Thailand - Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey - 2016

Publication date: 2016

Thailand MICS Final Report June, 2017 UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund NSO National Statistical Office NHSO National Health Security Office Thailand: M onitoring the situation of children and w om en M ultiple Indicator C luster S urvey 2015-2016 Thailand 14 Provinces MICS Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2015-2016 Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 © 20 16 /A u kk ar ap h o n N an ta sa n e Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 Final Report June, 2017 The Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was carried out in 2015-2016 by the National Statistical Office (NSO) in collaboration with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) as part of the global MICS programme. Main technical and financial support was provided by the UNICEF. The global MICS programme was developed by UNICEF in the 1990s as an international household survey programme to support countries in the collection of internationally comparable data on a wide range of indicators on the situation of children and women. MICS surveys measure key indicators that allow countries to generate data for use in policies and programmes, and to monitor progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and other internationally agreed upon commitments. Suggested citation: National Statistical Office and United Nations Children’s Fund, Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2015-2016, Final Report, NSO and UNICEF, Bangkok, 2017. P a g e | iii Preface There is increasing evidence to show that children from the poorest and most marginalized populations are the most likely to have their rights denied. A shortage of reliable data makes it difficult for policy and decision-makers to understand the situation of these children and formulate appropriate strategies, policies and programmes. The survey was therefore designed to highlight the nine provinces with the highest poverty rates identified in the 2011 report of the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) as well as the five southernmost provinces that have been in a situation of unrest. The 14 Provinces MICS seeks to generate statistically valid data on children in the most disadvantaged and vulnerable provinces in Thailand through a systematic and evidence-based approach. This survey provides a unique source of data and information, covering more than 80 indicators in the areas of nutrition, child health, water and sanitation, reproductive health, child development, literacy and education, child protection and HIV/AIDS. Data derived from the survey will help to clearly identify issues that adversely affect the well-being and development of children in Thailand. A more comprehensive understanding of the situation of children in the 14 provinces will enable improved planning for equity-based policies and programme interventions at the provincial level. It will also respond to the national policy to leave no-one behind. In addition, the data are to be used as baselines for several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) indicators in the 14 provinces. The 14 Provinces MICS was carried out at the same time as the National MICS in 2015-2016 by the Thailand National Statistical Office (TNSO) as part of the global MICS programme. The national survey findings report is available through www.nso.go.th or mics.unicef.org, providing detailed results for reference purposes. The survey was made possible through financial and technical support mainly from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the National Health Security Office. A joint Royal Thai Government Steering Group guided an initial planning of the survey. A technical group, composed of representatives from key line ministries and local experts, assisted in customizing and adapting the global MICS 5 tools to the local context. We would like to express our gratitude for the contributions from line ministries and organizations, namely the Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, Ministry of Labour, Office of the NESDB, International Health Policy Program, Thai Health Promotion Foundation, Institute for Population and Social Research: Mahidol University, College of Population Studies: Chulalongkorn University, both public and private institutions and the general public. In addition, we acknowledge the expertise contributed by various consultants at global, regional and national level related to sampling, training, fieldwork, data processing and report writing. This survey would not have been possible without the commitment of the NSO at the central and provincial levels, in particular of supervisors and interviewers. Director General National Statistical Office Representative UNICEF, Thailand Country Office The Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was carried out in 2015-2016 by the National Statistical Office (NSO) in collaboration with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) as part of the global MICS programme. Main technical and financial support was provided by the UNICEF. The global MICS programme was developed by UNICEF in the 1990s as an international household survey programme to support countries in the collection of internationally comparable data on a wide range of indicators on the situation of children and women. MICS surveys measure key indicators that allow countries to generate data for use in policies and programmes, and to monitor progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and other internationally agreed upon commitments. Suggested citation: National Statistical Office and United Nations Children’s Fund, Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2015-2016, Final Report, NSO and UNICEF, Bangkok, 2017. iiiThailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | v TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface . iii Summary Table of Survey Implementation and the Survey Population . 1 Key Messages and Summary Table of Findings . 3 Nutrition . 3 Child Health . 7 Water and Sanitation .10 Reproductive Health .12 Early Childhood Development .16 Literacy and Education .18 Child Protection .21 HIV/AIDS .24 APPENDICES.27 Appendix A Thailand 14 Provinces MICS, Tables .29 I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents . 29 II. Nutrition . 39 III. Child Health .5 1 IV. Water and Sanitation .59 V. Reproductive Health .69 VI. Early Childhood Development .81 VII. Literacy and Education .87 VIII. Child Protection .97 IX. HIV/AIDS .107 Appendix B Sample Design .119 Appendix C Estimates of Sampling Errors .125 Appendix D Thailand 14 Provinces MICS 2015-2016 Indicators: Numerators and Denominators .169 Appendix E Data Quality Tables .179 Appendix F Thailand MICS Questionnaires .185 Appendix G List of Definitions .255 vThailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 ©UNICEF Thailand/2011/Athit 1 Summary Table of Survey Implementation and the Survey Population Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016P a g e | 1 Summary Table of Survey Implementation and the Survey Population The Thailand 14 provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 was conducted from November 2015 to March 2016 by the National Statistical Office (NSO). Technical and financial support for the survey was mainly provided by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in Thailand. The Thailand 14 provinces MICS 2015-2016 provides valuable information and the latest evidence on the situation of children and women. The 14 provinces were identified as the priority provinces from an equity perspective. The five Southernmost provinces including Songkhla, Satun, Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat were selected due to the prolonged unrest situation in the predominantly Muslim population as well as pockets of poverty that can affect the access to and quality of social and healthcare services. Another nine provinces were selected with an equity focus in other regions based mainly on poverty rate. Please refer to Map 1 for the covered areas. The survey presents data from an equity perspective by indicating disparities by region and province. The Thailand 14 provinces MICS 2015-2016 is based on a sample of 17,210 households that were interviewed and provides a comprehensive picture of children, women and men in the 14 selected provinces. Map 1 Fourteen selected provinces, MICS, 2015-2016 2 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Summary Table of Survey Implementation and the Survey Population P a g e | 2 Survey implementation Sample frame Oct-Dec, 2014 Questionnaires Household Women (age 15-49) Men (age 15-49) Children under five Interviewer training September, 2015 Fieldwork November 2015 to March 2016 Survey sample Households Women Children under five Men Level Sampled Response Eligible Response Eligible Response Eligible Response rate (%) rate (%) rate (%) rate (%) Thailand1 31,010 97.5 26,033 98.4 12,313 99.5 23,642 98.1 Total 14 provinces 18,358 98.9 15,607 99.0 7,674 99.7 14,060 98.8 Central Ratchaburi 1,285 99.0 1,147 98.7 507 99.6 1,050 99.1 Kanchanaburi 1,302 95.8 998 98.7 468 99.8 960 98.9 North Mae Hong Son 1,300 99.9 1,005 99.5 487 100.0 880 99.3 Tak 1,298 100.0 1,072 99.7 565 100.0 962 99.5 Northeast Buriram 1,295 97.1 859 97.6 484 98.3 733 95.0 Sisaket 1,320 98.7 1,053 99.7 567 99.8 941 99.8 Yasothon 1,299 100.0 1,037 99.8 611 100.0 915 100.0 Kalasin 1,301 100.0 979 99.2 578 99.5 917 98.6 Nakhon Phanom 1,289 100.0 1,045 99.9 540 100.0 932 99.8 South Songkhla 1,486 97.2 1,289 95.6 626 99.2 1,132 95.9 Satun 1,311 98.0 1,209 98.8 602 99.8 1,083 97.8 Pattani 1,298 99.8 1,215 98.9 622 99.4 1,068 99.0 Yala 1,265 100.0 1,315 99.9 438 100.0 1,177 99.9 Narathiwat 1,309 99.8 1,384 99.9 579 100.0 1,310 100.0 Survey population Average Percentage of Percentage of women Level household population under: age 15-49 years with at least size Age 5 Age 18 one live birth in the last 2 years Thailand 3.2 5.9 23.6 8.2 Total 14 provinces 3.3 6.8 27.5 8.9 Central Ratchaburi 3.3 5.2 22.8 7.0 Kanchanaburi 3.1 6.2 24.5 7.4 North Mae Hong Son 3.1 6.6 26.9 10.4 Tak 3.2 6.8 28.2 8.8 Northeast Buriram 3.3 7.0 31.3 8.4 Sisaket 3.4 6.6 28.9 7.4 Yasothon 3.2 7.0 26.0 8.5 Kalasin 3.2 6.2 25.6 7.5 Nakhon Phanom 3.2 6.8 27.0 9.2 South Songkhla 3.1 6.0 24.2 8.8 Satun 3.7 8.2 30.4 12.1 Pattani 3.8 9.9 35.2 14.6 Yala 3.5 5.5 27.3 5.0 Narathiwat 4.0 8.8 31.3 13.0 1 The national survey results appear in this report are used for reference purposes and have been included in all the tables. 3 Nutrition Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016P a g e | 2 Survey implementation Sample frame Oct-Dec, 2014 Questionnaires Household Women (age 15-49) Men (age 15-49) Children under five Interviewer training September, 2015 Fieldwork November 2015 to March 2016 Survey sample Households Women Children under five Men Level Sampled Response Eligible Response Eligible Response Eligible Response rate (%) rate (%) rate (%) rate (%) Thailand1 31,010 97.5 26,033 98.4 12,313 99.5 23,642 98.1 Total 14 provinces 18,358 98.9 15,607 99.0 7,674 99.7 14,060 98.8 Central Ratchaburi 1,285 99.0 1,147 98.7 507 99.6 1,050 99.1 Kanchanaburi 1,302 95.8 998 98.7 468 99.8 960 98.9 North Mae Hong Son 1,300 99.9 1,005 99.5 487 100.0 880 99.3 Tak 1,298 100.0 1,072 99.7 565 100.0 962 99.5 Northeast Buriram 1,295 97.1 859 97.6 484 98.3 733 95.0 Sisaket 1,320 98.7 1,053 99.7 567 99.8 941 99.8 Yasothon 1,299 100.0 1,037 99.8 611 100.0 915 100.0 Kalasin 1,301 100.0 979 99.2 578 99.5 917 98.6 Nakhon Phanom 1,289 100.0 1,045 99.9 540 100.0 932 99.8 South Songkhla 1,486 97.2 1,289 95.6 626 99.2 1,132 95.9 Satun 1,311 98.0 1,209 98.8 602 99.8 1,083 97.8 Pattani 1,298 99.8 1,215 98.9 622 99.4 1,068 99.0 Yala 1,265 100.0 1,315 99.9 438 100.0 1,177 99.9 Narathiwat 1,309 99.8 1,384 99.9 579 100.0 1,310 100.0 Survey population Average Percentage of Percentage of women Level household population under: age 15-49 years with at least size Age 5 Age 18 one live birth in the last 2 years Thailand 3.2 5.9 23.6 8.2 Total 14 provinces 3.3 6.8 27.5 8.9 Central Ratchaburi 3.3 5.2 22.8 7.0 Kanchanaburi 3.1 6.2 24.5 7.4 North Mae Hong Son 3.1 6.6 26.9 10.4 Tak 3.2 6.8 28.2 8.8 Northeast Buriram 3.3 7.0 31.3 8.4 Sisaket 3.4 6.6 28.9 7.4 Yasothon 3.2 7.0 26.0 8.5 Kalasin 3.2 6.2 25.6 7.5 Nakhon Phanom 3.2 6.8 27.0 9.2 South Songkhla 3.1 6.0 24.2 8.8 Satun 3.7 8.2 30.4 12.1 Pattani 3.8 9.9 35.2 14.6 Yala 3.5 5.5 27.3 5.0 Narathiwat 4.0 8.8 31.3 13.0 1 The national survey results appear in this report are used for reference purposes and have been included in all the tables. P a g e | 3 Key Messages and Summary Table of Findings2 Nutrition  Twelve of the 14 provinces have a higher percentage of children under the age of five who are stunted than the national average (10.5 per cent). It is notable that the prevalence of stunting is higher than 20 per cent in four provinces: Narathiwat (29.0 per cent), Mae Hong Son (24.9 per cent), Tak (21.9 per cent) and Yala (21.2 per cent). Moreover, the prevalence of underweight in children under five is higher than the national figure (6.7 per cent) in 11 of the 14 provinces. Children in five provinces: Narathiwat (16.2 per cent), Pattani (14.3 per cent), Yala (12.9 per cent), Tak (11.7 per cent) and Songkhla (10.0 per cent) are more likely to be underweight compared to children in other provinces. Children under five in Buriram province have a lower probability of being underweight (4.7 per cent) and stunted (6.7 per cent) whereas Tak province has a high prevalence of overweight (11.1 per cent), stunting (21.9 per cent) and wasting (8.0 per cent) among children under five years of age.  The percentage of last live-born children in the last two years who were ever breastfed in all 14 provinces is above 90 per cent. The percentage of children who were first breastfed within one hour of birth varies considerably, from 10.1 per cent in Yasothon province to 80.5 per cent in Narathiwat.  The median duration of exclusive breastfeeding (Table NU.5) in most of the provinces is less than 1 month except in Buriram (1.7 months), Nakhon Phanom (1.7 months), Kalasin (2.1 months) and Yala (2.9 months) provinces. As expected, the duration for any breastfeeding is longer, reaching 21.5 months in Narathiwat province and 22.7 months in Mae Hong Son. Similarly, these two provinces have almost double the national average of children aged 0-23 months who are appropriately breastfed (28.0 per cent).  Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) is the world’s leading cause of preventable mental retardation and impaired psychomotor development in young children. The indicator is the percentage of households consuming adequately iodized salt (>15 parts per million). The percentage of households using adequately iodized salt for cooking is higher than the national level (73.3 per cent) in nine of the 14 provinces. Household use of iodized salt is low in Kalasin (30.2 per cent), Nakhon Phanom (32.2 per cent) and Pattani (32.5 per cent) provinces.  The lowest percentage of low birth weight infants is 6.7 in Kanchanaburi province. Seven of the 14 provinces have a higher percentage of low birth weight infants than the national average (9.4 per cent): Tak (14.9 per cent), Yasothon (12.8 per cent), Songkhla (12.3 per cent), Nakhon Phanom (11.7 per cent), Buriram (10.7 per cent), Kalasin (10.0 per cent) and Yala (9.9 per cent). 2 See Appendix D for a detailed description of MICS indicators ≥ 4 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Nutrition P a g e | 4 N U TR IT IO N M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat N ut ri ti on al s ta tu s 2. 1 U nd er w ei gh t pr ev al en ce (a ) M od er at e an d se ve re (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho fa ll be lo w m in us t w o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns o f t he m ed ia n w ei gh t- fo r- ag e of th e W H O s ta nd ar d) (b ) S ev er e (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho fa ll be lo w m in us th re e st an da rd d ev ia ti on s of th e m ed ia n w ei gh t- fo r- ag e of th e W H O s ta nd ar d) 2. 1a 6. 7 4. 4 6. 8 6. 9 5. 6 9. 1 6. 6 8. 3 9. 5 11 .7 4. 7 9. 3 5. 6 7. 9 9. 4 10 .0 7. 5 14 .3 12 .9 16 .2 2. 1b 1. 5 0. 9 2. 3 1. 4 0. 7 1. 9 0. 4 2. 6 2. 6 2. 4 0. 4 1. 8 0. 3 0. 8 2. 3 2. 2 1. 6 2. 6 2. 2 5. 1 2. 2 St un ti ng p re va le nc e (a ) M od er at e an d se ve re (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho fa ll be lo w m in us tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns o f t he m ed ia n he ig ht -f or -a ge o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d) (b ) S ev er e (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho fa ll be lo w m in us th re e st an da rd d ev ia ti on s of th e m ed ia n he ig ht -f or -a ge o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d) 2. 2a SD G 2 .2 .1 10 .5 7. 9 11 .8 9. 8 8. 7 13 .6 11 .2 14 .7 24 .9 21 .9 6. 7 12 .2 7. 3 10 .7 15 .5 13 .0 16 .8 19 .3 21 .2 29 .0 2. 2b SD G 2 .2 .1 2. 6 1. 8 3. 2 2. 2 1. 6 4. 0 2. 2 4. 9 7. 7 9. 4 1. 5 5. 3 1. 7 3. 1 4. 7 1. 8 3. 2 7. 1 7. 0 10 .0 2. 3 W as tin g pr ev al en ce (a ) M od er at e an d se ve re (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho fa ll be lo w m in us tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns o f t he m ed ia n w ei gh t- fo r- he ig ht o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d) (b ) Se ve re ( Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho fa ll be lo w m in us t hr ee s ta nd ar d de vi at io ns o f t he m ed ia n w ei gh t- fo r- he ig ht o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d) 2. 3a SD G 2 .2 .2 5. 4 3. 6 5. 2 5. 2 4. 8 7. 8 4. 1 4. 9 4. 8 8. 0 6. 5 7. 8 6. 7 3. 4 3. 6 7. 2 5. 9 13 .3 6. 4 10 .7 2. 3b SD G 2 .2 .2 1. 4 0. 7 1. 8 1. 1 1. 0 2. 2 1. 2 1. 1 1. 2 2. 9 1. 3 0. 7 1. 9 0. 4 1. 1 2. 0 0. 7 1. 4 1. 8 4. 7 2. 4 O ve rw ei gh t p re va le nc e (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho a re a bo ve tw o st an da rd d ev ia tio ns o f t he m ed ia n w ei gh t f or h ei gh t o f t he W H O s ta nd ar d) 8. 2 9. 1 8. 8 8. 2 7. 9 7. 3 10 .9 10 .9 3. 7 11 .1 6. 9 4. 0 7. 4 7. 9 5. 4 4. 7 6. 6 5. 5 5. 3 3. 7 Br ea st fe ed in g an d in fa nt fe ed in g 2. 5 Ch ild re n ev er b re as tf ed (P er ce nt ag e of w om en w ith a li ve b ir th in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho b re as tf ed th ei r la st li ve -b or n ch ild a t a ny t im e) 97 .4 93 .0 98 .6 97 .7 98 .7 96 .0 94 .5 98 .5 10 0. 0 98 .6 98 .8 98 .1 99 .9 95 .8 99 .5 97 .8 96 .3 99 .3 10 0. 0 98 .9 2. 6 Ea rl y in iti at io n of b re as tf ee di ng (P er ce nt ag e of w om en w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho p ut th ei r la st n ew bo rn t o th e br ea st w ith in o ne h ou r of b ir th ) 39 .9 27 .9 33 .3 58 .6 44 .1 37 .3 14 .6 63 .9 74 .9 67 .0 34 .1 39 .4 10 .1 51 .5 73 .4 49 .4 61 .1 46 .9 28 .5 80 .5 5 Nutrition Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 5 N U TR IT IO N M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat 2. 7 Ex cl us iv e br ea st fe ed in g un de r 6 m on th s (P er ce nt ag e of in fa nt s un de r 6 m on th s of a ge w ho a re e xc lu si ve ly b re as tf ed ) 23 .1 (6 .4 ) 27 .4 36 .7 17 .5 21 .6 (9 .4 ) (* ) (1 8. 0) (2 0. 7) (* ) (2 8. 5) (2 0. 4) (* ) (4 1. 7) (1 9. 0) (2 2. 3) (2 5. 9) (* ) (8 .6 ) 2. 8 Pr ed om in an t b re as tf ee di ng u nd er 6 m on th s (P er ce nt ag e of in fa nt s un de r 6 m on th s of a ge w ho re ce iv ed b re as t m ilk a s th e pr ed om in an t s ou rc e of n ou ris hm en t d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay ) 42 .1 (1 7. 2) 51 .4 52 .6 35 .6 43 .0 (4 3. 3) (* ) (3 3. 7) (6 5. 9) (* ) (4 0. 7) (2 8. 3) (* ) (5 1. 3) (5 2. 2) (4 2. 8) (4 5. 4) (* ) (6 5. 9) 2. 9 Co nt in ue d br ea st fe ed in g at 1 y ea r (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 12 -1 5 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d br ea st m ilk d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay ) 33 .3 19 .5 38 .1 32 .0 31 .9 36 .6 (3 9. 9) (2 7. 2) (7 7. 5) (7 6. 4) (3 7. 2) (4 5. 1) (9 .8 ) (1 9. 6) (3 1. 6) (2 7. 5) (6 6. 0) (5 7. 2) (* ) (7 2. 4) 2. 10 C on tin ue d br ea st fe ed in g at 2 y ea rs (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 20 -2 3 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d br ea st m ilk d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay ) 15 .6 (1 4. 5) 12 .2 10 .8 11 .5 30 .4 (3 8. 8) (2 2. 0) (5 9. 3) (6 .8 ) (1 1. 3) (1 2. 8) (1 0. 9) (3 .9 ) (* ) (3 6. 6) 23 .0 (3 5. 3) (5 5. 9) (5 3. 8) 2. 11 M ed ia n du ra tio n of b re as tf ee di ng (T he a ge in m on th s w he n 50 p er c en t o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 35 m on th s di d no t r ec ei ve b re as t m ilk d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay ) 7. 9 6. 1 11 .1 7. 6 7. 1 10 .1 9. 9 6. 1 22 .7 15 .7 7. 1 9. 5 6. 8 9. 7 7. 0 8. 2 14 .9 18 .4 14 .5 21 .5 2. 12 A ge -a pp ro pr ia te b re as tf ee di ng (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s ap pr op ri at el y fe d du ri ng th e pr ev io us d ay ) 28 .0 20 .6 31 .2 27 .6 24 .5 32 .6 29 .5 29 .3 50 .0 41 .2 31 .2 33 .1 25 .1 31 .8 32 .9 32 .2 36 .3 45 .9 40 .4 51 .3 2. 14 M ilk fe ed in g fr eq ue nc y fo r no n- br ea st fe d ch ild re n (P er ce nt ag e of n on -b re as tf ed c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d at le as t 2 m ilk fe ed in gs d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay ) 92 .0 97 .5 95 .6 95 .0 84 .6 91 .3 87 .1 94 .4 91 .3 90 .3 79 .3 90 .4 93 .9 84 .8 90 .7 82 .7 87 .3 89 .1 10 0. 0 (9 7. 6) 2. 15 M in im um m ea l f re qu en cy (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d so lid , s em i-s ol id a nd s of t f oo ds (p lu s m ilk fe ed s fo r no n- br ea st fe d ch ild re n) th e m in im um n um be r of tim es o r m or e du ri ng t he p re vi ou s da y) 84 .6 91 .2 82 .1 90 .1 82 .8 82 .1 79 .1 94 .1 85 .4 73 .3 80 .1 81 .2 83 .3 79 .2 92 .9 85 .1 82 .7 78 .3 82 .0 54 .8 2. 16 M in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d fo od s fr om 4 o r m or e fo od g ro up s du ri ng th e pr ev io us d ay ) 75 .0 81 .2 69 .1 73 .5 80 .4 75 .6 90 .0 72 .7 69 .2 66 .4 75 .1 75 .8 92 .6 86 .9 80 .1 77 .6 80 .1 60 .7 76 .1 50 .8 ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s (* ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n fe w er th an 2 5 un w ei gh te d ca se s 6 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Nutrition P a g e | 6 N U TR IT IO N M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat 2. 17 M in im um a cc ep ta bl e di et (a ) P er ce nt ag e of b re as tf ed c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho h ad a t l ea st th e m in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty a nd th e m in im um m ea l f re qu en cy d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay (b ) P er ce nt ag e of n on -b re as tf ed c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d at le as t 2 m ilk fe ed in gs a nd h ad a t l ea st th e m in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty n ot in cl ud in g m ilk fe ed s an d th e m in im um m ea l fr eq ue nc y du ri ng t he p re vi ou s da y 2. 17 a 49 .6 (5 3. 4) 50 .9 53 .2 51 .5 41 .2 66 .4 (6 2. 6) 56 .4 29 .5 (6 7. 3) (4 1. 7) (5 0. 3) (5 0. 7) (5 3. 7) 43 .9 61 .3 33 .8 (4 9. 7) 25 .6 2. 17 b 58 .5 68 .5 54 .3 54 .6 59 .4 64 .6 70 .7 57 .4 75 .9 51 .2 51 .2 58 .9 71 .0 69 .7 62 .8 53 .0 70 .7 48 .3 62 .7 (4 8. 0) 2. 18 B ot tle fe ed in g (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s w ho w er e fe d w ith a b ot tle d ur in g th e pr ev io us d ay ) 79 .3 88 .0 83 .2 71 .7 80 .9 73 .2 79 .3 83 .8 34 .9 50 .6 76 .1 66 .9 84 .0 73 .5 60 .0 71 .9 70 .6 65 .6 60 .5 68 .3 Sa lt io di za ti on 2. 19 Io di ze d sa lt co ns um pt io n (P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s w ith s al t t es ti ng 1 5 pa rt s pe r m ill io n or m or e of io di de /i od at e) 73 .3 70 .2 81 .1 78 .9 56 .5 82 .5 85 .9 74 .0 90 .1 83 .1 85 .1 74 .5 65 .3 30 .2 32 .2 77 .1 93 .4 32 .5 63 .5 84 .1 Lo w -b ir th w ei gh t 2. 20 L ow b ir th w ei gh t i nf an ts (P er ce nt ag e of m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ei gh in g be lo w 2 ,5 00 g ra m s at b ir th ) 9. 4 6. 8 8. 6 10 .3 9. 9 11 .3 8. 1 6. 7 7. 3 14 .9 10 .7 7. 9 12 .8 10 .0 11 .7 12 .3 8. 4 8. 6 9. 9 7. 6 2. S1 L ow b ir th w ei gh t i nf an ts (b or n du ri ng la st fi ve y ea rs ) ( Pe rc en ta ge o f l iv e bi rt hs in th e la st 5 y ea rs w ei gh in g be lo w 2 ,5 00 g ra m s at b ir th ) 8. 6 5. 9 8. 7 10 .1 8. 2 9. 4 7. 1 7. 4 8. 1 9. 6 8. 4 8. 0 13 .8 7. 0 8. 9 9. 7 7. 6 7. 1 5. 3 9. 2 2. 21 In fa nt s w ei gh ed a t bi rt h (P er ce nt ag e of m os t r ec en t liv e bi rt hs in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e w ei gh ed a t bi rt h) 98 .9 95 .8 99 .7 97 .7 99 .6 99 .4 89 .5 99 .5 96 .5 96 .0 98 .7 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .5 99 .9 99 .1 99 .3 99 .6 97 .8 N ot e: T he fi nd in g of in di ca to r 2. 