Family Health Intl- Sexual and Reproductive Health Presentation Tools- User's Manual

Publication date: 2001

USER’S MANUAL Family Care International ADVANCING COMMITMENTS SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PRESENTATION TOOLS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Family Care International (FCI) is grateful to the International Development Cooperation of Finland (Finnida), the Rockefeller Foundation, the Summit Foundation, and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) for their support of this publication. Colleagues at partner agencies around the world generously shared time, insights, and information to conceptualize this publication and to provide essential facts. Jamie Schuler coordinated the development of the Sexual and Reproductive Health Presentation Tools, with assistance from Luz Barbosa (for the design of the slides); Patrice Newman and Reginald Toque (for components of the User’s Manual); and Rebecca Casanova, Ann Starrs, Jill Sheffield, and other staff at Family Care International, who reviewed and commented on many drafts. Thanks are also due to the many colleagues and agencies that contributed to the Sexual and Reproductive Health Briefing Cards on which these Presentation Tools are based, especially Mia MacDonald, who drafted the text of the Cards. We extend our warm thanks to all of the above. Prepared by FAMILY CARE INTERNATIONAL Family Care International 588 Broadway Suite 503 • New York, NY 10012 • USA Tel: 1-212-941-5300 • Fax: 1-212- 941-5563 Email: • Web site: Design: Hope Forstenzer, New York © Family Care International, Inc. 2001 Not-for-profit organizations may use any of the materials in this publication freely as long as they are not used for commercial purposes. FCI would appreciate acknowledgments and copies of any reproductions. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Introduction 1 1. Presentation Possibilities: Selection 3 and Adaptation Information on selecting audiences and venues, putting together compelling presentations, and communicating advocacy messages. Suggestions on adapting presentations to meet specific needs of presenters (i.e. creating regionally specific presentations, enhancing existing institutional presentations, etc.). 2. Sexual and Reproductive Health 13 References and Suggested Further Reading Internet and print references relating to the eight topic areas. 3. Technical Tips for PowerPoint® 25 A simplified reference to assist presenters in using PowerPoint® effectively. INTRODUCTION Introducing audiences to broad concepts and key facts related to sexual and reproductive health and rights requires both sensitivity and candor. Whether addressing community groups, media representatives, program planners, or policymakers, clear and accurate presentations can foster understanding, enhance public discussion, promote partnerships, and encourage further exploration of these sometimes controversial and sensitive issues with major social and health implications. Advancing Commitments: Sexual and Reproductive Health Presentation Tools offers individuals and organizations an advocacy tool on sexual and reproductive health issues that can be used with a range of audiences, from policymakers to community members, from colleagues to 1 Sexual and Reproductive Health Presentation Tools include: 71 color slides covering eight sexual and reproductive health topics. Slides contain photographs, charts and graphs, definitions, statistics, country examples, and community/policy action areas. User’s manual containing information on using and adapting the slide presentations for specific audiences and regions. Also includes references and suggestions for further reading. Additional resources 20 fact sheets, briefing papers and reports developed by colleague agencies addressing the topic areas. Also includes FCI’s Sexual and Reproductive Health Briefing Cards. CHAPTER 1 Presentation Possibilities: Selection and Adaptation The eight slide presentations that form the core of the Sexual and Reproductive Health Presentation Tools can be used in a variety of ways, adapting to the needs and interests of the users and their intended audience. The slides can be used in any order, within a given presentation topic or a combination of topics, or integrated with already existing presentations on related issues. The following pages offer guidance for identifying audiences and venues, creating a range of presentations, and adapting presentations for specific audiences. Tips on preparing and presenting are also provided. Targeting Audiences Audience identification is central to the successful use of the Sexual and Reproductive Health Slide Presentations. Target audiences may include policymakers, editors and reporters, program managers, education and health professionals, opinion leaders, and community groups. Other possible audiences may include the private sector and donor communities. • Presentations to government representatives can promote progressive and informed policy-making and programs. For example: The slide presentations may be especially appropriate for briefing new government officials who may not have an in-depth knowledge of the field. 3 students, from members of the media to members of the community. The issues and themes addressed in the Sexual and Reproductive Health Presentation Tools are relevant for every part of the world. Challenges in women’s health, reproductive health and rights, HIV/AIDS, safe motherhood, and other related public health concerns confront every country and region. They also represent a dimension of other cross-cutting social issues, from poverty and social development to environmental management and population pressures. Divided into eight topics, the Sexual and Reproductive Health Slide Presentations include definitions, statistics, and country examples, as well as recommended actions for program and policy interventions. The eight topics include: • Rights-based approach (8 slides) • Life cycle approach (9 slides) • Violence against women (9 slides) • Safe motherhood (9 slides) • Unwanted pregnancy/Unsafe abortion (14 slides) • Adolescent sexual and reproductive health (8 slides) • STIs/HIV/AIDS (8 slides) • Fertility and population growth (6 slides) As an education and advocacy tool, slide presentations can boost awareness and knowledge of sexual and reproductive health and rights from the grassroots to international levels. The language and content of the Sexual and Reproductive Health Slide Presentations reflects the themes and priorities of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in 1994 and the Fourth World Conference on Women (FWCW), held in 1995. These slides, and the accompanying Sexual and Reproductive Health Briefing Cards (from which the slide presentations were adapted), are designed to help ensure that a comprehensive approach to sexual and reproductive health is maintained and encouraged in dialogue regarding these and related issues. 