Assessment of women's satisfaction with reproductive health services in Urmia University of Medical Sciences

Publication date: 2008

Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2008 605 ٢٠٠٨ ،٣ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ،ﺮﺸﻋ ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻠﺠﳌﺍ ،ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ،ﻂﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻕﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﳌﺍ Assessment of women’s satisfaction with reproductive health services in Urmia University of Medical Sciences H. Nanbakhsh,1 S. Salarilak,1 F. Islamloo2 and S. Aglemand 2 1Department of Community Medicine; 2Department of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Islamic Republic of Iran (Correspondence to H. Nanbakhsh: hanabakhsh@hotmail.com). Received: 01/12/05; accepted: 23/02/06 ABSTRACT We assessed women’s satisfaction with the reproductive health services in the population laboratory of Urmia University of Medical Sciences in 2003. A random sample of 600 married women aged 15–49 years completed a satisfaction questionnaire based on Bruce’s criteria. Overall 76.2% of women were satisfied and 15.8% were completely satisfied with the total reproductive health service; however 34.0% of women were unsatisfied or completely unsatisfied with their health care provider. Factors that needed be improved were: providing all modern contraception methods in the health cen- tres; using educational materials (e.g. pamphlets and brochures) at reproductive health consultations; and improving information given to clients to ensure informed choice of family planning method. Évaluation de la satisfaction des femmes à l’égard des services de santé génésique à l’Université des Sciences médicales d’Ourmia RÉSUMÉ Nous avons évalué la satisfaction des femmes à l’égard des services de santé génésique au laboratoire de population de l’Université des Sciences médicales d’Ourmia en 2003. Un échantillon aléatoire de 600 femmes mariées âgées de 15 à 49 ans a rempli un questionnaire de satisfaction fondé sur les critères de Bruce. Globalement, 76,2 % des femmes étaient satisfaites et 15,8 % étaient totalement satisfaites de l’ensemble du service de santé génésique ; en revanche, 34,0 % étaient insatisfaites ou totalement insatisfaites de leur prestataire de soins de santé. Des efforts devraient être faits pour : proposer toutes les méthodes de contraception modernes dans les centres de santé ; utiliser du matériel éducatif (dépliants et brochures) dans le cadre des consultations de santé génésique ; et améliorer les informations fournies aux utilisatrices pour qu’elles puissent choisir une méthode de planification familiale en connaissance de cause. ��ÍÉFì¶=�½Ç·£·¶�ÍɺeÆ?�Í£º>Q�›�ÍÉE>ˆÝ=�ÍVr¶=�L>ºb]�À¢�L=bÉj¶=�Îue�¼É[ɯI b¿»·¯¢�´º>Éi�(Ç·ºØiC�`fª�(´¶�Ëe×>i�f²>m�(o~�Á>¾�ÀjU� � „=Í[qØ6���­bÃJjIÍ[£º>Q�›�½>[£¶=��[J^™=�›�ÍÉE>ˆÝ=�ÍVr¶=�L>ºb]�À¢�L=bÉj¶=�Îue�¼É[ɯI�Íi=eb¶=�Åd ������½>¢�›�ÍÉFì¶=�½Ç·£·¶�ÍɺeÆ?2003�*��������À[º�Í«¶Öº�ÍÉÑ=Çn¢�Í¿É¢�KªÇJi=�b®Æ600Ê[Iض=�L>[QÆhJ™=�L=bÉj[¶=�À[º� ����E�ÀÂe>»¢?�\Æ=f[JI15�Æ�49����������f[E��[[È>£º�η¢�ð=b¿Jjº�Îuf¶=�¹ÇU�ð>¾>ÉFJi=�ð>º>¢�lÆ�*�����Ïb[E?�b[®Æ76.2�!Àÿ[º �Æ�ÀÂ>ue15.8�������������ÏbE?�U�›�(ÍÉE>ˆÝ=�ÍVr¶=�L>ºb]�¸»…�À¢�½>J¶=�ÀÂ>ue�Àÿº�34.0�!ÀÂ>[ue�½b[¢�Àÿº ������ÍÉVr¶=�ÍÈ>¢f¶=�ʺb¯º�η¢�½>J¶=�ÀÃì^i�Æ?�*�������Ê·È�>º�›�jVJ·¶�T>J€��¶=�¸º=Ç£¶=�K·çN“Æ�6¸Ñ>iǶ=�¤É–��ªÇI �����¶=�h²=f™=�›�¸»ƒ=�¤¿™�ÍNÈbƒ=�����ÍɫɯNI�a=Ǻ�½=b^Ji=Æ�(ÍÉVr%���L=fn[¿¶=Æ�L>ÈÇì™=�¸Nº�$›�ÌeÇn[™=�¼Èb[¯I�b[¿¢ η¢�b¿JjI�ÌfiÙ=�¼ÉŸ¿I�HÇ·iÙ�ÀÃI=e>É]�Á?�Á>»v¶�L>£Q=f»·¶�Îì£I��¶=�L>ºÇ·£™=�j€Æ�(ÍÉE>ˆÝ=�ÍVr¶= ÍVÉVq�L>ºÇ·£º*� � 606 La Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée orientale, Vol. 14, No 3, 2008 ٢٠٠٨ ،٣ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ،ﺮﺸﻋ ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻠﺠﳌﺍ ،ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ،ﻂﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻕﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﳌﺍ Introduction Women and their health are central to the primary health care agenda, not only as the focus of family planning and maternal and child health programmes, but also as conduits for improving the health of their children [1]. In their biological reproductive role, women are obviously and directly tied to the health of the fetus and newborn child [2]. One