ImpactNow Kenya: Near-Term Benefits of Family Planning

Publication date: 2015

ImpactNow Kenya: Near-Term Benefits of Family Planning Currently in Kenya… 3.9 The number of children the average woman will have in her lifetime 1 in 5 Married women (18%) who do not want to have a child but are not using family planning 1 in 4 Teenagers (23%) who do not want to have a child but are not using family planning Meanwhile… The injectable—an expensive contraceptive—is the most popular method Providers often lack training in the provision of more effective and less expensive methods of FP, such as implants and intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs)  In 2012, Kenya launched the Population Policy for National Development (PPND)  PPND aspires to increase national use of modern contraceptives to 58% by 2020 and 64% by 2025  Since PPND, Kenya has increased its modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) to 53% among currently married women  Kenya is currently on track to surpass its 2020 target (58% mCPR) The Context  To ensure further progress, national and county governments must prioritise modern FP in their policies, programmes, and budgets  Prioritising modern FP will save the lives of mothers and children and promote economic development The Solution What would it mean for Kenya if county governments accelerated access to and use of voluntary modern FP? ImpactNow Kenya Model and Results “The goal is to attain high quality of life for the people of Kenya by managing population growth that can be sustained with the available resources.” Population Policy for National Development, 2012 The ImpactNow model quantifies the health and economic benefits of family planning The Model Health status Pregnancy- and birth-related healthcare utilisation and costs Contraceptive effectiveness Patterns of contraceptive use INPUTS Unintended pregnancies averted Live births averted Unsafe abortions averted Maternal deaths averted Infant deaths averted HEALTH OUTPUTS FP costs Direct healthcare costs averted Cost-benefit ratio Cost-effectiveness ECONOMIC OUTPUTS Scenario-based, the model is designed to show the impacts of three FP policy options and compare results The Scenarios Assumes little or no change in the policy goal in the future Low Effort Assumes incremental improvement/change PPND Assumes the most ambitious goal PPND+ Model Scenarios for Kenya Scenario Key Characteristics Low Effort Modest improvements in mCPR, below the recent percentage point improvement (2.3 annually) PPND mCPR reaches 58% by 2020 as envisioned in the PPND PPND+ Aligned with PPND 2025 mCPR goal (64%) Recent momentum in mCPR continues, with uptake growing at 2.3 percentage points annually Improvements in access to long-acting, reversible, and permanent contraception Modern FP and Method Mix by Scenario Baseline 2015 Low Effort 2020 PPND 2020 PPND+ 2020 mCPR 53.2% 56.2% 58.0% 64.7% Method Mix Condom 4.1% 4.1% 4.1% 4.1% Injectable 49.6% 49.6% 49.6% 30.0% Pill 15.0% 15.0% 15.0% 7.5% Female Sterilisation 6.0% 6.0% 6.0% 9.0% Male Sterilisation 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 2.0% IUCD 6.4% 6.4% 6.4% 16.4% Implant 18.6% 18.6% 18.6% 31.0% Other Modern (lactational amenorrhea method) 0.30% 0.30% 0.30% 0.0% Unintended Pregnancies Averted 6.89 7.04 7.75 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 M ill io ns Unintended Pregnancies Averted (Cumulative, 2015–2020) Low Effort PPND PPND+ Accelerated use of modern methods averts a higher number of unintended pregnancies Unsafe Abortions Averted 1.25 1.27 1.40 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 M ill io ns Unsafe Abortions Averted (Cumulative 2015–2020) Low Effort PPND PPND+ Kenya would prevent 155,000 more unsafe abortions by accelerating expanded access to and use of modern methods compared to a low effort scenario Mothers’ Lives Saved 18.53 18.89 20.67 15 17 19 21 Th ou sa nd s Maternal Deaths Averted (Cumulative, 2015–2020) Low Effort PPND PPND+ Kenya would save an additional 2,138 mothers’ lives by investing in modern methods compared to a scenario of low effort and investment Children’s Lives Saved 128,222 144,175 Low Effort PPND+ PPND 131,007 Children’s Lives Saved (Cumulative, 2015–2020) Accelerating use of modern methods would save an additional 16,000 children’s lives by 2020 compared to a low effort scenario Healthcare Cost Savings 12.43 12.64 12.36 54.69 55.88 61.49 5 15 25 35 45 55 65 Low Effort PPND PPND+ Bi lli on s Ks h FP Costs and Savings (Cumulative, 2015–2020) FP Costs Healthcare Savings By investing