13 In tr od uc tio n of s ol id , s em i-s ol id o r so ft fo od s is n ot p re se nt ed in t hi s re po rt d ue to th e lo w n um be r of r ep or te d ca se s du ri ng t he fi el d w or k. ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s 7 Child Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016P a g e | 7 Child Health  Full immunization coverage of children aged 12-23 months by their first birthday was very low in three southern provinces (36.6 per cent in Narathiwat, 38.5 per cent in Yala, 40.3 per cent in Pattani) and Tak province (61.7 per cent). In contrast, more than 85 per cent of children in Yasothon, Songkhla and Nakhon Phanom provinces had all the recommended vaccinations by their first birthday. It is also observed that BCG, OPV, DPT, HepB and MMR vaccination coverage in the four provinces is lower than the national level, with the exception of BCG vaccination in Yala province.  Only half of women aged 15-49 who had a live birth during the two years prior to the survey in Buriram province were given at least two doses of tetanus toxoid vaccine compared to the national average of 73.9 per cent.  Songkhla province (9.7 per cent) had almost twice the national average (4.9 per cent) of children under five who are reported to have had diarrhoea in the two weeks preceding the survey. The percentage of children under five reported to have had acute respiratory infection (ARI) symptoms in Kalasin province (4.9 per cent) and Kanchanaburi province (4.8 per cent) in the two weeks preceding the survey is more than triple the national level (1.4 per cent). The percentage of children reporting an episode of fever was observed to be high, ranging from more than 10 per cent to 28 per cent in 12 provinces. However, fever was less prevalent (fewer than 1 out of 10 children under age five) in Mae Hong Son and Yala provinces.  Household members in the North and Northeast regions are more likely to use solid fuels for cooking compared to the national average (21.1 per cent). Use of solid fuels in these regions ranges from 36.7 per cent in Tak province to 75.4 per cent in Yasothon. The main source of solid fuel is charcoal whereas wood is more common in Mae Hong Son, Nakhon Phanom and Kalasin provinces. Figure 1 Vaccinations by age 12 month, Thailand 14 Provinces MICS, 2015-2016 72 72 77 80 62 77 79 90 83 89 85 66 40 38 37 89 77 89 88 71 92 86 95 88 93 88 81 57 63 60 0 50 100 Thailand Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat Full immunization coverage Children age 12-23 months 68 75 58 75 67 80 80 81 77 77 72 66 35 37 44 85 83 86 86 77 95 93 84 89 89 85 85 63 70 61 0 50 100 Thailand Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat MMR immunization coverage Per cent Children age 24-35 months 8 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Child Health P a g e | 8 CH IL D H EA LT H M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat V ac ci na ti on s 3. 1 Tu be rc ul os is im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d BC G v ac ci ne b y th ei r fir st b ir th da y) 96 .2 99 .0 94 .3 96 .1 98 .5 94 .4 86 .3 98 .9 97 .4 77 .4 94 .1 97 .4 98 .9 99 .7 99 .3 99 .2 93 .6 94 .1 98 .4 88 .6 3. 2 Po lio im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d th e th ir d do se o f O PV v ac ci ne (O PV 3) b y th ei r fir st b ir th da y) 85 .8 89 .5 82 .1 88 .2 88 .2 83 .9 82 .3 83 .7 96 .3 75 .3 83 .6 92 .6 96 .2 97 .1 95 .4 96 .9 89 .5 54 .4 59 .6 57 .8 3. 3 D ip ht he ri a, p er tu ss is a nd t et an us (D PT ) i m m un iz at io n co ve ra ge (P er ce nt ag e of o f c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d th e th ir d do se o f D PT v ac ci ne (D PT 3) b y th ei r fir st b ir th da y) 87 .6 91 .3 84 .7 91 .1 89 .4 84 .1 83 .1 86 .3 96 .9 74 .5 87 .8 92 .6 96 .2 97 .3 95 .8 97 .1 87 .9 56 .6 56 .2 54 .3 3. 4 M ea sl es im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d m ea sl es v ac ci ne (M M R1 ) b y th ei r fir st b ir th da y) 89 .0 91 .4 86 .6 90 .6 93 .9 81 .4 77 .2 89 .0 88 .2 70 .9 91 .5 86 .0 95 .3 87 .6 92 .9 88 .4 80 .7 56 .9 63 .4 60 .1 3. 5 H ep at iti s B im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d th e th ir d do se o f H ep at it is B v ac ci ne (H ep B3 ) b y th ei r fir st b ir th da y) 84 .3 88 .4 78 .8 86 .6 88 .9 81 .8 80 .8 85 .7 91 .6 72 .5 85 .3 85 .8 95 .6 96 .8 95 .4 95 .8 82 .6 52 .3 56 .0 60 .5 3. 8 Fu ll im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s w ho r ec ei ve d al l v ac ci na ti on s re co m m en de d in t he n at io na l i m m un iz at io n sc he du le b y th ei r fir st b ir th da y) SD G 3 .b .1 71 .6 75 .2 58 .6 81 .0 79 .8 68 .1 71 .7 77 .1 79 .6 61 .7 77 .4 79 .4 90 .2 83 .1 89 .2 85 .5 66 .0 40 .3 38 .5 36 .6 Te ta nu s to xo id 3. 9 N eo na ta l t et an us p ro te ct io n (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e gi ve n at le as t t w o do se s of te ta nu s to xo id v ac ci ne w ith in th e ap pr op ri at e in te rv al p ri or to th e m os t r ec en t bi rt h) 73 .9 77 .3 76 .7 67 .1 71 .2 76 .2 76 .7 84 .3 80 .7 68 .9 51 .8 72 .1 85 .5 67 .7 66 .6 74 .7 71 .7 76 .0 82 .5 92 .1 D ia rr ho ea Ch ild re n w ith d ia rr he a (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ith d ia rr ho ea in t he la st 2 w ee ks ) 4. 9 3. 8 3. 5 6. 6 5. 3 5. 6 5. 1 7. 5 0. 9 3. 4 3. 6 8. 5 1. 6 6. 1 6. 9 9. 7 6. 7 3. 1 2. 3 2. 3 9 Child Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 9 CH IL D H EA LT H M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat A cu te R es pi ra to ry In fe ct io n (A RI ) s ym pt om s Ch ild re n w ith A RI s ym pt om s (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ith A RI s ym pt om s in t he la st 2 w ee ks ) 1. 4 1. 3 1. 9 1. 2 1. 4 1. 0 3. 0 4. 8 0. 1 3. 1 0. 9 0. 5 0. 0 4. 9 0. 5 0. 5 1. 9 0. 7 0. 5 2. 0 So lid fu el u se 3. 15 U se o f s ol id fu el s fo r co ok in g (P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld m em be rs in h ou se ho ld s th at u se s ol id fu el s as th e pr im ar y so ur ce o f d om es tic e ne rg y to c oo k) 21 .1 0. 5 5. 2 37 .7 48 .7 3. 3 5. 4 9. 1 59 .8 36 .7 42 .7 54 .0 75 .4 58 .2 62 .9 1. 3 4. 5 4. 1 0. 6 0. 2 Fe ve r Ch ild re n w ith fe ve r (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ith fe ve r in th e la st 2 w ee ks ) 18 .9 18 .6 13 .7 20 .4 21 .1 23 .2 22 .3 27 .7 9. 3 24 .3 17 .7 28 .2 13 .2 24 .5 21 .5 27 .4 21 .5 11 .5 9. 8 10 .4 3. 20 C ar e- se ek in g fo r fe ve r (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w it h fe ve r in th e la st 2 w ee ks fo r w ho m a dv ic e or tr ea tm en t w as s ou gh t fr om a h ea lt h fa ci lit y or p ro vi de r) 75 .6 70 .6 69 .5 78 .3 81 .9 71 .7 82 .0 88 .8 (6 7. 9) 71 .8 85 .3 81 .3 89 .1 75 .0 86 .7 74 .8 59 .8 77 .0 (8 2. 2) 95 .1 N ot e: T he fi nd in gs o f i nd ic at or 3 .1 0 Ca re -s ee ki ng fo r d ia rr ho ea , 3 .S 1 D ia rr ho ea tr ea tm en t w ith o ra l r eh yd ra tio n sa lts , 3 .1 2 D ia rr ho ea tr ea tm en t w ith o ra l r eh yd ra tio n th er ap y an d co nt in ue d fe ed in g, 3 .1 3 Ca re s ee ki ng fo r c hi ld re n w ith A RI s ym pt om s an d 3. 14 A nt ib io tic tr ea tm en t f or c hi ld re n w ith A RI s ym pt om s, a re n ot p re se nt ed in th is r ep or t du e to th e lo w n um be r o f r ep or te d ca se s du ri ng th e fie ld w or k. ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s 10 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Water and Sanitation P a g e | 10 Water and Sanitation  The percentage of the population using improved drinking water sources and improved sanitation facilities that are not shared is generally high in all 14 provinces. However, households in Narathiwat (78.9 per cent), Satun (86.6 per cent) and Tak (88.6 per cent) provinces are less likely to use an improved drinking water source and improved sanitation facilities compared to the national average (95.3 per cent).  Safe disposal of a child’s faeces is disposal of the stool by the child using a toilet or by rinsing the stool into a toilet or latrine. Discarding disposable diapers with solid waste – a very common practice throughout the world – has thus far been classified as an inadequate means of disposal of child faeces because of concerns about the poor disposal of the solid waste itself. It is pertinent to note, in Table WS.7, that household use and disposal of diapers is high in the five southern provinces, with the highest percentage in Narathiwat province (90.6 per cent), followed by Yala (84.9 per cent). Likewise, the percentage of children aged 0-2 years whose last stools were disposed of safely is low in the provinces of Narathiwat (4.5 per cent) and Yala (8.3 per cent).  The percentage of households in the 14 provinces with a specific place for handwashing where water and soap or other cleansing agents were present was mostly lower than the national figure (81.2 per cent), particularly in Pattani (48.5 per cent), Narathiwat (56.9 per cent), Satun (65.4 per cent) and Songkhla (68.2 per cent) provinces. However, Yasothon province (89.2 per cent) and Ratchaburi province (85.5 per cent) have a higher percentage of households with a specific place for handwashing than the national average. Figure 2 Use of improved water and sanitation, Thailand 14 Provinces MICS, 2015-2016 98 97 99 99 97 95 97 100 99 98 98 89 99 95 79 97 97 97 99 91 99 99 100 100 99 98 98 96 99 99 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Thailand Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat Percentage of household members using an improved water source Percentage of household members using an improved sanitation facility which is not shared Per cent 11 Water and Sanitation Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016P a g e | 10 Water and Sanitation  The percentage of the population using improved drinking water sources and improved sanitation facilities that are not shared is generally high in all 14 provinces. However, households in Narathiwat (78.9 per cent), Satun (86.6 per cent) and Tak (88.6 per cent) provinces are less likely to use an improved drinking water source and improved sanitation facilities compared to the national average (95.3 per cent).  Safe disposal of a child’s faeces is disposal of the stool by the child using a toilet or by rinsing the stool into a toilet or latrine. Discarding disposable diapers with solid waste – a very common practice throughout the world – has thus far been classified as an inadequate means of disposal of child faeces because of concerns about the poor disposal of the solid waste itself. It is pertinent to note, in Table WS.7, that household use and disposal of diapers is high in the five southern provinces, with the highest percentage in Narathiwat province (90.6 per cent), followed by Yala (84.9 per cent). Likewise, the percentage of children aged 0-2 years whose last stools were disposed of safely is low in the provinces of Narathiwat (4.5 per cent) and Yala (8.3 per cent).  The percentage of households in the 14 provinces with a specific place for handwashing where water and soap or other cleansing agents were present was mostly lower than the national figure (81.2 per cent), particularly in Pattani (48.5 per cent), Narathiwat (56.9 per cent), Satun (65.4 per cent) and Songkhla (68.2 per cent) provinces. However, Yasothon province (89.2 per cent) and Ratchaburi province (85.5 per cent) have a higher percentage of households with a specific place for handwashing than the national average. Figure 2 Use of improved water and sanitation, Thailand 14 Provinces MICS, 2015-2016 98 97 99 99 97 95 97 100 99 98 98 89 99 95 79 97 97 97 99 91 99 99 100 100 99 98 98 96 99 99 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Thailand Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat Percentage of household members using an improved water source Percentage of household members using an improved sanitation facility which is not shared Per cent P a g e | 11 W A TE R A N D S A N IT A TI O N M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat W at er a nd s an it at io n 4. 1 U se o f i m pr ov ed d ri nk in g w at er s ou rc es (P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s ou rc es o f d rin ki ng w at er ) 98 .0 10 0. 0 98 .5 98 .8 97 .7 94 .4 97 .5 99 .0 99 .2 97 .3 94 .8 96 .9 10 0. 0 99 .4 97 .8 97 .9 88 .6 99 .1 95 .3 79 .5 4. 2 W at er tr ea tm en t ( Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld m em be rs in h ou se ho ld s us in g un im pr ov ed d ri nk in g w at er w ho u se a n ap pr op ri at e tr ea tm en t m et ho d) 21 .6 (* ) 21 .5 7. 6 25 .3 22 .4 35 .1 (3 0. 8) (1 9. 5) 10 .0 12 .6 9. 0 (* ) (* ) 5. 0 19 .2 7. 2 (3 .4 ) 33 .7 55 .6 4. 3 U se o f i m pr ov ed s an ita tio n (P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s w hi ch a re n ot s ha re d) 97 .2 94 .7 97 .1 97 .5 98 .7 97 .0 97 .4 96 .8 98 .7 91 .0 98 .9 98 .8 10 0. 0 99 .6 99 .4 97 .9 97 .9 95 .8 98 .8 98 .7 U se o f i m pr ov ed d ri nk in g w at er s ou rc es a nd s an ita tio n (P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld m em be rs u si ng im pr ov ed d ri nk in g w at er s ou rc es a nd s an ita tio n) 95 .3 94 .6 95 .7 96 .4 96 .4 91 .5 95 .4 95 .9 97 .9 88 .6 93 .7 95 .8 10 0. 0 99 .0 97 .4 95 .8 86 .6 95 .0 94 .3 78 .9 4. 4 Sa fe d is po sa l o f c hi ld ’s fa ec es (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 2 ye ar s w ho se la st s to ol s w er e di sp os ed o f s af el y) 42 .0 34 .4 40 .5 51 .2 45 .8 32 .2 31 .8 39 .5 73 .1 52 .6 49 .0 34 .2 47 .1 46 .7 44 .7 27 .1 27 .7 17 .4 8. 3 4. 5 4. 5 Pl ac e fo r ha nd w as hi ng (P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s w it h a sp ec ifi c pl ac e fo r ha nd w as hi ng w he re w at er a nd s oa p or o th er c le an si ng a ge nt a re p re se nt ) SD G 6 .2 .1 81 .2 76 .9 85 .7 85 .1 78 .6 73 .7 85 .5 75 .3 71 .9 78 .9 73 .9 73 .3 89 .2 79 .1 70 .8 68 .2 65 .4 48 .5 88 .6 56 .9 4. 6 A va ila bi lit y of s oa p or o th er c le an si ng a ge nt ( Pe rc en ta ge o f h ou se ho ld s w ith s oa p or o th er c le an si ng a ge nt ) 85 .5 57 .5 89 .3 92 .3 90 .7 87 .4 91 .6 85 .9 86 .5 88 .5 81 .6 96 .1 93 .6 88 .1 86 .0 83 .0 77 .9 82 .4 98 .3 80 .2 ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s (* ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n fe w er th an 2 5 un w ei gh te d ca se s S D G 1 .4 .1 & 6 .2 .1 12 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Reproductive Health P a g e | 12 Reproductive Health  The adolescent birth rate per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years varies across the 14 provinces. It was found to be extremely high in the provinces of Mae Hong Son (127 births), Kalasin (98 births) and Tak (89 births) compared to the national average (51 births). A similar trend is observed in the high percentage of early child bearing among adolescents in the same age group in Mae Hong Son (21.6 per cent), Tak (19.5 per cent) and Kanchanaburi (16.2 per cent) provinces compared to the national average of 10.9 per cent as shown in Table RH.2. The percentage of women aged 20-24 with a live birth before the age of 18 is below the national average (9.4 per cent) in five provinces (Sisaket, Songkhla and the three southernmost provinces).  The use of contraception among women aged 15-49 years is lowest in the South region at 71.2 per cent compared to other regions in Thailand. Contraception use in Narathiwat, Pattani and Yala provinces is very low, at 35.2 per cent, 43.7 per cent and 54.6 per cent respectively. The most popular contraception method (in 10 provinces) is the pill followed by female sterilization (in Sisaket, Yasothon and Kalasin provinces) and injectables (in Mae Hong Son province), as seen in Table RH.3. A high unmet need for family planning among women aged 15-49 is observed in the three southernmost provinces (24.5 per cent in Pattani, 17.9 per cent in Narathiwat and 13.5 per cent in Yala).  The percentage of women aged 15-49 years receiving antenatal care from any skilled provider is very high across the 14 provinces, ranging from 93.1 per cent to 100 per cent. Women in Tak province are the least likely to attend four or more antenatal care visits (72.4 per cent). The percentage of women attending their first antenatal care visit during the first trimester is lowest in the provinces of Buriram (67.9 per cent) and Ratchaburi (76.4 per cent) compared to the national and regional averages. The coverage of key services that pregnant women are expected to receive during antenatal care is shown in Table RH.7. Only 56.7 per cent of women aged 15- 49 years with a live birth in the two years preceding the survey in Yala province received the three key services of blood pressure measured and urine and blood samples taken, compared to above 90 per cent in the other 13 provinces.  More than 95 per cent of deliveries in all 14 provinces except Tak province (89.3 per cent) were attended by skilled personnel. A higher percentage of women in Ratchaburi (44.4 per cent), Songkhla (44.2 per cent) and Kalasin (34.8 per cent) provinces delivered through C-section compared to the national average (32.7 per cent). More than 97 per cent of women in 12 out of the 14 provinces delivered in a health facility, with the lowest percentages in Mae Hong Son province (89.0 per cent) and Tak province (83.4 per cent). The percentage of women in the 14 provinces who had at least three post-natal health check within 42 days of delivery varied greatly, from 0.3 per cent in Ratchaburi province to 7.7 per cent in Mae Hong Son province. 13 Reproductive Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016P a g e | 12 Reproductive Health  The adolescent birth rate per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years varies across the 14 provinces. It was found to be extremely high in the provinces of Mae Hong Son (127 births), Kalasin (98 births) and Tak (89 births) compared to the national average (51 births). A similar trend is observed in the high percentage of early child bearing among adolescents in the same age group in Mae Hong Son (21.6 per cent), Tak (19.5 per cent) and Kanchanaburi (16.2 per cent) provinces compared to the national average of 10.9 per cent as shown in Table RH.2. The percentage of women aged 20-24 with a live birth before the age of 18 is below the national average (9.4 per cent) in five provinces (Sisaket, Songkhla and the three southernmost provinces).  The use of contraception among women aged 15-49 years is lowest in the South region at 71.2 per cent compared to other regions in Thailand. Contraception use in Narathiwat, Pattani and Yala provinces is very low, at 35.2 per cent, 43.7 per cent and 54.6 per cent respectively. The most popular contraception method (in 10 provinces) is the pill followed by female sterilization (in Sisaket, Yasothon and Kalasin provinces) and injectables (in Mae Hong Son province), as seen in Table RH.3. A high unmet need for family planning among women aged 15-49 is observed in the three southernmost provinces (24.5 per cent in Pattani, 17.9 per cent in Narathiwat and 13.5 per cent in Yala).  The percentage of women aged 15-49 years receiving antenatal care from any skilled provider is very high across the 14 provinces, ranging from 93.1 per cent to 100 per cent. Women in Tak province are the least likely to attend four or more antenatal care visits (72.4 per cent). The percentage of women attending their first antenatal care visit during the first trimester is lowest in the provinces of Buriram (67.9 per cent) and Ratchaburi (76.4 per cent) compared to the national and regional averages. The coverage of key services that pregnant women are expected to receive during antenatal care is shown in Table RH.7. Only 56.7 per cent of women aged 15- 49 years with a live birth in the two years preceding the survey in Yala province received the three key services of blood pressure measured and urine and blood samples taken, compared to above 90 per cent in the other 13 provinces.  More than 95 per cent of deliveries in all 14 provinces except Tak province (89.3 per cent) were attended by skilled personnel. A higher percentage of women in Ratchaburi (44.4 per cent), Songkhla (44.2 per cent) and Kalasin (34.8 per cent) provinces delivered through C-section compared to the national average (32.7 per cent). More than 97 per cent of women in 12 out of the 14 provinces delivered in a health facility, with the lowest percentages in Mae Hong Son province (89.0 per cent) and Tak province (83.4 per cent). The percentage of women in the 14 provinces who had at least three post-natal health check within 42 days of delivery varied greatly, from 0.3 per cent in Ratchaburi province to 7.7 per cent in Mae Hong Son province. P a g e | 13 Figure 3 Use of contraception, Thailand 14 Provinces MICS, 2015-2016 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Thailand Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat No method Modern methods Traditional methods 12 75.5 2.8 30.0 69.0 1.0 27.6 63.1 9.2 20.7 79.0 0.3 14.3 84.0 1.7 19.8 77.8 2.4 56.3 33.1 10.6 19.2 77.9 2.9 22.2 76.8 1.0 25.1 63.6 10.7 19.8 79.4 0.7 23.8 75.6 0.6 15.3 84.3 0.4 45.4 49.8 4.8 64.8 32.7 2.5 14 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Reproductive Health P a g e | 14 RE PR O D U CT IV E H EA LT H M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat Co nt ra ce pt io n an d un m et n ee d To ta l f er til ity r at e (T ot al fe rt ili ty r at e fo r w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs ) 1. 5 1. 1 1. 6 1. 9 1. 4 1. 8 1. 1 1. 4 2. 2 1. 9 1. 8 1. 8 2. 6 1. 5 2. 1 1. 7 2. 2 2. 7 0. 8 2. 2 5. 1 A do le sc en t b ir th r at e (A ge -s pe ci fic fe rt ili ty r at e fo r w om en a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs ) SD G 3 .7 .2 51 48 41 72 47 58 45 46 12 7 89 50 17 37 98 52 58 31 45 18 27 5. 2 Ea rl y ch ild be ar in g (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 2 0- 24 y ea rs w ho h ad a t l ea st o ne li ve b ir th b ef or e ag e 18 ) 9. 4 8. 8 7. 1 10 .1 13 .7 11 .2 13 .6 23 .6 11 .8 16 .6 17 .6 7. 8 15 .2 18 .0 10 .4 8. 1 19 .5 7. 5 3. 1 5. 6 5. 3 Co nt ra ce pt iv e pr ev al en ce r at e (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs c ur re nt ly m ar ri ed o r in u ni on w ho a re u si ng (o r w ho se p ar tn er is u si ng ) a (m od er n or tr ad iti on al ) c on tr ac ep tiv e m et ho d) 78 .4 73 .3 78 .9 77 .9 84 .5 71 .2 80 .8 79 .3 80 .2 70 .0 77 .8 80 .2 84 .7 85 .7 76 .2 72 .4 74 .9 43 .7 54 .6 35 .2 5. 4 U nm et n ee d (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ho a re c ur re nt ly m ar ri ed o r in u ni on w ho a re fe cu nd a nd w an t t o sp ac e th ei r bi rt hs o r lim it th e nu m be r of c hi ld re n th ey h av e an d w ho ar e no t c ur re nt ly u si ng c on tr ac ep tio n) 6. 2 8. 8 5. 2 6. 8 4. 8 7. 9 4. 8 8. 1 3. 5 9. 1 5. 2 3. 5 3. 7 3. 9 5. 9 5. 7 9. 4 24 .5 13 .5 17 .9 M at er na l a nd n ew bo rn h ea lt h 5. 5 A nt en at al c ar e co ve ra ge (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e at te nd ed a nt en at al c ar e vi si t d ur in g th ei r la st p re gn an cy th at le d to a li ve b ir th ) (a ) a t l ea st o nc e by s ki lle d he al th p er so nn el (b ) a t l ea st fo ur ti m es b y an y pr ov id er 5. 5a 98 .1 99 .8 97 .7 96 .4 99 .1 98 .3 93 .1 99 .6 98 .4 96 .2 97 .9 98 .2 10 0. 0 98 .8 99 .9 99 .9 98 .7 99 .3 99 .5 99 .0 5. 5b 90 .8 95 .5 90 .4 88 .8 90 .2 91 .5 84 .9 93 .2 82 .5 72 .4 90 .0 95 .7 99 .2 87 .0 95 .9 90 .6 91 .5 93 .7 95 .0 87 .7 Fi rs t a nt en at al c ar e vi si t du ri ng t he fi rs t t ri m es te r (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e at te nd ed t he ir fi rs t a nt en at al c ar e vi si t d ur in g th e fir st tr im es te r) 79 .8 87 .4 81 .8 77 .2 81 .7 71 .4 76 .4 81 .9 80 .1 83 .1 67 .9 81 .9 82 .9 83 .0 89 .2 82 .9 81 .5 85 .8 83 .8 82 .8 15 Reproductive Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 15 RE PR O D U CT IV E H EA LT H M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat 5. 6 Co nt en t o f a nt en at al c ar e (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho h ad th ei r bl oo d pr es su re m ea su re d an d ga ve u ri ne a nd b lo od s am pl es d ur in g th e la st p re gn an cy t ha t l ed to a li ve b ir th ) 97 .0 99 .1 97 .1 96 .0 97 .6 95 .9 92 .3 99 .6 97 .7 90 .5 97 .9 98 .2 10 0. 0 98 .8 99 .4 98 .4 98 .2 97 .6 56 .7 99 .0 5. S1 S TI (V D RL 1 st ) s cr ee ni ng d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e te st ed fo r ST Is (V D RL 1 st ) w ith th e re su lt s w ri tt en in t he he al th b oo k) 93 .2 (9 5. 1) 89 .9 97 .4 96 .3 88 .7 95 .6 98 .3 94 .6 87 .3 95 .8 92 .7 89 .7 96 .8 96 .9 92 .1 97 .5 88 .4 99 .5 95 .7 5. S2 S TI (V D RL 2 nd ) s cr ee ni ng d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e te st ed fo r ST Is (V D RL 2 nd ) w ith th e re su lts w ri tt en in th e he al th b oo k) 48 .6 (5 2. 