of the most important services which are delivered for women is reproduc- tive health [3]. Reproductive health is an important component of public health. It is a prerequisite for social, economic and hu- man development. After the International Conference on Population and Develop- ment held in Cairo in 1994, the terms re- productive and sexual health were widely disseminated among all community sectors. The definition of reproductive health in- cludes many components, among which are family planning (FP), maternal and child health, prevention of harmful practices, reduction of the spread of reproductive tract infections and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV/AIDS, and provision of treatment for STDs and their complications [4]. Attempts to understand women’s re- productive health needs have shown that the interaction between clients and the service is a critical and neglected dimen- sion of programme efforts [5]. Concern for clients’ rights in the provision of repro- ductive health in developing countries has promoted intense efforts by international experts to promote client-centred models of communication as a replacement for more provider-centred approaches [6]. Moreover, communication between service providers and clients is an essential component in the delivery of family planning services and the vehicle for information exchange, report- ing, and informed choice of family planning methods [7,8]. Clients want quality services and pro- viders strive to offer this quality. However, definitions of quality can differ. Higher sat- isfaction levels result in more involvement of the client, and consequently increase the effectiveness of health care services. Evaluation of clients’ satisfaction plays a significant role in the improvement of health care quality. In general, a patient’s satisfaction is a complicated phenomenon that is influenced by different factors, and patient feedback is the foundation for im- provement of quality programmes. The main objective of this research was to assess women’s satisfaction with the re- productive health services in the population laboratory of Urmia University of Medical Sciences. Urmia is the centre of West Az- erbaijan province of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the population laboratory in this city was founded in 2001 with a target population of about 45 000 comprising 11 756 households. Methods The study design was descriptive and cross- sectional. Selection of population and study sample The Urmia city population laboratory in- cludes 3 health centres which were chosen for the study: Aghdash, Shahrokhabad and Jalili. The study population was all women aged 15–49 years who had been married at least once and were referred to the health centre. The sample size was estimated to be nearly 400 using the statistical formula, P (proportion of women’s satisfaction) = 50%, Z = 1.96, d = 0.05 and confidence level α = 0.05. To adjust for sample loss, e.g. from unusable responses, the sample size was increased by 50% to 600. The target group was 6300 married women in the age 15–49 Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2008 607 ٢٠٠٨ ،٣ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ،ﺮﺸﻋ ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻠﺠﳌﺍ ،ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ،ﻂﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻕﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﳌﺍ years in the 3 health centres. A total of 600 married women were divided into 3 parts due to nearly equal populations in the se- lected health centres; 200 women from each centre were selected by systematic random sampling from the household files and inter- views were carried out with selected women who were referred to each health centre and continued until completion of the target sample size. Questionnaire design Bruce’s key points regarding quality in re- productive health were chosen in designing the questionnaire [9]. These are: (1) selec- tion of a FP method, (2) technical skill of service providers, (3) relationship between service providers and client, (4) consist- ency and follow-up, (5) comprehensiveness of service and (6) presenting information to the clients. A total of 30 questions were prepared for all 6 aspects and these were tested for their validity and reliability. A Likert scale was