2 provide a broader public health perspective on their areas of concentration. Such presentations may help mobilize their support for critical policy changes. Finding Opportunities The Sexual and Reproductive Health Slide Presentations are appropriate for use in a variety of formats and venues, from community workshops to health training courses to Congressional/Parliamentary briefings to meetings of professional associations. Regional and international conferences also provide valuable opportunities for networking and progress on these issues. Selecting Slides The slide presentations can be used with a range of audiences and in a flexible and adaptable manner. A presentation on one of the eight presentation topics could simply include all of the slides on that topic. Other presentations may cover a number of topics and include only two to four slides from several topics. Please note: Colleagues using the CD-ROM version of these tools can refer to the PowerPoint® files and view the slides to become familiar with the content. A hard copy can be printed as a reference. [Additional information on using PowerPoint® can be found in Chapter 3.] In general, each of the eight slide presentations has the following basic elements: • Definition • Causes of the problem/issue • Costs/impacts of the problem/issue • Community/program responses • Program and policy recommendations 54 • Briefings for broadcast and print media, including reporters and editors, promote understanding of the language and concepts of sexual and reproductive health (e.g., emergency contraception, safe motherhood, etc.) to ensure accuracy and fairness in media coverage of these issues. For example: Presentation workshops can point editors and reporters to the dramatic stories behind the issues, from the impact of STIs/HIV/AIDS on women to the need for skilled childbirth attendants to the burden of too-early and too-frequent childbearing on women and their families. • Presentations to program managers and others in related fields can strengthen partnerships and identify gaps and opportunities in designing comprehensive integrated programs. For example: For program managers in both large and small organizations, the slide presentations can serve as an employee training tool. UN staff may find the package useful for introducing colleagues to key concepts and information on sexual and reproductive health. Presentations can also be used as background for “refresher” courses for district-level health officers. • Opinion leaders are another important audience for presentations on sexual and reproductive health. Whether community-based, national or international, such leaders have enormous influence on the ideas and attitudes of their constituencies. For example: Specialized groups, such as local associations of obstetricians and gynecologists, may benefit from presentations that Potential Target Audiences: • Policymakers (government officials from Ministries of Health, Education, and Social Services, as well as parliamentarians) • Program managers (NGOs, INGOS, UN staff) • Media (editors, reporters, writers) • Health professionals (nurses, doctors, administrators) • Participants in training courses • Community leaders • Clubs • Young people • Teachers Some Appropriate Venues: • Clinics • Clubs or community centers • Health centers • Hospitals • Libraries • Local press clubs • Public meeting rooms • Schools and universities Please note: The slide numbers listed correspond to the numbers on the bottom left corner of each slide. PowerPoint® users should refer to the PowerPoint® files on the CD-ROM, as the numbers will change when the files are downloaded and modified. Tailoring the Presentation While the slides can be used “as is” to create a wide range of presentations, some users may want to adapt the materials to create presentations tailored to the needs of a specific audience or a specific topic. • Localizing the presentation: For a specific regional or national context, users may include additional information in their presentation narrative, or create new slides to present regional/national data and/or to emphasize issues of particular concern or importance. What to Emphasize: Compare and contrast local data with other regions to put the issues in perspective. Encourage discussion on local versus global trends, lessons learned from local programs, and local and/or national communications campaigns on the issues. What to Research in Advance: Local and national laws and policies, effective programs, demographic 7 The following presentation topics—Rights-based approach, Life cycle approach, and Fertility and population growth—address cross-cutting themes and contain information that is relevant to many of the other presentations. These presentation topics include definitions of gender, examples of women’s special health needs, and information on the impact of girls’ education and the importance of women’s empowerment. Users are encouraged to explore the eight slide presentations to find slides that are most appropriate for their presentations. The chart below suggests a number of sample slide combinations for varying topics and audiences. (This is not an exhaustive list.) 6 Examples of Sample Presentations Audience Topic Slides Media Safe Motherhood, Safe Motherhood: 2,3,5,6,8,9 Adolescent SRH, Adolescent SRH: 2,3,7,4 STIs/HIV/AIDS STIs/HIV/AIDS: 2,3,4,5,6,7 Policymakers Safe Motherhood Safe Motherhood: 2,3,5,7 Policymakers Violence Against Women Violence Against Women: (Brief Introduction) 2,3,6,9 Media Introduction to Sexual Rights: 2, Life Cycle: 3, and Reproductive Health Rights: 3,5, Fertility Concepts and Population: 2,6 Community Basic Sexual and Rights: 