4) 45 .1 60 .4 44 .1 46 .5 49 .7 56 .4 66 .2 47 .5 66 .6 26 .3 23 .4 51 .5 68 .5 51 .6 50 .0 46 .3 53 .3 71 .5 5. S3 T ha la ss em ia s cr ee ni ng fo r w om en d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e te st ed fo r th al as se m ia w ith th e re su lts w ri tt en in th e he al th b oo k) 87 .6 (9 2. 5) 87 .3 90 .0 91 .9 79 .7 90 .7 94 .5 93 .1 84 .8 83 .0 83 .8 87 .8 87 .5 93 .4 81 .5 92 .2 85 .0 95 .0 83 .4 5. S4 T ha la ss em ia s cr ee ni ng fo r hu sb an d (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho se h us ba nd s w er e te st ed fo r th al as se m ia w ith t he r es ul ts w ri tt en in t he he al th b oo k) 37 .1 (5 2. 9) 30 .9 50 .0 48 .7 15 .7 36 .9 27 .1 65 .0 20 .0 41 .1 51 .1 22 .6 32 .4 57 .2 21 .3 10 .5 9. 3 26 .6 22 .9 5. 7 Sk ill ed a tt en da nt a t d el iv er y (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho w er e at te nd ed b y sk ill ed h ea lt h pe rs on ne l d ur in g th ei r m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h) SD G 3 .1 .2 99 .1 98 .9 99 .9 97 .4 99 .4 99 .1 97 .4 10 0. 0 95 .7 89 .3 99 .2 99 .9 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 98 .6 99 .7 98 .7 97 .1 99 .6 99 .2 5. 8 In st itu tio na l d el iv er ie s (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in th e la st 2 y ea rs w ho se m os t r ec en t liv e bi rt h w as d el iv er ed in a h ea lth fa ci lit y) 98 .6 98 .9 98 .8 97 .0 99 .4 98 .7 97 .4 10 0. 0 89 .0 83 .4 99 .2 99 .9 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .1 99 .7 97 .4 97 .1 99 .6 99 .2 5. 9 Ca es ar ea n se ct io n (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ho se m os t r ec en t l iv e bi rt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs w as d el iv er ed b y ca es ar ea n se ct io n) 32 .7 46 .5 31 .9 35 .5 25 .1 32 .2 44 .4 31 .3 4. 3 31 .6 23 .6 22 .0 24 .6 34 .8 19 .0 44 .2 22 .2 24 .7 19 .4 17 .0 5. S5 P os t- na ta l h ea lth c he ck s (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs w ho h ad a t l ea st th re e po st -n at al h ea lt h ch ec ks w ith in 4 2 da ys o f d el iv er y) 3. 0 8. 1 1. 6 2. 8 3. 5 2. 2 0. 3 5. 1 7. 7 9. 5 2. 4 2. 3 1. 2 1. 6 3. 9 2. 2 3. 9 4. 1 3. 6 7. 0 ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s 16 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Early Childhood Development P a g e | 16 Early Childhood Development  Six of the 14 provinces had a higher percentage of children aged 36-59 months who were attending an organized early childhood education programme than the national average (84.7 per cent), with the highest percentage in Kalasin province (97.2 per cent). It is observed that only 45.5 per cent of children living in Narathiwat province were attending an organized early childhood education programme.  The percentage of children aged 36-59 months with whom adult household members had engaged in four or more activities ranges from 77.5 per cent in Tak to 98.5 per cent in Yasothon and Yala provinces. For all provinces, more biological mothers than biological fathers engaged in four or more activities with their children. Mothers in Yala (91.7 per cent), Pattani (77.5 per cent) and Songkhla (72.0 per cent) provinces are more likely to engage in four or more activities with their children compared to those in other provinces. Less than 45 per cent of fathers engaged in four or more activities with their children in all the provinces except for Yala (64.8 per cent) and Mae Hong Son (51.0 per cent).  Generally, less than half the households in all 14 provinces have three or more children’s books. The percentage of children who play with electronic devices such as mobile phones and tablets was much lower than the national average (50.9 per cent) in Yasothon (23.8 per cent), Mae Hong Son (20.5 per cent) and Narathiwat (17.7 per cent) provinces.  Children under five in Buriram (10.6 per cent), Narathiwat (12.9 per cent) and Pattani (19.3 per cent) provinces are more likely to be left with inadequate care compared to the national average (6.1 per cent). Mae Hong Son province has the lowest percentage (1.4 per cent) of children left with inadequate care.  The early child development index score across all 14 provinces is relatively high, ranging from 79.7 per cent in Pattani province to 97.7 per cent in Yasothon. As shown in Table CD.5, almost all of the provinces have relatively low scores in the domain of literacy compared to the other domains (physical, social-emotional and learning). Less than 50 per cent of children are developmentally on track in literacy-numeracy in the provinces of Yasothon (31.4 per cent), Narathiwat (39.8 per cent) and Sisaket (49.7 per cent). 17 Early Childhood Development Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016P a g e | 16 Early Childhood Development  Six of the 14 provinces had a higher percentage of children aged 36-59 months who were attending an organized early childhood education programme than the national average (84.7 per cent), with the highest percentage in Kalasin province (97.2 per cent). It is observed that only 45.5 per cent of children living in Narathiwat province were attending an organized early childhood education programme.  The percentage of children aged 36-59 months with whom adult household members had engaged in four or more activities ranges from 77.5 per cent in Tak to 98.5 per cent in Yasothon and Yala provinces. For all provinces, more biological mothers than biological fathers engaged in four or more activities with their children. Mothers in Yala (91.7 per cent), Pattani (77.5 per cent) and Songkhla (72.0 per cent) provinces are more likely to engage in four or more activities with their children compared to those in other provinces. Less than 45 per cent of fathers engaged in four or more activities with their children in all the provinces except for Yala (64.8 per cent) and Mae Hong Son (51.0 per cent).  Generally, less than half the households in all 14 provinces have three or more children’s books. The percentage of children who play with electronic devices such as mobile phones and tablets was much lower than the national average (50.9 per cent) in Yasothon (23.8 per cent), Mae Hong Son (20.5 per cent) and Narathiwat (17.7 per cent) provinces.  Children under five in Buriram (10.6 per cent), Narathiwat (12.9 per cent) and Pattani (19.3 per cent) provinces are more likely to be left with inadequate care compared to the national average (6.1 per cent). Mae Hong Son province has the lowest percentage (1.4 per cent) of children left with inadequate care.  The early child development index score across all 14 provinces is relatively high, ranging from 79.7 per cent in Pattani province to 97.7 per cent in Yasothon. As shown in Table CD.5, almost all of the provinces have relatively low scores in the domain of literacy compared to the other domains (physical, social-emotional and learning). Less than 50 per cent of children are developmentally on track in literacy-numeracy in the provinces of Yasothon (31.4 per cent), Narathiwat (39.8 per cent) and Sisaket (49.7 per cent). P a g e | 17 CH IL D D EV EL O PM EN T M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat Ch ild d ev el op m en t 6. 1 A tt en da nc e in e ar ly c hi ld ho od e du ca tio n( Pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 36 -5 9 m on th s w ho a re a tt en di ng a n ea rl y ch ild ho od e du ca ti on p ro gr am m e) 84 .7 63 .4 82 .4 89 .2 92 .8 81 .5 76 .3 80 .9 78 .4 82 .1 82 .9 90 .5 91 .8 97 .2 91 .5 87 .9 86 .9 74 .3 82 .6 45 .5 6. 2 Su pp or t f or le ar ni ng (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 36 -5 9 m on th s w ith w ho m a n ad ul t h as e ng ag ed in fo ur o r m or e ac tiv iti es to p ro m ot e le ar ni ng a nd s ch oo l r ea di ne ss in t he la st 3 d ay s) 92 .7 96 .9 95 .8 84 .8 92 .0 93 .6 93 .6 97 .2 93 .3 77 .5 92 .5 87 .5 98 .5 93 .3 91 .2 94 .3 76 .4 94 .6 98 .5 82 .3 6. 3 Fa th er ’s s up po rt fo r le ar ni ng (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 36 -5 9 m on th s w ho se b io lo gi ca l f at he r ha s en ga ge d in fo ur o r m or e ac ti vi tie s to p ro m ot e le ar ni ng a nd s ch oo l r ea di ne ss in th e la st 3 d ay s) 34 .0 47 .3 33 .9 32 .9 26 .7 41 .5 40 .2 37 .9 51 .0 28 .6 24 .7 15 .7 43 .9 24 .1 35 .6 33 .5 27 .4 38 .9 64 .8 26 .5 6. 4 M ot he r’ s su pp or t f or le ar ni ng (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 36 -5 9 m on th s w ho se b io lo gi ca l m ot he r ha s en ga ge d in fo ur o r m or e ac tiv iti es to p ro m ot e le ar ni ng a nd s ch oo l r ea di ne ss in th e la st 3 d ay s) 62 .8 75 .7 70 .7 53 .9 50 .8 72 .9 61 .1 61 .4 67 .6 50 .9 43 .8 45 .7 62 .7 50 .0 53 .4 72 .0 59 .1 77 .5 91 .7 67 .8 6. 5 A va ila bi lit y of c hi ld re n’ s bo ok s (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho h av e th re e or m or e ch ild re n’ s bo ok s) 41 .2 59 .7 47 .0 37 .0 33 .8 37 .8 47 .3 40 .8 29 .6 31 .0 24 .8 28 .7 24 .1 32 .2 27 .5 36 .8 32 .0 24 .0 42 .5 29 .3 6. 6 A va ila bi lit y of p la yt hi ng s (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho p la y w ith tw o or m or e ty pe s of p la yt hi ng s) 75 .6 65 .3 74 .2 76 .5 78 .3 78 .3 72 .0 85 .7 74 .3 76 .5 80 .7 87 .2 78 .9 87 .1 75 .3 70 .5 81 .4 75 .5 79 .0 61 .4 6. S1 A va ila bi lit y of p la yt hi ng s (e le ct ro ni c de vi ce s) (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho p la y w it h el ec tr on ic d ev ic es s uc h as m ob ile p ho ne s, ta bl et s or g am e pl ay er s) 50 .9 56 .0 47 .4 45 .9 52 .6 56 .7 45 .4 59 .4 20 .5 36 .6 43 .4 48 .9 23 .8 54 .6 53 .1 60 .0 52 .9 52 .8 64 .4 17 .7 6. 7 In ad eq ua te c ar e (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 le ft a lo ne o r in th e ca re o f a no th er c hi ld y ou ng er th an 1 0 ye ar s of a ge fo r m or e th an o ne h ou r at le as t o nc e in th e la st w ee k) 6. 1 4. 2 4. 9 4. 8 7. 8 7. 7 3. 2 7. 7 1. 4 8. 4 10 .6 6. 2 4. 3 9. 8 2. 9 5. 5 7. 7 19 .3 6. 8 12 .9 6. 8 Ea rl y ch ild d ev el op m en t i nd ex (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 36 -5 9 m on th s w ho a re d ev el op m en ta lly o n tr ac k in a t l ea st th re e of th e fo llo w in g fo ur d om ai ns : l ite ra cy -n um er ac y, ph ys ic al , s oc ia l-e m ot io na l, an d le ar ni ng ) SD G 4 .2 .1 91 .1 89 .5 94 .0 92 .3 89 .5 89 .0 90 .4 92 .2 94 .0 90 .2 90 .7 91 .5 97 .7 89 .8 94 .4 95 .0 85 .3 79 .7 94 .9 86 .3 18 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Literacy and Education P a g e | 18 Literacy and Education  More than 80 per cent of young women and men aged 15-24 years in all 14 provinces are literate.  The percentage of children attending first grade of primary school who attended pre-school the previous year is nearly 100 per cent in all 14 provinces.  Of children who are of primary school entry age (6 years old) in Thailand, 75.7 per cent are attending the first grade. The lowest percentages for this indicator are in two provinces in the North: Mae Hong Son (56.8 per cent) and Tak (49.4 per cent). In the five Northeast provinces, the percentages vary between 66.6 per cent in Sisaket to 81.8 per cent in Buriram.  As Table ED.4 shows, Tak, Narathiwat and Pattani provinces have a high percentage of out of school children (14.4 per cent, 9.0 per cent and 8.2 per cent respectively), of which children attending pre-school account for 11.0 per cent, 7.9 per cent and 6.2 per cent respectively. For secondary school, boys are more likely to be out of school than girls in all 14 provinces (Table ED.5). Figure 4 Net intake rate in primary education, Thailand 14 Provinces MICS, 2015-2016 76 86 76 57 49 82 67 68 73 75 72 77 73 71 61 0 20 40 60 80 100 Thailand Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat Per cent 19 Literacy and Education Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016P a g e | 18 Literacy and Education  More than 80 per cent of young women and men aged 15-24 years in all 14 provinces are literate.  The percentage of children attending first grade of primary school who attended pre-school the previous year is nearly 100 per cent in all 14 provinces.  Of children who are of primary school entry age (6 years old) in Thailand, 75.7 per cent are attending the first grade. The lowest percentages for this indicator are in two provinces in the North: Mae Hong Son (56.8 per cent) and Tak (49.4 per cent). In the five Northeast provinces, the percentages vary between 66.6 per cent in Sisaket to 81.8 per cent in Buriram.  As Table ED.4 shows, Tak, Narathiwat and Pattani provinces have a high percentage of out of school children (14.4 per cent, 9.0 per cent and 8.2 per cent respectively), of which children attending pre-school account for 11.0 per cent, 7.9 per cent and 6.2 per cent respectively. For secondary school, boys are more likely to be out of school than girls in all 14 provinces (Table ED.5). Figure 4 Net intake rate in primary education, Thailand 14 Provinces MICS, 2015-2016 76 86 76 57 49 82 67 68 73 75 72 77 73 71 61 0 20 40 60 80 100 Thailand Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat Per cent P a g e | 19 LI TE RA CY A N D E D U CA TI O N M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat Li te ra cy a nd e du ca ti on 7. 1 Li te ra cy r at e am on g yo un g pe op le (P er ce nt ag e of y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho a re a bl e to r ea d a sh or t s im pl e st at em en t ab ou t e ve ry da y lif e or w ho a tt en de d se co nd ar y or h ig he r ed uc at io n) (a ) w om en 95 .4 94 .8 91 .5 96 .8 99 .2 97 .1 95 .1 97 .7 84 .5 86 .1 99 .6 98 .1 99 .5 99 .6 99 .5 96 .3 98 .3 94 .6 98 .3 88 .6 (b ) m en 94 .7 95 .0 91 .4 96 .0 98 .6 94 .1 91 .1 93 .4 87 .0 87 .3 98 .3 99 .0 98 .9 99 .8 96 .9 98 .3 97 .7 85 .4 92 .6 84 .1 7. 2 Sc ho ol r ea di ne ss (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n in fi rs t gr ad e of p rim ar y sc ho ol w ho a tt en de d pr es ch oo l d ur in g th e pr ev io us s ch oo l y ea r) 98 .7 96 .7 96 .6 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .8 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 97 .1 98 .9 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 7. 3 N et in ta ke r at e in p ri m ar y ed uc at io n (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n of s ch oo l-e nt ry a ge w ho e nt er th e fir st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol ) 75 .7 78 .9 76 .8 74 .4 75 .2 74 .1 85 .6 75 .7 56 .8 49 .4 81 .8 66 .6 68 .4 73 .3 75 .0 71 .8 77 .2 73 .2 71 .4 60 .9 7. 4 Pr im ar y sc ho ol n et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n of p rim ar y sc ho ol a ge c ur re nt ly a tt en di ng p ri m ar y or s ec on da ry s ch oo l) 94 .8 94 .7 95 .6 93 .3 95 .2 94 .4 95 .9 94 .3 93 .5 84 .8 95 .9 92 .7 94 .6 95 .3 96 .2 94 .7 96 .3 91 .8 94 .9 91 .0 7. 5 Se co nd ar y sc ho ol n et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n of s ec on da ry s ch oo l a ge c ur re nt ly a tt en di ng s ec on da ry s ch oo l o r hi gh er ) 81 .0 85 .6 77 .6 77 .7 84 .9 78 .9 73 .8 72 .9 61 .4 65 .4 82 .4 87 .0 83 .4 86 .9 83 .5 84 .4 81 .4 76 .0 85 .5 67 .7 7. 6 Ch ild re n re ac hi ng la st g ra de o f p rim ar y (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n en te ri ng t he fi rs t g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol w ho e ve nt ua lly r ea ch la st g ra de ) 99 .5 98 .5 10 0. 0 98 .2 10 0. 0 99 .5 99 .5 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 98 .6 10 0. 0 99 .4 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 97 .3 10 0. 0 98 .5 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 7. 7 Pr im ar y co m pl et io n ra te (N um be r of c hi ld re n at te nd in g th e la st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol (e xc lu di ng r ep ea te rs ) d iv id ed b y nu m be r of c hi ld re n of p rim ar y sc ho ol c om pl et io n ag e (a ge a pp ro pr ia te to fi na l g ra de o f p ri m ar y sc ho ol )) 99 .5 10 2. 5 98 .9 10 3. 1 98 .9 97 .1 10 5. 4 11 8. 9 85 .7 84 .4 10 7. 3 10 8. 9 93 .9 63 .8 94 .9 10 4. 8 94 .2 92 .9 13 7. 8 10 4. 2 20 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Literacy and Education P a g e | 20 LI TE RA CY A N D E D U CA TI O N M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat 7. 8 Tr an si tio n ra te to s ec on da ry s ch oo l ( N um be r of c hi ld re n at te nd in g th e la st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol d ur in g th e pr ev io us s ch oo l y ea r w ho a re in th e fir st g ra de o f s ec on da ry s ch oo l du ri ng th e cu rr en t s ch oo l y ea r di vi de d by n um be r of c hi ld re n at te nd in g th e la st g ra de o f p rim ar y sc ho ol d ur in g th e pr ev io us ) 98 .2 98 .2 98 .3 99 .7 98 .3 95 .9 (1 00 .0 ) (9 9. 4) (9 9. 1) 94 .1 10 0. 0 99 .7 (9 5. 6) 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 96 .3 91 .8 98 .3 10 0. 0 96 .4 7. 9 G en de r pa ri ty in de x (p ri m ar y sc ho ol ) ( Pr im ar y sc ho ol n et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r gi rl s di vi de d by p ri m ar y sc ho ol n et a tt en da nc e ra ti o (a dj us te d) fo r bo ys ) SD G 4 .5 .1 1. 00 0. 97 1. 02 1. 01 0. 99 1. 04 1. 01 1. 00 1. 03 0. 96 1. 03 1. 03 0. 99 0. 98 0. 97 1. 04 1. 00 0. 96 1. 00 0. 98 7. 10 G en de r pa ri ty in de x (s ec on da ry s ch oo l) (S ec on da ry s ch oo l n et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r gi rl s di vi de d by s ec on da ry s ch oo l n et a tt en da nc e ra tio (a dj us te d) fo r bo ys ) SD G 4 .5 .1 1. 11 1. 10 1. 15 1. 17 1. 08 1. 09 1. 10 1. 06 (1 .4 0) 1. 12 1. 06 1. 08 1. 09 1. 07 1. 26 1. 09 1. 18 1. 22 1. 06 1. 33 ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s 21 Child Protection Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016P a g e | 21 Child Protection  As shown in Table CP.2, nine of the 14 provinces report a higher percentage than the national average (75.2 per cent) of children aged 1-14 years who experienced any violent discipline method. In Songkhla, Kalasin, Nakhon Phanom, Ratchaburi, Tak and Satun provinces around 8 out of 10 children experienced violence during the previous month. Children in Pattani province (15.8 per cent) are almost four times more likely to suffer from severe physical punishment than the national average (4.2 per cent). It is notable that Yala province has the lowest percentage of children who experienced any violent discipline method (34.5 per cent) and the highest percentage of children experiencing non-violent discipline (55.8 per cent). As Table CP.3 shows, the percentage of respondents who believe that physical punishment is a necessary part of child-rearing varied from 21.5 per cent in Yasathon province to 82.7 per cent in Kalasin province, which is double the national average (47.5 per cent).  The percentage of women aged 15 to 49 years who first married/entered into marital union before their 15th birthday fluctuates across the 14 provinces. In Mae Hong Son province (9.1 per cent) it is twice the national average (4.3 per cent) but in Yala province only 2.1 per cent of women are married before the age of 15 years. In all 14 provinces, men are less likely than women to marry/enter into union before ages 15 and 18.  In Sisaket province women are more than twice as likely (21.9 per cent) to believe that a husband/partner is justified in hitting his wife than the national average (8.6 per cent). In the South region, the percentage is 14.9 per cent in Pattani province while in Yala only 2.2 per cent of women justify domestic violence. However, the percentage of men in Yala province who justify violence against women (13.5 per cent) is much higher than the percentage of women. Similarly, in Narathiwat province the percentage of men who justify domestic violence is almost double that of women (17.7 per cent versus 8.4 per cent). By contrast, women and men in Mae Hong Son province are the least likely to justify domestic violence.  All of the provinces in the Northeast have higher rates of children aged 0-17 living with neither of their biological parents compared to the national average (22.7 per cent). The percentages in Buriram (40.5 per cent) and Kalasin (39.6 per cent) provinces are almost twice the national figure. 22 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women Child Protection P a g e | 22 CH IL D P RO TE CT IO N M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat Bi rt h re gi st ra ti on 8. 1 Bi rt h re gi st ra tio n (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r ag e 5 w ho se b ir th s ar e re po rt ed r eg is te re d) SD G 1 6. 9. 1 99 .5 10 0. 0 98 .9 99 .2 10 0. 0 99 .9 10 0. 0 99 .4 99 .0 98 .3 10 0. 0 99 .9 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .8 10 0. 0 99 .7 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 Ch ild d is ci pl in e 8. 3 V io le nt d is ci pl in e (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 1- 14 y ea rs w ho e xp er ie nc ed p sy ch ol og ic al a gg re ss io n or p hy si ca l p un is hm en t d ur in g th e la st o ne m on th ) SD G 1 6. 2. 1 75 .2 68 .5 70 .0 80 .8 78 .9 75 .2 81 .4 72 .7 65 .7 80 .8 65 .1 76 .2 75 .3 82 .4 82 .1 84 .0 80 .8 77 .0 34 .5 58 .4 Ea rl y m ar ri ag e an d po ly gy ny 8. 4 M ar ri ag e be fo re a ge 1 5 (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho w er e fir st m ar ri ed o r in u ni on b ef or e ag e 15 ) (a ) w om en 4. 3 2. 8 3. 7 5. 9 5. 5 3. 6 5. 8 7. 2 9. 1 6. 0 3. 9 4. 9 3. 7 5. 1 6. 5 3. 1 3. 7 2. 7 2. 1 4. 8 (b ) m en 1. 7 1. 8 1. 9 1. 6 1. 3 1. 9 2. 5 1. 8 3. 1 2. 3 2. 2 2. 4 1. 5 2. 6 3. 8 1. 2 2. 1 1. 5 0. 4 1. 4 8. 5 M ar ri ag e be fo re a ge 1 8 (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 20 -4 9 ye ar s w ho w er e fir st m ar ri ed o r in u ni on b ef or e ag e 18 ) (a ) w om en 21 .3 13 .7 19 .1 28 .7 24 .5 22 .5 21 .6 25 .6 34 .8 24 .9 26 .2 23 .8 23 .6 29 .1 23 .5 18 .4 22 .3 17 .6 12 .7 20 .2 (b ) m en 8. 0 8. 0 8. 7 8. 9 7. 2 6. 9 8. 0 9. 0 10 .8 8. 4 7. 8 9. 5 7. 3 11 .5 10 .3 6. 4 7. 8 4. 3 2. 5 5. 1 8. 6 Yo un g pe op le a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs c ur re nt ly m ar rie d or in u ni on (P er ce nt ag e of y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -1 9 ye ar s w ho a re m ar ri ed o r in u ni on ) (a ) w om en 14 .1 12 .4 11 .9 17 .7 15 .3 13 .9 16 .6 22 .5 28 .1 19 .3 12 .7 9. 7 17 .2 17 .3 8. 9 12 .8 16 .4 7. 3 2. 0 6. 2 (b ) m en 6. 8 6. 8 6. 8 5. 6 6. 7 8. 2 7. 9 5. 8 4. 1 3. 5 2. 0 5. 8 8. 5 9. 0 1. 2 2. 5 4. 2 0. 6 0. 4 2. 6 8. 7 Po ly gy ny (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho a re in a p ol yg yn ou s un io n) (a ) w om en 3. 4 4. 5 3. 1 3. 3 3. 7 2. 9 1. 6 4. 3 0. 4 8. 9 1. 2 4. 9 0. 3 2. 3 1. 5 5. 4 2. 0 2. 3 1. 6 0. 7 (b ) m en 2. 9 3. 4 2. 9 1. 6 4. 0 1. 8 2. 4 2. 5 0. 3 9. 0 1. 5 4. 0 0. 0 2. 2 1. 9 4. 1 2. 4 1. 6 0. 8 0. 1 23 Child Protection Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 23 CH IL D P RO TE CT IO N M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat 8. 8 Sp ou sa l a ge d iff er en ce (P er ce nt ag e of y ou ng w om en a ge 2 0- 24 y ea rs w ho a re m ar ri ed o r in u ni on a nd w ho se s po us e is 1 0 or m or e ye ar s ol de r) 1. .1 14 .1 14 .5 17 .7 12 .9 17 .2 9. 0 9. 4 13 .7 20 .4 2. 1 15 .5 9. 9 13 .4 9. 1 14 .0 6. 2 15 .1 (9 .5 ) 20 .1 A tt it ud es t ow ar ds d om es ti c vi ol en ce 8. 12 A tt itu de s to w ar ds d om es tic v io le nc e (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s ta te th at a h us ba nd is ju st ifi ed in h it tin g or b ea tin g hi s w ife in a t le as t o ne o f t he fo llo w in g ci rc um st an ce s: (1 ) s he g oe s ou t w ith ou t te lli ng h im , ( 2) s he n eg le ct s th e ch ild re n, (3 ) s he a rg ue s w it h hi m , ( 4) s he r ef us es s ex w it h hi m , ( 5) s he b ur ns t he fo od ) (a ) w om en 8. 6 5. 5 5. 5 13 .0 11 .4 10 .4 7. 6 3. 8 1. 9 6. 5 6. 6 21 .9 5. 0 12 .0 4. 2 8. 2 8. 7 14 .9 2. 2 8. 4 (b ) m en 8. 7 8. 0 5. 0 9. 2 12 .7 11 .0 6. 6 4. 1 3. 1 5. 0 5. 0 18 .9 4. 8 9. 7 5. 1 7. 5 7. 9 10 .4 13 .5 17 .7 Ch ild re n’ s liv in g ar ra ng em en ts 8. 13 C hi ld re n’ s liv in g ar ra ng em en ts (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 17 y ea rs li vi ng w ith n ei th er b io lo gi ca l p ar en t) 22 .7 11 .2 17 .4 25 .8 33 .2 15 .0 13 .7 24 .4 13 .1 14 .5 40 .5 31 .0 34 .8 39 .6 29 .0 15 .0 8. 9 8. 4 5. 5 5. 4 8. 14 P re va le nc e of c hi ld re n w ith o ne o r bo th p ar en ts d ea d (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 17 y ea rs w ith o ne o r bo th b io lo gi ca l p ar en ts d ea d) 3. 5 2. 7 3. 7 4. 6 3. 1 3. 4 3. 1 4. 9 3. 5 4. 5 4. 5 3. 7 2. 7 2. 7 4. 2 3. 1 3. 1 4. 3 3. 1 2. 8 8. 15 C hi ld re n w ith a t le as t o ne p ar en t l iv in g ab ro ad (P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n 0- 17 y ea rs w it h at le as t on e bi ol og ic al p ar en t l iv in g ab ro ad ) 1. 6 1. 6 0. 8 1. 1 2. 7 1. 4 0. 1 0. 5 0. 9 1. 7 0. 8 1. 1 0. 1 0. 2 3. 3 2. 3 0. 8 4. 7 1. 0 1. 9 N ot e: T he fi nd in gs o f i nd ic at or 8 .8 a Sp ou sa l a ge d iff er en ce is n ot p re se nt ed in th is r ep or t d ue to th e lo w n um be r of r ep or te d ca se s du ri ng t he fi el d w or k. ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s 24 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women HIV/AIDS P a g e | 24 HIV/AIDS  It is observed that in 13 of the 14 provinces less than 55 per cent of women and men aged 15-49 years have comprehensive knowledge about HIV transmission. The percentages are particularly low in Pattani (women 26.1 per cent and men 24.9 per cent) and Narathiwat (women 17.0 per cent and men 14.6 per cent) provinces. There is no difference between women and men in the level of knowledge about HIV transmission. The most common misconception in all 14 provinces among women and men is that HIV can be transmitted by sharing food.  The level of knowledge about mother-to-child transmission of HIV among women and men aged 15-49 years varies. As expected, the percentage of women who know all three modes of mother-to-child transmission is higher than that of men. Strikingly, the percentages in three provinces in the South are much lower than the national average. These provinces are Pattani (women 54.9 per cent and men 47.9 per cent), Songkhla (women 52.8 per cent and men 45.4 per cent) and Satun (women 46.3 per cent and men 33.7 per cent).  Not more than 35 per cent of women and men aged 15-49 years in seven of the 14 provinces expressed an accepting attitude towards people living with HIV in regards to all four questions they were asked. There was no difference between women and men. Only 1.8 per cent of women and 1.2 per cent of men in Narathiwat province expressed an accepting attitude on all four indicators. Respondents were least accepting regarding the indicator of not keeping it a secret if a family member is HIV-positive.  In all 14 provinces, less than 16 per cent of women and men aged 15-49 years were tested in the 12 months prior to the survey and knew the result. Less than one per cent of men in Yala province (0.4 per cent) and Narathiwat province (0.5 per cent) tested in the previous 12 months and knew the result. However, of the women and men who were tested in the previous 12 months, almost all received the result.  More than 90 per cent of women across the 14 provinces received antenatal care from a health care professional during their last pregnancy (Table HA.5). Strikingly, less than half of all women in Pattani (38.4 per cent), Tak (43.8 per cent) and Narathiwat (45.0 per cent) provinces reported that they were offered an HIV test, tested for HIV and received the results of their test.  As shown in Table HA.6 and HA.6M, the percentage of young women aged 15-24 years who have comprehensive knowledge about HIV transmission is slightly higher than for similarly aged young men. However, the level of comprehensive knowledge among young women and men shows great variation across the 14 provinces, ranging from 20.9 per cent among women in Narathiwat province to 72.2 per cent in Yasothon and 15.8 per cent and 68.0 per cent among men respectively in the same provinces. The percentage of young women and men in all the provinces expressing accepting attitudes towards people living with HIV is low, particularly in Narathiwat province (1.3 per cent of women and 1.5 per cent of men). 25 HIV/AIDS Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016P a g e | 24 HIV/AIDS  It is observed that in 13 of the 14 provinces less than 55 per cent of women and men aged 15-49 years have comprehensive knowledge about HIV transmission. The percentages are particularly low in Pattani (women 26.1 per cent and men 24.9 per cent) and Narathiwat (women 17.0 per cent and men 14.6 per cent) provinces. There is no difference between women and men in the level of knowledge about HIV transmission. The most common misconception in all 14 provinces among women and men is that HIV can be transmitted by sharing food.  The level of knowledge about mother-to-child transmission of HIV among women and men aged 15-49 years varies. As expected, the percentage of women who know all three modes of mother-to-child transmission is higher than that of men. Strikingly, the percentages in three provinces in the South are much lower than the national average. These provinces are Pattani (women 54.9 per cent and men 47.9 per cent), Songkhla (women 52.8 per cent and men 45.4 per cent) and Satun (women 46.3 per cent and men 33.7 per cent).  Not more than 35 per cent of women and men aged 15-49 years in seven of the 14 provinces expressed an accepting attitude towards people living with HIV in regards to all four questions they were asked. There was no difference between women and men. Only 1.8 per cent of women and 1.2 per cent of men in Narathiwat province expressed an accepting attitude on all four indicators. Respondents were least accepting regarding the indicator of not keeping it a secret if a family member is HIV-positive.  In all 14 provinces, less than 16 per cent of women and men aged 15-49 years were tested in the 12 months prior to the survey and knew the result. Less than one per cent of men in Yala province (0.4 per cent) and Narathiwat province (0.5 per cent) tested in the previous 12 months and knew the result. However, of the women and men who were tested in the previous 12 months, almost all received the result.  More than 90 per cent of women across the 14 provinces received antenatal care from a health care professional during their last pregnancy (Table HA.5). Strikingly, less than half of all women in Pattani (38.4 per cent), Tak (43.8 per cent) and Narathiwat (45.0 per cent) provinces reported that they were offered an HIV test, tested for HIV and received the results of their test.  As shown in Table HA.6 and HA.6M, the percentage of young women aged 15-24 years who have comprehensive knowledge about HIV transmission is slightly higher than for similarly aged young men. However, the level of comprehensive knowledge among young women and men shows great variation across the 14 provinces, ranging from 20.9 per cent among women in Narathiwat province to 72.2 per cent in Yasothon and 15.8 per cent and 68.0 per cent among men respectively in the same provinces. The percentage of young women and men in all the provinces expressing accepting attitudes towards people living with HIV is low, particularly in Narathiwat province (1.3 per cent of women and 1.5 per cent of men). P a g e | 25 H IV /A ID S M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat H IV /A ID S kn ow le dg e an d at ti tu de s H av e he ar d of A ID S (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h av e he ar d of A ID S) (a ) w om en 96 .2 98 .7 95 .4 95 .2 97 .5 94 .2 91 .3 96 .7 90 .4 85 .2 90 .4 98 .0 10 0. 0 92 .3 95 .8 96 .6 94 .4 86 .9 99 .2 87 .0 (b ) m en 95 .2 98 .0 93 .9 95 .4 96 .8 92 .2 83 .6 95 .9 90 .8 84 .8 86 .4 99 .0 10 0. 0 89 .3 92 .3 95 .8 92 .6 80 .8 97 .3 86 .8 Kn ow le dg e ab ou t H IV p re ve nt io n (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho c or re ct ly id en ti fy w ay s of p re ve nt in g th e se xu al tr an sm is si on o f H IV , a nd w ho r ej ec t m aj or m is co nc ep tio ns a bo ut H IV tr an sm is si on ) (a ) w om en 48 .8 50 .7 48 .6 53 .1 50 .3 39 .7 49 .3 48 .0 46 .3 36 .4 35 .9 49 .1 64 .1 50 .2 45 .8 40 .5 47 .0 26 .1 46 .0 17 .0 (b ) m en 49 .0 52 .5 48 .8 54 .0 50 .8 37 .0 46 .4 48 .1 51 .3 37 .6 34 .8 50 .3 64 .7 52 .1 48 .1 38 .4 46 .2 24 .9 40 .8 14 .6 9. 1 Kn ow le dg e ab ou t H IV p re ve nt io n am on g yo un g pe op le (P er ce nt ag e of y ou ng p eo pl e ag e 15 -2 4 ye ar s w ho c or re ct ly id en ti fy w ay s of p re ve nt in g th e se xu al tr an sm is si on o f H IV , a nd w ho re je ct m aj or m is co nc ep tio ns a bo ut H IV tr an sm is si on ) (a ) w om en 46 .0 45 .7 46 .0 51 .1 50 .3 34 .4 50 .0 45 .9 53 .1 35 .7 38 .6 48 .1 72 .2 54 .2 55 .5 33 .3 46 .9 24 .8 44 .8 20 .9 (b ) m en 45 .1 43 .3 44 .2 50 .1 51 .4 33 .0 40 .9 45 .4 53 .8 30 .1 31 .3 51 .0 68 .0 47 .4 57 .2 36 .0 38 .1 19 .4 41 .9 15 .8 9. 2 Kn ow le dg e of m ot he r- to -c hi ld tr an sm is si on o f H IV (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho c or re ct ly id en ti fy a ll th re e m ea ns o f m ot he r- to -c hi ld tr an sm is si on o f H IV ) (a ) w om en 66 .4 66 .4 63 .1 66 .3 65 .3 73 .4 59 .6 69 .4 59 .1 71 .5 58 .8 68 .5 64 .4 80 .1 67 .2 81 .0 52 .8 46 .6 54 .9 66 .1 58 .9 (b ) m en 57 .4 54 .5 53 .5 54 .9 69 .1 51 .7 58 .5 55 .5 68 .4 51 .6 61 .7 59 .3 72 .5 65 .3 76 .9 45 .4 33 .7 47 .9 61 .2 57 .4 9. 3 A cc ep tin g at tit ud es t ow ar ds p eo pl e liv in g w it h H IV (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s ex pr es si ng a cc ep ti ng a tt itu de s on a ll fo ur q ue st io ns to w ar ds p eo pl e liv in g w ith H IV (a ) w om en 31 .6 16 .0 25 .0 43 .6 45 .8 28 .1 11 .8 33 .1 49 .7 39 .2 37 .9 49 .9 47 .1 39 .7 35 .9 27 .2 28 .4 17 .3 18 .6 1. 8 (b ) m en 33 .0 17 .3 26 .5 44 .5 47 .4 28 .0 11 .2 29 .7 46 .9 36 .7 40 .4 50 .2 53 .3 39 .2 29 .2 31 .8 25 .4 17 .7 19 .3 1. 2 H IV t es ti ng 9. 4 Pe op le w ho k no w w he re to b e te st ed fo r H IV (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho s ta te k no w le dg e of a p la ce to b e te st ed fo r H IV ) (a ) w om en 84 .7 85 .1 84 .1 86 .7 84 .1 84 .3 80 .5 87 .4 87 .4 70 .0 78 .2 83 .9 92 .1 78 .1 81 .2 85 .0 87 .0 65 .3 90 .4 73 .6 (b ) m en 80 .3 82 .6 80 .7 82 .1 80 .0 75 .1 68 .6 82 .4 87 .3 67 .6 74 .9 81 .8 86 .2 72 .1 75 .3 80 .7 78 .0 52 .4 73 .0 67 .4 26 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women HIV/AIDS P a g e | 26 H IV /A ID S M IC S5 In di ca to r Re gi on Ce nt ra l N or th N or th ea st So ut h Pr ov in ce Thailand Bangkok Central North Northeast South Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Mae Hong Son Tak Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Songkha Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat 9. 5 Pe op le w ho h av e be en t es te d fo r H IV a nd k no w th e re su lt s (P er ce nt ag e of p eo pl e ag e 15 -4 9 ye ar s w ho h av e be en te st ed fo r H IV in th e la st 1 2 m on th s an d w ho k no w th ei r re su lts ) (a ) w om en 9. 3 7. 1 12 .8 9. 2 6. 1 8. 5 6. 8 15 .2 5. 3 6. 8 5. 7 3. 1 5. 8 7. 3 8. 1 11 .0 9. 1 7. 1 1. 5 5. 6 (b ) m en 8. 5 9. 2 12 .2 6. 8 5. 5 6. 0 9. 0 10 .6 4. 3 5. 9 3. 5 3. 1 4. 8 4. 0 5. 0 8. 7 5. 4 2. 5 0. 4 0. 5 9. 7 H IV c ou ns el lin g du ri ng a nt en at al c ar e (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ho h ad a li ve b ir th in t he la st 2 y ea rs a nd r ec ei ve d an te na ta l c ar e du ri ng th e pr eg na nc y of th ei r m os t r ec en t bi rt h, r ep or tin g th at t he y re ce iv ed c ou ns el lin g on H IV d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e) 69 .4 64 .8 73 .5 63 .5 75 .9 62 .4 68 .1 78 .0 94 .9 38 .9 67 .0 78 .4 99 .0 57 .2 90 .0 53 .4 58 .6 44 .6 69 .2 50 .5 9. 8 H IV te st in g du ri ng a nt en at al c ar e (P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ho h ad a li ve b ir th in th e la st 2 y ea rs a nd r ec ei ve d an te na ta l c ar e du ri ng th e pr eg na nc y of th ei r m os t r ec en t bi rt h, re po rt in g th at t he y w er e of fe re d an d ac ce pt ed a n H IV te st d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e an d re ce iv ed t he ir r es ul ts ) 75 .5 66 .5 82 .3 75 .1 76 .9 66 .8 70 .7 85 .3 83 .4 43 .8 62 .7 80 .5 94 .5 65 .6 91 .5 60 .0 71 .1 38 .4 63 .9 45 .0 27Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 Appendices 28 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents ©UNICEF Thailand/2009/M. Thomas 29 I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 31 I. Sa m pl e Co ve ra ge a nd th e Ch ar ac te ri st ic s of H ou se ho ld s an d Re sp on de nt s Ta bl e H H .1 : R es ul ts o f h ou se ho ld , w om en 's , m en 's a nd u nd er -5 in te rv ie w s N um be r o f h ou se ho ld s, w om en , m en , a nd c hi ld re n un de r 5 b y in te rv ie w re su lts , a nd h ou se ho ld , w om en 's , m en 's a nd u nd er -5 's re sp on se ra te s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 Total A re a P ro vi nc e Urban Rural Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Mae Hong Son Tak Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat H ou se ho ld s S am pl ed 3 18 ,3 58 8, 35 4 10 ,0 04 1, 29 5 1, 32 0 1, 29 9 1, 30 1 1, 28 9 1, 30 0 1, 29 8 1, 28 5 1, 30 2 1, 48 6 1, 31 1 1, 29 8 1, 26 5 1, 30 9 O cc up ie d 17 ,3 97 7, 82 9 9, 56 8 1, 19 6 1, 26 6 1, 25 5 1, 23 4 1, 21 9 1, 19 1 1, 21 8 1, 21 4 1, 23 6 1, 41 7 1, 23 7 1, 23 9 1, 21 1 1, 26 4 In te rv ie w ed 17 ,2 10 7, 70 9 9, 50 1 1, 16 1 1, 24 9 1, 25 5 1, 23 4 1, 21 9 1, 19 0 1, 21 8 1, 20 2 1, 18 4 1, 37 7 1, 21 2 1, 23 6 1, 21 1 1, 26 2 H ou se ho ld re sp on se ra te 98 .9 98 .5 99 .3 97 .1 98 .7 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .9 10 0. 0 99 .0 95 .8 97 .2 98 .0 99 .8 10 0. 0 99 .8 W om en E lig ib le 15 ,6 07 6, 89 4 8, 71 3 85 9 1, 05 3 1, 03 7 97 9 1, 04 5 1, 00 5 1, 07 2 1, 14 7 99 8 1, 28 9 1, 20 9 1, 21 5 1, 31 5 1, 38 4 In te rv ie w ed 15 ,4 49 6, 81 3 8, 63 6 83 8 1, 05 0 1, 03 5 97 1 1, 04 4 1, 00 0 1, 06 9 1, 13 2 98 5 1, 23 2 1, 19 5 1, 20 2 1, 31 4 1, 38 2 W om en 's re sp on se ra te 99 .0 98 .8 99 .1 97 .6 99 .7 99 .8 99 .2 99 .9 99 .5 99 .7 98 .7 98 .7 95 .6 98 .8 98 .9 99 .9 99 .9 W om en 's o ve ra ll re sp on se ra te 97 .9 97 .3 98 .4 94 .7 98 .4 99 .8 99 .2 99 .9 99 .4 99 .7 97 .7 94 .5 92 .9 96 .8 98 .7 99 .9 99 .7 M en E lig ib le 14 ,0 60 6, 11 2 7, 94 8 73 3 94 1 91 5 91 7 93 2 88 0 96 2 1, 05 0 96 0 1, 13 2 1, 08 3 1, 06 8 1, 17 7 1, 31 0 In te rv ie w ed 13 ,8 93 6, 02 6 7, 86 7 69 6 93 9 91 5 90 4 93 0 87 4 95 7 1, 04 1 94 9 1, 08 6 1, 05 9 1, 05 7 1, 17 6 1, 31 0 M en 's re sp on se ra te 98 .8 98 .6 99 .0 95 .0 99 .8 10 0. 0 98 .6 99 .8 99 .3 99 .5 99 .1 98 .9 95 .9 97 .8 99 .0 99 .9 10 0. 0 M en 's o ve ra ll re sp on se ra te 97 .8 97 .1 98 .3 92 .2 98 .4 10 0. 0 98 .6 99 .8 99 .2 99 .5 98 .2 94 .7 93 .2 95 .8 98 .7 99 .9 99 .8 C hi ld re n un de r 5 E lig ib le 7, 67 4 3, 34 1 4, 33 3 48 4 56 7 61 1 57 8 54 0 48 7 56 5 50 7 46 8 62 6 60 2 62 2 43 8 57 9 M ot he rs /c ar et ak er s in te rv ie w ed 7, 64 9 3, 32 5 4, 32 4 47 6 56 6 61 1 57 5 54 0 48 7 56 5 50 5 46 7 62 1 60 1 61 8 43 8 57 9 U nd er -5 's re sp on se ra te 99 .7 99 .5 99 .8 98 .3 99 .8 10 0. 0 99 .5 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .6 99 .8 99 .2 99 .8 99 .4 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 U nd er -5 's o ve ra ll re sp on se ra te 98 .6 98 .0 99 .1 95 .5 98 .5 10 0. 0 99 .5 10 0. 0 99 .9 10 0. 0 98 .6 95 .6 96 .4 97 .8 99 .1 10 0. 0 99 .8 3 Th e ac tu al n um be r of h ou se ho ld s in G ro up 1 (h ou se ho ld s w ith c hi ld re n un de r 5) fo r so m e en um er at io n ar ea s is le ss t ha n 10 . A s a re su lt, t he a ct ua l n um be r of s am pl e ho us eh ol ds is s lig ht ly le ss th an th at o f t he d es ig n. A pp en di x A T ha ila nd 1 4 Pr ov in ce s M IC S, T ab le s I. Sa m pl e Co ve ra ge a nd t he C ha ra ct er is ti cs o f H ou se ho ld s an d Re sp on de nt s 30 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents P a g e | 32 Ta bl e H H .2 : A ge d is tr ib ut io n of h ou se ho ld p op ul at io n by s ex P er c en t a nd fr eq ue nc y di st rib ut io n of th e ho us eh ol d po pu la tio n by fi ve -y ea r a ge g ro up s, d ep en de nc y ag e gr ou ps , a nd b y ch ild (a ge 0 -1 7 ye ar s) a nd a du lt po pu la tio ns (a ge 1 8 or m or e) , b y se x, Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 To ta l M al es Fe m al es N um be r P er c en t N um be r P er c en t N um be r P er c en t To ta l 57 ,2 02 10 0. 0 27 ,5 18 10 0. 0 29 ,6 85 10 0. 0 A ge 0- 4 3, 86 6 6. 8 1, 99 5 7. 2 1, 87 1 6. 3 5- 9 4, 59 0 8. 0 2, 34 5 8. 5 2, 24 5 7. 6 10 -1 4 4, 65 2 8. 1 2, 41 4 8. 8 2, 23 8 7. 5 15 -1 9 4, 26 1 7. 4 2, 15 0 7. 8 2, 11 1 7. 1 20 -2 4 3, 04 9 5. 3 1, 60 6 5. 8 1, 44 3 4. 9 25 -2 9 2, 91 9 5. 1 1, 41 4 5. 1 1, 50 5 5. 1 30 -3 4 3, 37 6 5. 9 1, 66 6 6. 1 1, 71 0 5. 8 35 -3 9 3, 63 5 6. 4 1, 74 8 6. 4 1, 88 7 6. 4 40 -4 4 4, 36 2 7. 6 2, 00 8 7. 3 2, 35 3 7. 9 45 -4 9 4, 47 9 7. 8 2, 05 6 7. 5 2, 42 4 8. 2 50 -5 4 4, 30 0 7. 5 2, 04 9 7. 4 2, 25 1 7. 6 55 -5 9 3, 82 8 6. 7 1, 77 7 6. 5 2, 05 0 6. 9 60 -6 4 3, 12 5 5. 5 1, 37 4 5. 0 1, 75 1 5. 9 65 -6 9 2, 40 1 4. 2 1, 15 2 4. 2 1, 24 9 4. 2 70 -7 4 1, 73 3 3. 0 72 9 2. 6 1, 00 3 3. 4 75 -7 9 1, 21 1 2. 1 51 6 1. 9 69 6 2. 3 80 -8 4 81 4 1. 4 30 0 1. 1 51 5 1. 7 85 + 58 3 1. 0 21 5 0. 8 36 9 1. 2 M is si ng /D K 20 (* ) 4 (* ) 16 (* ) D ep en de nc y ag e gr ou ps 0- 14 13 ,1 07 22 .9 6, 75 3 24 .5 6, 35 4 21 .4 15 -6 4 37 ,3 33 65 .3 17 ,8 50 64 .9 19 ,4 84 65 .6 65 + 6, 74 2 11 .8 2, 91 1 10 .6 3, 83 1 12 .9 M is si ng /D K 20 (* ) 4 (* ) 16 (* ) C hi ld a nd a du lt po pu la tio ns C hi ld re n ag e 0- 17 y ea rs 15 ,7 57 27 .5 8, 10 7 29 .5 7, 65 0 25 .8 A du lts a ge 1 8+ y ea rs 41 ,4 25 72 .4 19 ,4 07 70 .5 22 ,0 19 74 .2 M is si ng /D K 20 (* ) 4 (* ) 16 (* ) (* ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n fe w er th an 2 5 un w ei gh te d ca se s 31 I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 33 Ta bl e H H .3 : H ou se ho ld c om po si tio n P er c en t a nd fr eq ue nc y di st rib ut io n of h ou se ho ld s by s el ec te d ch ar ac te ris tic s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 W ei gh te d pe r c en t N um be r of h ou se ho ld s W ei gh te d U nw ei gh te d To ta l 10 0. 0 17 ,2 10 17 ,2 10 S ex o f h ou se ho ld h ea d M al e 59 .0 10 ,1 46 10 ,5 06 Fe m al e 41 .0 7, 06 4 6, 70 4 P ro vi nc e B ur ira m 11 .7 2, 01 1 1, 16 1 S is ak et 11 .2 1, 92 4 1, 24 9 Y as ot ho n 5. 0 85 8 1, 25 5 K al as in 7. 6 1, 30 6 1, 23 4 N ak ho n P ha no m 6. 3 1, 08 2 1, 21 9 M ae H on g S on 2. 1 35 9 1, 19 0 Ta k 5. 5 94 3 1, 21 8 R at ch ab ur i 9. 4 1, 62 5 1, 20 2 K an ch an ab ur i 7. 2 1, 23 2 1, 18 4 S on gk hl a 16 .4 2, 82 0 1, 37 7 S at un 2. 8 48 8 1, 21 2 P at ta ni 5. 2 89 8 1, 23 6 Y al a 4. 0 69 2 1, 21 1 N ar at hi w at 5. 6 97 2 1, 26 2 A re a U rb an 34 .6 5, 94 7 7, 70 9 R ur al 65 .4 11 ,2 63 9, 50 1 N um be r of h ou se ho ld m em be rs 1 14 .0 2, 41 1 1, 71 2 2 22 .7 3, 91 0 2, 82 3 3 22 .4 3, 84 7 3, 54 9 4 18 .8 3, 23 2 3, 63 4 5 11 .3 1, 93 8 2, 59 3 6 6. 0 1, 02 9 1, 55 2 7 2. 6 44 6 69 6 8 1. 2 20 9 33 2 9 0. 6 10 2 16 7 10 + 0. 5 86 15 2 M ea n ho us eh ol d si ze 3. 3 17 ,2 10 17 ,2 10 32 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents P a g e | 34 Ta bl e H H .4 : W om en 's b ac kg ro un d ch ar ac te ri st ic s P er c en t a nd fr eq ue nc y di st rib ut io n of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs b y se le ct ed b ac kg ro un d ch ar ac te ris tic s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 W ei gh te d pe r c en t N um be r of w om en W ei gh te d U nw ei gh te d To ta l 10 0. 0 15 ,4 49 15 ,4 49 P ro vi nc e B ur ira m 9. 8 1, 51 3 83 8 S is ak et 10 .3 1, 59 2 1, 05 0 Y as ot ho n 4. 4 68 2 1, 03 5 K al as in 6. 5 1, 00 4 97 1 N ak ho n P ha no m 6. 0 92 7 1, 04 4 M ae H on g S on 2. 0 30 3 1, 00 0 Ta k 5. 3 81 6 1, 06 9 R at ch ab ur i 9. 5 1, 46 6 1, 13 2 K an ch an ab ur i 6. 4 98 6 98 5 S on gk hl a 17 .5 2, 70 6 1, 23 2 S at un 3. 5 54 0 1, 19 5 P at ta ni 6. 1 94 0 1, 20 2 Y al a 5. 2 81 1 1, 31 4 N ar at hi w at 7. 5 1, 16 4 1, 38 2 A re a U rb an 34 .0 5, 25 6 6, 81 3 R ur al 66 .0 10 ,1 93 8, 63 6 A ge 15 -1 9 15 .8 2, 43 8 2, 10 6 20 -2 4 10 .7 1, 64 8 1, 82 3 25 -2 9 11 .1 1, 71 9 2, 07 9 30 -3 4 12 .7 1, 95 8 2, 48 7 35 -3 9 14 .1 2, 17 9 2, 34 5 40 -4 4 17 .6 2, 71 3 2, 31 5 45 -4 9 18 .1 2, 79 6 2, 29 4 M ar ita l/U ni on s ta tu s C ur re nt ly m ar rie d/ in u ni on 64 .7 10 ,0 00 10 ,8 50 W id ow ed 1. 6 25 2 24 7 D iv or ce d 2. 7 41 5 40 6 S ep ar at ed 2. 8 43 2 41 7 N ev er m ar rie d/ in u ni on 28 .2 4, 34 9 3, 52 9 M ot he rh oo d an d re ce nt b ir th s N ev er g av e bi rth 34 .6 5, 34 5 4, 23 7 E ve r g av e bi rth 65 .4 10 ,1 04 11 ,2 12 G av e bi rth in la st tw o ye ar s 8. 9 1, 37 7 2, 12 8 N o bi rth in la st tw o ye ar s 56 .5 8, 72 8 9, 08 4 33 I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 35 Ta bl e H H .4 M : M en 's b ac kg ro un d ch ar ac te ri st ic s P er c en t a nd fr eq ue nc y di st rib ut io n of m en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs b y se le ct ed b ac kg ro un d ch ar ac te ris tic s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 W ei gh te d pe r c en t N um be r of m en W ei gh te d U nw ei gh te d To ta l 10 0. 0 13 ,8 93 13 ,8 93 P ro vi nc e B ur ira m 9. 8 1, 36 7 69 6 S is ak et 10 .4 1, 45 0 93 9 Y as ot ho n 4. 5 62 2 91 5 K al as in 7. 2 99 8 90 4 N ak ho n P ha no m 5. 9 81 6 93 0 M ae H on g S on 1. 9 26 4 87 4 Ta k 5. 3 73 7 95 7 R at ch ab ur i 10 .1 1, 41 0 1, 04 1 K an ch an ab ur i 6. 8 95 0 94 9 S on gk hl a 16 .1 2, 23 7 1, 08 6 S at un 3. 4 46 9 1, 05 9 P at ta ni 5. 7 79 0 1, 05 7 Y al a 4. 9 68 4 1, 17 6 N ar at hi w at 7. 9 1, 09 8 1, 31 0 A re a U rb an 33 .3 4, 62 3 6, 02 6 R ur al 66 .7 9, 27 0 7, 86 7 A ge 15 -1 9 17 .0 2, 36 3 2, 01 6 20 -2 4 12 .7 1, 76 8 1, 57 6 25 -2 9 11 .2 1, 56 1 1, 79 7 30 -3 4 13 .1 1, 81 6 2, 19 6 35 -3 9 13 .8 1, 91 8 2, 17 0 40 -4 4 16 .0 2, 21 7 2, 11 3 45 -4 9 16 .2 2, 25 1 2, 02 5 M ar ita l/U ni on s ta tu s C ur re nt ly m ar rie d/ in u ni on 54 .2 7, 52 9 8, 63 6 W id ow ed (0 .3 ) 41 29 D iv or ce d 1. 8 25 5 22 9 S ep ar at ed 2. 9 40 4 30 8 N ev er m ar rie d/ in u ni on 40 .8 5, 66 2 4, 68 9 M is si ng /D K (* ) 2 2 Fa th er ho od s ta tu s H as a t l ea st o ne li vi ng c hi ld 51 .1 7, 10 1 8, 33 6 H as n o liv in g ch ild re n 48 .7 6, 76 6 5, 52 6 M is si ng /D K (0 .2 ) 26 31 ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s (* ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n fe w er th an 2 5 un w ei gh te d ca se s 34 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents P a g e | 36 Ta bl e H H .5 : U nd er -5 's b ac kg ro un d ch ar ac te ri st ic s P er c en t a nd fr eq ue nc y di st rib ut io n of c hi ld re n un de r 5 ye ar s of a ge b y se le ct ed c ha ra ct er is tic s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 W ei gh te d pe r c en t N um be r of u nd er -5 c hi ld re n W ei gh te d U nw ei gh te d To ta l 10 0. 0 7, 64 9 7, 64 9 S ex M al e 51 .7 3, 95 5 3, 90 3 Fe m al e 48 .3 3, 69 4 3, 74 6 P ro vi nc e B ur ira m 12 .0 91 5 47 6 S is ak et 11 .0 84 4 56 6 Y as ot ho n 4. 9 37 8 61 1 K al as in 6. 8 52 1 57 5 N ak ho n P ha no m 6. 2 47 1 54 0 M ae H on g S on 1. 9 14 6 48 7 Ta k 5. 4 41 2 56 5 R at ch ab ur i 7. 3 56 0 50 5 K an ch an ab ur i 6. 1 46 8 46 7 S on gk hl a 13 .4 1, 02 6 62 1 S at un 3. 8 29 4 60 1 P at ta ni 8. 9 67 7 61 8 Y al a 3. 4 26 2 43 8 N ar at hi w at 8. 8 67 6 57 9 A re a U rb an 27 .1 2, 07 4 3, 32 5 R ur al 72 .9 5, 57 5 4, 32 4 A ge 0- 5 m on th s 8. 6 65 6 41 4 6- 11 m on th s 8. 9 67 9 50 8 12 -2 3 m on th s 19 .1 1, 46 0 1, 55 2 24 -3 5 m on th s 20 .6 1, 57 9 1, 70 1 36 -4 7 m on th s 21 .9 1, 67 4 1, 77 1 48 -5 9 m on th s 20 .9 1, 60 2 1, 70 3 R es po nd en t t o th e un de r- 5 qu es tio nn ai re M ot he r 77 .3 5, 91 1 6, 09 3 O th er p rim ar y ca re ta ke r 22 .7 1, 73 8 1, 55 6 35 I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 37 Ta bl e H H .6 : H ou si ng c ha ra ct er is tic s P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld s by s el ec te d ho us in g ch ar ac te ris tic s, a cc or di ng to a re a of re si de nc e an d re gi on s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 Total A re a P ro vi nc e Urban Rural Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Mae Hong Son Tak Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat E le ct ri ci ty Y es 99 .0 99 .2 98 .9 99 .9 99 .5 99 .8 98 .5 99 .7 94 .6 96 .8 98 .8 97 .2 99 .6 99 .3 98 .8 99 .7 99 .5 N o 1. 0 0. 8 1. 1 0. 1 0. 5 0. 2 1. 5 0. 3 5. 4 3. 2 1. 2 2. 8 0. 4 0. 6 1. 2 0. 3 0. 5 Fl oo ri ng N at ur al fl oo r 1. 1 0. 7 1. 2 2. 8 1. 2 0. 5 0. 7 2. 6 0. 3 0. 4 1. 3 2. 7 0. 1 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 R ud im en ta ry fl oo r 17 .9 9. 9 22 .1 15 .1 18 .7 12 .9 15 .4 22 .4 59 .7 53 .7 14 .7 12 .2 6. 3 6. 2 28 .0 7. 2 25 .1 Fi ni sh ed fl oo r 80 .9 89 .3 76 .6 82 .1 80 .2 86 .6 83 .9 75 .0 40 .1 45 .9 84 .0 84 .9 93 .5 93 .5 71 .8 92 .6 74 .7 O th er 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 2 0. 1 0. 1 0. 2 0. 1 0. 1 R oo f N at ur al ro of in g 0. 5 0. 2 0. 7 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 6. 9 5. 1 0. 0 0. 3 0. 1 0. 2 0. 0 0. 9 0. 1 R ud im en ta ry ro of in g 0. 4 0. 5 0. 4 0. 3 0. 1 0. 0 0. 5 0. 3 0. 7 0. 3 0. 9 0. 9 0. 2 2. 0 0. 3 0. 3 0. 6 Fi ni sh ed ro of in g 99 .1 99 .3 98 .9 99 .7 99 .9 10 0. 0 99 .5 99 .5 92 .4 94 .6 99 .1 98 .8 99 .8 97 .8 99 .7 98 .8 99 .3 O th er 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 E xt er io r w al ls N at ur al w al ls 0. 7 0. 5 0. 8 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 1. 8 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 3. 0 0. 8 0. 0 0. 0 0. 7 0. 7 2. 4 R ud im en ta ry w al ls 5. 0 2. 7 6. 2 0. 8 15 .6 0. 4 2. 5 2. 1 18 .7 9. 0 8. 2 4. 3 1. 6 3. 