used for responses to ques- tions about satisfaction with aspects of services (completely satisfied = 5, satisfied = 4, no view = 3, unsatisfied = 2, completely unsatisfied = 1). Reliability analysis of the questionnaire showed that Cronbach’s alpha coefficient = 0.8316. Selection and training interviewers A group of 10 volunteer female students from the School of Public Health of Urmia University of Medical Sciences were cho- sen, trained and supervised by researchers to interview the selected women. All 600 women (100%) responded to the questions in the interview. Data entry and statistical analysis SPSS software was used for data entry and analysis based on response codes 1–6 in the questionnaire. The quality score of each factor in separate health centres was calculated. Descriptive analysis such as frequency, means, standard deviation (SD) and analytical tests (Spearman correlation and chi-squared tests) were used to study the relationship between variables. Results Population study and women’s profiles The results showed that the majority (51.0%) of the 600 women in the study were aged 25–35 years and a minority (37.0%) were aged 15–25 years. The mean age was 29 (SD 18) years, range 16–48 years. Concern- ing the education level of women, 36.5% had diploma or high-school education, 34.8% guidance (pre-high-school level), 17.5% primary school, 6.2% were illiterate and 5.0% university level. Family size showed that 47.5% of women had 0 children, 36.2% had 1 child, 12.7% had 2 children, 3.0% had 3 children and 0.6% had 4+ children. All the women surveyed were using contraception: most of them (49.5%) were using oral contracep- tive pills, 20.7% intrauterine device (IUD), 13.2% condoms, 9.7% natural methods, 3.5% tubectomy and 3.5% injectable con- traceptives. Women’s satisfaction The assessment of women’s overall satis- faction with the reproductive health service indicated that 76.2% were satisfied, 15.8% were completely satisfied, 7.3% had no view and 0.7% were unsatisfied. Table 1 shows the results of women’s satisfaction with the reproductive health services regarding informed choice of fam- ily planning method and service provider skills. Almost all the women (93.3%) in- dicated satisfaction (completely satisfied or satisfied) that their choice of FP method 608 La Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée orientale, Vol. 14, No 3, 2008 ٢٠٠٨ ،٣ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ،ﺮﺸﻋ ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻠﺠﳌﺍ ،ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ،ﻂﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻕﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﳌﺍ Table 1 Satisfaction of the women (n = 600) with reproductive health services: informed choice of family planning method and provider skills Questions Completely Satisfied No view Unsatisfied Completely satisfied unsatisfied No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % Informed choice about FP method Choice of method was free and informed 356 59.3 204 34.0 19 3.2 14 2.3 7 1.2 Given names of all preventive methods 327 54.5 210 35.0 32 5.3 27 4.5 4 0.7 Preventive methods were explained 286 47.7 208 34.7 60 10.0 43 7.2 3 0.5 Information about location of other contraceptive services 188 31.3 207 34.5 124 20.7 72 12.0 9 1.5 Information about limitations of contraceptive methods 155 25.8 182 30.3 93 15.5 138 23.0 32 5.3 Information about referral service 140 23.3 149 24.8 133 22.2 147 24.5 31 5.2 Provider skills Provider selected by client 93 15.5 112 18.7 191 31.8 151 25.2 53 8.8 Knowledge of provider 282 47.0 216 36.0 72 12 23 3.8 7 1.2 Experience of provider 297 49.4 223 37.2 62 10.3 15 2.5 3 0.5 Promptness of provider 265 44.2 231 38.5 58 9.7 40 6.7 6 1.0 Skilfulness of provider 283 47.2 233 38.8 68 11.3 13 2.2 3 0.5 FP = family planning. was free and informed. More than half the women (56.1%) were completely satisfied or satisfied with the information about the limitations of the FP service and the preven- tive methods, while 28.3% of them were completely unsatisfied or unsatisfied. The most unsatisfactory aspects of reproductive health services were the items “information about limitations of contraceptive service” (28.3% of women unsatisfied) and “infor- mation about referral services” (29.7%). Concerning provider skills, the majority of women (86.6%) had