3,4,6, Life Cycle: 5, 8, Leaders Reproductive Health Safe Motherhood: 2,3,4,6,8, and Safe Motherhood Fertility and Population: 6 Lobbyists, Adolescent SRH, Unwanted Adolescent SRH: 3,2,4,5,6,7,8, Advocates Pregnancy and Safe Unwanted/Unsafe: 5,2,3,4,6, Motherhood Safe Motherhood: 3,7 Policymakers Preventing Unwanted Rights: 3, Unwanted/Unsafe: 2, Pregnancies Life Cycle: 3: Unwanted/Unsafe: 3,5,4,6,7, Life Cycle: 7, Rights: 8 Examples of Sample Presentations Audience Topic Slides Policymakers Women’s Empowerment Fertility and Population: 6, Rights: 4, Life Cycle: 6,7, STIs/HIV/AIDS: 5, Violence against Women: 6, Adolescent SRH: 3, Life Cycle: 3, Rights: 8 Policymakers Male Involvement Rights: 2,4,6, Life Cycle: 8, Violence against Women: 5,4,7,8, Unwanted/Unsafe: 5, STIs/HIV/AIDS: 7, Rights: 3, 5, 8 be viewed only by the presenter. If using transparencies, spend a few minutes to write notes or jot down additional information on a printout of the slides. • Additional Slides: If the amount of information being added is substantial, users may create their own slides using the template provided in the PowerPoint® version of these materials. • Handouts and Interactive Materials: Handouts are an excellent way of encouraging audience members to recall the themes of a presentation and to reinforce action points that may have been addressed. Users may hand out copies of the slides themselves or create their own briefing sheets, questionnaires, and evaluation forms to engage participants, to provide additional information, and to get valuable feedback. How To Prepare All presentations require a certain amount of preparation. The time needed for this will vary depending on the type and size of the audience, the number of slides used, and the amount of adapted material (if any) that will be included. Some important points: • Decide on the overall purpose of the presentation. For example: Presentations to the media generally aim to promote coverage of sexual and reproductive health issues in both broadcast and print stories. Presentations for policymakers promote policies consistent with the ICPD and other international consensus agreements and promote the allocation of resources for programs and services supporting these policies. 9 and health surveys, recent public education campaigns, and case studies. • Incorporating an organization’s work into a presentation: Organizations working in sexual and reproductive health or related fields can use the slides as background material for custom presentations highlighting their own organization’s work or special programs. For example: An organization working with adolescents may use the slides to outline global perspectives on adolescent issues and then connect the issues to their mission, current programs, and goals. Advocates may want to highlight background information and critical needs for policymakers and legislators. • Expanding on a specific theme: Theme-based adaptations, related to sexual and reproductive health or broader development and gender topics, may incorporate selected slides to provide a reproductive health and rights context to their presentation. For example: For a presentation on male involvement, users may want to combine program examples with background information from the slides. For literacy advocacy, users may want to support their presentations with selected slides illustrating the connections between education, empowerment, and health. There are several ways of including additional information into a custom presentation. • Speaker’s Notes: These can be used to tailor presentations. Users simply prepare their own narrative text to accompany each slide. This may include statistics, program examples, case studies, and anecdotes. The “speaker’s notes” feature in PowerPoint® can be used for this purpose, as it provides text boxes that accompany each slide and can 8 Research Areas May Include: • Health, education, economic and demographic information, including the status of women • National policies and laws • Access to information and services • News coverage—mass media campaigns • Religious influences • Studies on relevant knowledge, attitudes, and practices relevant data from the briefing materials in advance can amplify the information provided on the slides. These resources may also be reproduced and used as handouts. References and Internet links provided in Chapter 2 also indicate where to look further to augment presentations on selected issues. Presentation Tips Whether introducing the basics of sexual and reproductive health or looking at specific issues in depth, presenting clearly and interactively fosters the best environment for communication. Pacing presentations to both cover the material and maximize opportunities for discussion usually produces the most memorable results on both sides of the table. 11 General Tips for Presenting: • Be prepared. • Create a script or outline to accompany the presentation. • Check equipment in advance. • Organize the material in a logical progression. • Rehearse whenever possible. • Introduce yourself and the presentation topic(s). • Present efficiently, establishing time limits for each slide and segment, including discussion. • Find culturally and/or professionally relevant examples or anecdotes to illustrate presentation points. Case studies and findings from local research, for example, provide important insights into attitudes and prevailing beliefs. Presentations for program planners promote services and programs aimed to improve women’s and men’s sexual and reproductive health. • When selecting slides, consider both the goals of the session and levels of audience exposure to the issues. • Each slide may take from 15 seconds to over one minute to present, depending on the amount of additional information included or discussion invited. Be sure to time the presentation in advance. • If possible, research relevant trends, programs, and/or legal frameworks related to the presentation. • Arrange slides in any order based on the topic and goals of the presentation. If using PowerPoint® you will need to do this in advance and save the new presentation. • Create a presentation rhythm by alternating types of information — definitions or concepts versus facts, for example. • Decide in advance when to encourage discussion. For Further Information To complement and expand on the information in the slides themselves, the Sexual and Reproductive Health Presentation Tools include a series of fact sheets, briefing papers and reports produced by collaborating organizations* such as The Alan Guttmacher Institute, the Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, Population Action International, UNFPA, and the Population Reference Bureau (a complete listing of these can be found in Chapter 2: Sexual and Reproductive Health References and Suggested Further Reading). These briefing materials provide additional data and examples that can strengthen and support presentations. The resources generally correlate to the presentation topics, but some are more overarching, such as “Women and Poverty.” Selecting *All materials have been reproduced with permission from collaborating organizations. 