in modern FP methods, Kenya would save an additional Ksh 6.8 billion in healthcare costs by 2020; FP costs decrease with the increased use of long-acting methods Cost-benefit Ratio Healthcare Savings per Ksh 85 Spent on FP in Kenya (2020) Ksh 370 saved Ksh 464 saved Low Effort PPND+ PPND Ksh 381 saved Today, every Ksh 85 spent on FP saves Ksh 381 (US$4.48) in direct healthcare costs; with increased investment in modern FP, savings would increase to Ksh 464 per Ksh 85 spent With increased investment in modern FP, Kenya could… Ksh 7,900 Ksh 170 Ksh 58,900 …avert one unintended pregnancy …save one child’s life …prevent one maternal death Summary Results With increased use of FP—reaching an mCPR goal of 64.7% by 2020—Kenya would  Save the lives of more than 20,000 mothers and 144,000 children  Avert more than 7.7 million unintended pregnancies  Save Ksh 61 billion in direct healthcare costs—Ksh 6.8 billion more than if modern FP uptake slows  Prevent 1.4 million unsafe abortions  Save Ksh 464 in near-term healthcare costs by 2020 for every Ksh 85 spent on FP  There is no need to wait; the health and economic benefits of investing in FP are immediate Summary Results Policy Recommendations Each county government has a crucial role to play in realising Kenya’s development future To realise Kenya’s health and economic benefits, national and county governments must prioritise family planning in financing, including  Establishing FP-specific budget lines within county Programme Based Budgets and allocating the funds appropriately (commodities, in-service training, and facility improvements)  Allocating/spending funds from recurrent budgets on FP-related supplies and personnel  Tracking FP funds on FP in-service training, long-acting methods, and facility improvements (based on budget allocations) Prioritise FP Budgets To realise Kenya’s health and economic potential, county governments must prioritise family planning in programming by  Scaling up provider training and counselling on the provision of implants and IUCDs  Adopting a multisectoral approach to youth-friendly FP services  Strengthening county supply chains for FP commodity security, particularly commodity procurement and distribution Prioritise FP Programmes To realise Kenya’s health and economic potential, county governments must prioritise family planning policy by applying national FP policies at the county level:  Kenya’s Vision 2030  Kenya’s Population Policy for National Development 2012  National Reproductive Health Policy 2007  Community Health Strategy 2006  The Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy of 2015 (ASRH) Prioritise FP Policies Health Policy Project (HPP), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and Marie Stopes International (MSI). 2014. ImpactNow Model: Estimating the Health and Economic Impacts of Family Planning Use. Washington, DC: Futures Group, Health Policy Project.* Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) and ICF International. 2015. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2014: Key Indicators. Nairobi and Rockville, MD: KNBS and ICF International. United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Kenya. 2014. “First Lady Mrs. Margaret Kenyatta decries Kenya’s high maternal deaths.” Available at: enyatta_decries_kenya_rsquo_s_high_maternal_deaths/. * In 2015, the ImpactNow model was applied in Kenya by National Council for Population and Development (NCPD) and HPP. All graphs shown in this presentation are based on the results of this application. References Thank You! The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-10-00067, beginning September 30, 2010. It is implemented by Futures Group, in collaboration with Plan International USA, Avenir Health (formerly Futures Institute), Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office (PPD ARO), Population Reference Bureau (PRB), RTI International, and the White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA). Slide Number 1 Currently in Kenya… Meanwhile… The Context The Solution Slide Number 6 Slide Number 7 The Model The Scenarios Model Scenarios for Kenya Modern FP and Method Mix �by Scenario Unintended Pregnancies Averted Unsafe Abortions Averted Mothers’ Lives Saved Children’s Lives Saved Healthcare Cost Savings Cost-benefit Ratio With increased investment in modern FP, Kenya could… Slide Number 19 Summary Results Slide Number 21 Prioritise FP Budgets Prioritise FP Programmes Prioritise FP Policies References Slide Number 26

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