high satisfaction with the experience of the FP provider, while one-third (34.0%) were completely unsatisfied or unsatisfied with the provider they had selected. Table 2 indicates the results of women’s satisfaction with the reproductive health services concerning the categories inter- personal relationship and consistency and follow-up. The great majority of women (92.5%) were completely satisfied or satis- fied that the behaviour of the service pro- vider was polite, while 29.2% of them were unsatisfied or completely unsatisfied with the item about the use of educational tools in the consultation. The majority (83.0%) of women had satisfaction (completely satisfied and satisfied) that they had enough information about follow-up visits. Concerning consistency and follow-up of service, 8.2% of women were unsatis- fied (completely unsatisfied or unsatisfied) about the item “I know where to go if side- effects occur”. Table 3 identifies the women’s satis- faction about the comprehensiveness of services and information given to clients. The great majority of women (94.1%) had Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2008 609 ٢٠٠٨ ،٣ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ،ﺮﺸﻋ ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻠﺠﳌﺍ ،ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ،ﻂﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻕﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﳌﺍ high satisfaction (completely satisfied or satisfied) with the vaccination service, while 32.8% of women were completely unsatisfied or unsatisfied about the Pap smear service. Concerning the information given to clients, the majority of women (88.3%) had high satisfaction (completely satisfied and satisfied) with information they received about the use of their chosen FP method, while one-third of women (32.3%) were unsatisfied or completely unsatisfied with the item about distribution of information from pamphlets and booklets. Table 4 shows the Spearman correlation between the mean total of women’s satisfac- tion and the 6 reproductive health services factors, adjusted based on the correlation co- efficient from maximum to minimum. The results showed that the highest Spearman test coefficients were related to information given to clients (r = 0.606) and informed choice about FP method (r = 0.527) and the lowest was related to comprehensiveness of the service (r = 0.436). Table 5 shows a comparison of wom- en’s satisfaction between the 3 health cen- tres. Women’s satisfaction (satisfied or completely satisfied) with the reproductive health services were 95.1% in Agdash, 89.5% in Shahrokhabad and 91.0% in Jalili. Moreover, chi-squared tests showed that there was a significant difference between the total percentage women’s satisfaction Table 2 Satisfaction of the women (n = 600) with the reproductive health services: interpersonal relationship and consistency and follow-up Questions Completely Satisfied No view Unsatisfied Completely satisfied unsatisfied No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % Interpersonal relationship Felt able to ask questions 355 59.2 197 22.8 22 3.7 19 3.2 7 1.2 Behaviour of provider was polite 364 60.7 191 31.8 26 4.3 12 2 7 1.2 Had confidence in provider 341 56.8 203 33.8 41 6.8 13 2.2 2 0.3 Was asked about problems and aims of FP 260 43.3 218 36.3 74 12.3 39 6.5 9 1.5 Consultation was easy and understandable 308 51.3 229 38.2 42 7.0 14 2.3 7 1.2 Consultation used educational tools 130 21.7 178 29.7 116 19.3 111 18.5 64 10.7 Consistency and follow-up FP methods are always available in health centres 320 53.3 216 36.0 30 5.0 25 4.2 9 1.5 Have enough information about follow-up visits 344 57.3 214 35.7 29 4.8 10 1.7 3 0.5 Follow-up given by health centre 226 37.7 247 41.2 81 13.5 35 5.8 11 1.8 Know where to go when side-effects occur 264 43.8 212 35.5 75 12.5 42 7.0 7 1.2 Would like to come to this centre again 299 49.8 222 37.0 62 10.3 11 1.8 6 1.0 Would be supported and guided if side-effects occur 266 44.3 226 37.7 79 13.2 18 3.0 11 1.7 FP = family planning. 