10 CHAPTER 2 Sexual and Reproductive Health References and Suggested Further Reading 1312 Briefing Materials* included with the Sexual and Reproductive Health Presentation Tools Population Action International A World of Difference: Sexual and Reproductive Health Risks (2001) “Women 2000” Women and Poverty (2000) (Communications Consortium Human Rights of Women (2000) Media Center [CCMC]) Education and Training of Women (2000) Women and Health (2000) Violence against Women (2000) Family Care International (FCI) Safe Motherhood Fact Sheets (a set of 11) (1998) “Saving Women’s Lives” The Role of Men (2001) (FCI/CCMC) The Alan Guttmacher Institute Induced Abortion Worldwide (1999) The Center for Reproductive Emergency Contraception: An Important Law and Policy Component of Women’s Rights (1999) The World’s Abortion Laws (1999) Population Reference Bureau Meeting Young Women’s Reproductive and Sexual Health Needs (2000) UNAIDS Gender and HIV (2001) UNFPA Population Issues: Briefing Kit (a set of 10) (2001) *ALL BRIEFING MATERIALS HAVE BEEN REPRODUCED WITH PERMISSION FROM COLLABORATING ORGANIZATIONS. German Foundation for World Population (DSW) Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) Center for Reproductive Law and Policy (CRLP) EngenderHealth Family Care International (FCI) Family Health International (FHI) Ipas Inter-agency Group for Safe Motherhood/Safe Motherhood Initiative (SMI) International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) International Women’s Health Coalition (IWHC) Pacific Institute for Women’s Health (PIWH) Partners in Population and Development Population Action International (PAI) Population Council Population Communication International (PCI) Save the Children Women’s Environment and Development Organization (WEDO) World Population Foundation — Netherlands (WPF) V. International Agreements, Conventions, and Protocols • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), entered into force 1979 • Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), entered into force 1989 • Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (DEVAW) (1994) • Fourth World Conference on Women: Platform for Action, Beijing Declaration, (1995) and Further Actions and Initiatives for Implementation, (2000) (FWCW, FWCW+5) • International Conference on Population and Development: Programme of Action (1994) and Key Actions for Further Implementation (1999) (ICPD, ICPD+5) • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), entered into force 1976 15 I. General Sexual and Reproductive Health Internet Resources Population Reference Bureau affiliates • PopNet Johns Hopkins University Center for Communications Programs • Reproline • NetLinks • JHPIEGO Harvard School of Public Health • Reproductive Health Forum & Database on Law and Population Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH) • Reproductive Health Outlook World Health Organization (WHO) • Reproductive Health USAID • Demographic and Health Surveys II. Information for the Media Measure Communication Planet Wire III. UN Agencies UNDP • UNIFEM UNICEF UNAIDS World Bank Group • UNFPA • State of the World Population Reports (1996-2000) IV. Non-governmental Organizations Advocates for Youth The Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) Catholics for a Free Choice (CFFC) Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA) 14 4. Educating Girls, Transforming the Future. (New York: UNICEF, 2000). Available: 5.“Education and Training of Women, Critical Area 2,” UNFPA Interactive Population Center. (New York: UNFPA, 1999). Available: /modules/intercenter/beijing/education.htm 6. “Equality, Development and Peace,” Beijing+5 Women 2000. (New York: UNICEF, 2000). Available: 7. Into a New World: Young Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Lives. (New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1998). (Used in chart for Life Cycle Slide 9). 8. “Is Education the Best Contraceptive?” MEASURE Communication Reports: Women 2000 Policy Briefs. (Washington DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2000). Available: &template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=2818 9. Male Participation in Sexual and Reproductive Health: New Paradigms: Symposium Report. (Oaxaca, Mexico: AVSC International and IPPF Western Hemisphere, 1998). 10. “Men and Reproductive Health,” Reproductive Health Outlook. (Seattle: PATH, 2001). Available: 11. “New Perspectives on Men’s Participation,” Population Reports J, No. 46. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1998). Available: 12. Nutrition Fact Sheet. (Geneva: WHO, 2000). Available: 13. Programming for Safe Motherhood: Guidelines for Maternal and Neonatal Survival. (New York: UNICEF, 1999). 14. Progress of the World’s Women 2000. (New York: UNIFEM, 2000). Available: 15. Touré, L., Male Involvement in Family Planning: A Review of the Literature and Selected Program Initiatives in Africa. (Washington, DC: USAID, 1996). Available: 16. “Women, Ageing and Health,” WHO Fact Sheet No. 252. (Geneva: WHO, June 2000). Available: /fact252.html 17. Women’s Health: Improve Our Health, Improve the World. (Geneva: WHO, 1995). 