3 3. 2 4. 9 3. 1 Fi ni sh ed w al ls 94 .2 96 .7 92 .9 99 .2 84 .1 99 .6 95 .6 97 .9 81 .2 90 .7 88 .7 94 .7 98 .4 96 .5 95 .9 94 .3 94 .4 O th er 0. 1 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 0. 3 0. 0 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 3 0. 2 0. 3 0. 0 0. 3 0. 2 0. 0 0. 1 M is si ng /D K 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 R oo m s us ed fo r sl ee pi ng 1 41 .2 43 .7 39 .9 40 .3 39 .1 52 .7 32 .0 40 .7 48 .1 47 .2 40 .9 48 .3 44 .8 32 .7 41 .2 31 .0 33 .9 2 42 .5 40 .0 43 .7 45 .4 47 .5 39 .8 47 .9 40 .5 41 .7 38 .8 40 .0 35 .8 40 .6 42 .2 39 .8 50 .6 42 .3 3 or m or e 16 .3 16 .3 16 .4 14 .3 13 .4 7. 6 20 .1 18 .8 10 .2 13 .9 19 .1 15 .9 14 .6 25 .1 19 .0 18 .4 23 .9 To ta l 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 N um be r o f h ou se ho ld s 17 ,2 10 5, 94 7 11 ,2 63 2, 01 1 1, 92 4 85 8 1, 30 6 1, 08 2 35 9 94 3 1, 62 5 1, 23 2 2, 82 0 48 8 89 8 69 2 97 2 M ea n nu m be r o f p er so ns p er ro om u se d fo r s le ep in g 1. 99 1. 85 2. 06 2. 01 2. 05 2. 10 1. 81 1. 93 2. 02 2. 04 1. 96 1. 97 1. 85 2. 00 2. 32 1. 86 2. 19 36 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents P a g e | 38 Ta bl e H H .7 : H ou se ho ld a nd p er so na l a ss et s P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s by o w ne rs hi p of s el ec te d ho us eh ol d an d pe rs on al a ss et s, a nd p er c en t d is tri bu tio n by o w ne rs hi p of d w el lin g, a cc or di ng to a re a of re si de nc e an d re gi on s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 Total A re a P ro vi nc e Urban Rural Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Mae Hong Son Tak Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s th at ow n a E le ct ric ity 99 .0 99 .2 98 .9 99 .9 99 .5 99 .8 98 .5 99 .7 94 .6 96 .8 98 .8 97 .2 99 .6 99 .3 98 .8 99 .7 99 .5 R ad io 53 .5 53 .5 53 .5 61 .9 49 .8 66 .5 52 .6 67 .5 64 .6 52 .0 55 .5 67 .1 40 .7 21 .3 43 .6 61 .7 50 .5 N on -m ob ile p ho ne 6. 8 13 .8 3. 1 2. 2 2. 6 2. 5 2. 9 3. 6 4. 3 5. 9 13 .7 7. 7 14 .3 5. 5 5. 4 9. 7 4. 9 R ef rig er at or 89 .4 89 .5 89 .3 84 .1 91 .2 93 .6 91 .9 94 .7 66 .1 82 .6 92 .7 93 .8 89 .2 90 .3 85 .0 91 .7 90 .0 E le ct ric fa n 97 .6 98 .8 97 .0 98 .7 98 .5 99 .0 99 .3 98 .4 68 .2 90 .4 98 .1 99 .4 99 .0 98 .9 97 .6 98 .6 99 .0 W as hi ng m ac hi ne 64 .8 70 .1 62 .0 52 .8 56 .1 62 .8 63 .9 72 .8 47 .3 66 .5 71 .4 72 .0 73 .8 79 .5 51 .1 64 .7 64 .9 O ve n/ M ic ro w av e ov en 18 .4 27 .2 13 .8 14 .1 10 .0 13 .2 20 .3 16 .9 7. 8 20 .0 30 .4 22 .0 26 .2 23 .2 12 .2 14 .7 9. 5 C om pu te r 23 .9 35 .2 18 .0 19 .1 15 .0 17 .1 21 .9 24 .6 13 .5 27 .6 29 .9 20 .0 40 .4 24 .4 21 .8 18 .4 13 .3 Ta bl et 18 .6 23 .3 16 .1 12 .3 18 .9 14 .8 16 .7 14 .6 7. 5 16 .3 24 .4 21 .3 24 .0 22 .1 14 .1 23 .8 17 .7 V C D /D V D p la ye r 44 .6 50 .9 41 .2 33 .6 41 .8 44 .1 45 .3 42 .8 28 .6 42 .8 57 .1 66 .0 48 .6 40 .9 24 .0 49 .4 39 .3 B lu -r ay p la ye r 1. 3 2. 1 0. 9 0. 7 0. 6 0. 3 1. 6 0. 8 0. 9 1. 5 3. 3 1. 2 2. 0 1. 8 0. 7 0. 4 0. 7 A ir C on di tio ne r 16 .4 28 .6 10 .0 10 .0 9. 4 10 .1 15 .8 13 .8 5. 4 18 .5 28 .9 27 .0 27 .1 14 .3 8. 8 5. 7 5. 1 Te le vi si on (P la in m on ito r) 78 .9 72 .8 82 .1 79 .7 82 .4 83 .0 79 .7 85 .5 74 .5 78 .9 76 .1 82 .2 71 .7 73 .6 71 .8 85 .7 85 .5 Te le vi si on ( LC D /L E D /P la sm a m on ito r) 29 .9 40 .2 24 .4 28 .5 27 .7 20 .2 30 .4 24 .9 13 .7 28 .8 39 .6 33 .0 40 .0 29 .8 22 .8 20 .2 21 .2 C ha rc oa l s to ve 76 .4 62 .3 83 .9 95 .5 94 .3 96 .7 93 .3 95 .3 93 .2 85 .2 72 .4 82 .0 38 .3 69 .3 55 .1 69 .1 64 .0 W at er c oo le r 90 .2 86 .4 92 .2 94 .5 97 .5 98 .0 98 .3 95 .4 85 .6 83 .2 91 .2 93 .3 80 .7 79 .8 81 .9 80 .6 93 .5 P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s th at ow n A gr ic ul tu ra l l an d 54 .6 37 .5 63 .6 59 .2 72 .9 65 .1 74 .7 75 .9 59 .8 38 .1 31 .4 42 .4 41 .9 61 .5 47 .0 67 .0 48 .4 Fa rm a ni m al s/ Li ve st oc k 36 .0 20 .7 44 .1 53 .9 55 .3 63 .2 42 .8 49 .0 53 .9 33 .5 16 .5 26 .5 17 .1 26 .6 24 .5 31 .9 26 .4 37 I. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 39 Ta bl e H H .7 : H ou se ho ld a nd p er so na l a ss et s (c on tin ue d) P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s by o w ne rs hi p of s el ec te d ho us eh ol d an d pe rs on al a ss et s, a nd p er c en t d is tri bu tio n by o w ne rs hi p of d w el lin g, a cc or di ng to a re a of re si de nc e an d re gi on s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 Total A re a P ro vi nc e Urban Rural Buriram Sisaket Yasothon Kalasin Nakhon Phanom Mae Hong Son Tak Ratchaburi Kanchanaburi Songkhla Satun Pattani Yala Narathiwat P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s w he re a t l ea st o ne m em be r ow ns o r ha s a W at ch 63 .1 72 .2 58 .2 44 .1 47 .5 47 .3 49 .6 45 .3 56 .1 60 .0 75 .4 75 .9 75 .3 71 .5 70 .4 85 .3 90 .8 B ic yc le 64 .4 59 .2 67 .2 75 .9 70 .2 80 .3 71 .6 84 .3 23 .0 60 .7 66 .0 60 .2 51 .6 54 .0 56 .7 65 .5 53 .5 C ar o r t ru ck 39 .9 46 .8 36 .2 29 .9 29 .7 36 .3 38 .9 33 .0 28 .6 37 .2 53 .1 53 .0 49 .0 44 .0 37 .2 41 .5 33 .0 B oa t w ith m ot or 1. 1 0. 9 1. 2 0. 7 0. 8 0. 3 0. 1 3. 0 0. 3 0. 8 0. 5 0. 6 1. 5 8. 2 1. 2 0. 3 0. 9 Tw o- w he el ed T ra ct or 17 .8 11 .1 21 .4 25 .5 38 .0 38 .7 42 .7 37 .5 13 .2 19 .1 4. 4 6. 3 2. 5 1. 4 6. 8 1. 6 0. 3 Fo ur -w he el ed T ra ct or 3. 4 2. 7 3. 8 5. 6 5. 7 5. 1 7. 6 2. 4 0. 7 2. 6 2. 8 5. 7 0. 7 1. 3 1. 5 1. 0 0. 6 Tr ad iti on al m . t el ep ho ne 71 .5 62 .0 76 .6 67 .6 78 .0 77 .2 76 .7 79 .6 70 .7 68 .3 70 .2 75 .4 60 .5 70 .5 68 .4 78 .0 77 .2 S m ar t p ho ne 62 .0 71 .1 57 .2 59 .2 57 .7 52 .8 57 .3 51 .7 39 .9 57 .8 69 .5 61 .3 77 .4 69 .4 62 .6 73 .7 45 .9 M ot or cy cl e/ sc oo te r 87 .9 87 .6 88 .1 84 .7 86 .0 90 .6 85 .3 88 .6 81 .6 78 .6 90 .8 89 .7 89 .0 91 .6 87 .4 96 .2 92 .6 S po rt m . c yc le (B ig b ik e) 1. 4 1. 5 1. 2 0. 8 2. 7 0. 3 1. 1 0. 4 1. 6 0. 7 2. 1 0. 8 1. 6 1. 8 0. 8 1. 4 1. 5 B an k ac co un t 87 .2 90 .4 85 .5 83 .3 89 .1 96 .0 89 .6 94 .1 70 .2 76 .9 87 .9 88 .2 91 .7 87 .0 83 .1 91 .2 74 .7 C re di t c ar d 14 .8 22 .5 10 .8 4. 7 11 .5 4. 6 40 .0 9. 5 9. 6 13 .0 21 .5 15 .5 18 .7 12 .6 12 .8 16 .2 6. 0 O w ne rs hi p of d w el lin g O w ne d by a h ou se ho ld m em be r 86 .8 74 .1 93 .5 93 .7 93 .1 97 .6 96 .4 94 .7 50 .9 86 .9 83 .0 84 .3 73 .6 86 .5 86 .1 84 .1 92 .8 N ot o w ne d 13 .2 25 .9 6. 5 6. 3 6. 9 2. 4 3. 6 5. 3 48 .9 13 .1 17 .0 15 .7 26 .4 13 .5 13 .9 15 .9 7. 2 R en te d 8. 1 19 .5 2. 1 2. 1 2. 1 0. 9 2. 6 2. 8 2. 1 8. 3 10 .3 6. 4 22 .0 8. 0 10 .4 13 .9 5. 6 O th er 5. 1 6. 4 4. 4 4. 2 4. 8 1. 5 1. 0 2. 6 46 .8 4. 8 6. 7 9. 2 4. 4 5. 5 3. 5 2. 0 1. 6 To ta l 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 N um be r of h ou se ho ld s 17 ,2 10 5, 94 7 11 ,2 63 2, 01 1 1, 92 4 85 8 1, 30 6 1, 08 2 35 9 94 3 1, 62 5 1, 23 2 2, 82 0 48 8 89 8 69 2 97 2 38 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women II. Nutrition © UNICEF Thailand/2009/Athit 39 II. Nutrition Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 41 II. N ut ri ti on Ta bl e N U .1 : L ow b ir th w ei gh t i nf an ts P er ce nt ag e of la st li ve -b or n ch ild re n in th e la st tw o ye ar s th at a re e st im at ed to h av e w ei gh ed b el ow 2 ,5 00 g ra m s at b irt h an d pe rc en ta ge o f l iv e bi rth s w ei gh ed a t b irt h, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 20 15 -2 01 6 P er c en t d is tr ib ut io n of b ir th s by m ot he r's a ss es sm en t o f s iz e at b ir th To ta l P er ce nt ag e of li ve b ir th s: N um be r o f V er y sm al l S m al le r t ha n A ve ra ge La rg er th an D K B el ow W ei gh ed la st li ve -b or n av er ag e av er ag e or 2, 50 0 at b irt h2 ch ild re n in ve ry la rg e gr am s1 th e la st tw o ye ar s Th ai la nd 0. 6 10 .4 72 .8 15 .9 0. 4 10 0. 0 9. 4 98 .9 2, 09 2 R eg io n B an gk ok 0. 1 6. 1 79 .5 13 .0 1. 3 10 0. 0 6. 8 95 .8 23 1 C en tra l 0. 3 9. 5 74 .3 15 .8 0. 1 10 0. 0 8. 6 99 .7 71 3 N or th 0. 3 12 .8 68 .5 18 .2 0. 2 10 0. 0 10 .3 97 .7 35 4 N or th ea st 0. 1 11 .7 73 .1 14 .8 0. 4 10 0. 0 9. 9 99 .6 43 7 S ou th 2. 3 10 .8 69 .4 17 .1 0. 4 10 0. 0 11 .3 99 .4 35 9 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 0. 0 7. 2 64 .2 25 .3 3. 3 10 0. 0 8. 1 89 .5 10 3 K an ch an ab ur i 0. 3 3. 9 82 .4 13 .1 0. 4 10 0. 0 6. 7 99 .5 73 N or th M ae H on g S on 0. 0 5. 7 86 .2 8. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 7. 3 96 .5 31 Ta k 0. 0 18 .9 54 .7 24 .8 1. 7 10 0. 0 14 .9 96 .0 72 N or th ea st B ur ira m 0. 0 10 .3 73 .0 15 .9 0. 8 10 0. 0 10 .7 98 .7 12 7 S is ak et 0. 0 7. 0 72 .2 20 .8 0. 0 10 0. 0 7. 9 10 0. 0 11 8 Y as ot ho n 0. 0 15 .3 55 .8 28 .6 0. 3 10 0. 0 12 .8 10 0. 0 58 K al as in 0. 0 10 .5 72 .6 16 .9 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 .0 10 0. 0 76 N ak ho n P ha no m 1. 2 11 .6 73 .7 13 .5 0. 0 10 0. 0 11 .7 99 .5 85 S ou th S on gk hl a 1. 8 12 .2 58 .9 26 .9 0. 1 10 0. 0 12 .3 99 .9 23 8 S at un 0. 6 5. 5 78 .8 14 .3 0. 9 10 0. 0 8. 4 99 .1 65 P at ta ni 0. 1 8. 7 52 .7 38 .6 0. 0 10 0. 0 8. 6 99 .3 13 8 Y al a 2. 5 7. 5 70 .2 19 .8 0. 0 10 0. 0 9. 9 99 .6 41 N ar at hi w at 0. 4 5. 2 73 .3 20 .5 0. 5 10 0. 0 7. 6 97 .8 15 1 1 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 20 - Lo w -b ir th w ei gh t i nf an ts 2 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 21 - In fa nt s w ei gh ed a t b ir th 40 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women II. Nutrition P a g e | 42 Ta bl e N U .S 1: L ow b ir th w ei gh t c hi ld re n P er ce nt ag e of u nd er -fi ve c hi ld re n w ho w ei gh ed b el ow 2 ,5 00 g ra m s at b irt h, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of w ei gh t a t b ir th : N um be r o f B el ow 2 ,5 00 g ra m s1 2, 50 0 gr am s an d ab ov e N ot w ei gh ed / D K /M is si ng To ta l un de r- fiv e ch ild re n Th ai la nd 8. 6 88 .2 3. 2 10 0. 0 12 ,2 50 R eg io n B an gk ok 5. 9 87 .2 6. 8 10 0. 0 1, 14 6 C en tra l 8. 7 88 .1 3. 2 10 0. 0 3, 54 6 N or th 10 .1 86 .6 3. 2 10 0. 0 2, 08 4 N or th ea st 8. 2 89 .8 2. 0 10 0. 0 3, 54 5 S ou th 9. 4 87 .6 3. 0 10 0. 0 1, 92 9 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 7. 1 90 .5 2. 5 10 0. 0 56 0 K an ch an ab ur i 7. 4 87 .6 5. 0 10 0. 0 46 8 N or th M ae H on g S on 8. 1 86 .3 5. 5 10 0. 0 14 6 Ta k 9. 6 83 .8 6. 6 10 0. 0 41 2 N or th ea st B ur ira m 8. 4 83 .2 8. 4 10 0. 0 91 5 S is ak et 8. 0 91 .4 0. 6 10 0. 0 84 4 Y as ot ho n 13 .8 85 .8 0. 4 10 0. 0 37 8 K al as in 7. 0 92 .2 0. 8 10 0. 0 52 1 N ak ho n P ha no m 8. 9 90 .1 1. 0 10 0. 0 47 1 S ou th S on gk hl a 9. 7 88 .0 2. 4 10 0. 0 1, 02 6 S at un 7. 6 88 .5 3. 9 10 0. 0 29 4 P at ta ni 7. 1 91 .1 1. 8 10 0. 0 67 7 Y al a 5. 3 94 .1 0. 5 10 0. 0 26 2 N ar at hi w at 9. 2 88 .5 2. 3 10 0. 0 67 6 1 C ou nt ry s pe ci fic in di ca to r 2. S 1 - L ow -b ir th w ei gh t i nf an ts (b or n in la st fi ve y ea rs ) 41 II. Nutrition Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 43 Ta bl e N U .2 : N ut ri tio na l s ta tu s of c hi ld re n P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n un de r a ge 5 b y nu tri tio na l s ta tu s ac co rd in g to th re e an th ro po m et ric in di ce s: w ei gh t f or a ge , h ei gh t f or a ge , a nd w ei gh t f or h ei gh t, Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 W ei gh t f or a ge N um be r o f H ei gh t f or a ge N um be r o f W ei gh t f or h ei gh t N um be r o f U nd er w ei gh t M ea n ch ild re n S tu nt ed M ea n ch ild re n W as te d O ve rw ei gh t M ea n ch ild re n P er c en t b el ow Z- S co re un de r a ge 5 P er c en t b el ow Z- S co re un de r a ge 5 P er c en t b el ow P er c en t Z- S co re un de r a ge 5 - 2 S D 1 - 3 S D 2 (S D ) - 2 S D 3 - 3 S D 4 (S D ) - 2 S D 5 - 3 S D 6 ab ov e+ 2 S D 7 (S D ) Th ai la nd 6. 7 1. 5 -0 .2 11 ,1 89 10 .5 2. 6 -0 .5 11 ,0 08 5. 4 1. 4 8. 2 0. 1 10 ,9 42 R eg io n B an gk ok 4. 4 0. 9 -0 .1 80 6 7. 9 1. 8 -0 .2 75 6 3. 6 0. 7 9. 1 0. 2 74 6 C en tra l 6. 8 2. 3 -0 .1 3, 21 9 11 .8 3. 2 -0 .5 3, 16 5 5. 2 1. 8 8. 8 0. 1 3, 16 2 N or th 6. 9 1. 4 -0 .2 2, 00 1 9. 8 2. 2 -0 .5 1, 97 5 5. 2 1. 1 8. 2 0. 1 1, 97 1 N or th ea st 5. 6 0. 7 -0 .2 3, 36 9 8. 7 1. 6 -0 .4 3, 35 2 4. 8 1. 0 7. 9 0. 0 3, 31 2 S ou th 9. 1 1. 9 -0 .4 1, 79 5 13 .6 4. 0 -0 .7 1, 76 0 7. 8 2. 2 7. 3 -0 .1 1, 75 1 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 6. 6 0. 4 -0 .1 51 4 11 .2 2. 2 -0 .4 51 1 4. 1 1. 2 10 .9 0. 1 50 8 K an ch an ab ur i 8. 3 2. 6 -0 .3 41 1 14 .7 4. 9 -0 .8 40 8 4. 9 1. 1 10 .9 0. 2 40 4 N or th M ae H on g S on 9. 5 2. 6 -0 .6 13 9 24 .9 7. 7 -1 .0 13 7 4. 8 1. 2 3. 7 0. 0 13 6 Ta k 11 .7 2. 4 -0 .5 38 6 21 .9 9. 4 -0 .9 38 2 8. 0 2. 9 11 .1 0. 0 38 5 N or th ea st B ur ira m 4. 7 0. 4 -0 .2 77 1 6. 7 1. 5 -0 .4 76 9 6. 5 1. 3 6. 9 -0 .1 76 3 S is ak et 9. 3 1. 8 -0 .6 83 0 12 .2 5. 3 -0 .8 82 0 7. 8 0. 7 4. 0 -0 .3 80 9 Y as ot ho n 5. 6 0. 3 -0 .2 36 5 7. 3 1. 7 -0 .4 36 2 6. 7 1. 9 7. 4 0. 0 36 1 K al as in 7. 9 0. 8 -0 .2 51 2 10 .7 3. 1 -0 .5 51 4 3. 4 0. 4 7. 9 0. 1 51 2 N ak ho n P ha no m 9. 4 2. 3 -0 .6 45 9 15 .5 4. 7 -0 .8 45 9 3. 6 1. 1 5. 4 -0 .2 45 9 S ou th S on gk hl a 10 .0 2. 2 -0 .5 96 9 13 .0 1. 8 -0 .6 96 3 7. 2 2. 0 4. 7 -0 .3 96 2 S at un 7. 5 1. 6 -0 .4 25 4 16 .8 3. 2 -0 .7 25 4 5. 9 0. 7 6. 6 0. 0 25 4 P at ta ni 14 .3 2. 6 -0 .8 66 6 19 .3 7. 1 -0 .9 64 8 13 .3 1. 4 5. 5 -0 .5 65 3 Y al a 12 .9 2. 2 -0 .8 26 2 21 .2 7. 0 -1 .1 26 2 6. 4 1. 8 5. 3 -0 .3 26 2 N ar at hi w at 16 .2 5. 1 -1 .0 64 7 29 .0 10 .0 -1 .2 64 7 10 .7 4. 7 3. 7 -0 .4 64 3 1 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 1a - U nd er w ei gh t p re va le nc e (m od er at e an d se ve re ) 2 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 1b - U nd er w ei gh t p re va le nc e (s ev er e) 3 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 2a ; S D G in di ca to r 2. 2. 1 - S tu nt in g pr ev al en ce (m od er at e an d se ve re ) 4 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 2b ; S D G in di ca to r 2. 2. 1 - S tu nt in g pr ev al en ce (s ev er e) 5 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 3a ; S D G in di ca to r 2. 2. 2 - W as tin g pr ev al en ce (m od er at e an d se ve re ) 6 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 3b ; S D G in di ca to r 2. 2. 2 - W as tin g pr ev al en ce (s ev er e) 7 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 4 - O ve rw ei gh t p re va le nc e 42 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women II. Nutrition P a g e | 44 Ta bl e N U .3 : I ni tia l b re as tf ee di ng P er ce nt ag e of la st li ve -b or n ch ild re n in th e la st tw o ye ar s w ho w er e ev er b re as tfe d, b re as tfe d w ith in o ne h ou r o f b irt h, a nd w ith in o ne d ay o f b irt h, a nd p er ce nt ag e w ho re ce iv ed a p re la ct ea l f ee d, Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e w ho w er e P er ce nt ag e w ho w er e fir st b re as tf ed : P er ce nt ag e w ho re ce iv ed N um be r o f l as t l iv e- bo rn ev er b re as tfe d1 W ith in o ne h ou r o f b irt h2 W ith in o ne d ay o f b irt h a pr el ac te al fe ed ch ild re n in th e la st tw o ye ar s Th ai la nd 97 .4 39 .9 77 .9 24 .0 2, 09 2 R eg io n B an gk ok 93 .0 27 .9 57 .8 31 .0 23 1 C en tra l 98 .6 33 .3 75 .6 27 .9 71 3 N or th 97 .7 58 .6 85 .2 19 .9 35 4 N or th ea st 98 .7 44 .1 84 .4 17 .2 43 7 S ou th 96 .0 37 .3 80 .5 24 .0 35 9 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 94 .5 14 .6 57 .0 24 .1 10 3 K an ch an ab ur i 98 .5 63 .9 87 .8 28 .8 73 N or th M ae H on g S on 10 0. 0 74 .9 97 .4 0. 9 31 Ta k 98 .6 67 .0 94 .2 13 .8 72 N or th ea st B ur ira m 98 .8 34 .1 79 .4 13 .8 12 7 S is ak et 98 .1 39 .4 77 .4 8. 9 11 8 Y as ot ho n 99 .9 10 .1 86 .4 42 .3 58 K al as in 95 .8 51 .5 85 .7 9. 8 76 N ak ho n P ha no m 99 .5 73 .4 83 .6 9. 9 85 S ou th S on gk hl a 97 .8 49 .4 70 .2 36 .7 23 8 S at un 96 .3 61 .1 85 .0 12 .1 65 P at ta ni 99 .3 46 .9 91 .4 36 .1 13 8 Y al a 10 0. 0 28 .5 86 .1 5. 4 41 N ar at hi w at 98 .9 80 .5 96 .8 57 .1 15 1 1 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 5 - C hi ld re n ev er b re as tf ed 2 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 6 - E ar ly in iti at io n of b re as tf ee di ng 43 II. Nutrition Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 45 Ta bl e N U .4 : B re as tf ee di ng P er ce nt ag e of li vi ng c hi ld re n ac co rd in g to b re as tfe ed in g st at us a t s el ec te d ag e gr ou ps , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 C hi ld re n ag e 0- 5 m on th s C hi ld re n ag e 12 -1 5 m on th s C hi ld re n ag e 20 -2 3 m on th s P er c en t P er c en t N um be r o f P er c en t b re as tfe d N um be r o f P er c en t b re as tfe d N um be r o f ex cl us iv el y pr ed om in an tly ch ild re n (C on tin ue d C hi ld re n (C on tin ue d ch ild re n br ea st fe d1 br ea st fe d2 br ea st fe ed in g br ea st fe ed in g at 1 y ea r) 3 at 2 y ea rs )4 Th ai la nd 23 .1 42 .1 1, 13 8 33 .3 91 4 15 .6 76 0 R eg io n B an gk ok (6 .4 ) (1 7. 2) 13 3 19 .5 62 (1 4. 5) 47 C en tra l 27 .4 51 .4 32 1 38 .1 22 6 12 .2 20 7 N or th 36 .7 52 .6 20 5 32 .0 18 1 10 .8 14 0 N or th ea st 17 .5 35 .6 30 0 31 .9 31 3 11 .5 21 2 S ou th 21 .6 43 .0 17 9 36 .6 13 1 30 .4 15 3 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i (9 .4 ) (4 3. 3) 47 (3 9. 9) 30 (3 8. 8) 40 K an ch an ab ur i (* ) (* ) 28 (2 7. 2) 31 (2 2. 0) 26 N or th M ae H on g S on (1 8. 0) (3 3. 7) 20 (7 7. 5) 9 (5 9. 3) 8 Ta k (2 0. 7) (6 5. 9) 31 (7 6. 4) 24 (6 .8 ) 22 N or th ea st B ur ira m (* ) (* ) 65 (3 7. 2) 80 (1 1. 3) 48 S is ak et (2 8. 5) (4 0. 7) 62 (4 5. 1) 47 (1 2. 8) 43 Y as ot ho n (2 0. 4) (2 8. 3) 38 (9 .8 ) 19 (1 0. 9) 19 K al as in (* ) (* ) 35 (1 9. 6) 36 (3 .9 ) 34 N ak ho n P ha no m (4 1. 7) (5 1. 3) 52 (3 1. 6) 33 (* ) 25 S ou th S on gk hl a (1 9. 0) (5 2. 2) 11 9 (2 7. 5) 68 (3 6. 6) 71 S at un (2 2. 3) (4 2. 8) 21 (6 6. 0) 11 23 .0 30 P at ta ni (2 5. 9) (4 5. 4) 70 (5 7. 2) 33 (3 5. 3) 41 Y al a (* ) (* ) 18 (* ) 16 (5 5. 9) 17 N ar at hi w at (8 .6 ) (6 5. 9) 49 (7 2. 4) 47 (5 3. 8) 51 1 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 7 - E xc lu si ve b re as tf ee di ng u nd er 6 m on th s 2 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 8 - P re do m in an t b re as tf ee di ng u nd er 6 m on th s 3 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 9 - C on tin ue d br ea st fe ed in g at 1 y ea r 4 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 10 - C on tin ue d br ea st fe ed in g at 2 y ea rs ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s (* ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n fe w er th an 2 5 un w ei gh te d ca se s 44 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women II. Nutrition P a g e | 46 Ta bl e N U .5 : D ur at io n of b re as tf ee di ng M ed ia n du ra tio n of a ny b re as tfe ed in g, e xc lu si ve b re as tfe ed in g, a nd p re do m in an t b re as tfe ed in g am on g ch ild re n ag e 0- 35 m on th s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 M ed ia n du ra tio n (in m on th s) o f: N um be r o f c hi ld re n A ny b re as tfe ed in g1 E xc lu si ve b re as tfe ed in g P re do m in an t b re as tfe ed in g ag e 0- 35 m on th s M ed ia n 7. 9 0. 6 1. 8 7, 17 1 R eg io n B an gk ok 6. 1 0. 4 0. 5 64 6 C en tra l 11 .1 0. 4 2. 7 2, 10 7 N or th 7. 6 1. 0 2. 8 1, 29 1 N or th ea st 7. 1 0. 6 0. 8 1, 98 0 S ou th 10 .1 0. 7 2. 1 1, 14 7 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 9. 9 0. 4 0. 7 28 7 K an ch an ab ur i 6. 1 0. 5 2. 3 26 5 N or th M ae H on g S on 22 .7 0. 6 0. 6 90 Ta k 15 .7 0. 4 4. 2 23 6 N or th ea st B ur i R am 7. 1 1. 7 2. 1 53 3 S i S a K et 9. 5 0. 7 0. 7 44 5 Y as ot ho n 6. 8 0. 6 0. 7 21 4 K al as in 9. 7 2. 1 3. 1 30 4 N ak ho n P ha no m 7. 0 1. 7 2. 7 28 3 S ou th S on gk hl a 8. 2 0. 6 2. 8 61 7 S at un 14 .9 0. 8 0. 9 17 3 P at ta ni 18 .4 0. 8 2. 3 39 0 Y al a 14 .5 2. 9 5. 0 12 6 N ar at hi w at 21 .5 0. 4 4. 9 41 1 M ea n (T ha ila nd ) 10 .8 1. 4 2. 6 7, 17 1 1 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 11 - D ur at io n of b re as tf ee di ng 45 II. Nutrition Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 47 Ta bl e N U .6 : A ge -a pp ro pr ia te b re as tf ee di ng P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s w ho w er e ap pr op ria te ly b re as tfe d du rin g th e pr ev io us d ay , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 C hi ld re n ag e 0- 5 m on th s C hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s C hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s P er c en t N um be r P er c en t c ur re nt ly b re as tfe ed in g N um be r P er c en t N um be r ex cl us iv el y of an d re ce iv in g so lid , of ap pr op ria te ly of br ea st fe d1 ch ild re n se m i-s ol id o r s of t f oo ds ch ild re n br ea st fe d2 ch ild re n Th ai la nd 23 .1 1, 13 8 29 .6 3, 48 4 28 .0 4, 62 2 R eg io n B an gk ok (6 .4 ) 13 3 27 .2 29 2 20 .6 42 5 C en tra l 27 .4 32 1 32 .3 1, 06 2 31 .2 1, 38 2 N or th 36 .7 20 5 24 .7 65 0 27 .6 85 5 N or th ea st 17 .5 30 0 26 .8 91 7 24 .5 1, 21 7 S ou th 21 .6 17 9 36 .1 56 3 32 .6 74 2 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i (9 .4 ) 47 36 .0 14 5 29 .5 19 2 K an ch an ab ur i (* ) 28 29 .0 11 9 29 .3 14 7 N or th M ae H on g S on (1 8. 0) 20 66 .3 39 50 .0 58 Ta k (2 0. 7) 31 46 .7 11 4 41 .2 14 5 N or th ea st B ur ira m (* ) 65 33 .2 25 4 31 .2 31 8 S is ak et (2 8. 5) 62 34 .5 20 6 33 .1 26 8 Y as ot ho n (2 0. 4) 38 26 .8 10 9 25 .1 14 6 K al as in (* ) 35 29 .9 15 5 31 .8 19 0 N ak ho n P ha no m (4 1. 7) 52 29 .5 13 5 32 .9 18 7 S ou th S on gk hl a (1 9. 0) 11 9 37 .3 31 0 32 .2 42 9 S at un (2 2. 3) 21 39 .5 94 36 .3 11 5 P at ta ni (2 5. 9) 70 53 .6 18 0 45 .9 25 0 Y al a (* ) 18 36 .5 58 40 .4 77 N ar at hi w at (8 .6 ) 49 60 .8 22 2 51 .3 27 1 1 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 7 - E xc lu si ve b re as tf ee di ng u nd er 6 m on th s 2 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 12 - A ge -a pp ro pr ia te b re as tf ee di ng ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se (* ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n fe w er th an 2 5 un w ei gh te d ca se s 46 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women II. Nutrition P a g e | 48 Ta bl e N U .7 : I nf an t a nd y ou ng c hi ld fe ed in g (IY C F) p ra ct ic es P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed a pp ro pr ia te li qu id s an d so lid , s em i-s ol id o r s of t f oo ds th e m in im um n um be r o f t im es o r m or e du rin g th e pr ev io us d ay , by b re as tfe ed in g st at us , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 C ur re nt ly b re as tf ee di ng C ur re nt ly n ot b re as tf ee di ng A ll P er c en t o f c hi ld re n w ho r ec ei ve d: N um be r P er c en t o f c hi ld re n w ho r ec ei ve d: N um be r P er c en t o f c hi ld re n w ho r ec ei ve d: N um be r M in im um M in im um M in im um of M in im um M in im um M in im um A t of M in im um M in im um M in im um of di et ar y m ea l ac ce pt ab le ch ild re n di et ar y m ea l ac ce pt ab le le as t ch ild re n di et ar y m ea l ac ce pt ab le ch ild re n di ve rs ity a fre qu en cy b di et 1, c ag e di ve rs ity a fre qu en cy b di et 2, c 2 ag e di ve rs ity 4, a fre qu en cy 5, b di et c ag e 6- 23 m ilk 6- 23 6- 23 m on th s fe ed s3 m on th s m on th s Th ai la nd 66 .4 67 .5 49 .6 1, 08 2 79 .7 92 .9 58 .5 92 .0 2, 22 2 75 .0 84 .6 55 .6 3, 48 4 R eg io n B an gk ok (6 4. 2) (8 3. 5) (5 3. 4) 81 87 .6 94 .4 68 .5 97 .5 19 7 81 .2 91 .2 64 .1 29 2 C en tra l 70 .6 60 .7 50 .9 35 8 71 .0 94 .1 54 .3 95 .6 63 8 69 .1 82 .1 53 .1 1, 06 2 N or th 61 .4 71 .3 53 .2 17 4 79 .0 97 .5 54 .6 95 .0 44 4 73 .5 90 .1 54 .3 65 0 N or th ea st 72 .0 71 .6 51 .5 24 9 83 .1 87 .3 59 .4 84 .6 62 5 80 .4 82 .8 57 .2 91 7 S ou th 58 .0 64 .6 41 .2 22 0 86 .5 94 .2 64 .6 91 .3 31 7 75 .6 82 .1 55 .0 56 3 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 91 .6 71 .0 66 .4 53 88 .6 84 .0 70 .7 87 .1 89 90 .0 79 .1 69 .1 14 5 K an ch an ab ur i (6 5. 9) (9 1. 1) (6 2. 6) 35 76 .0 95 .4 57 .4 94 .4 79 72 .7 94 .1 59 .0 11 9 N or th M ae H on g S on 58 .9 80 .5 56 .4 27 94 .1 97 .5 75 .9 91 .3 11 69 .2 85 .4 62 .0 39 Ta k 46 .3 56 .1 29 .5 56 84 .0 94 .7 51 .2 90 .3 45 66 .4 73 .3 39 .2 11 4 N or th ea st B ur ira m (8 3. 6) (7 7. 5) (6 7. 3) 84 70 .7 81 .4 51 .2 79 .3 16 8 75 .1 80 .1 56 .6 25 4 S is ak et (7 1. 6) (5 9. 7) (4 1. 7) 74 77 .9 93 .5 58 .9 90 .4 13 0 75 .8 81 .2 52 .7 20 6 Y as ot ho n (9 3. 2) (5 4. 2) (5 0. 3) 29 92 .3 93 .9 71 .0 93 .9 80 92 .6 83 .3 65 .5 10 9 K al as in (6 7. 1) (5 9. 9) (5 0. 7) 46 95 .0 88 .1 69 .7 84 .8 10 0 86 .9 79 .2 63 .7 15 5 N ak ho n P ha no m (6 6. 8) (8 3. 5) (5 3. 