610 La Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée orientale, Vol. 14, No 3, 2008 ٢٠٠٨ ،٣ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ،ﺮﺸﻋ ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻠﺠﳌﺍ ،ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ،ﻂﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻕﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﳌﺍ and health centre (χ2 = 15.798, df = 6, P < 0.015). Discussion The satisfaction questionnaire survey was conducted among a specific target group: clients of health centres that provide FP and other reproductive health services. The great majority of the study women (92%) were satisfied or completely satisfied with the reproductive health services in Urmia. Other studies have been conducted in the Islamic Republic of Iran: a study in health houses in rural areas of Urmia showed 94% satisfaction [10] and in Tonkabon the majority of the study group were satisfied with the reproductive health services [11]. Research carried out in rural women in Bali Indonesia showed 73.1% of respondents were satisfied with women’s health serv- ices available in their area and 94.5% of ever-users of contraception were satisfied with family planning services [12]. An- other study carried out in Cape Town, South Africa showed that 72% of women were satisfied with reproductive health services [13]. Respondents in that study listed 3 im- portant satisfaction factors: good relation- ship between clients and health workers; comfortable and free discussion during the consultation; and less waiting time than they expected. In Alexandria, Egypt, 69% of the nearly 600 women interviewed said they were satisfied with their most recent FP methods [14]. Our results agree with the above studies and show that the total percentage of women’s satisfaction with the reproductive health services were 76.2% satisfied and 15.8% completely satisfied. A study in Egypt in 1994 showed that 69% of the women surveyed were using FP methods, 91% of them were using the IUD, 5% were using oral contraceptives, Table 3 Satisfaction of the women (n = 600) with reproductive health services: comprehensiveness of service and information given to clients Questions Completely Satisfied No view Unsatisfied Completely satisfied unsatisfied No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % Comprehensive service Monitoring of child growth 384 63.9 172 28.7 37 6.2 5 0.8 2 0.3 Sexually-transmitted diseases service 131 21.8 166 27.7 230 38.3 61 10.2 12 1.9 Medical service 286 47.6 224 37.3 64 10.7 24 4.0 2 0.3 Vaccination service 379 63.3 185 30.8 29 4.8 5 0.8 2 0.3 Antenatal care service 374 62.3 177 29.5 33 5.5 9 1.5 7 1.2 Pap smear service 86 14.3 51 8.5 266 44.3 119 19.8 78 13.0 Information given to clients All preventive methods 308 51.3 207 34.5 46 7.7 35 5.8 4 0.7 Use of chosen method 293 48.8 237 39.5 47 7.8 18 3.0 5 0.8 Choice of method 274 45.5 234 39.0 65 10.8 25 4.2 2 0.3 Problems of forgotten pills and side-effects 277 46.2 214 35.7 71 11.8 26 4.3 12 2.0 Pamphlets and booklets 83 13.8 144 24.0 179 29.8 134 22.3 60 10.0 Side-effects of chosen method 248 41.3 229 38.2 62 10.3 44 7.3 17 2.8 Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2008 611 ٢٠٠٨ ،٣ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ،ﺮﺸﻋ ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻠﺠﳌﺍ ،ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ،ﻂﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻕﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﳌﺍ 2% were using injectable contraceptives, and only 2% were using condoms and other methods [14]. In our study 49.5% of women were using oral contraceptives, 20.7% con- doms, 3.5% injectable contraceptives and 3.5% tubectomy. With regard to client’s satisfaction with informed choice of FP method, statistical analysis showed there was a significant difference between the total percentage of women’s satisfaction and informed choice of FP method. The most unsatisfactory aspects of reproductive health services were the items “information about limitations of contraceptive service” (28.3% of women unsatisfied) and “information about referral services” (29.7%). In a study in Egpyt, cli- ents said that counselling about their choice of FP method and side-effects was a major element of quality services, as were costs and access. Clients said they were satisfied when they received information about only 1 method or a limited number of methods [14]. According to Bruce, reproductive health providers should have good experience, knowledge and skills [9]. Our findings about provider skills showed that the major- ity of women (86.6%) had