18. The World Health Report 1998: Life in the 21st Century, A Vision for All. (Geneva: WHO, 1998). Available: 19. “Young People and Sexually Transmitted Diseases,” WHO Fact Sheet No. 186. (Geneva: WHO, December 1997). Available: fs/en/fact186.html 3. Violence Against Women 1. Bunch, C., “The Intolerable Status Quo: Violence Against Women and Girls,” The Progress of Nations. (New York: UNICEF, 1997). Available: 17 • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, entered into force 1976 • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, December 1948 • World Conference on Human Rights, Declaration and Programme of Action (WCHR), 1993 • World Summit on Social Development, Declaration and Programme of Action (WSSD), 1995 VI. References listed according to Presentation Topics (8) 1. Rights-Based Approach 1. CIDA’s Policy on Women in Development and Gender Equality. (Toronto: International Development Agency, 1995). 2. Gender: A Working Definition. (Geneva: WHO, 1998). 3. Catino, J., Meeting the Cairo Challenge: Progress in Sexual and Reproductive Health — Implementing the ICPD Programme of Action. (New York: Family Care International, 1999). 4. Overall Aims and Goals. (Geneva: Division of Reproductive Health (Technical Support), WHO, 1998). 5. Promoting Reproductive Rights: A Global Mandate. (New York: Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 1997). 6. Reproductive Rights 2000: Moving Forward. (New York: The Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 2000). Available: 7. “Rights, Technology, and Services in Reproductive Health,” Critical Issues in Reproductive Health. (New York: Population Council, 1999). 8. Upadhyay, U. and Robey, B., “Why Family Planning Matters,” Population Reports J, No. 49. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1999). Available: 9. “Gender Equality and Equity,” “Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Health,” “Sexual Rights,” Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Rights Action Sheets. (New York: Health, Empowerment, Rights and Accountability [HERA], 1998). 2. Life Cycle Approach 1. A New Agenda for Women’s Health and Nutrition. (Washington, DC: World Bank, 1994). Used in chart for Life Cycle Slide 3. 2. “The Benefits of Education for Women,” HRO Dissemination Notes. (Washington, DC: World Bank, 1993). Available: hnp/hddflash/hcnote/hrn002.html 3. Breastfeeding: Foundation for a Healthy Future. (New York: UNICEF, 1999). Available: 16 18 3. “Ensure Skilled Attendance at Delivery,” “Good Quality Maternal Health Services,” “Maternal Mortality,” “Measuring Progress,” Safe Motherhood Fact Sheets. (New York: Family Care International, 1998). Available: 4. Implementing the Safe Motherhood Action Agenda: A Resource Guide. (New York: Family Care International, January 2001). Available: 5. McCauly, A. et al., “Opportunities for Women through Reproductive Choice,” Population Reports, Vol. XXII, No. 1. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1994). Available: 6. Mother-Baby Package Costing Spreadsheet. (Geneva: WHO, 1999). Available: _costing_spreadsheet_RHR99-17/index.en.html 7. Programming for Safe Motherhood: Guidelines for Maternal and Neonatal Survival. (New York: UNICEF, 1999). 8. Reduction of Maternal Mortality: A Joint WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF/ World Bank Statement. (Geneva: WHO, 1999). 9. Revised 1990 Estimates of Maternal Mortality: A New Approach by WHO and UNICEF. (Geneva: WHO, 1996). 10. Skilled Care During Childbirth: A Review of the Evidence. (New York: Safe Motherhood Inter-agency Group/ Family Care International, 2001). 11. Starrs, A., The Safe Motherhood Action Agenda: Priorities for the Next Decade: Report on the Safe Motherhood Technical Consultation Sri Lanka. (New York: Family Care International, 1997). 12. State of the World’s Mothers 2001. (Washington, DC: Save the Children, 2001). Available: 13. Tsui, A.O. et al., eds, Reproductive Health in Developing Countries. (Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences 1997). 5. Unwanted Pregnancy/Unsafe Abortion 1. “Abortion: Expanding Access and Improving Quality; Report of a meeting,” Critical Issues in Reproductive Health. (New York: Population Council, 1998). 2. Abortion Laws in the Post-Cairo World. (New York: Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 1999). Available: 3. Abortion: A Tabulation of Available Data on the Frequency and Mortality of Unsafe Abortion, 3rd edition. (Geneva: WHO, 1997). 4. “Abortion: Unfinished Business,” Reproductive Health Matters, No.9. (London: May 1997). 5. “Address Unsafe Abortion,” Safe Motherhood Fact Sheets. (New York: Family Care International, 1998). Available: 6. Alcalá, M., Commitments to Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for All. (New York: Family Care International, 1996). 19 2. Conveying Concerns: Women: Report on Gender-Based Violence. (Washington DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2000). 3. Economic and Social Council, Report of the Working Group on Violence Against Women. (Vienna: United Nations, 1992). 4. Five Case Studies for the Symposium on Male Participation in Sexual and Reproductive Health: New Paradigms. (Oaxaca, Mexico: AVSC International and IPPF/ Western Hemisphere, 1998). 5. General Recommendations by the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. General Recommendation No. 19, 11th Session, 1992. 6. Hayward, R., “Needed: A New Model of Masculinity to Stop Violence Against Girls and Women,” WHO Global Symposium on Violence and Health. (Kobe, Japan, UNICEF, 1999). 7. Heise, L. et al., “Ending Violence Against Women,” Population Reports, L, No. 11. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, December 1999). Available: 8. Heise L. et al., Sexual Coercion and Reproductive Health. (New York: Population Council, 1995). 9. Heise, L. et al., “Violence Against Women: The Hidden Health Burden,” World Bank Discussion Paper #255. (Washington, DC: World Bank, 1994). 10. “Reproductive Health Effects of Gender-Based Violence: Policy and Programme Implications,” Programme Advisory Note No. 6. (New York: UNFPA, 1998). 11. Reproductive Rights 2000: Moving Forward. (New York: The Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 2000). Available: 12. Spindel, C. et al., With an End in Sight: Strategies from the UNIFEM Trust Fund to Eliminate Violence against Women. (New York: UNIFEM, 2000). Available: 13. “Violence against Women,” WHO Fact Sheet No. 239. (Geneva: WHO, June 2000). Available: 14. “Violence against Women: a priority health issue,” WHO Information Package. (Geneva: WHO, 1997). Available: 15. “Words and deeds: Holding governments accountable in the Beijing+5 Review Process,” Women’s Action 16.1. (New York: Equality Now, 1999). Available: 4. Safe Motherhood 1. A New Agenda for Women’s Health and Nutrition. (Washington, DC: World Bank, 1994). 