3 The table also shows the weighted mean household size estimated by the survey. 1 See Appendix A: Sample Design, for more details on sample weights. 2 This was determined by asking: To what ethnic group does the household head belong?. 3 See Appendix A: Sample Design, for more details on sample weights Table SR.3.1: Household composition Percent and frequency distribution of households by selected characteristics, Lao PDR 2017 Weighted percent Number of households Weighted Unweighted Total 100.0 22,287 22,287 Sex of household head Male 86.1 19,183 19,506 Female 13.9 3,104 2781 Age of household headA <18 0.1 15 14 18-34 19.4 4,321 4,786 35-64 68.9 15,356 15,099 65-84 11.1 2,472 2,275 85+ 0.6 124 113 Area Urban 32.4 7,214 7,000 Rural 67.6 15,073 15,287 Rural with road 86.0 12,964 12,985 Rural without road 14.0 2,109 2,302 Region North 32.0 7,131 8,416 Central 49.0 10,919 9,167 South 19.0 4,237 4,704 Province Vientiane Capital 13.0 2,906 1,575 Phongsaly 3.2 706 1,045 Luangnamtha 2.8 624 1,071 Oudomxay 5.0 1,122 1,220 Bokeo 2.8 623 1,043 Luangprabang 7.4 1,640 1,445 Huaphanh 4.2 930 1,163 Xayabury 6.7 1,486 1,429 Xiengkhuang 3.8 843 1,115 Vientiane 6.9 1,529 1,414 Borikhamxay 4.3 963 1,132 Khammuane 6.4 1,429 1,356 Savannakhet 13.3 2,969 1,551 Saravane 5.7 1266 1,323 Sekong 1.6 366 1,056 Champasack 9.6 2,151 1,325 Attapeu 2.0 453 1,000 Xaysomboune 1.3 281 1,024 Education of household head None or ECE 16.0 3,566 3,802 Primary 43.1 9,605 9,631 Lower secondary 19.3 4,300 4,252 Upper secondary 7.2 1,606 1,520 Post secondary / Non tertiary 6.4 1,427 1,358 Higher 7.9 1,752 1,702 DK/Missing 0.1 31 22 Number of household members 1 3.2 709 651 2 8.8 1,959 1,838 3 16.0 3,568 3,456 4 23.1 5,146 5,089 5 19.5 4,345 4,363 6 13.2 2,950 3,020 7+ 16.2 3,610 3,870 Ethno-linguistic group of household head Lao-Tai 66.3 14,785 13,028 Mon-Khmer 22.4 4,983 5,726 Hmong-Mien 7.5 1,667 2,309 Chinese-Tibetan 2.8 624 990 Other, DK, Missing 1.0 228 234 Households withA,B At least one child under age 5 years 38.7 8,616 8,888 At least one child age 5-17 years 68.4 15,255 15,494 At least one child age <18 years 80.0 17,819 18,058 At least one woman age 15-49 years 84.3 18,797 19,040 At least one man age 15-49 years 81.1 18,075 18,370 No member age <50 years 5.5 1,230 1,146 No adult (18+ years) member 0.1 13 11 Mean household size 4.7 22,287 22,287 A In all following household level tables, the figures for the category "<18" under "Age of household head" and the category "no adult (18+) member" under "Household with" will be suppressed because they are based on fewer than 25 unweighted cases. B Each proportion presented below is a separate characteristic based on the total number of households. 4 31 Table SR.3.1: Household composition Percent and frequency distribution of households by selected characteristics, Lao PDR 2017 Weighted percent Number of households Weighted Unweighted Total 100.0 22,287 22,287 Sex of household head Male 86.1 19,183 19,506 Female 13.9 3,104 2781 Age of household headA <18 0.1 15 14 18-34 19.4 4,321 4,786 35-64 68.9 15,356 15,099 65-84 11.1 2,472 2,275 85+ 0.6 124 113 Area Urban 32.4 7,214 7,000 Rural 67.6 15,073 15,287 Rural with road 86.0 12,964 12,985 Rural without road 14.0 2,109 2,302 Region North 32.0 7,131 8,416 Central 49.0 10,919 9,167 South 19.0 4,237 4,704 Provi

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