high satisfac- tion with the provider’s experience in FP. Satisfaction with these services was 49.4% completely satisfied and 37.2% satisfied. Spearman correlation showed there was significant correlation between satisfaction and the provider’s skill. But, among these services in detail, 34.0% of women were unsatisfied or completely unsatisfied with the provider selected by them and 7.7% with the promptness of the service provider. A study in Nairobi, Kenya showed more than three-quarters of 900 women interviewed were satisfied with FP services. However, 20% listed problems with service delivery including long distance to clinics, long waiting times, unfriendly providers, lack of access to desired FP methods, unskilled providers and insufficient information [15]. Table 4 Correlation between mean total women’s satisfaction and reproductive health services Reproductive health Spearman P-value service coefficient Information given to clients 0.606 < 0.001 Informed choice about FP method 0.527 < 0.001 Interpersonal relationship 0.525 < 0.001 Provider skills 0.510 < 0.001 Consistency and follow-up 0.439 < 0.001 Comprehensive service 0.438 < 0.001 FP = family planning. Table 5 Comparison of women’s satisfaction in different health centres Satisfaction Agdash Sahrokhabad Jalili Total No. % No. % No. % No. % Unsatisfied 0 0.0 3 1.5 1 0.5 4 0.7 No view 9 4.5 18 9.0 17 8.5 44 7.3 Satisfied 145 72.5 155 77.1 157 78.5 457 76.2 Completely satisfied 45 22.6 25 12.4 25 12.5 95 15.8 Total 199 100.0 201 100.0 200 100.0 600 100.0 χ2 = 15.798, df = 6, P < 0.015. 612 La Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée orientale, Vol. 14, No 3, 2008 ٢٠٠٨ ،٣ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ،ﺮﺸﻋ ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻠﺠﳌﺍ ،ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ،ﻂﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻕﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﳌﺍ Women’s satisfaction from the point of view of interpersonal relationships is of great importance. In this regard, Bruce pointed to the quality of relationship between clients and health providers, such as consideration given to respect and confidentiality [9]. In a study carried out in Egypt, clients said that the important element of quality was that the providers treated them with respect (regardless of education or income) and that FP services should be integrated with other health services, be affordable and accessible and that they have a choice of FP methods [14]. Our findings concerning interpersonal relationships showed that the great major- ity of women were completely satisfied or satisfied with the behaviour of the service provider. The quality of reproductive health serv- ices is very important from the point of view of consistency and follow-up [16]. Our findings showed a significant correlation between total mean women’s satisfaction and consistency and follow-up. More- over, among these services 83% of women had high satisfaction with the item “I have enough information about follow-up visits” while 8.2% were unsatisfied with the item “I know where to go if side-effects occur”. Comprehensiveness of services in the health centre is important. Our findings showed that the majority of women (94.1%) had high satisfaction with the vaccination service, while 32.8% of them were unsatis- fied with the Pap smear service. The Spear- man test showed that there was a significant correlation between women’s satisfaction and comprehensiveness of services. Bruce pointed out that information given to clients is important with regard to acces- sibility, availability and variety of printed information such as pamphlets and booklets, and also that human and physical resources for counselling should be considered [9]. In our study, overall 32.3% of women were completely unsatisfied or unsatisfied with the distribution of educational materials. A study in central and eastern Java showed when women were asked what informa- tion they would like to help them make contraceptive decisions, more than one- third said they wanted information on side- effects, while 23% wanted information about method safety and 21% wanted infor- mation on efficiency [17]. Lack of informa- tion was a concern expressed by women in the Egypt quality care study [4]. A study conducted in Tanzania showed that 50% of