7) 40 85 .2 96 .9 62 .8 90 .7 93 80 .1 92 .9 60 .0 13 5 47 II. Nutrition Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 49 Ta bl e N U .7 : I nf an t a nd y ou ng c hi ld fe ed in g (IY C F) p ra ct ic es (C on tin ue d) P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s w ho re ce iv ed a pp ro pr ia te li qu id s an d so lid , s em i-s ol id o r s of t f oo ds th e m in im um n um be r o f t im es o r m or e du rin g th e pr ev io us d ay , by b re as tfe ed in g st at us , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 C ur re nt ly b re as tf ee di ng C ur re nt ly n ot b re as tf ee di ng A ll P er c en t o f c hi ld re n w ho r ec ei ve d: N um be r P er c en t o f c hi ld re n w ho r ec ei ve d: N um be r P er c en t o f c hi ld re n w ho r ec ei ve d: N um be r M in im um M in im um M in im um of M in im um M in im um M in im um A t of M in im um M in im um M in im um of di et ar y m ea l ac ce pt ab le ch ild re n di et ar y m ea l ac ce pt ab le le as t ch ild re n di et ar y m ea l ac ce pt ab le ch ild re n di ve rs ity a fre qu en cy b di et 1, c ag e di ve rs ity a fre qu en cy b di et 2, c 2 ag e di ve rs ity 4, a fre qu en cy 5, b di et c ag e 6- 23 m ilk 6- 23 6- 23 m on th s fe ed s3 m on th s m on th s S ou th S on gk hl a 55 .3 66 .9 43 .9 12 3 92 .7 97 .8 53 .0 82 .7 17 6 77 .6 85 .1 49 .3 31 0 S at un 70 .8 74 .1 61 .3 41 86 .0 90 .3 70 .7 87 .3 47 80 .1 82 .7 66 .2 94 P at ta ni 48 .1 66 .7 33 .8 10 5 77 .5 94 .8 48 .3 89 .1 74 60 .7 78 .3 39 .8 18 0 Y al a (6 5. 5) (5 5. 9) (4 9. 7) 24 83 .4 10 0. 0 62 .7 10 0. 0 35 76 .1 82 .0 57 .4 58 N ar at hi w at 43 .8 44 .5 25 .6 16 8 (8 2. 6) (9 1. 1) (4 8. 0) (9 7. 6) 48 50 .8 54 .8 30 .6 22 2 1 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 17 a - M in im um a cc ep ta bl e di et (b re as tf ed ) 2 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 17 b - M in im um a cc ep ta bl e di et (n on -b re as tf ed ) 3 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 14 - M ilk fe ed in g fr eq ue nc y fo r no n- br ea st fe d ch ild re n 4 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 16 - M in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty 5 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 15 - M in im um m ea l f re qu en cy a M in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty is d ef in ed a s re ce iv in g fo od s fro m a t l ea st 4 o f 7 fo od g ro up s: 1 ) G ra in s, ro ot s an d tu be rs , 2 ) l eg um es a nd n ut s, 3 ) da iry p ro du ct s (m ilk , y og ur t, ch ee se ), 4) fl es h fo od s (m ea t, fis h, p ou ltr y an d liv er /o rg an m ea ts ), 5) e gg s, 6 ) v ita m in -A ri ch fr ui ts a nd v eg et ab le s, a nd 7 ) o th er fr ui ts a nd v eg et ab le s. b M in im um m ea l f re qu en cy a m on g cu rr en tly b re as tfe ed in g ch ild re n is d ef in ed a s ch ild re n w ho a ls o re ce iv ed s ol id , s em i-s ol id o r s of t f oo ds 2 ti m es o r m or e da ily fo r c hi ld re n ag e 6- 8 m on th s an d 3 tim es or m or e da ily fo r c hi ld re n ag e 9- 23 m on th s. F or n on -b re as tfe ed in g ch ild re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s it is d ef in ed a s re ce iv in g so lid , s em i-s ol id o r s of t f oo ds o r m ilk fe ed s, a t l ea st 4 ti m es . c Th e m in im um a cc ep ta bl e di et fo r b re as tfe d ch ild re n ag e 6- 23 m on th s is d ef in ed a s re ce iv in g th e m in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty a nd th e m in im um m ea l f re qu en cy , w hi le fo r n on -b re as tfe d ch ild re n it fu rth er re qu ire s at le as t 2 m ilk fe ed in gs a nd th at th e m in im um d ie ta ry d iv er si ty is a ch ie ve d w ith ou t c ou nt in g m ilk fe ed s. ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s 48 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women II. Nutrition P a g e | 50 Ta bl e N U .8 : B ot tle fe ed in g P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s w ho w er e fe d w ith a b ot tle w ith a n ip pl e du rin g th e pr ev io us d ay , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s N um be r o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 23 m on th s fe d w ith a b ot tle w ith a n ip pl e1 Th ai la nd 79 .3 4, 62 2 R eg io n B an gk ok 88 .0 42 5 C en tra l 83 .2 1, 38 2 N or th 71 .7 85 5 N or th ea st 80 .9 1, 21 7 S ou th 73 .2 74 2 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 79 .3 19 2 K an ch an ab ur i 83 .8 14 7 N or th M ae H on g S on 34 .9 58 Ta k 50 .6 14 5 N or th ea st B ur ira m 76 .1 31 8 S is ak et 66 .9 26 8 Y as ot ho n 84 .0 14 6 K al as in 73 .5 19 0 N ak ho n P ha no m 60 .0 18 7 S ou th S on gk hl a 71 .9 42 9 S at un 70 .6 11 5 P at ta ni 65 .6 25 0 Y al a 60 .5 77 N ar at hi w at 68 .3 27 1 1 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 18 - B ot tle fe ed in g 49 II. Nutrition Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 51 Ta bl e N U .9 Io di ze d sa lt co ns um pt io n P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld s by c on su m pt io n of io di ze d sa lt, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s N um be r o f P er ce nt o f h ou se ho ld s w ith : To ta l N um be r o f h ou se ho ld s in w hi ch s al t w as te st ed ho us eh ol ds N o sa lt S al t t es t r es ul t in w hi ch s al t N ot io di ze d >0 a nd 15 + P P M 1 w as te st ed o r 0 P P M <1 5 P P M w ith n o sa lt Th ai la nd 90 .6 28 ,6 52 8. 2 7. 1 11 .4 73 .3 10 0. 0 28 ,2 73 R eg io n B an gk ok 74 .5 3, 93 2 20 .8 1. 3 7. 7 70 .2 10 0. 0 3, 70 1 C en tra l 88 .7 8, 74 7 10 .0 3. 4 5. 5 81 .1 10 0. 0 8, 61 8 N or th 95 .5 5, 10 3 4. 5 8. 3 8. 2 78 .9 10 0. 0 5, 10 2 N or th ea st 95 .4 7, 16 1 4. 4 16 .0 23 .1 56 .5 10 0. 0 7, 14 7 S ou th 95 .9 3, 70 8 4. 0 2. 8 10 .6 82 .5 10 0. 0 3, 70 6 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 89 .8 1, 62 5 9. 2 2. 4 2. 5 85 .9 10 0. 0 1, 60 6 K an ch an ab ur i 92 .1 1, 23 2 7. 9 6. 3 11 .9 74 .0 10 0. 0 1, 23 2 N or th M ae H on g S on 99 .7 35 9 0. 3 1. 4 8. 2 90 .1 10 0. 0 35 9 Ta k 92 .3 94 3 6. 9 3. 5 6. 5 83 .1 10 0. 0 93 6 N or th ea st B ur ira m 94 .6 2, 01 1 5. 1 1. 6 8. 2 85 .1 10 0. 0 2, 00 3 S is ak et 94 .6 1, 92 4 5. 4 10 .4 9. 7 74 .5 10 0. 0 1, 92 4 Y as ot ho n 97 .5 85 8 2. 5 17 .4 14 .8 65 .3 10 0. 0 85 8 K al as in 93 .8 1, 30 6 5. 1 47 .0 17 .7 30 .2 10 0. 0 1, 29 1 N ak ho n P ha no m 97 .6 1, 08 2 2. 4 31 .2 34 .2 32 .2 10 0. 0 1, 08 2 S ou th S on gk hl a 91 .7 2, 82 0 8. 3 6. 5 8. 1 77 .1 10 0. 0 2, 82 0 S at un 94 .6 48 8 5. 2 0. 0 1. 4 93 .4 10 0. 0 48 7 P at ta ni 97 .3 89 8 2. 5 8. 4 56 .5 32 .5 10 0. 0 89 6 Y al a 95 .4 69 2 4. 6 5. 9 25 .9 63 .5 10 0. 0 69 2 N ar at hi w at 99 .8 97 2 0. 2 0. 5 15 .2 84 .1 10 0. 0 97 2 1 M IC S in di ca to r 2. 19 - Io di ze d sa lt co ns um pt io n 50 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women II. Nutrition P a g e | 52 Ta bl e N U .S 2: Io di ze d sa lt co ns um pt io n P er ce nt d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld s in w hi ch s al t w as te st ed b y co ns um pt io n of io di ze d sa lt, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s N um be r o f P er ce nt o f h ou se ho ld s w ith : To ta l N um be r o f h ou se ho ld s in w hi ch s al t w as te st ed ho us eh ol ds S al t t es t r es ul t in w hi ch s al t N ot io di ze d >0 a nd 15 + P P M w as te st ed 0 P P M <1 5 P P M Th ai la nd 90 .6 28 ,6 52 7. 7 12 .4 79 .8 10 0. 0 25 ,9 45 R eg io n B an gk ok 74 .5 3, 93 2 1. 6 9. 7 88 .6 10 0. 0 2, 93 0 C en tra l 88 .7 8, 74 7 3. 7 6. 1 90 .1 10 0. 0 7, 75 7 N or th 95 .5 5, 10 3 8. 7 8. 6 82 .6 10 0. 0 4, 87 2 N or th ea st 95 .4 7, 16 1 16 .7 24 .1 59 .1 10 0. 0 6, 82 9 S ou th 95 .9 3, 70 8 2. 9 11 .1 86 .0 10 0. 0 3, 55 7 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 89 .8 1, 62 5 2. 6 2. 7 94 .7 10 0. 0 1, 45 8 K an ch an ab ur i 92 .1 1, 23 2 6. 8 12 .9 80 .3 10 0. 0 1, 13 5 N or th M ae H on g S on 99 .7 35 9 1. 4 8. 2 90 .4 10 0. 0 35 7 Ta k 92 .3 94 3 3. 7 7. 0 89 .3 10 0. 0 87 1 N or th ea st B ur ira m 94 .6 2, 01 1 1. 7 8. 6 89 .6 10 0. 0 1, 90 1 S is ak et 94 .6 1, 92 4 11 .0 10 .2 78 .7 10 0. 0 1, 82 0 Y as ot ho n 97 .5 85 8 17 .8 15 .2 66 .9 10 0. 0 83 6 K al as in 93 .8 1, 30 6 49 .5 18 .6 31 .8 10 0. 0 1, 22 5 N ak ho n P ha no m 97 .6 1, 08 2 32 .0 35 .0 33 .0 10 0. 0 1, 05 6 S ou th S on gk hl a 91 .7 2, 82 0 7. 1 8. 9 84 .1 10 0. 0 2, 58 6 S at un 94 .6 48 8 0. 0 1. 5 98 .5 10 0. 0 46 2 P at ta ni 97 .3 89 8 8. 7 58 .0 33 .3 10 0. 0 87 4 Y al a 95 .4 69 2 6. 2 27 .2 66 .6 10 0. 0 66 0 N ar at hi w at 99 .8 97 2 0. 5 15 .2 84 .3 10 0. 0 97 0 51 III. Child Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 53 III . C hi ld H ea lt h Ta bl e C H .1 : V ac ci na tio ns in th e fir st y ea rs o f l ife P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s va cc in at ed a ga in st v ac ci ne p re ve nt ab le c hi ld ho od d is ea se s by th ei r f irs t b irt hd ay , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n w ho r ec ei ve d: N um be r o f B C G 1 P ol io D P T H ep B M M R 15 Fu ll6 ,a N on e ch ild re n 1 2 32 1 2 33 A t 1 2 34 ag e bi rth 12 -2 3 m on th s Th ai la nd 96 .2 95 .5 94 .5 85 .8 93 .0 91 .6 87 .6 93 .1 93 .8 92 .1 84 .3 89 .0 71 .6 3. 3 2, 51 0 R eg io n B an gk ok 99 .0 98 .2 96 .4 89 .5 96 .5 94 .6 91 .3 96 .2 93 .3 88 .4 96 .2 91 .4 75 .2 0. 4 17 8 C en tra l 94 .3 93 .8 92 .9 82 .1 87 .0 85 .3 84 .7 88 .8 88 .9 86 .8 78 .8 86 .6 58 .6 5. 5 74 3 N or th 96 .1 96 .2 95 .9 88 .2 96 .6 96 .5 91 .1 95 .3 96 .5 96 .1 86 .6 90 .6 81 .0 3. 3 48 5 N or th ea st 98 .5 97 .3 97 .2 88 .2 95 .7 95 .3 89 .4 96 .7 96 .8 96 .9 88 .9 93 .9 79 .8 1. 1 70 8 S ou th 94 .4 93 .7 90 .4 83 .9 92 .5 89 .8 84 .1 90 .8 93 .5 88 .5 81 .8 81 .4 68 .1 4. 6 39 8 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 86 .3 85 .8 85 .0 82 .3 85 .4 85 .0 83 .1 85 .9 85 .3 84 .5 80 .8 77 .2 71 .7 13 .7 11 3 K an ch an ab ur i 98 .9 98 .9 88 .9 83 .7 98 .9 97 .6 86 .3 98 .0 93 .5 88 .6 85 .7 89 .0 77 .1 1. 1 73 N or th M ae H on g S on 97 .4 98 .0 97 .7 96 .3 97 .2 97 .2 96 .9 96 .7 98 .0 98 .0 91 .6 88 .2 79 .6 2. 0 26 Ta k 77 .4 78 .1 75 .8 75 .3 78 .8 75 .8 74 .5 75 .7 78 .4 75 .8 72 .5 70 .9 61 .7 20 .2 76 N or th ea st B ur ira m 94 .1 94 .3 89 .1 83 .6 94 .0 92 .5 87 .8 93 .6 93 .0 92 .2 85 .3 91 .5 77 .4 5. 3 18 4 S is ak et 97 .4 97 .4 96 .7 92 .6 97 .4 97 .4 92 .6 97 .4 96 .7 95 .4 85 .8 86 .0 79 .4 2. 6 14 9 Y as ot ho n 98 .9 99 .8 99 .5 96 .2 99 .8 99 .5 96 .2 98 .9 99 .8 99 .5 95 .6 95 .3 90 .2 0. 0 71 K al as in 99 .7 99 .1 97 .8 97 .1 98 .2 97 .5 97 .3 98 .7 98 .4 97 .4 96 .8 87 .6 83 .1 0. 3 11 7 N ak ho n P ha no m 99 .3 99 .2 99 .0 95 .4 99 .2 99 .2 95 .8 99 .2 99 .2 99 .0 95 .4 92 .9 89 .2 0. 7 10 5 S ou th S on gk hl a 99 .2 98 .6 98 .3 96 .9 98 .6 97 .5 97 .1 98 .5 98 .4 97 .6 95 .8 88 .4 85 .5 0. 8 17 8 S at un 93 .6 95 .7 94 .6 89 .5 93 .7 92 .4 87 .9 90 .5 95 .2 93 .5 82 .6 80 .7 66 .0 4. 3 62 P at ta ni 94 .1 83 .2 70 .5 54 .4 83 .0 71 .9 56 .6 92 .8 82 .8 70 .7 52 .3 56 .9 40 .3 2. 6 11 2 Y al a 98 .4 87 .8 78 .9 59 .6 80 .9 72 .6 56 .2 92 .2 87 .1 72 .5 56 .0 63 .4 38 .5 1. 6 44 N ar at hi w at 88 .6 84 .7 75 .1 57 .8 78 .1 71 .8 54 .3 74 .9 84 .0 70 .9 60 .5 60 .1 36 .6 11 .4 15 0 1 M IC S in di ca to r 3. 1 - T ub er cu lo si s im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 2 M IC S in di ca to r 3. 2 - P ol io im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 3 M IC S in di ca to r 3. 3 - D ip ht he ri a, p er tu ss is a nd te ta nu s (D P T) im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 4 M IC S in di ca to r 3. 5 - H ep at iti s B im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 5 M IC S in di ca to r 3. 4 - M ea sl es im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge 6 M IC S in di ca to r 3. 8 ; S D G 3 .b .1 - Fu ll im m un iz at io n co ve ra ge a In cl ud es : B C G , P ol io 3, D P T3 , H ep B 3, a nd M ea sl es (M M R 1) a s pe r t he v ac ci na tio n sc he du le in T ha ila nd 52 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women III. Child Health P a g e | 54 Ta bl e C H .2 : V ac ci na te d at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 12 -2 3 m on th s va cc in at ed a ga in st v ac ci ne p re ve nt ab le c hi ld ho od d is ea se s at a ny ti m e be fo re th e su rv ey , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n w ho r ec ei ve d: P er ce nt ag e N um be r o f B C G P ol io D P T H ep B M M R 1 Fu lla N on e w ith ch ild re n 1 2 3 1 2 3 A t 1 2 3 va cc in at io n ag e 12 -2 3 bi rth ca rd s ee n m on th s Th ai la nd 96 .4 95 .8 94 .9 86 .9 94 .2 92 .0 89 .0 94 .2 94 .1 92 .9 86 .6 92 .9 79 .1 3. 3 86 .0 2, 51 0 R eg io n B an gk ok 99 .6 99 .1 97 .2 90 .6 97 .8 95 .3 92 .7 96 .6 97 .1 94 .1 90 .5 96 .7 83 .1 0. 4 91 .2 17 8 C en tra l 94 .5 93 .8 92 .9 82 .2 90 .2 85 .3 84 .8 90 .6 88 .9 87 .2 79 .3 91 .2 66 .5 5. 5 72 .8 74 3 N or th 96 .1 96 .2 95 .9 91 .1 96 .7 96 .5 94 .1 95 .3 96 .5 96 .1 90 .8 91 .8 86 .1 3. 3 91 .3 48 5 N or th ea st 98 .9 97 .9 97 .5 88 .7 96 .5 95 .6 90 .4 97 .3 97 .5 97 .3 90 .6 96 .8 85 .5 1. 1 92 .1 70 8 S ou th 94 .6 93 .9 91 .5 86 .0 92 .7 91 .0 86 .3 93 .2 93 .7 91 .1 86 .3 88 .8 81 .1 4. 6 91 .1 39 8 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 86 .3 85 .8 85 .0 82 .7 85 .4 85 .0 83 .5 85 .9 85 .3 84 .5 82 .1 80 .0 75 .3 13 .7 82 .3 11 3 K an ch an ab ur i 98 .9 98 .9 88 .9 84 .8 98 .9 97 .6 88 .7 98 .0 93 .5 88 .6 87 .3 93 .3 82 .6 1. 1 85 .5 73 N or th M ae H on g S on 98 .1 98 .1 98 .1 96 .6 97 .8 97 .4 97 .2 96 .9 98 .1 98 .1 96 .8 93 .1 89 .7 1. 9 95 .1 26 Ta k 77 .4 78 .1 75 .8 75 .3 79 .1 75 .8 75 .0 75 .7 78 .4 75 .8 75 .3 72 .2 66 .5 20 .2 78 .8 76 N or th ea st B ur ira m 94 .1 94 .7 89 .4 83 .9 94 .4 92 .9 89 .6 93 .6 94 .1 93 .3 87 .9 94 .2 83 .1 5. 3 84 .2 18 4 S is ak et 97 .4 97 .4 96 .7 94 .6 97 .4 97 .4 94 .6 97 .4 96 .7 96 .7 94 .6 94 .4 91 .7 2. 6 96 .5 14 9 Y as ot ho n 98 .9 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .6 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .6 98 .9 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .6 99 .3 98 .2 0. 0 97 .0 71 K al as in 99 .7 99 .1 98 .2 97 .4 99 .1 97 .9 97 .6 98 .7 98 .4 97 .8 97 .5 92 .8 89 .7 0. 3 97 .7 11 7 N ak ho n P ha no m 99 .3 99 .2 99 .0 95 .4 99 .2 99 .2 95 .8 99 .2 99 .2 99 .0 95 .4 98 .9 95 .2 0. 7 98 .8 10 5 S ou th S on gk hl a 99 .2 99 .2 98 .8 97 .4 99 .2 98 .0 97 .7 99 .2 98 .9 98 .6 97 .4 97 .9 96 .5 0. 8 92 .3 17 8 S at un 95 .7 95 .7 95 .7 89 .7 93 .7 93 .5 88 .6 92 .6 95 .4 94 .8 83 .8 88 .9 78 .5 4. 3 81 .9 62 P at ta ni 95 .9 84 .6 75 .4 64 .8 84 .4 76 .9 67 .4 92 .8 84 .2 75 .7 66 .8 63 .7 57 .9 2. 6 90 .1 11 2 Y al a 98 .4 87 .8 81 .8 61 .2 80 .9 75 .4 57 .9 92 .2 87 .1 75 .1 57 .4 77 .4 51 .3 1. 6 91 .0 44 N ar at hi w at 88 .6 85 .6 75 .6 63 .1 79 .0 72 .3 59 .7 75 .1 84 .8 71 .4 63 .7 68 .1 48 .2 11 .4 79 .2 15 0 a In cl ud es : B C G , P ol io 3, D P T3 , H ep B 3, a nd M ea sl es (M M R 1) a s pe r t he v ac ci na tio n sc he du le in T ha ila nd 53 III. Child Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 55 Ta bl e C H .3 : N eo na ta l t et an us p ro te ct io n P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st 2 y ea rs p ro te ct ed a ga in st n eo na ta l t et an us , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of w om en P er ce nt ag e of w om en w ho d id n ot r ec ei ve tw o or m or e do se s P ro te ct ed N um be r o f w ho re ce iv ed a t l ea st du ri ng la st p re gn an cy b ut r ec ei ve d: ag ai ns t t et an us 1 w om en w ith 2 do se s du rin g la st 2 do se s, 3 do se s, 4 do se s, 5 or m or e do se s a liv e bi rth pr eg na nc y th e la st w ith in th e la st w ith in th e la st w ith in du rin g lif et im e in th e la st pr io r 3 y ea rs pr io r 5 y ea rs pr io r 1 0 ye ar s 2 ye ar s Th ai la nd 51 .6 19 .2 2. 5 0. 7 0. 0 73 .9 2, 09 2 R eg io n B an gk ok 60 .3 17 .0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 77 .3 23 1 C en tra l 58 .6 13 .2 4. 1 0. 8 0. 0 76 .7 71 3 N or th 41 .4 23 .3 0. 6 1. 8 0. 0 67 .1 35 4 N or th ea st 45 .6 24 .0 1. 5 0. 1 0. 0 71 .2 43 7 S ou th 49 .4 22 .6 3. 8 0. 5 0. 0 76 .2 35 9 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 64 .3 11 .8 0. 7 0. 0 0. 0 76 .7 10 3 K an ch an ab ur i 66 .9 9. 2 8. 2 0. 0 0. 0 84 .3 73 N or th M ae H on g S on 61 .4 17 .0 2. 3 0. 0 0. 0 80 .7 31 Ta k 49 .0 19 .3 0. 7 0. 0 0. 0 68 .9 72 N or th ea st B ur ira m 30 .3 16 .8 3. 3 1. 3 0. 0 51 .8 12 7 S is ak et 45 .8 23 .5 2. 7 0. 0 0. 0 72 .1 11 8 Y as ot ho n 58 .6 20 .9 6. 0 0. 0 0. 0 85 .5 58 K al as in 36 .2 30 .9 0. 0 0. 7 0. 0 67 .7 76 N ak ho n P ha no m 53 .4 11 .6 1. 1 0. 5 0. 0 66 .6 85 S ou th S on gk hl a 57 .4 13 .4 1. 9 2. 0 0. 0 74 .7 23 8 S at un 35 .5 31 .4 4. 8 0. 0 0. 0 71 .7 65 P at ta ni 52 .9 15 .6 7. 0 0. 4 0. 0 76 .0 13 8 Y al a 43 .1 32 .0 6. 3 1. 0 0. 0 82 .5 41 N ar at hi w at 83 .2 8. 4 0. 5 0. 0 0. 0 92 .1 15 1 1 M IC S in di ca to r 3. 9 - N eo na ta l t et an us p ro te ct io n 54 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women III. Child Health P a g e | 56 Ta bl e C H .4 : R ep or te d di se as e ep is od es P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 59 m on th s fo r w ho m th e m ot he r/c ar et ak er re po rte d an e pi so de o f d ia rr ho ea , s ym pt om s of a cu te re sp ira to ry in fe ct io n (A R I) an d/ or fe ve r i n th e la st tw o w ee ks , T ha ila nd 14 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n w ho in th e la st tw o w ee ks h ad : N um be r o f c hi ld re n A n ep is od e of d ia rr ho ea S ym pt om s of A R I A n ep is od e of fe ve r ag e 0- 59 m on th s Th ai la nd 4. 9 1. 4 18 .9 12 ,2 50 R eg io n B an gk ok 3. 8 1. 3 18 .6 1, 14 6 C en tra l 3. 5 1. 9 13 .7 3, 54 6 N or th 6. 6 1. 2 20 .4 2, 08 4 N or th ea st 5. 3 1. 4 21 .1 3, 54 5 S ou th 5. 6 1. 0 23 .2 1, 92 9 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 5. 1 3. 0 22 .3 56 0 K an ch an ab ur i 7. 5 4. 8 27 .7 46 8 N or th M ae H on g S on 0. 9 0. 1 9. 3 14 6 Ta k 3. 4 3. 1 24 .3 41 2 N or th ea st B ur ira m 3. 6 0. 9 17 .7 91 5 S is ak et 8. 5 0. 5 28 .2 84 4 Y as ot ho n 1. 6 0. 0 13 .2 37 8 K al as in 6. 1 4. 9 24 .5 52 1 N ak ho n P ha no m 6. 9 0. 5 21 .5 47 1 S ou th S on gk hl a 9. 7 0. 5 27 .4 1, 02 6 S at un 6. 7 1. 9 21 .5 29 4 P at ta ni 3. 1 0. 7 11 .5 67 7 Y al a 2. 3 0. 5 9. 8 26 2 N ar at hi w at 2. 3 2. 0 10 .4 67 6 55 III. Child Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 57 Ta bl e C H .5 : S ol id fu el u se P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld m em be rs a cc or di ng to ty pe o f c oo ki ng fu el m ai nl y us ed b y th e ho us eh ol d, a nd p er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld m em be rs li vi ng in h ou se ho ld s us in g so lid fu el s fo r c oo ki ng , Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld m em be rs in h ou se ho ld s m ai nl y us in g: N um be r o f E le ct ric ity Li qu ef ie d S ol id fu el s O th er fu el N o fo od c oo ke d To ta l S ol id fu el s ho us eh ol d pe tro le um C ha rc oa l W oo d in th e ho us eh ol d fo r c oo ki ng 1 m em be rs ga s (L P G ) Th ai la nd 3. 4 73 .3 12 .1 9. 1 0. 0 2. 1 10 0. 0 21 .1 92 ,0 73 R eg io n B an gk ok 6. 0 87 .5 0. 3 0. 2 0. 0 5. 9 10 0. 0 0. 5 12 ,5 17 C en tra l 3. 2 90 .0 4. 2 1. 0 0. 0 1. 7 10 0. 0 5. 2 27 ,7 39 N or th 2. 6 57 .9 18 .9 18 .8 0. 0 1. 7 10 0. 0 37 .7 15 ,3 01 N or th ea st 2. 3 47 .7 28 .0 20 .7 0. 0 1. 3 10 0. 0 48 .7 24 ,2 42 S ou th 4. 6 90 .6 1. 8 1. 5 0. 0 1. 5 10 0. 0 3. 3 12 ,2 73 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 3. 6 88 .5 4. 1 1. 2 2. 5 0. 0 10 0. 0 5. 4 5, 42 7 K an ch an ab ur i 3. 0 85 .8 7. 8 1. 3 2. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 9. 1 3, 80 9 N or th M ae H on g S on 1. 5 38 .4 0. 8 58 .9 0. 3 0. 0 10 0. 0 59 .8 1, 12 2 Ta k 3. 4 59 .0 22 .0 14 .7 0. 9 0. 0 10 0. 0 36 .7 3, 04 3 N or th ea st B ur ira m 3. 3 52 .8 29 .9 12 .8 1. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 42 .7 6, 62 7 S is ak et 2. 1 42 .0 41 .2 12 .8 1. 9 0. 0 10 0. 0 54 .0 6, 47 3 Y as ot ho n 0. 8 23 .2 48 .8 26 .6 0. 6 0. 0 10 0. 0 75 .4 2, 71 9 K al as in 0. 8 39 .2 21 .2 37 .0 1. 8 0. 0 10 0. 0 58 .2 4, 23 9 N ak ho n P ha no m 1. 8 33 .6 20 .3 42 .6 1. 7 0. 0 10 0. 0 62 .9 3, 50 2 S ou th S on gk hl a 3. 1 92 .3 0. 2 1. 1 3. 3 0. 0 10 0. 0 1. 3 8, 69 0 S at un 1. 4 92 .3 0. 5 4. 0 1. 8 0. 0 10 0. 0 4. 5 1, 79 9 P at ta ni 11 .3 83 .6 1. 0 3. 1 0. 9 0. 1 10 0. 0 4. 1 3, 45 7 Y al a 5. 7 91 .5 0. 1 0. 5 2. 3 0. 0 10 0. 0 0. 6 2, 42 2 N ar at hi w at 2. 4 97 .3 0. 1 0. 2 0. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 0. 2 3, 87 4 1 M IC S in di ca to r 3. 15 - U se o f s ol id fu el s fo r co ok in g 56 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women III. Child Health P a g e | 58 Ta bl e C H .6 : S ol id fu el u se b y pl ac e of c oo ki ng P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld m em be rs in h ou se ho ld s us in g so lid fu el s by p la ce o f c oo ki ng , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P la ce o f c oo ki ng : N um be r o f h ou se ho ld In th e ho us e In a s ep ar at e O ut do or s O th er p la ce To ta l m em be rs in h ou se ho ld s In a s ep ar at e ro om E ls ew he re bu ild in g us in g so lid fu el s us ed a s ki tc he n in th e ho us e fo r c oo ki ng Th ai la nd 41 .0 20 .0 30 .9 8. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 19 ,4 68 R eg io n B an gk ok 38 .3 6. 4 9. 0 46 .3 0. 0 10 0. 0 64 C en tra l 39 .2 24 .8 28 .5 7. 6 0. 0 10 0. 0 1, 42 9 N or th 49 .6 19 .3 23 .9 7. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 5, 77 3 N or th ea st 37 .0 19 .7 35 .2 8. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 11 ,8 01 S ou th 38 .7 24 .6 15 .3 20 .9 0. 5 10 0. 0 40 1 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 45 .6 26 .8 19 .5 8. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 29 1 K an ch an ab ur i 35 .3 26 .7 25 .8 12 .2 0. 0 10 0. 0 34 7 N or th M ae H on g S on 46 .3 21 .4 31 .1 1. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 67 0 Ta k 48 .1 47 .8 3. 8 0. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 1, 11 6 N or th ea st B ur ira m 21 .7 26 .1 44 .5 7. 8 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 83 0 S is ak et 24 .4 60 .1 14 .4 1. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 3, 49 5 Y as ot ho n 2. 5 1. 7 78 .7 17 .1 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 05 0 K al as in 30 .0 39 .6 18 .1 12 .3 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 46 9 N ak ho n P ha no m 53 .7 9. 7 27 .1 9. 5 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 20 3 S ou th S on gk hl a 22 .7 33 .6 21 .6 22 .1 0. 0 10 0. 0 11 1 S at un 38 .2 24 .1 31 .7 6. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 81 P at ta ni 46 .8 20 .4 24 .1 8. 7 0. 0 10 0. 0 14 3 Y al a (* ) (* ) (* ) (* ) 0. 0 10 0. 0 14 N ar at hi w at (* ) (* ) (* ) (* ) 0. 0 10 0. 0 8 (* ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n fe w er th an 2 5 un w ei gh te d ca se s 57 III. Child Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 59 Ta bl e C H .7 : C ar e- se ek in g du ri ng fe ve r P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 59 m on th s w ith fe ve r i n th e la st tw o w ee ks fo r w ho m a dv ic e or tr ea tm en t w as s ou gh t, by s ou rc e of a dv ic e or tr ea tm en t, Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n fo r w ho m : N um be r o f A dv ic e or tr ea tm en t w as s ou gh t f ro m : N o ad vi ce o r ch ild re n w ith H ea lth fa ci lit ie s or p ro vi de rs O th er s ou rc e A h ea lth tre at m en t fe ve r i n P ub lic P riv at e C om m un ity fa ci lit y or so ug ht la st tw o w ee ks he al th p ro vi de ra pr ov id er 1, b Th ai la nd 46 .2 33 .1 0. 6 1. 5 75 .6 23 .5 2, 32 1 R eg io n B an gk ok 24 .4 50 .2 0. 0 5. 7 70 .6 23 .7 21 3 C en tra l 43 .8 29 .0 0. 7 0. 1 69 .5 30 .5 48 6 N or th 44 .6 34 .8 0. 2 2. 5 78 .3 21 .3 42 6 N or th ea st 56 .5 30 .5 0. 4 1. 0 81 .9 17 .5 74 8 S ou th 43 .7 32 .0 1. 6 0. 8 71 .7 27 .9 44 8 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 50 .3 35 .4 0. 0 0. 6 82 .0 17 .4 12 5 K an ch an ab ur i 52 .6 45 .6 0. 0 0. 8 88 .8 11 .2 13 0 N or th M ae H on g S on (6 4. 8) (4 .3 ) (4 .0 ) (0 .5 ) (6 7. 9) (3 2. 1) 14 Ta k 51 .4 25 .3 2. 6 0. 0 71 .8 28 .2 10 0 N or th ea st B ur ira m 66 .1 19 .9 0. 8 0. 0 85 .3 14 .7 16 2 S is ak et 67 .0 16 .8 0. 0 0. 0 81 .3 18 .7 23 8 Y as ot ho n 68 .8 17 .7 0. 0 2. 6 89 .1 10 .9 50 K al as in 45 .2 27 .1 0. 6 3. 8 75 .0 24 .5 12 8 N ak ho n P ha no m 63 .7 25 .2 1. 2 0. 5 86 .7 13 .3 10 1 S ou th S on gk hl a 41 .1 36 .0 3. 5 0. 0 74 .8 25 .2 28 1 S at un 32 .3 28 .1 0. 5 0. 0 59 .8 40 .2 63 P at ta ni 53 .7 27 .1 2. 7 0. 0 77 .0 23 .0 78 Y al a (6 7. 0) (3 0. 8) (1 0. 7) (1 6. 9) (8 2. 2) (1 0. 5) 26 N ar at hi w at 83 .8 34 .4 0. 6 0. 0 95 .1 4. 9 70 1 M IC S in di ca to r 3. 20 - C ar e- se ek in g fo r fe ve r a C om m un ity h ea lth p ro vi de rs in cl ud e bo th p ub lic ( C om m un ity h ea lth w or ke r a nd M ob ile /O ut re ac h cl in ic ) a nd p riv at e (M ob ile c lin ic ) h ea lth fa ci lit ie s b In cl ud es a ll pu bl ic a nd p riv at e he al th fa ci lit ie s an d pr ov id er s as w el l a s sh op s ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s 58 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women III. Child Health P a g e | 60 Ta bl e C H .8 : T re at m en t o f c hi ld re n w ith fe ve r P er ce nt ag e of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 59 m on th s w ho h ad a fe ve r i n th e la st tw o w ee ks , b y ty pe o f m ed ic in e gi ve n fo r t he il ln es s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 C hi ld re n w ith a fe ve r in th e la st tw o w ee ks w ho w er e gi ve n: N um be r o f c hi ld re n A nt ib io tic p ill A nt ib io tic P ar ac et am ol A sp iri n Ib up ro fe n O th er M is si ng / w ith fe ve r or s yr up in je ct io n D K in la st tw o w ee ks Th ai la nd 57 .5 1. 