2. Coverage of Maternal Care: A Listing of Available information, Fourth Edition. (Geneva: WHO, 1997). (Used in chart for Safe Motherhood Slide 3.) 7. Berer, M., “Making Abortions Safe: A Matter of Good Public Health Policy and Practice,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, International Journal of Public Health, 78 (5). (Geneva: WHO, 2000). Available: 8. Bhushan, I., “Understanding Unmet Need,” Working Paper Number 4. (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs, 1997). Available: /pubs/ working%5Fpapers/wp4/contents.html 9. Brazier, E. et al., Prevention and Management of Unsafe Abortion. (New York: Family Care International, 1998). 10. Bryant, R., et al., “Meeting Unmet Need: New Strategies,” Population Reports, Vol. XXIV, No.1. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1996). Available: 11. Complications of Abortion: Technical and Managerial Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment. (Geneva: WHO, 1994). 12. Emergency Contraception: A Guide for Service Delivery. (Geneva: WHO, 1998). 13. Emergency Contraception Handbook. (New York: Planned Parenthood Federation of America, 1998). 14. “Emergency Contraception: the Users and the Service,” Entre Nous Policy and Practice, No. 39. (Copenhagen: WHO, August 1998). 15. “Family Planning Program Issues,” Reproductive Health Outlook. (PATH). Available: 16. Family Planning, Contraceptive Methods. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University/ Reproline, 2000). Available: 17. Family Planning Handbook for Health Professionals: The Sexual and Reproductive Health Approach. (London: International Planned Parenthood Federation, 1997). 18. Germaine, A. and Kim, T., Expanding Access to Safe Abortion: Strategies for Action. (New York: International Women’s Health Coalition, 1998). 19. Ghosh, A. et al., Issues In Establishing Postabortion Care Services in Low-Resource Settings: Workshop Proceeding. (Baltimore: JHPIEGO, October 1999). 20. Heise, L. et al., Sexual Coercion and Reproductive Health: A Focus on Research. (New York: Population Council, 1995). 21. Hopes and Realities: Closing the Gap Between Women’s Aspirations and their Reproductive Experiences. (New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1995). 22. “Induced Abortion Worldwide,” Facts in Brief. (New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute, 2000). Available: 23. Mc Cauley, A. et al., “Meeting the Needs of Young Adults,” Population Reports, Vol. XXIII, No.3. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1995). Available: 24. Mc Cauley, A. et al., “Opportunities for Women through Reproductive Choice,” Population Reports, Vol. XXII, No.1. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1994). Available: 20 25. Mensch, B. et al., The Uncharted Passage: Girls’ Adolescence in the Developing World. (New York: Population Council, 1998). 26. “Postabortion Care.” (Baltimore: JHPIEGO, 2000). Available: 27. “Postabortion Care.” (Engenderhealth/ Postabortion Care Consortium, 2000). Available: 28. “Family Planning Prevents Abortion,” Pop Briefs. (Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development, November 2001). 29. “Safe Abortion: A Public Health Imperative,” Abortion Fact Sheet. (New York: Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 2000). Available: 30. Sharing Responsibility: Women, Society & Abortion Worldwide. (New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1999). 31. Singh, S. et al., “Health Professionals’ Perceptions About Induced Abortion in S.C. and S.E. Asia,” International Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 23,No. 2. (New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute, June 1997). 32. Unsafe Abortion: Global and Regional Estimates of Incidence of and Mortality Due to Unsafe Abortion, 3rd Edition. (Geneva: WHO, 1998). (Used in chart for Unsafe Abortion and Unwanted pregnancy Slide 10.) 33. Upadhyay, U. et al., “Why Family Planning Matters,” Population Reports, J, No. 49. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1999). Available: 34. Winkler, J. et al., “Early abortion services: new choices for providers and women,” Advances in Abortion Care, Vol. 5, No. 2. (Chapel Hill, N.C.: Ipas, 1996). Available: 35. The World’s Abortion Laws 2000 (poster). (New York: Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 2000). Used in Unwanted pregnancy and Unsafe abortion Slide 9. 6. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health 1. “Adolescent Reproductive Health,” Network, Vol. 17, No. 3. (North Carolina: Family Health International, 1997). Available: 2. Adolescent Reproductive Rights: Laws and Policies to Improve Their Health and Lives. (New York: Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 1999). Available: 3. Burt, M., “Why should we invest in adolescents?” Paper prepared for the Conference on Comprehensive Health of Adolescents and Youth in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1996. (Washington, DC: PAHO, 1998). Available: 4. Coming of Age: From Facts to Action for Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health. (Geneva: WHO, 1997). 21 4. Gender and HIV/AIDS: UNAIDS Technical Update. (Geneva: UNAIDS, 1998). Available: 5. Gupta, G.R., “Strengthening Alliances for Sexual Health and Rights,” Health and Human Rights, Vol. 2, No. 3. (Boston: Harvard University, 1997). 6. “HIV/AIDS,” Reproductive Health Outlook. (PATH). Available: 7. “HIV/AIDS and Development,” UNAIDS Fact Sheet. (Geneva: UNAIDS, 2000). Available: /fact_sheets/files/Dev_Eng.html 8. “HIV and Women,” The Fifth International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia, 1999. 9. Introduction to STDs. (Research Triangle Park, N.C.: American Social Health Association, 2000). Available: 10. Lande, R. et al., “Controlling Sexually Transmitted Diseases,” Population Reports, Vol. XXI, No.1. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1993). Available: 11. The Male Condom: UNAIDS Technical Update. (Geneva: UNAIDS, 2000). Available: JC302-TU18-MaleCondom-E.pdf 12. “Reducing Women’s Vulnerability to HIV Infection,” Points of View. (Geneva: UNAIDS, 1996). 