women were unsatisfied with lack of communication and nonexistent distribu- tion of educational materials [18]. Patten et al. studied reproductive health in Bali and Indonesia and found that 73.1% of respond- ents were satisfied with the women’s health services available in their area and 94.5% of ever-users of contraception were satisfied with FP services. However, women indi- cated a need for more information on AIDS and other STDs; 52.2% had never received any information about AIDS and 69% had not been counselled about STDs [19]. Our analysis of correlations between the mean total women’s satisfaction and repro- ductive health services showed the high- est correlations with the categories about information given to clients (r = 0.606) and informed choice about FP method (r = 0.527). These factors are therefore im- portant for increasing women’s satisfaction with reproductive health services in the health centres of Urmia population labora- tory. Comparison of the total percentage of women’s satisfaction across different health centres showed that women were generally satisfied with reproductive health services, but women in Agdash health centre were the most satisfied. There are some limitations to the study. Quality is a broad concept that no single approach can adequately and fully measure. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2008 613 ٢٠٠٨ ،٣ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ،ﺮﺸﻋ ﻊﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻠﺠﳌﺍ ،ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻨﻣ ،ﻂﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻕﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﳌﺍ Client satisfaction interviews are just one part of an overall quality evaluation effort. They should be used in conjunction with other quality evaluation instruments such as direct observation, reviews of client records or focus group discussions. The most important limitation of this study is that the quality elements of service pro- vision and client satisfaction in Bruce’s criteria were designed for FP services, but in this research these elements were applied to all reproductive health services. Client satisfaction is the most important reason for the quality of services, but does not cover all aspects of service quality. The strengths of our study are that it raises some useful ideas for the imple- mentation of programmes of quality care in reproductive health units. The meaning of quality care for the women who receive reproductive health services was examined to describe the service from the women’s point of view. Conclusion This study demonstrated the importance of using a questionnaire which was prepared based on Bruce’s 6 key measures of quality in assessing the reproductive health services [9]. The majority of women in the popu- lation laboratory of Urmia University of Medical Sciences were satisfied with repro- ductive health services and considered that the services in these health centres were ef- fective. The following factors affecting the women’s satisfaction need to be improved: providing all modern contraception meth- ods in health centres; using educational materials (e.g. pamphlets and brochures) at reproductive health consultations; and improving information given to clients to ensure an informed choice of family plan- ning method. Acknowledgements This study was funded by the World Health Organization Regional Office for the East- ern Mediterranean (RPC.3/45, R6/81/1, 23/Marcg/2003).The authors wish to thank Mrs S. Rabipoor and J. Amirzadeh for their technical support. Special thanks are due for Dr E.I. Fatih El Samani, former WHO rep- resentative in the Islamic Republic of Iran. References 1. Glenn C al. Seeking women’s voices: set- ting the context for women’s health inter- ventions in two rural counties in Yunnan, China. Social science & medicine, 1995, 41(8):1147–57. 2. Leslie J, Lycette M, Buvinic M. Weath- ering economic crisis: the crucial role of women in health. In: Bell DE, Reich MR, eds. Health, nutrition and economic crises: approaches to policy in the third world. Dover, Massachusetts, Auburn House Publishing Company, 1988. 3. Downie RS, Tonnahill A. Health promo- tion models and values, 2nd ed. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1966. 4. Jain A, Bruce J. 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