1 52 .5 2. 5 3. 8 7. 4 2. 7 2, 32 1 R eg io n B an gk ok 62 .4 0. 5 42 .3 1. 0 0. 0 5. 3 5. 7 21 3 C en tra l 54 .1 0. 1 45 .6 0. 8 1. 4 7. 7 4. 6 48 6 N or th 66 .8 1. 1 46 .8 2. 3 4. 7 4. 0 2. 8 42 6 N or th ea st 54 .2 2. 5 64 .3 3. 9 7. 8 12 .4 1. 2 74 8 S ou th 55 .5 0. 2 50 .7 2. 8 0. 7 3. 1 1. 6 44 8 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 85 .5 0. 3 58 .1 2. 2 11 .3 1. 1 0. 6 12 5 K an ch an ab ur i 74 .1 1. 4 52 .1 2. 6 2. 5 0. 0 1. 7 13 0 N or th M ae H on g S on (6 2. 2) (2 .7 ) (3 2. 8) (0 .0 ) (0 .0 ) (0 .0 ) (0 .9 ) 14 Ta k 75 .7 3. 3 16 .7 0. 6 0. 0 4. 6 0. 0 10 0 N or th ea st B ur ira m 42 .9 4. 9 71 .5 1. 5 12 .4 10 .1 10 .6 16 2 S is ak et 2. 0 0. 0 32 .6 0. 6 0. 0 82 .3 0. 9 23 8 Y as ot ho n 48 .7 1. 1 82 .1 0. 0 0. 0 2. 5 0. 0 50 K al as in 82 .6 4. 1 38 .2 0. 0 1. 4 0. 4 0. 5 12 8 N ak ho n P ha no m 86 .4 0. 0 22 .3 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 1 S ou th S on gk hl a 50 .7 0. 0 50 .0 0. 4 3. 2 14 .8 1. 5 28 1 S at un 66 .3 0. 0 49 .9 3. 1 2. 1 1. 9 1. 1 63 P at ta ni 53 .3 0. 0 64 .9 0. 0 0. 0 0. 2 3. 8 78 Y al a (4 6. 6) (0 .0 ) (5 4. 0) (1 .5 ) (0 .0 ) (0 .0 ) (6 .9 ) 26 N ar at hi w at 56 .9 0. 0 48 .6 33 .6 3. 8 0. 0 0. 0 70 ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s 59 IV. Water and Sanitation Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 61 IV . W at er a nd S an it at io n Ta bl e W S .1 : U se o f i m pr ov ed w at er s ou rc es P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld p op ul at io n ac co rd in g to m ai n so ur ce o f d rin ki ng w at er a nd p er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld p op ul at io n us in g im pr ov ed d rin ki ng w at er s ou rc es , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 M ai n so ur ce o f d ri nk in g w at er To ta l P er ce nt ag e N um be r Im pr ov ed s ou rc es U ni m pr ov ed s ou rc es us in g of P ip ed w at er Tu be - P ro - P ro - R ai n- B ot tle d U np ro - Ta nk er S ur fa ce B ot tle d O th er b im pr ov ed ho us eh ol ds In to In to To P ub lic w el l/ te ct ed te ct ed w at er w at er a te ct ed tru ck w at er w at er a so ur ce s m em be rs dw el lin g ya rd / ne ig h- ta p/ bo re - w el l sp rin g co lle ct io n w el l of pl ot bo ur st an d- ho le dr in ki ng pi pe w at er 1 Th ai la nd 26 .7 1. 5 0. 1 0. 1 1. 1 2. 5 0. 0 15 .3 50 .7 0. 6 0. 3 0. 3 0. 8 0. 1 10 0. 0 98 .0 92 ,0 73 R eg io n B an gk ok 68 .2 1. 9 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 2 29 .5 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 12 ,5 17 C en tra l 26 .2 0. 9 0. 0 0. 1 0. 3 2. 8 0. 0 12 .2 56 .0 0. 4 0. 2 0. 2 0. 7 0. 0 10 0. 0 98 .5 27 ,7 39 N or th 29 .3 1. 9 0. 1 0. 3 0. 8 3. 7 0. 0 11 .4 51 .3 0. 1 0. 2 0. 2 0. 6 0. 1 10 0. 0 98 .8 15 ,3 01 N or th ea st 11 .0 0. 8 0. 1 0. 1 1. 4 0. 6 0. 0 33 .3 50 .5 0. 5 0. 7 0. 7 0. 2 0. 1 10 0. 0 97 .7 24 ,2 42 S ou th 13 .3 3. 3 0. 2 0. 1 3. 9 6. 5 0. 0 7. 5 59 .7 2. 4 0. 0 0. 1 3. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 94 .4 12 ,2 73 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 16 .5 0. 7 0. 1 0. 0 0. 6 0. 0 0. 1 13 .4 66 .0 0. 1 0. 1 1. 8 0. 6 0. 0 10 0. 0 97 .5 5, 42 7 K an ch an ab ur i 15 .7 1. 1 0. 1 2. 3 0. 2 0. 1 0. 0 24 .6 54 .9 0. 1 0. 4 0. 0 0. 4 0. 1 10 0. 0 99 .0 3, 80 9 N or th M ae H on g S on 37 .4 12 .8 0. 3 1. 4 0. 1 6. 2 1. 1 0. 3 39 .5 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 6 10 0. 0 99 .2 1, 12 2 Ta k 28 .4 2. 4 0. 3 0. 5 0. 8 2. 0 0. 0 7. 7 55 .1 2. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 5 0. 0 10 0. 0 97 .3 3, 04 3 N or th ea st B ur ira m 6. 6 0. 3 0. 0 0. 0 0. 2 0. 9 0. 0 44 .5 42 .4 1. 7 3. 0 0. 0 0. 4 0. 1 10 0. 0 94 .8 6, 62 7 S is ak et 5. 0 1. 8 0. 0 0. 0 3. 0 3. 7 0. 0 39 .9 43 .6 0. 4 2. 3 0. 0 0. 2 0. 3 10 0. 0 96 .9 6, 47 3 Y as ot ho n 25 .7 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 3 0. 3 0. 0 24 .6 49 .0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 71 9 K al as in 8. 4 1. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 7 0. 3 0. 0 7. 8 80 .8 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 4 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .4 4, 23 9 N ak ho n P ha no m 12 .1 1. 2 0. 0 0. 0 4. 6 1. 1 0. 0 11 .7 67 .1 1. 9 0. 1 0. 2 0. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 97 .8 3, 50 2 S ou th S on gk hl a 21 .0 2. 0 0. 2 0. 3 9. 7 5. 5 0. 0 4. 6 54 .6 1. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 9 0. 0 10 0. 0 97 .9 8, 69 0 S at un 9. 2 0. 3 0. 0 0. 1 0. 1 7. 2 0. 0 8. 3 63 .3 2. 0 0. 0 0. 3 9. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 88 .6 1, 79 9 P at ta ni 26 .4 30 .9 0. 0 0. 0 4. 2 2. 8 0. 0 0. 0 34 .8 0. 4 0. 0 0. 0 0. 6 0. 0 10 0. 0 99 .1 3, 45 7 Y al a 30 .6 11 .5 0. 0 0. 1 1. 8 6. 5 0. 0 0. 0 44 .7 4. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 6 0. 0 10 0. 0 95 .3 2, 42 2 N ar at hi w at 8. 3 4. 1 1. 2 0. 0 10 .1 28 . 3 0. 0 0. 0 27 .4 17 .7 0. 0 0. 0 2. 8 0. 0 10 0. 0 79 .5 3, 87 4 1 M IC S in di ca to r 4. 1 - U se o f i m pr ov ed d ri nk in g w at er s ou rc es a H ou se ho ld s us in g bo ttl ed w at er a s th e m ai n so ur ce o f d rin ki ng w at er a re c la ss ifi ed in to im pr ov ed o r u ni m pr ov ed d rin ki ng w at er u se rs a cc or di ng to th e w at er s ou rc e us ed fo r o th er p ur po se s su ch a s co ok in g an d ha nd w as hi ng . b In cl ud in g un pr ot ec te d sp rin g an d ca rt w ith ta nk / d ru m 60 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women IV. Water and Sanitation P a g e | 62 Ta bl e W S .2 : H ou se ho ld w at er tr ea tm en t P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld p op ul at io n by d rin ki ng w at er tr ea tm en t m et ho d us ed in th e ho us eh ol d, a nd fo r h ou se ho ld m em be rs li vi ng in h ou se ho ld s w he re a n un im pr ov ed d rin ki ng w at er s ou rc e is u se d, th e pe rc en ta ge w ho a re u si ng a n ap pr op ria te tr ea tm en t m et ho d, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 W at er tr ea tm en t m et ho d us ed in th e ho us eh ol d N um be r o f P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld N um be r o f N on e B oi l A dd S tra in U se S ol ar Le t i t O th er ho us eh ol d m em be rs in h ou se ho ld s ho us eh ol d m em be rs bl ea ch / th ro ug h w at er di s- st an d m em be rs us in g un im pr ov ed d rin ki ng in h ou se ho ld s ch lo rin e a cl ot h fil te r in fe ct io n an d w at er s ou rc es a nd us in g un im pr ov ed se ttl e us in g an a pp ro pr ia te dr in ki ng w at er s ou rc es w at er tr ea tm en t m et ho d1 Th ai la nd 65 .4 10 .8 0. 1 2. 6 22 .1 1. 0 4. 7 0. 0 92 ,0 73 21 .6 1, 82 8 R eg io n B an gk ok 32 .5 17 .9 0. 2 1. 4 62 .3 0. 1 0. 4 0. 0 12 ,5 17 (* ) 4 C en tra l 63 .3 14 .4 0. 0 1. 2 25 .5 0. 6 3. 3 0. 0 27 ,7 39 21 .5 40 6 N or th 67 .9 3. 3 0. 0 2. 4 15 .1 3. 4 11 .6 0. 0 15 ,3 01 7. 6 18 0 N or th ea st 79 .9 5. 6 0. 0 4. 5 7. 8 0. 8 4. 7 0. 0 24 ,2 42 25 .3 55 0 S ou th 71 .5 14 .8 0. 1 3. 4 10 .6 0. 1 3. 6 0. 0 12 ,2 73 22 .4 68 8 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 80 .2 4. 8 0. 0 1. 2 11 .0 1. 9 3. 6 0. 0 5, 42 7 35 .1 13 7 K an ch an ab ur i 79 .2 3. 1 0. 0 3. 6 12 .0 0. 3 2. 7 0. 0 3, 80 9 (3 0. 8) 37 N or th M ae H on g S on 73 .4 20 .6 0. 4 2. 4 6. 6 0. 1 0. 3 0. 0 1, 12 2 (1 9. 5) 9 Ta k 77 .2 12 .3 0. 0 1. 8 8. 1 0. 0 2. 6 0. 0 3, 04 3 10 .0 83 N or th ea st B ur ira m 89 .9 5. 9 0. 0 0. 6 3. 9 0. 1 0. 1 0. 0 6, 62 7 12 .6 34 3 S is ak et 86 .8 7. 3 0. 4 2. 4 3. 5 0. 0 0. 2 0. 0 6, 47 3 9. 0 19 8 Y as ot ho n 73 .8 6. 0 0. 1 8. 8 11 .2 0. 0 0. 2 0. 0 2, 71 9 (* ) 1 K al as in 93 .4 1. 4 0. 3 1. 1 3. 7 0. 0 0. 4 0. 0 4, 23 9 (* ) 26 N ak ho n P ha no m 79 .9 8. 6 0. 0 4. 5 6. 8 0. 2 2. 8 0. 0 3, 50 2 5. 0 78 S ou th S on gk hl a 71 .4 12 .3 0. 1 2. 2 14 .5 0. 0 1. 1 0. 0 8, 69 0 19 .2 18 1 S at un 79 .0 7. 5 0. 0 3. 6 10 .4 0. 4 3. 6 0. 0 1, 79 9 7. 2 20 6 P at ta ni 66 .9 20 .1 0. 5 1. 7 11 .0 0. 0 6. 2 0. 0 3, 45 7 (3 .4 ) 31 Y al a 43 .5 48 .3 0. 5 0. 7 18 .9 1. 2 14 .1 0. 0 2, 42 2 33 .7 11 3 N ar at hi w at 46 .5 48 .8 0. 0 0. 8 4. 6 0. 0 0. 9 0. 0 3, 87 4 55 .6 79 4 1 M IC S in di ca to r 4. 2 - W at er tr ea tm en t ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s (* ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n fe w er th an 2 5 un w ei gh te d ca se s 61 IV. Water and Sanitation Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 63 Ta bl e W S .3 : T im e to s ou rc e of d ri nk in g w at er P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld p op ul at io n ac co rd in g to ti m e to g o to s ou rc e of d rin ki ng w at er , g et w at er a nd re tu rn , f or u se rs o f i m pr ov ed a nd u ni m pr ov ed d rin ki ng w at er s ou rc es , Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 Ti m e to s ou rc e of d ri nk in g w at er N um be r o f U se rs o f i m pr ov ed d ri nk in g w at er s ou rc es U se rs o f u ni m pr ov ed d ri nk in g w at er s ou rc es To ta l ho us eh ol d W at er o n Le ss th an 30 m in ut es M is si ng /D K W at er o n Le ss th an 30 m in ut es M is si ng /D K m em be rs pr em is es 30 m in ut es or m or e pr em is es 30 m in ut es or m or e Th ai la nd 97 .5 0. 5 0. 1 0. 0 1. 4 0. 5 0. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 92 ,0 73 R eg io n B an gk ok 10 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 12 ,5 17 C en tra l 98 .2 0. 2 0. 1 0. 0 1. 1 0. 2 0. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 27 ,7 39 N or th 97 .8 1. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 6 0. 3 0. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 15 ,3 01 N or th ea st 96 .8 0. 9 0. 1 0. 0 1. 2 0. 8 0. 2 0. 1 10 0. 0 24 ,2 42 S ou th 94 .1 0. 3 0. 0 0. 0 4. 7 0. 9 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 12 ,2 73 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 97 .2 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 1. 3 1. 2 0. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 5, 42 7 K an ch an ab ur i 96 .5 2. 4 0. 1 0. 0 0. 4 0. 3 0. 1 0. 2 10 0. 0 3, 80 9 N or th M ae H on g S on 95 .8 2. 1 1. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 3 0. 5 0. 0 10 0. 0 1, 12 2 Ta k 95 .9 1. 2 0. 2 0. 0 1. 5 1. 2 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 3, 04 3 N or th ea st B ur ira m 93 .8 0. 5 0. 6 0. 0 2. 8 1. 9 0. 6 0. 0 10 0. 0 6, 62 7 S is ak et 88 .6 7. 9 0. 4 0. 0 0. 6 2. 3 0. 1 0. 0 10 0. 0 6, 47 3 Y as ot ho n 10 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 71 9 K al as in 99 .1 0. 1 0. 2 0. 0 0. 3 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 10 0. 0 4, 23 9 N ak ho n P ha no m 96 .9 0. 8 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 1. 8 0. 3 0. 1 10 0. 0 3, 50 2 S ou th S on gk hl a 97 .6 0. 3 0. 0 0. 0 2. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 8, 69 0 S at un 88 .3 0. 2 0. 1 0. 0 7. 8 3. 4 0. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 1, 79 9 P at ta ni 98 .9 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 8 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 3, 45 7 Y al a 95 .3 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 4. 7 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 42 2 N ar at hi w at 79 .5 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 20 .5 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 3, 87 4 62 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women IV. Water and Sanitation P a g e | 64 Ta bl e W S .4 : T yp es o f s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld p op ul at io n ac co rd in g to ty pe o f t oi le t f ac ili ty u se d by th e ho us eh ol d, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 Ty pe o f t oi le t f ac ili ty u se d by h ou se ho ld O pe n To ta l N um be r o f Im pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit y U ni m pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit y de fe ca tio n ho us eh ol d Fl us h/ P ou r flu sh to : Fl us h/ P ou r f lu sh to Fl us h/ P ou r f lu sh to s om ew he re e ls e (n o fa ci lit y, m em be rs P ip ed S ep tic P it un kn ow n pl ac e, P it la tri ne w ith ou t s la b/ o pe n pi t bu sh , f ie ld ) se w er ta nk la tri ne V en til at ed im pr ov ed B uc ke t, H an gi ng to ile t/ la tri ne sy st em pi t l at rin e, M is si ng /D K P it la tri ne w ith s la b Th ai la nd 7. 8 88 .2 3. 5 1. 0 1. 0 0. 2 10 0. 0 92 ,0 73 R eg io n B an gk ok 21 .3 78 .2 0. 5 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 12 ,5 17 C en tra l 8. 5 87 .4 3. 2 0. 1 0. 5 0. 3 10 0. 0 27 ,7 39 N or th 1. 7 89 .3 8. 0 0. 7 0. 2 0. 2 10 0. 0 15 ,3 01 N or th ea st 5. 7 92 .9 1. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 2 10 0. 0 24 ,2 42 S ou th 4. 1 89 .5 5. 8 0. 0 0. 1 0. 4 10 0. 0 12 ,2 73 P ro vi nc e C en tr al R at ch ab ur i 16 .6 81 .7 0. 4 0. 0 0. 0 1. 2 10 0. 0 5, 42 7 K an ch an ab ur i 5. 8 93 .3 0. 3 0. 0 0. 0 0. 6 10 0. 0 3, 80 9 N or th M ae H on g S on 1. 8 86 .0 12 .1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 10 0. 0 1, 12 2 Ta k 3. 1 63 .3 15 .6 14 .9 2. 6 0. 6 10 0. 0 3, 04 3 N or th ea st B ur ira m 10 .4 89 .2 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 3 10 0. 0 6, 62 7 S is ak et 0. 9 98 .8 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 3 10 0. 0 6, 47 3 Y as ot ho n 0. 4 99 .6 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 71 9 K al as in 5. 8 93 .8 0. 3 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 10 0. 0 4, 23 9 N ak ho n P ha no m 11 .6 88 .4 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 3, 50 2 S ou th S on gk hl a 3. 6 95 .3 0. 5 0. 0 0. 0 0. 5 10 0. 0 8, 69 0 S at un 0. 2 87 .9 11 .6 0. 1 0. 1 0. 2 10 0. 0 1, 79 9 P at ta ni 0. 3 97 .5 0. 4 0. 0 0. 1 1. 7 10 0. 0 3, 45 7 Y al a 7. 7 90 .4 0. 9 0. 6 0. 1 0. 2 10 0. 0 2, 42 2 N ar at hi w at 37 .0 60 .1 1. 8 0. 0 0. 4 0. 8 10 0. 0 3, 87 4 63 IV. Water and Sanitation Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 65 Ta bl e W S .5 : U se a nd s ha ri ng o f s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld p op ul at io n by u se o f p riv at e an d pu bl ic s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s an d us e of s ha re d fa ci lit ie s, b y us er s of im pr ov ed a nd u ni m pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s, Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 U se rs o f i m pr ov ed s an ita tio n fa ci lit ie s U se rs o f u ni m pr ov ed O pe n To ta l N um be r o f N ot P ub lic S ha re d by M is si ng / sa ni ta tio n fa ci lit ie s de fe ca tio n ho us eh ol d sh ar ed 1 fa ci lit y 5 ho us eh ol ds M or e th an D K N ot S ha re d by (n o fa ci lit y, m em be rs or le ss 5 ho us eh ol ds sh ar ed 5 ho us eh ol ds bu sh , f ie ld ) or le ss Th ai la nd 97 .2 0. 3 1. 7 0. 3 0. 0 0. 2 1. 1 0. 2 10 0. 0 92 ,0 73 R eg io n B an gk ok 94 .7 0. 1 3. 7 1. 4 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 12 ,5 17 C en tra l 97 .1 0. 5 1. 5 0. 2 0. 0 0. 5 0. 0 0. 3 10 0. 0 27 ,7 39 N or th 97 .5 0. 3 1. 7 0. 1 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 10 0. 0 15 ,3 01 N or th ea st 98 .7 0. 3 0. 9 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 2 10 0. 0 24 ,2 42 S ou th 97 .0 0. 1 1. 7 0. 7 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 4 10 0. 0 12 ,2 73 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 97 .4 0. 1 1. 1 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 1. 2 10 0. 0 5, 42 7 K an ch an ab ur i 96 .8 0. 3 2. 2 0. 1 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 6 10 0. 0 3, 80 9 N or th M ae H on g S on 98 .7 0. 0 1. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 10 0. 0 1, 12 2 Ta k 91 .0 0. 3 5. 1 0. 4 0. 0 2. 3 0. 3 0. 6 10 0. 0 3, 04 3 N or th ea st B ur ira m 98 .9 0. 0 0. 8 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 3 10 0. 0 6, 62 7 S is ak et 98 .8 0. 1 0. 7 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 3 10 0. 0 6, 47 3 Y as ot ho n 10 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 71 9 K al as in 99 .6 0. 0 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 10 0. 0 4, 23 9 N ak ho n P ha no m 99 .4 0. 0 0. 6 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 3, 50 2 S ou th S on gk hl a 97 .9 0. 0 1. 4 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 5 10 0. 0 8, 69 0 S at un 97 .9 0. 0 1. 8 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 2 10 0. 0 1, 79 9 P at ta ni 95 .8 0. 1 2. 3 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 1. 7 10 0. 0 3, 45 7 Y al a 98 .8 0. 4 0. 5 0. 0 0. 0 0. 1 0. 0 0. 2 10 0. 0 2, 42 2 N ar at hi w at 98 .7 0. 0 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 0. 4 0. 0 0. 8 10 0. 0 3, 87 4 1 M IC S in di ca to r 4. 3 ; S D G in di ca to r 1. 4. 1 & 6 .2 .1 - U se o f i m pr ov ed s an ita tio n 64 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women IV. Water and Sanitation P a g e | 66 Ta bl e W S .6 : D ri nk in g w at er a nd s an ita tio n la dd er s P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld p op ul at io n by d rin ki ng w at er a nd s an ita tio n la dd er s, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld p op ul at io n us in g: N um be r o f Im pr ov ed d ri nk in g w at er 1, a U ni m pr ov e d To ta l Im pr ov ed U ni m pr ov ed s an ita tio n To ta l Im pr ov ed ho us eh ol d P ip ed in to O th er dr in ki ng sa ni ta tio n2 S ha re d U ni m pr ov ed O pe n dr in ki ng w at er m em be rs dw el lin g, p lo t im pr ov ed w at er im pr ov ed fa ci lit ie s de fe ca tio n so ur ce s an d or y ar d fa ci lit ie s im pr ov ed sa ni ta tio n Th ai la nd 74 .4 23 .6 2. 0 10 0. 0 97 .2 2. 3 0. 2 0. 2 10 0. 0 95 .3 92 ,0 73 R eg io n B an gk ok 99 .5 0. 5 0. 0 10 0. 0 94 .7 5. 3 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 94 .6 12 ,5 17 C en tra l 78 .0 20 .5 1. 5 10 0. 0 97 .1 2. 1 0. 5 0. 3 10 0. 0 95 .7 27 ,7 39 N or th 78 .7 20 .1 1. 2 10 0. 0 97 .5 2. 2 0. 2 0. 2 10 0. 0 96 .4 15 ,3 01 N or th ea st 58 .0 39 .7 2. 3 10 0. 0 98 .7 1. 1 0. 0 0. 2 10 0. 0 96 .4 24 ,2 42 S ou th 67 .8 26 .6 5. 6 10 0. 0 97 .0 2. 5 0. 1 0. 4 10 0. 0 91 .5 12 ,2 73 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 82 .8 14 .7 2. 5 10 0. 0 97 .4 1. 4 0. 0 1. 2 10 0. 0 95 .4 5, 42 7 K an ch an ab ur i 68 .8 30 .2 1. 0 10 0. 0 96 .8 2. 6 0. 0 0. 6 10 0. 0 95 .9 3, 80 9 N or th M ae H on g S on 88 .5 10 .7 0. 8 10 0. 0 98 .7 1. 2 0. 0 0. 1 10 0. 0 97 .9 1, 12 2 Ta k 85 .1 12 .1 2. 7 10 0. 0 91 .0 5. 8 2. 6 0. 6 10 0. 0 88 .6 3, 04 3 N or th ea st B ur ira m 44 .2 50 .6 5. 2 10 0. 0 98 .9 0. 8 0. 0 0. 3 10 0. 0 93 .7 6, 62 7 S is ak et 48 .4 48 .5 3. 1 10 0. 0 98 .8 0. 9 0. 0 0. 3 10 0. 0 95 .8 6, 47 3 Y as ot ho n 74 .7 25 .3 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 2, 71 9 K al as in 90 .0 9. 4 0. 6 10 0. 0 99 .6 0. 2 0. 0 0. 1 10 0. 0 99 .0 4, 23 9 N ak ho n P ha no m 74 .2 23 .6 2. 2 10 0. 0 99 .4 0. 6 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 97 .4 3, 50 2 S ou th S on gk hl a 65 .3 32 .6 2. 1 10 0. 0 97 .9 1. 6 0. 0 0. 5 10 0. 0 95 .8 8, 69 0 S at un 63 .9 24 .7 11 .4 10 0. 0 97 .9 1. 8 0. 1 0. 2 10 0. 0 86 .6 1, 79 9 P at ta ni 89 .1 10 .0 0. 9 10 0. 0 95 .8 2. 4 0. 1 1. 7 10 0. 0 95 .0 3, 45 7 Y al a 85 .0 10 .3 4. 7 10 0. 0 98 .8 0. 9 0. 1 0. 2 10 0. 0 94 .3 2, 42 2 N ar at hi w at 28 .2 51 .3 20 .5 10 0. 0 98 .7 0. 2 0. 4 0. 8 10 0. 0 78 .9 3, 87 4 1 M IC S in di ca to r 4. 1 - U se o f i m pr ov ed d ri nk in g w at er s ou rc es 2 M IC S in di ca to r 4. 3 ; S D G in di ca to r 1. 4. 1 & 6 .2 .1 - U se o f i m pr ov ed s an ita tio n a T ho se in di ca tin g bo ttl ed w at er a s th e m ai n so ur ce o f d rin ki ng w at er a re d is tri bu te d ac co rd in g to th e w at er s ou rc e us ed fo r o th er p ur po se s su ch a s co ok in g an d ha nd w as hi ng . 65 IV. Water and Sanitation Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 67 Ta bl e W S .7 : D is po sa l o f c hi ld 's fa ec es P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of c hi ld re n ag e 0- 2 ye ar s ac co rd in g to p la ce o f d is po sa l o f c hi ld 's fa ec es , a nd th e pe rc en ta ge o f c hi ld re n ag e 0- 2 ye ar s w ho se s to ol s w er e di sp os ed o f s af el y th e la st ti m e th e ch ild pa ss ed s to ol , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P la ce o f d is po sa l o f c hi ld 's fa ec es P er ce nt ag e of N um be r o f C hi ld u se d P ut /ri ns ed P ut /ri ns ed B ur ie d Le ft in U se d di sp os ab le Th ro w n in to O th er / To ta l ch ild re n w ho se ch ild re n ag e to ile t/l at rin e in to to ile t in to d ra in th e op en di ap er s an d ga rb ag e M is si ng / la st s to ol s w er e 0- 2 ye ar s or la tri ne or d itc h th ro w n in to bu t d id n ot u se D K di sp os ed o f s af el y1 ga rb ag e di sp os ab le d ia pe rs Th ai la nd 24 .6 17 .4 2. 0 5. 5 2. 4 42 .7 5. 3 1. 0 10 0. 0 42 .0 7, 23 5 R eg io n B an gk ok 13 .2 21 .2 1. 4 0. 1 0. 0 61 .8 2. 2 0. 1 10 0. 0 34 .4 65 6 C en tra l 20 .2 20 .3 1. 1 1. 6 2. 0 47 .5 7. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 40 .5 2, 11 3 N or th 31 .0 20 .2 2. 6 3. 8 4. 7 32 .4 5. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 51 .2 1, 30 5 N or th ea st 29 .8 16 .0 1. 8 13 .9 2. 3 31 .2 4. 8 0. 1 10 0. 0 45 .8 2, 00 5 S ou th 23 .1 9. 0 3. 7 2. 8 1. 8 54 .6 4. 9 0. 0 10 0. 0 32 .2 1, 15 7 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 14 .3 17 .5 1. 1 1. 0 5. 8 37 .5 22 .4 0. 4 10 0. 0 31 .8 28 9 K an ch an ab ur i 32 .1 7. 4 0. 1 4. 2 10 .2 37 .7 8. 3 0. 0 10 0. 0 39 .5 26 5 N or th M ae H on g S on 40 .2 32 .8 0. 1 1. 3 10 .9 12 .7 0. 2 1. 6 10 0. 0 73 .1 91 Ta k 27 .9 24 .7 4. 6 1. 2 13 .2 27 .3 1. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 52 .6 23 7 N or th ea st B ur ira m 34 .2 14 .9 0. 6 10 .4 4. 1 32 .6 1. 7 1. 5 10 0. 0 49 .0 53 4 S is ak et 30 .8 3. 4 14 .9 10 .7 0. 6 38 .1 1. 3 0. 2 10 0. 0 34 .2 44 7 Y as ot ho n 21 .9 25 .2 0. 0 2. 7 0. 2 49 .6 0. 4 0. 0 10 0. 0 47 .1 21 7 K al as in 28 .3 18 .4 0. 5 15 .1 1. 5 33 .4 2. 8 0. 0 10 0. 0 46 .7 30 4 N ak ho n P ha no m 34 .0 10 .7 0. 6 2. 8 2. 1 47 .8 1. 8 0. 3 10 0. 0 44 .7 28 4 S ou th S on gk hl a 15 .4 11 .8 3. 5 4. 0 2. 9 54 .7 7. 6 0. 2 10 0. 0 27 .1 62 2 S at un 18 .0 9. 8 2. 1 3. 7 7. 0 54 .7 4. 7 0. 0 10 0. 0 27 .7 17 4 P at ta ni 15 .9 1. 5 2. 9 9. 2 0. 4 66 .3 3. 8 0. 0 10 0. 0 17 .4 39 3 Y al a 8. 1 0. 2 3. 7 1. 7 0. 8 84 .9 0. 6 0. 0 10 0. 0 8. 3 12 8 N ar at hi w at 4. 2 0. 3 0. 0 0. 0 0. 6 90 .6 4. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 4. 5 41 2 1 M IC S in di ca to r 4. 4 - S af e di sp os al o f c hi ld ’s fa ec es 66 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women IV. Water and Sanitation P a g e | 68 Ta bl e W S .8 : W at er a nd s oa p at p la ce fo r ha nd w as hi ng P er ce nt ag e of h ou se ho ld s w he re p la ce fo r h an dw as hi ng w as o bs er ve d, p er ce nt ag e w ith n o sp ec ifi c pl ac e fo r h an dw as hi ng , a nd p er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld s by a va ila bi lit y of w at er a nd s oa p at sp ec ifi c pl ac e fo r h an dw as hi ng , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of N um be r P la ce fo r ha nd w as hi ng o bs er ve d N o sp ec ifi c To ta l P er ce nt ag e of N um be r o f ho us eh ol ds : of W at er is a va ila bl e an d: W at er is n ot a va ila bl e pl ac e fo r ho us eh ol ds w ith ho us eh ol ds w he re W he re W ith n o ho us eh ol ds S oa p N o so ap : an d: ha nd w as hi ng a sp ec ifi c pl ac e pl ac e fo r pl ac e fo r sp ec ifi c pr es en t A sh , m ud , N o ot he r S oa p N o so ap in th e fo r h an dw as hi ng ha nd w as hi ng w as ha nd - pl ac e fo r or s an d cl ea ns in g pr es en t an d ot he r dw el lin g, w he re w at er a nd ob se rv ed o r w ith w as hi ng ha nd - pr es en t ag en t cl ea ns in g ya rd , o r p lo t so ap o r o th er no s pe ci fic p la ce w as w as hi ng pr es en t ag en t cl ea ns in g ag en t fo r h an dw as hi ng in ob se rv ed in th e pr es en t ar e pr es en t1 th e dw el lin g, y ar d, dw el lin g, or p lo t ya rd , o r p lo t Th ai la nd 83 .2 7. 1 28 ,6 52 81 .2 0. 0 6. 7 2. 1 2. 1 7. 9 10 0. 0 81 .2 25 ,8 65 R eg io n B an gk ok 51 .0 11 .2 3, 93 2 76 .9 0. 0 2. 6 1. 5 0. 9 18 .1 10 0. 0 76 .9 2, 44 9 C en tra l 84 .7 5. 9 8, 74 7 85 .7 0. 0 5. 6 1. 5 0. 8 6. 5 10 0. 0 85 .7 7, 92 7 N or th 94 .5 3. 8 5, 10 3 85 .1 0. 0 8. 4 1. 1 1. 5 3. 9 10 0. 0 85 .1 5, 01 5 N or th ea st 91 .5 7. 0 7, 16 1 78 .6 0. 0 8. 4 3. 2 2. 7 7. 1 10 0. 0 78 .6 7, 05 4 S ou th 81 .8 10 .4 3, 70 8 73 .7 0. 0 5. 8 3. 6 5. 7 11 .3 10 0. 0 73 .7 3, 42 0 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 84 .5 7. 