13. Reproductive Rights 2000: Moving Forward. (New York: Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 2000). Available: 14. Riners, K. and Aggleton, P., Adolescent Sexuality, Gender and the HIV Epidemic. (New York: Thomas Coram Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, UNDP, 1999). Available: /publications/gender/adolesce.htm 15. “Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs),” Fact Sheet. (Geneva: Office of HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, WHO, April 1996). Available: 16. “Sexually Transmitted Diseases Hamper Development Efforts,” Issues in Brief. (New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1998). Available: http://www.agi- 17. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Policies and Principles for Prevention and Care. (Geneva: WHO/UNAIDS, 1997). Available: 18. Van Roey, J., From Principle to Practice: Greater Involvement of People Living with or Affected by HIV/AIDS (GIPA). (Geneva: UNAIDS, 1999). Available: /publications/documents/persons/una9943e.pdf 19. Watts, C. and Garcia-Moreno, C., “Violence against women: its importance for HIV/AIDS prevention and care,” Women’s Health Project Newsletter, No. 3. (Johannesburg, Women’s Health Project, May 2000). 20. What is AIDS? What causes AIDS? (Atlanta: CDC, 1998). Available: 23 5. Impact of HIV and Sexual Health Education on the Sexual Behaviour of Young People: A Review Update. (Geneva: UNAIDS, 1997). 6. Implementing Adolescent Reproductive Rights through the Convention on the Rights of the Child. (New York: Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 1999). Available: 7. Into a New World: Young Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Lives. (New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1998). Available: 8. Koontz, S. and Conly, S.R., Youth at Risk: Meeting the Sexual Needs of Adolescents. (Washington, DC: Population Action International, 1994). 9. Mensch, B. et al., The Uncharted Passage: Girls’ Adolescence in the Developing World. (New York: Population Council, 1998). 10. Programming for Safe Motherhood: Guidelines for Maternal and Neonatal Survival. (New York: UNICEF, 1999). 11. Progress in Reproductive Health Research, No.53. (UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/ World Bank, 2000). Available: 12. Reproductive Rights 2000: Moving Forward. (New York: The Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 2000). Available: 13. “Risks and Realities of Early Childbearing Worldwide,” Issues in Brief. (New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1997). Available: 14. The Second Decade: Improving Adolescent Health and Development. (Geneva: WHO, 1998). 15. Senderowitz, J., “Adolescent Health: Reassessing the Passage to Adulthood,” World Bank Discussion Paper #272. (Washington, DC: World Bank, 1995). 16. “Sex and Youth - Misperceptions and Risks,” Progress in Reproductive Health Research, No. 53. (Geneva: WHO, 2000). Available: /hrp/progress/53/Index.htm 17. Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States. (SIECUS). Available: 18. The World’s Youth 2000. (Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2000). Available: Management/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=3613 7. STIs/HIV/AIDS 1. AIDS Epidemic Update. (Geneva: UNAIDS and WHO, December 2001). Available: 2. The Case for Microbicides: A Global Priority. (New York, London: Population Council and International Family Health, 2000). Available: 3. Confronting AIDS. (Washington DC: The World Bank Group, 2000). Available: 22 CHAPTER 3 Technical Tips for PowerPoint® The Technical Tips for PowerPoint® section of the User’s Manual is a simplified reference to assist the user with basic PowerPoint® functions, with preparing for a presentation, and with customizing the slide presentations to suit the user’s needs. This guide is written for users running Windows® 98 and PowerPoint® 97. If you are using a different operating system or another version of PowerPoint®, please consult your systems documentation for related topics. Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Slide Presentations The SRH Slide Presentations consists of eight PowerPoint® files, each representative of one presentation topic: • Rights-based approach • Life cycle approach • Violence against women • Safe motherhood • Unwanted pregnancy/Unsafe abortion • Adolescent sexual and reproductive health • STIs/HIV/AIDS • Fertility and population growth Each slide presentation is comprised of between six and thirteen slides. Each of the slides is named and numbered on the bottom left corner and color- coded according to presentation topics for easy reference. 25 21. What is HIV? (Atlanta: US Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 1998). Available: /pubs/faq/faq1.htm 22. “Women and HIV/AIDS,” WHO Fact Sheet No. 242. (Geneva: WHO, 2000). Available: fs/en/fact242.html 23. UNAIDS Fact Sheets. (Geneva: UNAIDS, 2000-2001). Available: 24. “Young People and Sexually Transmitted Disease,” WHO Fact Sheet No. 186. (Geneva: WHO, 1997). Available: fs/en/fact186.html 8. Fertility and Population Growth 1. Davanzo, J. and Adamson, D.M., “Family Planning in Developing Countries: An Unfinished Success Story,” Population Matters Issue Paper. (Santa Monica: RAND Corporation, 1998). 2. Haupt, A., International Population Handbook, 4th International Edition. (Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 1998). 3. “How International Family Planning Helps the Environment,” (PLANET, 2001). Available: 4. Population Issues: the Day of 6 Billion. (New York: UNFPA, 1999). Available: 5. The “Population Problem” Defined. (New York: International Women’s Health Coalition, 2001). Available: 6. Reproductive Rights 2000: Moving Forward. (New York: Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 2000). Available: 7. Tarmann, A., “The Flap over Replacement Migration,” Population Today. (Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, May/June 2000). Available: The_Flap_Over_Replacement_Migration.htm 8. UNDP, Human Development Reports 1990-2000. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990-2000). Available: 9. UNICEF, The State of the World’s Children 1999. (New York: UNICEF, 1999). Available: 10. United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 1998 Revision. (New York: United Nations, 1998). 