8 1, 62 5 85 .5 0. 0 3. 6 1. 4 1. 1 8. 4 10 0. 0 85 .5 1, 49 9 K an ch an ab ur i 83 .2 9. 0 1, 23 2 75 .3 0. 0 7. 6 1. 3 6. 0 9. 7 10 0. 0 75 .3 1, 13 6 N or th M ae H on g S on 92 .6 7. 3 35 9 71 .9 0. 0 10 .7 3. 8 6. 3 7. 3 10 0. 0 71 .9 35 8 Ta k 95 .0 4. 0 94 3 78 .9 0. 0 5. 8 3. 8 7. 4 4. 1 10 0. 0 78 .9 93 4 N or th ea st B ur ira m 81 .6 11 .7 2, 01 1 73 .9 0. 0 5. 4 3. 7 4. 5 12 .5 10 0. 0 73 .9 1, 87 6 S is ak et 96 .7 2. 4 1, 92 4 73 .1 0. 2 5. 3 17 .5 1. 4 2. 4 10 0. 0 73 .3 1, 90 6 Y as ot ho n 97 .6 2. 4 85 8 89 .2 0. 0 4. 2 0. 0 4. 2 2. 4 10 0. 0 89 .2 85 8 K al as in 93 .5 4. 9 1, 30 6 79 .1 0. 0 8. 5 1. 3 6. 1 4. 9 10 0. 0 79 .1 1, 28 4 N ak ho n P ha no m 87 .5 12 .0 1, 08 2 70 .8 0. 0 12 .6 2. 8 1. 7 12 .1 10 0. 0 70 .8 1, 07 7 S ou th S on gk hl a 84 .3 5. 3 2, 82 0 68 .2 0. 0 5. 7 10 .7 9. 5 5. 9 10 0. 0 68 .2 2, 52 7 S at un 83 .0 10 .8 48 8 65 .4 0. 0 16 .5 1. 8 4. 8 11 .5 10 0. 0 65 .4 45 8 P at ta ni 77 .6 13 .1 89 8 48 .5 0. 0 24 .9 4. 5 7. 7 14 .4 10 0. 0 48 .5 81 4 Y al a 97 .7 2. 1 69 2 88 .6 0. 0 0. 5 2. 8 6. 0 2. 1 10 0. 0 88 .6 69 0 N ar at hi w at 70 .1 17 .7 97 2 56 .8 0. 1 1. 6 16 .0 5. 4 20 .2 10 0. 0 56 .9 85 4 1 M IC S in di ca to r 4. 5 ; S D G in di ca to r 6. 2. 1 - P la ce fo r ha nd w as hi ng 67 IV. Water and Sanitation Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 69 Ta bl e W S .9 : A va ila bi lit y of s oa p or o th er c le an si ng a ge nt P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of h ou se ho ld s by a va ila bi lit y of s oa p or o th er c le an si ng a ge nt in th e dw el lin g, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P la ce fo r ha nd w as hi ng o bs er ve d P la ce fo r ha nd w as hi ng n ot o bs er ve d To ta l P er ce nt ag e of N um be r o f S oa p or S oa p or o th er c le an si ng a ge nt n ot o bs er ve d S oa p or N o so ap N ot a bl e/ ho us eh ol ds w ith ho us eh ol ds ot he r at p la ce fo r ha nd w as hi ng ot he r or o th er D oe s no t w an t so ap o r o th er cl ea ns in g S oa p or N o so ap o r N ot a bl e/ D oe s no t cl ea ns in g cl ea ns in g to s ho w s oa p cl ea ns in g ag en t ag en t ot he r c le an si ng ot he r c le an si ng w an t t o sh ow ag en t ag en t i n or o th er an yw he re in ob se rv ed ag en t s ho w n ag en t so ap o r o th er sh ow n ho us eh ol d cl ea ns in g ag en t th e dw el lin g1 in h ou se ho ld cl ea ns in g ag en t Th ai la nd 75 .3 4. 8 3. 0 0. 2 5. 5 2. 0 9. 3 10 0. 0 85 .5 28 ,6 52 R eg io n B an gk ok 48 .9 0. 9 1. 1 0. 2 7. 7 4. 7 36 .6 10 0. 0 57 .5 3, 93 2 C en tra l 79 .0 4. 4 1. 1 0. 1 5. 9 1. 2 8. 2 10 0. 0 89 .3 8, 74 7 N or th 84 .7 4. 2 5. 3 0. 3 3. 4 1. 0 1. 2 10 0. 0 92 .3 5, 10 3 N or th ea st 80 .6 7. 2 3. 7 0. 0 2. 9 1. 9 3. 7 10 0. 0 90 .7 7, 16 1 S ou th 71 .2 5. 5 4. 7 0. 3 10 .6 2. 8 4. 7 10 0. 0 87 .4 3, 70 8 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 80 .2 3. 4 1. 0 0. 0 8. 1 0. 7 6. 7 10 0. 0 91 .6 1, 62 5 K an ch an ab ur i 70 .7 5. 1 7. 4 0. 1 10 .1 2. 9 3. 8 10 0. 0 85 .9 1, 23 2 N or th M ae H on g S on 75 .6 4. 2 12 .5 0. 2 6. 7 0. 7 0. 0 10 0. 0 86 .5 35 9 Ta k 81 .9 4. 4 8. 7 0. 0 2. 1 1. 0 1. 9 10 0. 0 88 .5 94 3 N or th ea st B ur ira m 72 .4 5. 2 3. 8 0. 3 4. 0 9. 3 5. 1 10 0. 0 81 .6 2, 01 1 S is ak et 90 .0 4. 3 2. 4 0. 0 1. 7 1. 0 0. 6 10 0. 0 96 .1 1, 92 4 Y as ot ho n 89 .2 3. 6 4. 8 0. 0 0. 8 1. 5 0. 0 10 0. 0 93 .6 85 8 K al as in 79 .1 7. 0 7. 4 0. 0 2. 0 2. 1 2. 4 10 0. 0 88 .1 1, 30 6 N ak ho n P ha no m 73 .3 10 .9 3. 4 0. 0 1. 8 9. 5 1. 1 10 0. 0 86 .0 1, 08 2 S ou th S on gk hl a 70 .7 6. 7 6. 7 0. 3 5. 7 1. 6 8. 4 10 0. 0 83 .0 2, 82 0 S at un 63 .0 8. 4 10 .7 0. 8 6. 4 6. 3 4. 3 10 0. 0 77 .9 48 8 P at ta ni 48 .0 23 .0 5. 3 1. 3 11 .4 8. 7 2. 4 10 0. 0 82 .4 89 8 Y al a 91 .2 5. 0 1. 5 0. 0 2. 0 0. 1 0. 2 10 0. 0 98 .3 69 2 N ar at hi w at 63 .9 4. 2 0. 7 1. 3 12 .1 8. 6 9. 3 10 0. 0 80 .2 97 2 1 M IC S in di ca to r 4. 6 - A va ila bi lit y of s oa p or o th er c le an si ng a ge nt 68 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women V. Reproductive Health © UNICEF Thailand/2016/Jingjai N. 69 V. Reproductive Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 71 V . R ep ro du ct iv e H ea lt h Ta bl e R H .1 : A do le sc en t b ir th r at e an d to ta l f er til ity r at e A do le sc en t b irt h ra te s an d to ta l f er til ity ra te s fo r t he o ne -y ea r p er io d pr ec ed in g th e su rv ey , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 A do le sc en t b irt h ra te 1 (A ge -s pe ci fic fe rti lit y To ta l f er til ity ra te ra te fo r w om en a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs ) Th ai la nd 51 1. 5 R eg io n B an gk ok 48 1. 1 C en tra l 41 1. 6 N or th 72 1. 9 N or th ea st 47 1. 4 S ou th 58 1. 8 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 45 1. 1 K an ch an ab ur i 46 1. 4 N or th M ae H on g S on 12 7 2. 2 Ta k 89 1. 9 N or th ea st B ur ira m 50 1. 8 S is ak et 17 1. 8 Y as ot ho n 37 2. 6 K al as in 98 1. 5 N ak ho n P ha no m 52 2. 1 S ou th S on gk hl a 58 1. 7 S at un 31 2. 2 P at ta ni 45 2. 7 Y al a 18 0. 8 N ar at hi w at 27 2. 2 1 M IC S in di ca to r 5. 1 ; S D G in di ca to r 3. 7. 2 - A do le sc en t b ir th r at e 70 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women V. Reproductive Health P a g e | 72 Ta bl e R H .2 : E ar ly c hi ld be ar in g P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 19 w ho h av e ha d a liv e bi rth , a re p re gn an t w ith th e fir st c hi ld , h av e be gu n ch ild be ar in g, a nd w ho h av e ha d a liv e bi rth b ef or e ag e 15 , an d pe rc en ta ge o f w om en a ge 2 0- 24 y ea rs w ho h av e ha d a liv e bi rth b ef or e ag e 18 , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 19 y ea rs w ho : N um be r o f w om en P er ce nt ag e of w om en N um be r o f w om en H av e ha d A re p re gn an t H av e be gu n H av e ha d a liv e bi rth ag e 15 -1 9 ye ar s ag e 20 -2 4 ye ar s ag e 20 -2 4 ye ar s a liv e bi rth w ith fi rs t c hi ld ch ild be ar in g be fo re a ge 1 5 w ho h av e ha d a liv e bi rth be fo re a ge 1 81 Th ai la nd 9. 1 1. 8 10 .9 0. 4 3, 35 9 9. 4 2, 87 8 R eg io n B an gk ok 7. 0 0. 0 7. 0 0. 3 38 6 8. 8 53 5 C en tra l 6. 8 1. 2 8. 0 0. 4 95 8 7. 1 1, 07 5 N or th 13 .4 1. 6 15 .0 0. 5 48 0 10 .1 40 4 N or th ea st 9. 5 2. 9 12 .4 0. 4 1, 05 7 13 .7 44 5 S ou th 10 .2 2. 1 12 .2 0. 3 47 8 11 .2 41 8 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 11 .1 2. 1 13 .2 0. 0 18 9 13 .6 19 3 K an ch an ab ur i 16 .2 0. 0 16 .2 1. 7 13 3 23 .6 10 4 N or th M ae H on g S on 15 .7 5. 9 21 .6 0. 0 35 11 .8 26 Ta k 16 .9 2. 6 19 .5 1. 4 11 7 16 .6 82 N or th ea st B ur ira m 9. 1 0. 0 9. 1 0. 4 27 3 17 .6 12 9 S is ak et 7. 1 2. 1 9. 2 0. 1 28 2 7. 8 10 9 Y as ot ho n 9. 3 1. 5 10 .8 0. 8 12 3 15 .2 50 K al as in 11 .8 3. 0 14 .8 0. 0 15 0 18 .0 90 N ak ho n P ha no m 12 .8 0. 0 12 .8 0. 7 14 9 10 .4 71 S ou th S on gk hl a 8. 8 2. 6 11 .3 0. 2 39 7 8. 1 32 3 S at un 7. 1 4. 0 11 .2 0. 4 83 19 .5 53 P at ta ni 6. 1 0. 0 6. 1 0. 0 18 7 7. 5 10 9 Y al a 2. 0 0. 0 2. 0 0. 0 13 6 3. 1 13 0 N ar at hi w at 5. 7 0. 0 5. 7 0. 1 18 3 5. 6 17 8 1 M IC S in di ca to r 5. 2 - E ar ly c hi ld be ar in g 71 V. Reproductive Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 73 Ta bl e R H .3 : U se o f c on tr ac ep tio n P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs c ur re nt ly m ar rie d or in u ni on w ho a re u si ng (o r w ho se p ar tn er is u si ng ) a c on tra ce pt iv e m et ho d, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 N o P er c en t o f w om en c ur re nt ly m ar ri ed o r in u ni on w ho a re u si ng (o r w ho se p ar tn er is u si ng ): N um be r m et ho d Fe m al e M al e IU D In je ct - Im pl an ts P ill M al e P er io di c W ith dr aw al O th er * A ny A ny A ny of w om en st er ili - st er ili - ab le s co nd om ab st in en ce m od er n tra di - m et ho d1 ag e 15 -4 9 za tio n za tio n m et ho d tio na l cu rr en tly m et ho d m ar rie d or in u ni on Th ai la nd 21 .6 24 .3 0. 4 0. 4 14 .0 1. 1 32 .8 2. 5 1. 3 1. 5 0. 1 75 .5 2. 8 78 .4 16 ,7 56 R eg io n B an gk ok 26 .7 21 .3 0. 1 0. 1 9. 2 0. 7 33 .2 5. 2 1. 4 1. 8 0. 3 69 .9 3. 2 73 .3 2, 09 7 C en tra l 21 .1 23 .0 0. 5 0. 1 13 .0 1. 1 35 .7 2. 0 1. 6 1. 8 0. 0 75 .5 3. 4 78 .9 5, 43 8 N or th 22 .1 21 .1 0. 7 0. 1 22 .4 2. 1 28 .1 2. 6 0. 3 0. 6 0. 0 77 .0 0. 9 77 .9 2, 71 8 N or th ea st 15 .5 32 .9 0. 5 0. 7 13 .1 0. 6 33 .6 1. 3 0. 9 0. 8 0. 1 82 .8 1. 7 84 .5 4, 19 1 S ou th 28 .8 18 .4 0. 2 1. 0 12 .1 1. 3 29 .7 2. 9 2. 3 2. 9 0. 3 65 .8 5. 4 71 .2 2, 31 1 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 19 .2 30 .7 0. 0 0. 6 10 .5 1. 3 32 .0 2. 5 0. 5 2. 4 0. 2 77 .9 2. 9 80 .8 92 7 K an ch an ab ur i 20 .7 25 .7 0. 6 0. 0 15 .2 1. 5 32 .7 3. 2 0. 1 0. 2 0. 0 79 .0 0. 3 79 .3 67 4 N or th M ae H on g S on 19 .8 25 .0 0. 1 0. 0 33 .0 0. 7 19 .5 1. 0 0. 3 0. 4 0. 0 79 .4 0. 7 80 .2 22 2 Ta k 30 .0 23 .4 0. 4 0. 4 18 .0 1. 3 25 .3 0. 3 0. 9 0. 1 0. 0 69 .0 1. 0 70 .0 54 8 N or th ea st B ur ira m 22 .2 28 .0 1. 1 1. 5 12 .3 1. 1 31 .3 1. 4 0. 0 1. 0 0. 0 76 .8 1. 0 77 .8 1, 07 6 S is ak et 19 .8 34 .4 0. 2 0. 4 19 .2 0. 7 22 .4 0. 2 1. 3 1. 0 0. 3 77 .8 2. 4 80 .2 1, 07 8 Y as ot ho n 15 .3 41 .9 0. 0 0. 3 7. 3 0. 3 34 .0 0. 5 0. 0 0. 4 0. 0 84 .3 0. 4 84 .7 48 6 K al as in 14 .3 52 .9 0. 0 0. 1 11 .2 1. 3 17 .5 1. 0 0. 1 1. 6 0. 0 84 .0 1. 7 85 .7 73 3 N ak ho n P ha no m 23 .8 27 .6 0. 5 0. 2 9. 7 0. 3 35 .7 1. 2 0. 6 0. 0 0. 4 75 .6 0. 6 76 .2 62 9 S ou th S on gk hl a 27 .6 22 .0 0. 6 0. 6 9. 3 1. 4 23 .4 5. 6 2. 6 6. 6 0. 2 63 .1 9. 2 72 .4 1, 61 5 S at un 25 .1 10 .0 0. 7 0. 0 15 .1 1. 1 34 .0 2. 3 4. 7 4. 7 2. 2 63 .6 10 .7 74 .9 37 1 P at ta ni 56 .3 6. 8 0. 2 0. 3 9. 8 0. 3 14 .9 0. 7 1. 9 8. 5 0. 2 33 .1 10 .6 43 .7 54 0 Y al a 45 .4 2. 2 0. 0 1. 2 19 .5 0. 0 25 .2 0. 8 2. 7 2. 1 0. 7 49 .8 4. 8 54 .6 40 9 N ar at hi w at 64 .8 1. 9 0. 1 0. 4 12 .9 0. 5 16 .5 0. 3 2. 3 0. 1 0. 0 32 .7 2. 5 35 .2 69 3 1 M IC S in di ca to r 5. 3 - C on tr ac ep tiv e pr ev al en ce r at e * Fe m al e co nd om , d ia ph ra gm , f oa m , j el ly a nd c on tra ce pt iv e pa tc h 72 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women V. Reproductive Health P a g e | 74 Ta bl e R H .S 1: R ea so ns fo r no t u si ng c on tr ac ep tiv e m et ho ds P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs c ur re nt ly m ar rie d or in u ni on w ho e xp re ss re as on s fo r n ot u si ng (o r w ho se p ar tn er is n ot u si ng ) a c on tra ce pt iv e m et ho d, Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er c en t o f w om en c ur re nt ly m ar ri ed o r in u ni on w ho a re n ot u si ng a c on tr ac ep tiv e m et ho d To ta l N um be r o f w om en a ge Fe rti lit y O pp os iti on La ck o f M et ho d- O th er s D K /M is si ng 15 -4 9 ye ar s cu rr en tly re la te d to u se kn ow le dg e re la te d re as on m ar rie d or in u ni on Th ai la nd 90 .7 2. 8 0. 1 5. 2 0. 6 0. 7 10 0. 0 3, 22 2 R eg io n B an gk ok 94 .2 1. 0 0. 0 4. 1 0. 1 0. 6 10 0. 0 52 3 C en tra l 92 .4 0. 3 0. 2 4. 8 1. 1 1. 3 10 0. 0 1, 03 8 N or th 95 .4 0. 1 0. 0 3. 8 0. 1 0. 6 10 0. 0 53 3 N or th ea st 92 .5 0. 4 0. 0 6. 2 0. 9 0. 0 10 0. 0 56 1 S ou th 78 .2 14 .0 0. 1 7. 1 0. 1 0. 6 10 0. 0 56 7 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 94 .9 0. 0 4. 8 0. 2 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 14 8 K an ch an ab ur i 98 .2 0. 0 0. 0 1. 8 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 11 4 N or th M ae H on g S on 95 .7 0. 1 0. 3 2. 7 0. 0 1. 2 10 0. 0 35 Ta k 92 .5 0. 0 0. 0 6. 4 0. 0 1. 0 10 0. 0 14 4 N or th ea st B ur ira m 96 .5 0. 8 0. 0 2. 7 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 20 7 S is ak et 97 .4 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 2. 6 0. 0 10 0. 0 17 9 Y as ot ho n 97 .0 0. 0 0. 0 3. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 67 K al as in 95 .7 0. 0 0. 0 3. 9 0. 4 0. 0 10 0. 0 81 N ak ho n P ha no m 99 .0 0. 0 0. 0 1. 0 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 13 6 S ou th S on gk hl a 90 .5 3. 1 0. 2 4. 8 0. 2 1. 2 10 0. 0 33 9 S at un 83 .1 6. 1 1. 4 8. 2 1. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 75 P at ta ni 65 .5 15 .9 0. 0 18 .5 0. 0 0. 1 10 0. 0 27 9 Y al a 76 .5 14 .6 0. 1 7. 3 0. 8 0. 7 10 0. 0 17 5 N ar at hi w at 39 .1 58 .5 0. 0 2. 4 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 41 9 73 V. Reproductive Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 75 Ta bl e R H .4 : U nm et n ee d fo r co nt ra ce pt io n P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs c ur re nt ly m ar rie d or in u ni on w ith a n un m et n ee d fo r f am ily p la nn in g an d pe rc en ta ge o f d em an d fo r c on tra ce pt io n sa tis fie d, Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 M et n ee d fo r co nt ra ce pt io n U nm et n ee d fo r co nt ra ce pt io n N um be r o f P er ce nt ag e of N um be r o f w om en Fo r Fo r To ta l Fo r Fo r To ta l1 w om en de m an d fo r cu rr en tly m ar rie d sp ac in g lim iti ng sp ac in g lim iti ng cu rr en tly m ar rie d co nt ra ce pt io n or in u ni on w ith or in u ni on sa tis fie d ne ed fo r c on tra ce pt io n Th ai la nd 19 .0 59 .4 78 .4 3. 3 2. 9 6. 2 16 ,7 56 92 .7 14 ,1 66 R eg io n B an gk ok 22 .6 50 .7 73 .3 4. 7 4. 1 8. 8 2, 09 7 89 .3 1, 72 2 C en tra l 22 .2 56 .7 78 .9 3. 0 2. 2 5. 2 5, 43 8 93 .9 4, 57 1 N or th 14 .5 63 .4 77 .9 3. 4 3. 4 6. 8 2, 71 8 92 .0 2, 30 3 N or th ea st 15 .7 68 .8 84 .5 2. 3 2. 6 4. 8 4, 19 1 94 .6 3, 74 3 S ou th 19 .6 51 .6 71 .2 4. 3 3. 6 7. 9 2, 31 1 90 .1 1, 82 7 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 12 .1 68 .7 80 .8 2. 1 2. 7 4. 8 92 7 94 .4 79 3 K an ch an ab ur i 16 .6 62 .6 79 .3 4. 2 3. 9 8. 1 67 4 90 .8 58 9 N or th M ae H on g S on 15 .4 64 .7 80 .2 2. 5 1. 0 3. 5 22 2 95 .8 18 6 Ta k 16 .3 53 .7 70 .0 5. 0 4. 1 9. 1 54 8 88 .5 43 3 N or th ea st B ur ira m 13 .6 64 .1 77 .8 2. 4 2. 8 5. 2 1, 07 6 93 .7 89 3 S is ak et 10 .7 69 .4 80 .2 2. 3 1. 3 3. 5 1, 07 8 95 .8 90 2 Y as ot ho n 15 .2 69 .5 84 .7 0. 5 3. 2 3. 7 48 6 95 .8 43 0 K al as in 11 .7 74 .0 85 .7 2. 1 1. 8 3. 9 73 3 95 .6 65 7 N ak ho n P ha no m 15 .5 60 .7 76 .2 2. 3 3. 6 5. 9 62 9 92 .8 51 6 S ou th S on gk hl a 18 .1 54 .3 72 .4 2. 2 3. 6 5. 7 1, 61 5 92 .7 1, 26 2 S at un 26 .1 48 .8 74 .9 5. 6 3. 9 9. 4 37 1 88 .8 31 3 P at ta ni 22 .5 21 .2 43 .7 17 .2 7. 2 24 .5 54 0 64 .1 36 8 Y al a 32 .8 21 .8 54 .6 8. 3 5. 2 13 .5 40 9 80 .2 27 9 N ar at hi w at 20 .2 15 .0 35 .2 10 .5 7. 4 17 .9 69 3 66 .3 36 8 1 M IC S in di ca to r 5. 4 - U nm et n ee d 74 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women V. Reproductive Health P a g e | 76 Ta bl e R H .5 : A nt en at al c ar e co ve ra ge P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st tw o ye ar s by a nt en at al c ar e pr ov id er d ur in g th e pr eg na nc y fo r t he la st b irt h, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P ro vi de r of a nt en at al c ar ea N o To ta l A ny s ki lle d N um be r o f w om en M ed ic al N ur se / H ea lth c en te r s ta ff/ C om m un ity an te na ta l c ar e pr ov id er 1, b w ith a li ve b irt h do ct or m id w ife nu rs e' s ai de he al th w or ke r in th e la st tw o ye ar s Th ai la nd 79 .2 10 .1 8. 9 0. 0 1. 9 10 0. 0 98 .1 2, 09 2 R eg io n B an gk ok 99 .3 0. 4 0. 2 0. 0 0. 2 10 0. 0 99 .8 23 1 C en tra l 80 .5 10 .9 6. 3 0. 0 2. 3 10 0. 0 97 .7 71 3 N or th 76 .9 10 .5 9. 0 0. 0 3. 6 10 0. 0 96 .4 35 4 N or th ea st 71 .7 13 .1 14 .3 0. 0 0. 9 10 0. 0 99 .1 43 7 S ou th 74 .9 10 .6 12 .9 0. 0 1. 7 10 0. 0 98 .3 35 9 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 76 .1 11 .4 5. 6 0. 0 6. 9 10 0. 0 93 .1 10 3 K an ch an ab ur i 67 .4 31 .5 0. 7 0. 0 0. 4 10 0. 0 99 .6 73 N or th M ae H on g S on 32 .2 33 .7 32 .4 0. 6 1. 0 10 0. 0 98 .4 31 Ta k 37 .8 21 .0 37 .4 0. 0 3. 8 10 0. 0 96 .2 72 N or th ea st B ur ira m 71 .4 15 .4 11 .1 0. 0 2. 1 10 0. 0 97 .9 12 7 S is ak et 61 .9 18 .2 18 .2 0. 0 1. 8 10 0. 0 98 .2 11 8 Y as ot ho n 94 .7 4. 5 0. 9 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 58 K al as in 63 .2 30 .3 5. 3 0. 0 1. 2 10 0. 0 98 .8 76 N ak ho n P ha no m 51 .3 19 .3 29 .4 0. 0 0. 1 10 0. 0 99 .9 85 S ou th S on gk hl a 75 .7 7. 9 16 .3 0. 0 0. 1 10 0. 0 99 .9 23 8 S at un 57 .0 14 .8 26 .9 0. 0 1. 3 10 0. 0 98 .7 65 P at ta ni 57 .7 17 .6 24 .0 0. 0 0. 7 10 0. 0 99 .3 13 8 Y al a 43 .7 12 .2 43 .6 0. 0 0. 5 10 0. 0 99 .5 41 N ar at hi w at 49 .2 43 .8 6. 0 0. 0 1. 0 10 0. 0 99 .0 15 1 1 M IC S in di ca to r 5. 5a - A nt en at al c ar e co ve ra ge a O nl y th e m os t q ua lif ie d pr ov id er is c on si de re d in c as es w he re m or e th an o ne p ro vi de r w as re po rte d. b S ki lle d pr ov id er s in cl ud e M ed ic al d oc to r, N ur se /M id w ife a nd H ea lth c en te r s ta ff/ nu rs e' s ai de . 75 V. Reproductive Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 77 Ta bl e R H .6 : N um be r of a nt en at al c ar e vi si ts a nd ti m in g of fi rs t v is it P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st tw o ye ar s by n um be r o f a nt en at al c ar e vi si ts b y an y pr ov id er a nd b y th e tim in g of fi rs t a nt en at al c ar e vi si ts , T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er c en t d is tr ib ut io n of w om en w ho h ad : To ta l P er c en t d is tr ib ut io n of w om en b y nu m be r of N um be r M ed ia n N um be r o f N o A nt en at al c ar e vi si ts m on th s pr eg na nt a t t he ti m e of fi rs t a nt en at al c ar e vi si t of w om en m on th s w om en w ith a A N C O ne Tw o Th re e 4 or M is s- N o Fi rs t 4- 5 6- 7 8+ M is s- To ta l w ith a li ve pr eg na nt liv e bi rth in vi si ts vi si t vi si ts vi si ts m or e in g A N C tri - m on th s m on th s m on th s in g bi rth in th e at fi rs t th e la st tw o vi si ts 1 D K vi si ts m es te r D K la st tw o A N C ye ar s w ho h ad ye ar s vi si t at le as t o ne A N C v is it Th ai la nd 1. 9 1. 0 0. 7 1. 8 90 .8 3. 7 10 0. 0 2. 1 79 .8 13 .3 2. 3 1. 5 1. 0 10 0. 0 2, 09 2 2. 0 2, 02 8 R eg io n B an gk ok 0. 2 1. 4 0. 0 0. 3 95 .5 2. 6 10 0. 0 0. 2 87 .4 4. 9 6. 3 0. 5 0. 7 10 0. 0 23 1 2. 0 22 9 C en tra l 2. 3 0. 0 0. 4 2. 9 90 .4 4. 0 10 0. 0 2. 3 81 .8 11 .7 0. 9 1. 7 1. 7 10 0. 0 71 3 2. 0 68 4 N or th 3. 6 2. 8 0. 7 1. 5 88 .8 2. 6 10 0. 0 3. 6 77 .2 15 .5 1. 9 0. 5 1. 3 10 0. 0 35 4 2. 0 33 6 N or th ea st 0. 9 1. 1 0. 7 1. 7 90 .2 5. 4 10 0. 0 1. 3 81 .7 14 .2 1. 4 1. 0 0. 3 10 0. 0 43 7 2. 0 43 0 S ou th 1. 7 0. 8 1. 7 1. 2 91 .5 3. 0 10 0. 0 2. 4 71 .4 18 .4 4. 1 3. 5 0. 2 10 0. 0 35 9 2. 0 34 9 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 6. 9 0. 0 0. 3 7. 0 84 .9 0. 8 10 0. 0 6. 9 76 .4 11 .0 4. 3 0. 4 0. 9 10 0. 0 10 3 2. 0 95 K an ch an ab ur i 0. 4 0. 3 0. 9 4. 9 93 .2 0. 4 10 0. 0 0. 4 81 .9 14 .8 2. 0 0. 9 0. 0 10 0. 0 73 2. 0 73 N or th M ae H on g S on 1. 0 0. 0 3. 7 0. 1 82 .5 12 .7 10 0. 0 2. 4 80 .1 4. 1 4. 5 0. 0 9. 0 10 0. 0 31 2. 0 28 Ta k 3. 8 6. 4 9. 7 6. 5 72 .4 1. 2 10 0. 0 3. 8 83 .1 11 .5 1. 5 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 72 2. 0 69 N or th ea st B ur ira m 2. 1 0. 6 1. 2 3. 4 90 .0 2. 6 10 0. 0 2. 1 67 .9 19 .0 4. 0 4. 4 2. 6 10 0. 0 12 7 2. 0 12 1 S is ak et 1. 8 0. 0 0. 7 1. 3 95 .7 0. 6 10 0. 0 2. 6 81 .9 13 .9 0. 9 0. 7 0. 0 10 0. 0 11 8 2. 0 11 4 Y as ot ho n 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 8 99 .2 0. 0 10 0. 0 0. 0 82 .9 13 .5 3. 7 0. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 58 2. 0 58 K al as in 1. 2 0. 0 0. 5 0. 4 87 .0 10 .9 10 0. 0 1. 2 83 .0 13 .7 1. 7 0. 0 0. 4 10 0. 0 76 2. 0 75 N ak ho n P ha no m 0. 1 1. 2 0. 4 0. 8 95 .9 1. 6 10 0. 0 0. 1 89 .2 7. 1 0. 0 0. 3 3. 2 10 0. 0 85 2. 0 82 S ou th S on gk hl a 0. 1 0. 0 0. 7 3. 4 90 .6 5. 3 10 0. 0 0. 9 82 .9 13 .7 1. 3 1. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 23 8 2. 0 23 6 S at un 1. 3 0. 0 0. 3 2. 1 91 .5 4. 8 10 0. 0 1. 3 81 .5 13 .1 1. 9 2. 2 0. 0 10 0. 0 65 2. 0 65 P at ta ni 0. 7 1. 0 0. 7 1. 4 93 .7 2. 6 10 0. 0 0. 7 85 .8 10 .3 2. 2 1. 0 0. 0 10 0. 0 13 8 2. 0 13 7 Y al a 0. 5 0. 0 1. 3 1. 2 95 .0 2. 0 10 0. 0 0. 5 83 .8 7. 3 4. 5 2. 0 2. 0 10 0. 0 41 3. 0 39 N ar at hi w at 1. 0 1. 6 6. 8 2. 3 87 .7 0. 6 10 0. 0 7. 6 82 .8 0. 4 0. 9 7. 6 0. 8 10 0. 0 15 1 2. 0 13 9 1 M IC S in di ca to r 5. 5b - A nt en at al c ar e co ve ra ge 76 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women V. Reproductive Health P a g e | 78 Ta bl e R H .7 : C on te nt o f a nt en at al c ar e P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st tw o ye ar s w ho , a t l ea st o nc e, h ad th ei r b lo od p re ss ur e m ea su re d, u rin e sa m pl e ta ke n, a nd b lo od s am pl e ta ke n as p ar t o f a nt en at al ca re , d ur in g th e pr eg na nc y fo r t he la st b irt h, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of w om en w ho , d ur in g th e pr eg na nc y of th ei r la st b ir th , h ad : N um be r o f w om en B lo od p re ss ur e U rin e sa m pl e B lo od s am pl e B lo od p re ss ur e m ea su re d, w ith a li ve b irt h in m ea su re d ta ke n ta ke n ur in e an d bl oo d sa m pl e ta ke n1 th e la st tw o ye ar s Th ai la nd 98 .0 97 .4 97 .8 97 .0 2, 09 2 R eg io n B an gk ok 99 .1 99 .8 99 .8 99 .1 23 1 C en tra l 97 .7 97 .1 97 .7 97 .1 71 3 N or th 96 .3 96 .2 96 .3 96 .0 35 4 N or th ea st 99 .0 97 .8 99 .0 97 .6 43 7 S ou th 98 .3 97 .3 96 .8 95 .9 35 9 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 93 .1 92 .3 93 .1 92 .3 10 3 K an ch an ab ur i 99 .6 99 .6 99 .6 99 .6 73 N or th M ae H on g S on 98 .7 98 .7 97 .7 97 .7 31 Ta k 93 .7 94 .4 94 .8 90 .5 72 N or th ea st B ur ira m 97 .9 97 .9 97 .9 97 .9 12 7 S is ak et 98 .2 98 .2 98 .2 98 .2 11 8 Y as ot ho n 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 10 0. 0 58 K al as in 98 .8 98 .8 98 .8 98 .8 76 N ak ho n P ha no m 99 .9 99 .5 99 .7 99 .4 85 S ou th S on gk hl a 99 .9 98 .5 99 .8 98 .4 23 8 S at un 98 .7 98 .4 98 .4 98 .2 65 P at ta ni 98 .8 98 .0 98 .1 97 .6 13 8 Y al a 99 .5 98 .9 57 .2 56 .7 41 N ar at hi w at 99 .0 99 .0 99 .0 99 .0 15 1 1 M IC S in di ca to r 5. 6 - C on te nt o f a nt en at al c ar e 77 V. Reproductive Health Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016 P a g e | 79 Ta bl e R H .S 2: C on te nt o f a nt en at al c ar e P er ce nt ag e of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st tw o ye ar s w ho se v ac ci na tio n ca rd w as o bs er ve d an d w ho h ad th ei r b lo od te st ed fo r S TI s, T ha la ss em ia , a nd th ei r h us ba nd 's b lo od w as te st ed fo r T ha la ss em ia a s pa rt of a nt en at al c ar e, T ha ila nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er ce nt ag e of w om en w ho w er e te st ed fo r: P er ce nt ag e of w om en N um be r o f w om en w ith a li ve b irt h S TI (V D R L) 1 st 1 S TI (V D R L) 2 nd 2 Th al as se m ia 3 w ho se h us ba nd w as te st ed in th e la st tw o ye ar s fo r T ha la ss em ia 4 w ho se v ac ci na tio n ca rd w as o bs er ve d Th ai la nd 93 .2 48 .6 87 .6 37 .1 1, 24 6 R eg io n B an gk ok (9 5. 1) (5 2. 4) (9 2. 5) (5 2. 9) 37 C en tra l 89 .9 45 .1 87 .3 30 .9 30 3 N or th 97 .4 60 .4 90 .0 50 .0 26 5 N or th ea st 96 .3 44 .1 91 .9 48 .7 35 0 S ou th 88 .7 46 .5 79 .7 15 .7 29 2 P ro vi nc e C en tra l R at ch ab ur i 95 .6 49 .7 90 .7 36 .9 86 K an ch an ab ur i 98 .3 56 .4 94 .5 27 .1 49 N or th M ae H on g S on 94 .6 66 .2 93 .1 65 .0 27 Ta k 87 .3 47 .5 84 .8 20 .0 55 N or th ea st B ur ira m 95 .8 66 .6 83 .0 41 .1 85 S is ak et 92 .7 26 .3 83 .8 51 .1 11 0 Y as ot ho n 89 .7 23 .4 87 .8 22 .6 56 K al as in 96 .8 51 .5 87 .5 32 .4 69 N ak ho n P ha no m 96 .9 68 .5 93 .4 57 .2 67 S ou th S on gk hl a 92 .1 51 .6 81 .5 21 .3 16 5 S at un 97 .5 50 .0 92 .2 10 .5 54 P at ta ni 88 .4 46 .3 85 .0 9. 3 11 9 Y al a 99 .5 53 .3 95 .0 26 .6 31 N ar at hi w at 95 .7 71 .5 83 .4 22 .9 11 3 1 C ou nt ry s pe ci fic in di ca to r 5. S 1 - S TI (V D R L 1s t) s cr ee ni ng d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e 2 C ou nt ry s pe ci fic in di ca to r 5. S 2 - S TI (V D R L 2n d) s cr ee ni ng d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e 3 C ou nt ry s pe ci fic in di ca to r 5. S 3 - T ha la ss em ia s cr ee ni ng fo r w om en d ur in g an te na ta l c ar e 4 C ou nt ry s pe ci fic in di ca to r 5. S 4 - T ha la ss em ia s cr ee ni ng fo r hu sb an d ( ) F ig ur es th at a re b as ed o n 25 -4 9 un w ei gh te d ca se s 78 Thailand: Monitoring the situation of children and women V. Reproductive Health P a g e | 80 Ta bl e R H .8 : A ss is ta nc e du ri ng d el iv er y an d ca es ar ia n se ct io n P er c en t d is tri bu tio n of w om en a ge 1 5- 49 y ea rs w ith a li ve b irt h in th e la st tw o ye ar s by p er so n pr ov id in g as si st an ce a t d el iv er y, a nd p er ce nt ag e of b irt hs d el iv er ed b y C -s ec tio n, Th ai la nd 1 4 P ro vi nc es M IC S , 2 01 5- 20 16 P er so n as si st in g at d el iv er y N o To ta l D el iv er y P er c en t d el iv er ed b y C -s ec tio n N um be r o f M ed ic al N

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