11. The World at Six Billion. (Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, New York, 1999). 12. World Population Data Sheet 2001. (Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2000). Available: /2000-2002/2001_World_Population_Data_Sheet.htm 13. World Population: More Than Just Numbers. (Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 1999). Available: PRB&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=2847 24 and Views short cut menus. These are the features with which you will need to become most familiar. The current view is the Slide View, which gives a full view of each slide in the presentation. 3. Viewing a PowerPoint® Presentation To view the slides in a presentation, press the Page Down button on your keyboard to move forward and Page Up to move backward through the slides. To begin a slide show presentation, select View from the Menu Bar and then Slide Show (Figure 2). You can also select Slide Show from the Views short cut menu. The slides are shown full-screen. For another way to advance the slides, press the Space Bar on your keyboard or click the left mouse button. To end the slide show, press the Esc. button on your keyboard. PowerPoint® presentations can be displayed using a desktop PC or a laptop, with or without an LCD projector or overhead adapter connected to your computer. Follow the setup instructions that came with your equipment. You can transfer custom presentations from your PC to a laptop via network connection, direct cable connection, floppies (if the files are small enough), Zip disk, or CD-ROM. Building Your Presentation 1. Rearranging Slide Order and Assembling Custom Slide Presentations You can rearrange the order of slides by using the Slide Sorter. To open the slide sorter, select 27 First Steps 1. Saving the SRH Slide Presentation Many users will want to create their own customized presentations using the SRH Slide Presentations. Since the package has been provided on CD-ROM, you will need to copy the files onto your local hard drive to save any changes. The files you need to save are the eight PowerPoint® files. You can also copy the PDF version of this User’s Manual for easy reference. 2. Getting Familiar With PowerPoint® Figure 1 is a screen sample of PowerPoint® 97 with the “Adolescent sexual and reproductive health” slide presentation already open. Indicated are the Menu Bar, Toolbars, Slide Layout 26 Figure 1: PowerPoint® 97 Screen Sample Slide View Figure 2: Starting a Slide Show slides you wish to use. Make sure to view each of them using the Slide Sorter. Create a new presentation by clicking on the New Presentation icon on the Standard Toolbar (Figure 3), and then select Cancel on the New Slide dialog box. Remember to switch to Slide Sorter view. Switch to another slide presentation by selecting Window from the Menu Bar and selecting one of the open presentations listed on the bottom of the list (Figure 4). Select the slides you wish to copy by holding Shift and clicking on each slide. Right-click with your mouse on one of them and select Copy from the context menu. Change to the new presentation, right-click in the slide sorter and select Paste. Continue to copy and paste until you have all the slides you need. You can always rearrange and delete slides after all slides have been copied. Colleagues already familiar with PowerPoint® may opt to use Insert from the menu bar and select the Slides from file feature that will allow you to select your slides from different slide presentations without having to open each file individually. Remember to save your new presentation! Creating New Slides You can also create your own slides to include in 29 View from the Menu Bar and then Slide Sorter (Figure 3). Remember: In order to save any changes, copy the PowerPoint® files from the CD-ROM to your local hard drive and work from there. To rearrange the order of slides, click on the slide you wish to move and drag it to its new position. A vertical line will indicate where the slide will be inserted. The slide position number will also automatically adjust with the change of order. To remove a slide from the presentation, click on the slide you wish to remove and press the Delete key. Custom presentations can be put together using slides from any number of the slide presentations. To assemble a custom presentation, open each of the slide presentations containing the 28 Figure 3: Slide Sorter View Figure 4: Switching Between Presentations Landscape orientation under the printer properties, then click OK (Figure 7). Make sure to use the proper type of transparency (laser or ink jet) for your printer. Speaker Notes are combined print samples of the slides with accompanying speaking notes for each slide. To print these, select File from the Menu Bar and then Print. Select Notes Pages from the Print What options box, then click OK. your custom presentation. From the Slide Sorter view, place the cursor in the position you want the new slide to be located, select Insert from the Menu Bar and click New Slide. When the New Slide dialog box appears (Figure 5), select the blank slide and click OK. The blank slide option is highlighted in Figure 5. You can then add your own text and images to the slide. FCI has also provided template slides at the end of each of the eight slide presentations. These slides include the color unique to that slide presentation and can be used to create new slides that are similar in style to the other provided slides. Preparing For Your Presentation 1. Adding and Editing Speaker Notes The PowerPoint® presentations can also be viewed with accompanying speaker notes. To view slides with speaker notes, select View from the Menu Bar and then Notes Page (Figure 6). You can also select Notes Page View from the Views short cut menu. To add or change speaker notes, click the cursor in the Speaker Notes area and make any desired additions or changes. 2. Making Transparencies and Printing Speaker Notes If needed, transparencies can be printed for use on an overhead projector. To print transparencies, select File from the Menu Bar and then Print. Select Slides from the Print What options box and select 30 Figure 5: New Slide Dialog Box Figure 6: Speaker Notes View Figure 7: Print… Dialog Box 31 Family Care International 588 Broadway, Suite 503 • New York NY 10012 USA

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